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Conclusion - The Unforeseen Issue of Child Labor

Conclusion of child labour

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BTEC First Award Business; Unit 1 Enterprise in the Business World. Conclusion Of Child Labour! BTEC First Award Business. Unit 1 Enterprise in the Business World. Below you can find a collection of resources that should help you with your knowledge and Personal with Away from Home in Italy Essay understanding of the Enterprise in the Business World unit of your BTEC studies. Conclusion Of Child! This unit will be examined so you need to ensure that you are ready and prepared for your coursework and Regulating The Substance Formaldehyde good performance in this piece of conclusion of child labour, coursework is critical to achieving your highest possible grade in your Business Studies course. A Know how trends and the current business environment may impact on a business B Plan an idea for a new business C Present a business model for a business start-up. A.1 Finding information. ? Sources of information, e.g. broadsheet and local newspapers, professional and trade journals, websites, business networking organisations. ? Reliability of sources and bias and currency of information. A.2 Factors to consider in the current business environment. Regulating The Substance Essay! National factors political issues, level and type of government support for business, taxation, the economy, e.g. level of employment, inflation, exchange rates, cost of. ? Local factors location of business, requirements for resources, e.g. premises, staff, equipment, location of suppliers, competitors and customers. Conclusion Of Child! ? Impact of factors on a selected target group of customers, relevance to business. A.3 Trends affecting business. ? Social trends, e.g.: o population changes, increasing life expectancy. o households and families, e.g. more couples cohabiting. o education, e.g. increasing achievements at GCSE. o labour market, e.g. increase in flexible working. o increasing travel for work, e.g. longer commutes to Regulating work. ? Technology trends, e.g. increasing use of information technology, telephony and web. ? Environmental trends, e.g. increase in conclusion labour, renewable energy and recycling. On Let's Take The Future Of Our Environment! ? Ethical trends ethical concerns of potential customers, e.g. carbon footprint, sources of timber, child labour, inadequate pay, animal welfare, identification of. values of an organisation and ethical codes to address ethical concerns, contribution. of business to the community.

A.4 Size of business and type. Micro business up to 9 staff. ? SMEs (small and conclusion of child medium enterprises): o small enterprises between 10 and 49 staff. o medium enterprises between 50 and 249 staff. Housewife, Colored Me! ? Large business more than 250 staff. ? Start-ups and existing businesses. B.1 How business ideas can be successful. Conclusion Of Child Labour! ? Finding innovative solutions, e.g. Dyson. The Substance Formaldehyde! ? Meeting customer needs, e.g. products or services, filling a gap, doing it better than competitors. ? Identifying new needs, e.g. mentoring and coaching, using digital media (such as. social networking websites) ? Continuing to meet established customer needs, e.g. Conclusion! adapt when gap in provision, review and improve provision. ? Being entrepreneurial ideas of recent entrepreneurs, e.g. Negative Effects! Tanya Budd, Rose Grimond, Mark Zuckerberg. ? Importance of conclusion of child, having a strong vision and seeing it through, e.g. Apple. ? Measures of success, e.g. My Experience Away Home Essay! financial, social, customer satisfaction. B.2 Business ideas. Researching the market and identifying gaps or opportunities. ? Selecting a product or service. ? Targeting customers, e.g. by conclusion of child, age, location, interests, concerns. ? How a selected product or service will meet the reference the national curriculum, need or demand of conclusion of child, targeted. ? Difference between ‘benefits’ and ‘features’ of a product or service. B.3 Assessing the suitability of curriculum, a business idea. ? Estimating resources required to develop ideas, including: o own time, others’ time, skills and areas of expertise. o personal commitment. o finance, premises, materials, equipment. ? Selecting the most appropriate idea. ? Likelihood of of child labour, success or failure, e.g. access to prospective customers, existing. demand, estimating profitability. ? Identification of major barriers for a start-up business, e.g. Racist And Prejudice! large start-up costs, cash flow, licences, competitors.

B.4 Producing an initial plan for a business idea. o a rationale for a realistic idea, including vision and concept. o supporting evidence, e.g. possible customers, possible routes to market, strategy. for dealing with competitors, ideas for financing, ideas for implementation. C.1 Choice of format. ? Definition, features, advantages and disadvantages of the following formats: o limited company. o public limited company (plc) o social enterprise. C.2 Sources of help and support in developing a new business. family members, Prince’s Trust), research (other businesses), independent advice. ? Support networks, e.g. Chambers of Commerce, trade associations, professional. bodies, friends and family, charities and voluntary organisations.

C.3 Business model. ? Components of a business model, including: o results of researching the market, including identifying potential customers. (businesses or individual consumers) and competitors. o goods or services make or buy. Conclusion Of Child Labour! o means of delivering to customer, e.g. internet only, franchise, direct sales. o business aims the long-term visions or goals. o business objectives measurable targets to help achieve the Formaldehyde, overall aims of. a business, importance of making objectives SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-related) o stakeholders and their influence on the business, e.g. owners, employees, customers, financiers, suppliers, local community. o finances and of child costs for start-up. o providing evidence to justify why the idea will succeed.

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nibelungenlied essay Die teusche Ilias : The Nibelungenlied. in the conclusion of child, Early Years of its Rediscovery. The best-known German epic today, the reference the national, Nibelungenlied, was also popular with medieval audiences. Written approximately 800 years ago, some 35 mostly partial manuscript versions still survive, attesting to its broad appeal. The poem is conclusion of child labour, divided into two parts, the negative, first of which chronicles young prince Siegfried’s courtship of the princess Chriemhild at the court of of child Burgundy and Siegfried’s murder by Hagen, a Burgundian courtier.

The latter half of the Essay The Future of Our, poem revolves around Chriemhild’s plot to avenge Siegfried’s death after Hagen goes unpunished. To this end, Chriemhild marries the powerful King Etzel and of child when the Burgundians visit his court she sets her plan into effects of technology, motion. Conclusion Of Child Labour! In the end, Hagen, Etzel, Chriemhild, and her Burgundian kinsmen and a host of The Substance Formaldehyde Essay others die in a horrific battle. Sometime before the end of the conclusion, 16th century, the poem fell into obscurity and remained forgotten until 1755, when a 13th-century manuscript was found in the Royal Library of Hohenems in Voralberg, Austria. The chance discovery was made by a local doctor who recognized its significance and sent it to Johann Jakob Bodmer, a professor of Swiss history renowned for his work on German-language poetry. Despite the sensational plot and Bodmer’s efforts, reception of the Nibelungenlied remained cool for decades. This response was shaped by Early Modern attitudes toward classical epic poems, particularly the Odyssey and Iliad . Homer’s reputation, always high in German-speaking lands, was at racist its all-time peak during the 18th century. Of Child Labour! Discovered at this particular historical moment, the and prejudice, Nibelungenlied was not judged on its own terms, but rather against conclusion labour Homer. Essay Take The Initiative: Of Our! Despite significant reservations about its quality, German literary critics did what they could to of child labour, popularize the newfound poem so that they too might have a national epic. I would like to welcome you to the exhibit with a brief introduction to negative effects, the early reception history of the Nibelungenlied and to the poetics debate that informed it. The 1882 Lexikon der deutschen Nationallitteratur contains an of child labour, extensive article on Personal My Experience with Away from in Italy the Nibelungenlied, in which the poem is introduced asthe “crown of conclusion of child labour medieval folk poetry and the only how to reference, epic poem in the world, the of child labour, importance of which is Alienation Housewife, it Feels to Be Colored, comparable to the Homeric epics.”1 Considering the plot itself, one might be tempted to conclusion of child, ask how this interpretation and the seemingly incongruous comparison to the Iliad came to be a standard enough aspect of Nibelungen scholarship at of technology on children the end of the 19th century to earn a place in a literary encyclopedia.

As Ulrich Wyss and others have noted, the conclusion of child, prominence of the Nibelungenlied in the German canon “never went without saying.”2 In the following, I would like to examine the racist, very early reception history of the of child labour, Nibelungenlied as well as the Alienation Housewife, to Be, poetics debate that informed it to help clarify later incarnations of the Nibelungenlied. Opitz and Some Questions of Relevance to the Reception of the Nibelungenlied. In the centuries during which the Nibelungenlied was lost, a new tradition of poetic theory developed in Germany; the most prominent of the early theorists, Martin Opitz, led his contemporaries to of child labour, the first flowering of German poetry in the modern era with Das Buch von der Deutschen Poeterey or The Book of German Poetics in 1624. In it, Opitz describes poetic technique and encourages the reader to become a writer. Perhaps a hundred similar theoretical works followed on racist the heels of The Book of of child German Poetics , but most were imitations or extrapolations. An examination of The Book of German Poetics demonstrates that the status of German art in relation to that of other nations was a thorny subject well before the rediscovery of the reference curriculum, Nibelungenlied . Labour! In the Teutsche Poemata (also 1724), Opitz writes: We Germans, as we came somewhat later to Latin and Greek together with the liberal arts and nonetheless surpassed and Regulating The Substance Formaldehyde left behind us all other nations in the rich increase of the conclusion of child labour, most learned people, we hope the negative of technology, same for labour, our own poetry, which, despite the protracted wars, rises and stirs so much everywhere that it seems in Narrative: with Home, this case also we will in time surpass all foreign peoples.3. Opitz’s concerns about the development of an adequate national literature display a curious tension between dismissal of and chauvinism for conclusion labour, German literature, an attitude that shaped German literary criticism and the reception of the and prejudice, Nibelungenlied in labour, particular in the centuries to come.

The next field-changing poetics after Opitz was Johann Christoph Gottsched’s Versuch einer critischen Dichtkunst or Critical Ars Poetica of 1729. Racist! Gottsched (1700-1766) is an of child labour, important “portal figure” and Personal in Italy Essay catalyst of the early Enlightenment, countering Baroque ideas with a “rationalistic legitimation” of literature.4 Gottsched addresses not only the fundamental technical aspects of conclusion of child labour poetry, but also theoretical questions, such as to what degree poetry is universal, that is, transcends issues of historical and regional particularity.5 Although he could have chosen to cite critics such as Pope and Alienation in The Housewife, it Feels to Be Me Schaftesbury who emphasized the conclusion of child labour, value of the racist and prejudice, “subjective imagination,” Gottsched, like German Baroque theorists before him, chose to follow a decidedly classical path, basing his poetics on conclusion labour Enlightenment philosophy as embodied by Essay Take the Initiative:, Christian Wolff (1679-1754).6 Wolff’s influence can be seen in Gottsched’s enthusiasm for conclusion of child, normative aesthetics based on Christian rationality. Gottsched himself remarks that his Critische Ars Poetica is entirely derived from Personal Narrative: from Home in Italy classical sources (with particular emphasis on Aristotle’s Poetics ); what is new is his programmatic rationalist Christian orientation toward these sources. In the Critical Ars Poetica Gottsched argues that God’s creation (Nature) is the most perfect creation and secondary creators (i.e. artists) should attempt to approach this standard. Reason enables us to of child, determine what is most like Nature, but rather than imitating Nature directly, as Aristotle suggests, one should follow the curriculum, example of the ancient Greeks, who are the first and of child best imitators of on Let's Take the Initiative: The Future Nature.

As such, they should be followed without exception; historical circumstances should not be allowed to come between the poet and perfection.7 Those who fail to imitate the greatest writers, “follow their fantasy absolutely” instead of the labour, divine harmony of the natural world, and write lesser genres that “deviate from racist natural harmony” such as “quodlibets, operas, novels, buffoonery and other fantastical theatrical inventions, that have neither a genre nor finesse.”8. Gottsched’s work, like the Critische Ars Poetica, is characterized by the “propagation of national pride” to encourage German-speakers to embrace a “healthy bourgeois national consciousness;” Gottsched dedicates himself to improving the quality of German-language literature through good criticism and clear instruction.9 Despite his enthusiasm for the concept of conclusion labour a German national literature, Gottsched, like Opitz did not stand by what had already been produced. In Gottsched’s case, this reluctance is colored by his neoclassical orientation rather than Opitz’s preference for other contemporary European literatures; Gottsched used no contemporary poets to illustrate the principles outlined in his Critical Ars Poetica preferring examples drawn from antiquity. Negative Effects Of Technology! This preference for conclusion of child labour, the ancients and his understanding of them as paradigmatic precludes the appreciation of Essay the Initiative: The Future of Our Environment German literature per se. An excellent illustration of this is Gottsched’s suggestion that the conclusion labour, raw materials of Germanic myth were equal to the task of creating an epic poem, but nonetheless nothing worthy had been written. Literaturstreit: Gottsched vs. How To Curriculum! Bodmer and Breitinger. After the publication of Gottsched’s Critical Dichtkunst , the conclusion, Zürich professors Johann Jakob Bodmer (Swiss history) and Johann Jakob Breitinger (Hebrew and Greek) attacked Gottsched’s poetics, giving rise to a very public, drawn-out and Formaldehyde Essay contentious debate called the Literaturstreit . The first volley was Breitinger’s poetics of conclusion of child 1740, which he published under the Alienation in The Revolver, it Feels Me, same name as Gottsched’s. Like Gottsched, Bodmer and of child labour Breitinger based their poetics on Wolff’s rationalism, accepting the imitation of Nature as the primary goal of the poet, but they expanded the “latitude of negative effects of technology poetic subjectivity” beyond Gottsched’s.10 In short, the debate revolved around poetic license; the Swiss wanted to make room for the Marvelous in this schema, while Gottsched rejected its use in all but ancient settings. Labour! Bodmer and Breitinger insisted that the poet could create as well as imitate, arguing that the Essay the Initiative: The Future of Our Environment, primal source [Urgrund] of all poetic beauty is the labour, New and racist and prejudice that the Marvelous was the ultimate degree of the New, thus the conclusion, most important poetic element; furthermore, that the Marvelous occupies a position between truth and falsehood, as it is racist and prejudice, so close to true, that it is possible and, thus, not a lie.

The debate continued to roil around a second issue: Milton’s use of genre in Paradise Lost. Gottsched calls heroic epic “the true magnum opus und masterpiece of conclusion all poetry,” endorsing, unsurprisingly, Homer as paradigmatic: Homer is, as far as we know, the very first to undertake this kind of work and accomplished it with such fortune or rather with such skill [] and is held up as the paradigm to all of his successors [] thus, Homer is the father and the first inventor of Housewife, and How Colored this poem, and of child consequently a truly great intellect, a man of special ability [. ]11. Gottsched’s approach requires him to ignore “historically conditioned” aspects of literature in favor of moral arguments. This tactic emphasizes the eternal quality of literary standards, but cannot take into account all aspects of any work of art; for example, he reduces the Iliad to how to the national curriculum, an illustration of the idea that “trivial discord is conclusion of child, ruinous: harmony, however, exceedingly beneficial.”12. Evaluating Western European epics, such as Don Cervantes and Chanson de Roland, Gottsched criticizes Paradise Lost , alleging that Miltonstrays too far from the epic form; the Narrative: My Experience Being Home in Italy, worst transgressions against the form include “sophistry in words and turns of phrase [] artificial ideas and conclusion of child labour other fool’s gold [] deviating from the simplicity of nature [] grandiloquent und overblown expressions, immense amplifications and bombastic allusions.”13 Although not the first to Alienation in The Revolver, Housewife, Colored Me, criticize Paradise Lost , Gottsched brought the debate into the German-speaking realm. Bodmer and Breitinger defend Milton’s unique reworking of epic form as well as his use of marvelous elements.14 The Swiss critics praised the simultaneous originality and historical ties [Gebundenheit] of Paradise Lost .15 Gottsched’s evaluation of Milton hinges on his understanding of the epic genre and the role of the labour, poet. It was against this backdrop that the Nibelungenlied was rediscovered in Take The Future of Our, 1755. Hoping to interest Bodmer in the text, the discoverer, Jakob Hermann Obereit (1725-1798), did his best to relate the labour, barely read text to the topics of the Literaturstreit: the The Substance Formaldehyde Essay, Marvelous and the ancients:

If one compares the ancient poetry of the conclusion, Greeks and Swabians [Germanic group] to our poets of the new British and Away from Klopstockian taste, what does one see? The difference between Nature and Artifice.16. Bodmer and conclusion Breitinger shared with Gottsched a desire to encourage good literature through good criticism but also wanted to prove that German-speaking lands already had produced a literature as worthy of praise as that of other Western Europeans.17 This desire, in effects of technology, conjunction with Bodmer and Breitinger’s willingness to accept, to a degree, historically conditioned elements in literature, made it possible for the newly discovered medieval epic to conclusion, gain a toehold in the German canon. The First Edition: Bodmer’s Chriemhilden Rache (1757) The first printing of the Nibelungenlied was Bodmer’s edition of Manuscript C as Chriemhilden Rache or Chriemhild’s Revenge . In contrast to Gottsched, who rejects medieval courtly epic as inferior to ancient heroic poetry, Bodmer works hard to how to the national, integrate the Nibelungenlied into contemporary aesthetics and the new patriotism of the late 18th century.

At the conclusion, same time, however, Bodmer believes that some serious pruning is necessary before the Nibelungenlied can “bear fruit for national literature.”18 Bodmer's pruning takes place at a textual level: the first edition is actually only Regulating The Substance Essay, a fragment of the Nibelungenlied . In the conclusion of child, introduction to Narrative: My Experience Being from Home, Chriemhild's Revenge , Bodmer expresses his ambivalence about the of child, quality of the Nibelungenlied . At his most positive, Bodmer draws parallels between the how to reference, Nibelungenlied and Homer’s epics: Courage appears here in wondrous variety in conclusion, various forms; one is Rüdiger’s, another Blödelin’s, another Hagen’s, that of Volker, of Dietrich von Bern In the Essay, description of battles a diversity of of child labour encounters prevails such that hardly one fight, one battle, is like another. Every new combat situation surpasses the last in greatness, danger and confusion. Those are characteristics which otherwise belong to Homer. The poet is also more similar to Homer in this regard than some others are, that he seldom lets us think of the poet; he engages us with the reference, plot alone, and labour makes us readers into hearers.19. The Lament of the Nibelungen: It has a certain resemblance to the last book of the Iliad, in which appear the how to reference the national curriculum, lament of Andromache, Hecuba and Helen and conclusion of child Hector’s burial.20. All in all, the poet gives his most noble characters a sense of honor, great courage, and eloquence, which we do not encounter in the same clear light in Homer’s heroes.21. Despite positive statements like these and the fact that he would like ‘his’ discovery to become the great national even universal epic, Bodmer, like Opitz and Gottsched before him, cannot embrace wholeheartedly the work of earlier German poets. Bodmer’s concerns are based on his judgment of the Nibelungenlied against Homer’s epic; he sees a clear, qualitative hierarchy between classical (and neoclassical) epic forms and the style born of the “childish disposition” of the middle ages.22 An example of Essay Take Environment that is conclusion, his evaluation of the Marvelous in the Nibelungenlied . He points out effects that its use is “in the taste of the times,” that is, historically conditioned, while also being “very modest” in comparison to the “fictions” of other medieval authors.23 Furthermore, Bodmer downplays the of child, significance of the My Experience from Home, Marvelous in the epic in conclusion of child labour, favor of aspects he and Housewife, and How to Be Me his contemporaries admire more:

If one would reduce the conclusion, exorbitant number of warriors and temper a few other things of that sort, we would have a work in which the childish tendency to how to reference the national, the excessive and conclusion of child labour the falsely marvelous would be flattered the least; where, on the contrary, the love of effects of technology on children martial virtues and labour tangible deeds would be dealt with absolutely adequately. Everything is in the ideas of the how to reference the national curriculum, poet's chivalrous times, and labour written according to the conventions most appropriate to his contemporaries. In the Alienation Revolver, and How to Be Colored, execution there is an attractive simplicity and great clarity, things that have counted for much in all cultures and in all ages 24. Bodmer also argues that the unknown author of the of child labour, Nibelungenlied would have done things differently had he lived in a more enlightened age in which other narrative techniques had reigned: If he had had the concept [of plot unity], it would have been easy for him to incorporate most of the preceding stories with the racist and prejudice, part about the revenge in such a way that the unity of the plot would not have suffered. He would have been able to give Chriemhild just one trusted person at [Etzel’s] court [] to whom she herself would have told it. [] He could have allowed her to perform this narration largely with the construction he uses in his own person.25. Bodmer posits that the power of the conclusion of child, Nibelungenlied is it is Regulating Formaldehyde, not artistry, but a more primitive kind of talent: Thus it was not the poet's art or his recognition of the rules of unity and conclusion the whole, or his perception of great effects, which come of negative effects of technology it; it was only of child labour, instinct or genius, which led him powerfully, so that we received a complete, broad, but still only one plot.26. Bodmer’s paring down of the Nibelungenlied to Chriemhild's Revenge is an attempt to resolve its divergence from a formal ideal predicated on with Away Home a particular conception of conclusion history. Personal Narrative: My Experience With Away Home Essay! Bodmer sees history as a logical chain of events with emphasis on the great men” to of child, whom he attributes its shaping, as we can see in the plays and theoretical works he wrote.27 The expectation that history be didactic presents a major stumbling block to reference, a positive evaluation of the epic, as the following passage shows: Eschilbach and of child his contemporaries writing narrative poems had no concept of plot unity and Essay the whole.

Rather, they believed that they had to develop the life of their heroes from their birth on to death; and they are very careful to apologize if they leave out a few bits of conclusion news for us.28. Bodmer explains his own decision to leave out Narrative: My Experience Being from in Italy Essay material from the Nibelungenlied in Chriemhild’s Revenge with a comparison to Homer: I cut all these parts, and, I think, with the same justification Homer had to leave out the kidnapping of Helen, the sacrifice of Iphigenia and all that happened during the ten years before the dispute between Achilles and Agamemnon, to which he only occasionally alludes, as if to familiar things.29,30. Ironically, it is Bodmer's appreciation for the text that leads him to of child, make changes to the text, becoming an Revolver, Housewife, and How it Feels Colored Me, active collaborator through his suppression of the bulk of the text. At the close of the introduction, Bodmer reflects on the project of popularizing the Nibelungenlied : I do not know, if I may flatter myself with the conclusion of child labour, hope that my encouragements will have some effect; I dare not expect much, as I see that the [medieval courtly romance] Eneas by and prejudice, [Heinrich von Veldeke], that second Aeneid adapted according to the mentality and conclusion labour taste of the twelfth century, of which such an old, complete and and prejudice true manuscript exists, which is granted to conclusion of child, scholars for their use so compliantly, has found neither editor nor enthusiast nor publisher until now.31. Bodmer was right to suspect that a wide and positive reception of the Nibelungenlied would not be forthcoming.

Despite all his efforts, Bodmer’s attempt to in The Revolver, and How it Feels, make the Nibelungenlied relevant failed, and his contemporaries remained disinterested. Conclusion Of Child! The initial unpopularity of the text may be explained by way of Bodmer's own attitude; the deleterious effects of reading of the Nibelungenlied against the Homeric form reduces the Essay Take the Initiative: The Future of Our, medieval epic to a copy of a tale from of child Greco-Roman antiquity. A poem like the Nibelungenlied , which did not replicate the antique ideal, could not be embraced in 18th-century Germany.32. The first complete Edition. The comparison of the Nibelungenlied to Homer’s epics remained integral to its reception history until the early 20th century. In fact, as Max Wehrli remarks, “insight into negative on children, the intrinsic value and the uniqueness of the of child labour, medieval epic becomes ever more clouded” by Take, the comparison.33 In 1783, the influential Swiss historian, Johannes von Müller (1752-1809), wrote an essay on the Nibelungenlied , calling it “this excellent poem, of which our nation may be proud.”34 Müller draws attention to particular similarities between it and the Iliad ; beyond plot points and characters, he finds that “[i]n both poems there are more great passions than great people, greater heroes than kings, and portrayals of conclusion of child disasters that can leave no human soul untouched.”35 Despite this praise, Müller considers the Nibelungenlied deeply inferior to the Iliad : This is not the place to Personal Being Essay, describe in conclusion, detail how and why the racist and prejudice, Greek is conclusion of child labour, so far above the Alienation in The to Be, German as Jupiter, whose raised eyebrow shakes the heavens, is above the dwarf Alberich; but we may be assured, that, if the Nibelungenlied is revised (not too much, but rather without harming its antique form), our nation too will be able to prove to what degree Nature can succeed in the North.36. Müller’s famous pronouncement that the “Nibelungenlied could become the of child, German Iliad” has been repeated by countless scholars.37 Of course, we see the usual disregard of the Nibelungenlied’s own merits, but the main thrust of the argument is that German scholars must dedicate their efforts to creating a positive reception: “[the Nibelungenlied ] will never be as widely known as it deserves if scholarly hands do not do it the how to the national curriculum, service, which Homer received from those who first made him to the favorite book of all Greeks.”38 Although Müller’s commentary on the Nibelungenlied did not awake interest in conclusion of child labour, the epic immediately, it did eventually take on the same great importance for the Nibelungenlied as Lessing’s 17th Literary Epistle on the reception of Shakespeare in Germany.39. As Jan-Dirk Müller has written, the Nibelungenlied has been a “projection surface” since its rediscovery, a projection surface “for a theory of the national epic, for heroic self-affirmation through prehistory, for an pristine national character and Regulating Formaldehyde Essay the values and goals, which one attributed to this people.”40 The reception of the Nibelungenlied picked up steam after the turn of the of child labour, 19th century and by 1810 the how to reference the national curriculum, first scholar, Friedrich Heinrich von der Hagen (a subsequent editor of the conclusion, Nibelungenlied ), could speak of the epic as Germany’s “Nationalepos,” a status that remained unchallenged and was often abused into the 20th century.41 The meager 18th-century reception of the Nibelungenlied foreshadows central elements of the epic’s reception as the German national epic, but at on children the same time gives little insight into how that development came to be.

Bryn Savage, M.A., M. Phil. Yale University, 2007/2011. 1 Stern 262: “Krone der mittelalterlichen volksmäßigen Poesie und die einzige epische Dichtung der Welt, welche an Bedeutung den homerischen Epen vergleichbar ist.” 3 Opitz’ introduction to Teutsche Poemata : “Wir Deutschen / wie wir zu dem Latein und Griechischen / nebenst den freyen Künsten / etwas später kommen sind / unnd doch alle andere Nationen an labour, reichem Zuwachs der gelehrtesten Leute uberholet / und hinter uns gelassen haben / also wollen wir von unserer eigenen Poeterey ingleichen hoffen / die / ungeachtet der nunmehr langwirigen krige / sich allbereit hin und wieder so sehr wittert und reget / daß es scheinet / wir werden auch dißfals frembden Völckern mit der Zeit des Vortheil ablauffen” (n. pag.). 6 Finken 40, Mitchell 27.

8 The 1741-edition of Gottsched’s Critische Dichtkunst (I.1 153) cited in Pizer 32-36: “folgen schlechterdings ihrer Phantasie,” “Quodlibete, Opern, Romane, Pickelheringspossen und andere phantastische Erfindungen in theatralischen Sachen, die weder Art noch Geschicke haben.” 9 Rieck 93 (“gesundes bürgerliches Nationalbewußtsein”); Hofmann 67. 11 Gottsched 1751, II.4 469: “das rechte Hauptwerk und Meisterstück der ganzen Poesie” / “Homer ist, so viel wir wissen, der allererste, der dergleichen Werk unternommen, und mit solchem Glücke, oder vielmehr mit solchem Geschicklichkeit ausgeführet hat [] und allen seinen Nachfolgern zum Muster vorgeleget wird. [] Homer ist also der Vater und der erste Erfinder dieses Gedichtes, und folglich ein recht großer Geist, ein Mann, von besonderer Fähigkeit gewesen [].” 12 Pizer 38; Gottsched 1751, II.4 470-471: “Mishälligkeit ist verderblich: die Eintracht aber überaus zuträglich.” 13 Gottsched 1751, II.4 504. 16 Obereit to Regulating Essay, Bodmer on labour July 19, 1755: “Man halte die alten poetischen Griechen und Schwaben gegen unsere Dichter vom neuen brittischen und klopstockischen Geschmack, was erblikt man?

Einen Unterschied zwischen Natur und Kunst” (quoted in Ehrismann 1975, 29). 18 See Ehrismann 2002, 169. 19 Bodmer vii-viii: “Die Dapferkeit erscheint hier in einer wunderbaren Verschiedenheit bey verschiedenen Personen; eine andere ist Rüdigers, eine andere Blödelins, eine andere Hagenen, des Volkers, Dietrichs von Bern In der Beschreibung der Kämpfe herrschet eine Mannigfaltigkeit von Begegnissen, so daß schwerlich ein Kampf, ein Gefecht, dem andern gleich ist. How To! Jedes neue Gefecht erhebt sich über das vorhergehende an of child labour, Grösse, Gefahr, und Verwirrung. Das sind Eigenschaften, die sonst dem Homer zugehören. Der Poet hat auch diese mit dem Griechen mehr als so mancher anderer Poet gemein, daß er uns selten an den Poeten gedenken läßt; er nimmt uns allein mit seiner Handlung ein, und machet uns aus Lesern zu hörern.” 20 Bodmer viii: “Die Klage: Es hat einige Aehnlichkeit mit dem lezten Gesang der Ilias, wo die Klage der Andromache, der Hecuba, und der Helena, und Hectors Leichenbegängniß vorkommen.” 21 Bodmer viii: “Ich glaube, daß die großmüthigsten von unsern heutigen Kriegern mit dem Edelmuth und der Aufrichtigkeit dieses Helden zufrieden seyn können.

Ueberhaupt giebt der Poet seinen vornehmsten Personen Empfindungen von Ehre, Großmuth, und Redlichkeit, die wir bey Homers Helden nicht in demselben offenbaren Licht antretten.” 23 Bodmer viii: “nur mit sparsamer Hand angebracht.” 24 Bodmer viii: “Das Abentheurliche, und Unglaubliche, das in Alienation in The Housewife, it Feels Me, diesen abgerissenen Stüken herrschet, das in dem Geschmake der Zeiten des Verfassers ist, und mit den Erdichtungen des von Osterdingen und einiger anderer verglichen noch sehr bescheiden ist, wird in der Rache, die wir allein liefern, nur mit sparsamer Hand angebracht. Of Child! Wenn man die übermäßige Anzahl der Kämpfer heruntersetzte, und einige andere Sachen von dieser Art mäßigte, so würden wir ein Werk bekommen, in welchem der kindischen Neigung zu dem Uebersteigenden und dem falschen Wunderbaren am wenigsten geschmeichelt wäre; wo hingegen der Liebe zu martialistischen Tugenden und handfesten Thaten ein völliges genügen geschähe. Alles ist in how to, den Ideen der ritterlichen Zeiten des Poeten, und nach den eigensten Sitten seiner Zeitverwandten geschrieben. Es ist in der Ausführung eine anziehende Einfalt, und eine große Klarheit; Sachen, die bey allen Völkern und in allen Zeiten viel gegolten haben .” 25 Bodmer vi: “Er hätte sie diese Erzählung grossentheils mit der Ausbildung können verrichten lassen, mit welcher er sie in conclusion of child, seiner eigenen Person gethan hat. Ich will den Inbegriff davon ein wenig umständlicher aus einander setzen. 26 Bodmer v: “Also war es nicht die Kunst des Poeten, oder seine Erkenntniß der Regeln und der Einheit und dem Ganzen, oder Empfindung der grossen Würkungen, die daher entstehen; es war nur Instinkt oder Genie, die ihn mächtig leiteten, daß wir in Alienation and How to Be Colored, der Rede der Chriemhilde eine volle, ausgebreitete, und doch nur eine Handlung bekommen haben. Hättet er diesen Begriff gehabt, so wäre es ihm leicht gewesen, die meisten vorhergehenden Geschichten mit dem Stüke von der Rache so zu vereinigen, daß die Einheit dieser Handlung nichts darunter gelitten hätte. 28 Bodmer v: “Von der Einheit der Handlung, und diesem Ganzen hatten Eschilbach un seine Zeitgenossen, die erzählende Gedichte geschreiben haben, keinen Begriff.

Sie glaubten vielmehr, sie müßten das Leben ihrer Helden von ihrer Geburt an bis zum Tode entfalten; und sie sind sehr sorgfältig sich zu entschuldigen, wenn sie uns einige Nachrichten davon mangeln lassen. 29 Bodmer vii: “Alle diese Stüke habe ich abgeschnitten, und ich glaube mit demselben Rechte, mit welchem Homer die Entführung der Helena, die Aufopferung der Iphigenia, und alle Begegnisse der zehn Jahre, die vor dem Zwiste zwischen Achilles und Agamemnon vorgergegangen sind, weglassen hat, auf die er nur bey Gelegenheiten sich als auf bekannte Sachen beziehet.” 30 Bodmer applied the same structural ‘improvement,’ to a later hexameter translation of the of child, Nibelungenlied that follows the effects, same trajectory as Chriemhild’s Revenge, “Die Rache der Schwester” or “The Sister’s Revenge.” One must note that Bodmer, like other Enlightenment-era translators, used hexameter for all reworkings of conclusion medieval poetry (Bender 40). 31 Bodmer xvi: “Ich weiß nicht, ob ich mir mit einiger Hoffnung schmeicheln darf, daß meine Aufmunterungen eine sonderliche Würkung haben werden; ich darf nicht viel erwarten, da ich sehe, daß der Eneas des von Veldeg , diese zweyte Aeneis, die nach der Denkungsart und dem Geschmake des zwölften Jahrhunderts umgearbeitet ist, von welcher eine so alte, so vollständige, und richtige Handschrift vorhanden ist, die den Gelehrten so willfährig zu ihrem Gebrauch gegönnet wird, bisher weder Ausgeber, noch Liebhaber, noch Verleger gefunden hat.” 32 Despite his enthusiasm for how to reference the national, the newly discovered epic, Bodmer made other mistakes in the initial reception of the Nibelungenlied; particularly his misunderstanding of its verse form and of child labour attribution of Alienation Revolver, Housewife, it Feels to Be Me authorship (of both Klage and conclusion labour Lied ) to negative on children, the Konrad mentioned in the Klage, which quickly became Konrad von Würzburg (Bodmer ix; Körner 6). In “Mutmaßen von der Person des Dichters der Chriemhilde” (1784), an article published posthumously in the Leipzig journal, Für Ältere Litteratur und Neuere Lectüre , Bodmer restated and fleshed out this position, advancing Cuonrat Marner as an of child, alternative author (Körner 10).

This position would be embraced, debated and negative refuted by many in conclusion, the coming years. 33 Wehrli 95: “die Einsicht in on Let's Environment, den Eigenwert und die Eigenart des mittelalterlichen Epos wird in immer steigendem Maße getrübt.” 34 Müller’s review of Myller’s Der Nibelungen Liet in the Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen . St. 36. Conclusion Labour! 353-358. 1783. In the original: “diese vortreffliche Gedicht, auf welches die Nation stolz thun darf” (Müller 1783, 354).

35 Müller 1783, 357: “In beiden Gedichten sind mehr große Leidenschaften als große Menschen, größere Helden als Könige, und Gemälde von Unfällen, welche keine menschliche Seele kalt lassen können.” 36 Müller 1783, 357-358: “Es ist hier der Ort nicht, ausführlich darzuthun, worin und warum der Grieche so hoch über den Deutschen ist, als der Jupiter, dessen Augenbrauen durch ihre Bewegung den Himmel erschüttern, über den Zwerg Alberich; aber das dürfen wir versichern, daß, wenn der Nibelungen Lied nach Verdienst bearbeitet wird (nicht aber zu sehr, sondern seiner antiken Gestalt ohne Schaden), auch unsere Nation eine Probe wird aufstellen dürfen, wie weit es die Natur im Norden zu bringen vermochte” (Cited in countless treatments of the on Let's Environment, reception history of the Nibelungenlied , for example, Ehrismann 2002). 37 “Der Nibelungen Lied könnte die Teusche Ilias werden.” On page 121 of labour Müller’s Geschichte der schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft (Leipzig, 1786) quoted by Körner (14) and many others. 38 Müller 354: Das Nibelungenlied “wird nie so allgemein bekannt werden, als es verdient, wenn ihm nicht gelehrte Hände den Dienst leisten, welchen Homer von denen empfing, die ihn zuerst allen Griechen zum Lieblingsbuch machten.”

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Alternate Disputes Resolutions: Mediation and Arbitration Essay. An important advantage of ADR is that it saves time and money. Since there are rules and regulations that have to be followed in conclusion, a trial, the procedure is more formal and sometimes people miss the opportunity to curriculum tell the story as they want. With ADR the outcome is frequently more positive, it prevents ending relations between persons, companies and organizations. Cases in which arbitration would be suitable includes when both parties want a person with the power to make the labour final decision of the dispute and they would like to avoid the. Negative! Alternative Dispute Resolution Essay. A dispute is basically ‘lis inter partes’ and the justice dispensation system in India has found an alternative to Adversarial litigation in labour, the form of The Substance Formaldehyde ADR Mechanism. New methods of dispute resolution such as ADR facilitate parties to deal with the underlying issues in dispute in a more cost-effective manner and with increased efficacy. In addition, these processes have the of child advantage of providing parties with the opportunity to reduce hostility, regain a sense of The Substance Essay control, gain acceptance of the settling the dispute by identifying objectives of one another. There are several similarities and differences in the use of these alternative dispute resolution techniques. The object should be at the time of conclusion referring the dispute to resolve the dispute.

In recent times, there is a growing trend in in The Revolver, Housewife, and How to Be, the world to use alternative dispute resolution techniques instead of using traditional court proceedings which are expensive, time consuming and long. Of all alternative dispute resolution techniques, Essay on of child Mediation and Conflict Resolution. entitlement to the means of production or services. These groups face social problems, and Narrative: Essay, are unable to access services such as litigation to resolve their issues. Conclusion Of Child Labour! Mediation and other alternative dispute resolution methods seek to outline, evaluate and resolve conflicts between two or more parties. Hence, mediation and other forms of conflict resolution can be beneficial to said groups, because of its goals, low costs and interactive structure. According to critical theory, capital bodies control society Arbitration, Mediation, and Alienation in The Housewife, to Be Me, Conciliation Essay. for even higher levels in the judicial system require even more observation hours, such as the 52 hours of certified training with special components that is mandatory for all circuit court-family mediation. Just as our judicial system requires higher training at higher levels, the system of mediation advances the same way. While only a Bachelor’s degree is required for any of the labour state courts, education for mediators does not end there. In their daily work, mediators are expected to have the ability Alternative Dispute Resolution Essay. tribunal and a copy goes to ACAS.

ACAS will then contact parties and negative effects of technology on children, attempt to resolve the dispute without direct contact, in a hearing etc. This suggests that employees are under direct pressure to settle however which is not a good thing. Arbitration Arbitration is the voluntary submission by the parties of their dispute to conclusion of child labour some other person who isn't a judge. How To Reference! In arbitration there are two different courses, in the first instance the courts will use an informal Alternative Dispute Resolution. RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT Essay. The dispute resolution mechanisms were designed to preserve professional and personal relationships and therefore offered a better dispute resolution process all round. From the beginning of Alternative dispute resolution it gained recognition throughout the world with both common and civil law countries following the trend. Conclusion! In the world of dispute resolution there are three methods for finding reconciliation. 1. To resort to power to decide the dispute 2. To determine who is Essay right in Final Paper for Business Law I on Alternative Dispute Resolution. It was then adopted to labour help in curriculum, reducing congestion and even cost of solving disputes as was realized in the judicial systems.

The conflict resolution approach was then expanded into commercial institutions to enhance resolution of disputes among corporate entities. This particular move further developed the labour use of ADR as a tool instead of the use of judicial processes. The widespread use of the approach together with its simultaneous development in the United States led to its incorporation Third-Party Conflict Resolution Essay. Arbitration-mediation another hybrid approach which has three stages. First, the arbitrator holds a hearing and reaches a decision” which is placed in a sealed envelope and is not revealed to My Experience Away in Italy the parties” (Conlon,Moon and Ng, 2002, p. 979). Mediation occurs at Stage 2. If an agreement is not reached, in Stage 3 the arbitration ruling is revealed and is binding on both parties Mediation as the Best Strategy The best strategy for labour the third party conflict resolution is on children mediation. Mediation Essay Alternative Dispute Resolution. in an attempt to resolve the dispute. The conciliator has no legal power and no authority to call witnesses, write a decision, or make an award, in conclusion labour, the typical conciliation case.

Their purpose is to calm down both sides, interpret the present issues and encourage possible solutions. The National! This assists in finding an outcome that is conclusion of child labour mutually beneficial to both sides (Dispute Resolution, n.d.). In addition to conciliation is a form of ADR known as arbitration. In arbitration both parties mutually agree on Lawyers’ Role in Dispute Resolution Essay. exhibit all of the Take the Initiative: The Future characteristics Galanter believes RPs exhibit, such as substantial resources or the ability to strategically try cases, they do have experience.

When the opponent is a large entity, this can be helpful in ensuring an outcome of a dispute is more positive for the client, or even the occurrence of a trial at all as opposed to a settlement. This is not to say that having an experienced lawyer is a perfect equalizer when involved in a suit, because there are many other factors involved;

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Updated February 15, 2017 by Legal Templates. 1. Conclusion Of Child Labour. Free Business Plan Template Download. Are you an entrepreneur looking to download a free business plan? If so, you have come to the right place. Legal Templates is happy to provide you with a hassle-free document downloads. Click the buttons below to download (1) a blank document, and (2) a document that is filled in for you to reference. Related Business Documents: Click to View.

What’s included in the blank template: In the first download, you will find documents with all of the chapters, section titles, and section subtitles that you will need to on Let's Take Environment, successfully complete your plan. Conclusion Labour. Our first plan contains the 8 chapters of a basic business plan including: Chapter 1: Executive Summary: The executive summary provides investors with a general layout of your company. Essay. This chapter is essentially your hook to conclusion of child, convince potential financiers that your model is worthy of their investment. Chapter 2: Company and Essay on Let's Take the Initiative: of Our Environment, Financing: In this chapter, the goal is to conclusion, outline the legal and operational structure of racist and prejudice, your company, financing requirements, the history behind the company, mission statement and of child labour, the management team. Regulating The Substance Formaldehyde. If you are forming a corporation, be sure to include your Articles of Incorporation here. Of Child. Chapter 3: Products and Services: This section describes what products and/or services your business will sell (now and in the future), and how you will build, assemble and deliver them. It also offers a comparison of your company and your direct and indirect competitors. Essay On Let's. Chapter 4: Customers and conclusion, Market Analysis: The customers and market analysis page indicates your target customer segments, what needs you are filling for them , and the latest trends among these consumers in terms of growth and curriculum, behavior. Chapter 5: Marketing and Sales: The marketing and labour, sales chapter allows you to describe how you will sell your product/service.

Particularly what are your company’s strategies for positioning, pricing, promotion and distribution. Chapter 6: Strategy and Implementation: This chapter will give you an opportunity to set the racist key milestones that help establish a timeline of conclusion of child, progress towards your goals. Additionally, it includes subsections like SWOT analysis, competitive edge, and strategic alliances. Chapters 7 + 8: Financial Plan, Sales Forecast, Financial Statements: In the final two chapters, entrepreneurs must define and calculate the financial variables that will go into negative of technology the creation/expansion of your idea, including its expenses, your anticipated sales forecast, personnel plan, cash flow assumptions, and more. If you are purchasing an existing company, you should also include the business purchase agreement in your plan. What’s included in the template with sample text: In the second download, we give you a completed ice cream shop plan to reference. Each section gives an example of what you should write. Conclusion. Our guide also includes example graphs and charts, so that you are aware of the types of financial calculations, plans, and forecasts that a plan should offer to My Experience with Essay, attract investment.

For guidance on conclusion of child what you should include in your plan, and why, please reference our How to Write a Business Plan set of articles below. Downloading this small business plan comes at Essay Take the Initiative: The Future, no cost, so feel free to of child, start your download and get started. However, you should be aware that there are some pros and cons to using free business templates, rather than using professional software or an experienced writer. Writing a business plan is a prerequisite to how to reference curriculum, your company’s success. A solid plan is conclusion necessary to help found your company and ensure that your goals remain on track over time. Your plan can and will change as you encounter the unpredictable variables that come with starting your own company.

If you have an existing company, crafting a solid plan is equally important if you’re hoping to attract investment and expand your company beyond the limits you’ve already reached. Your business strategy should account for the next 3-5 years in advance, and cover every aspect of your industry, including the critical relation between marketing and sales to negative of technology, your company’s finances. Your plan should include the conclusion following sections before you submit it to investors. Click each accordion to read a how-to guide for each chapter: “How to Write a Business Plan” Table of Contents: How to Write the Executive Summary. The executive summary contains all of the essential information about what makes your business strong and worthy of investment . It covers the major highlights of the Housewife, it Feels to Be Colored Me rest of conclusion of child labour, your plan’s chapters. The goal is to briefly tell your reader what your company will do, where you want to take it, and why your business idea will be successful. If you are seeking financing, the executive summary is Alienation in The Housewife, and How to Be Colored Me your first opportunity to grab a potential investor’s interest.

The executive summary will be the first chapter of your business plan, though it’s actually the last section that you should write . First, you’ll need to do heavy research to ensure that your plan is sound before you can write the executive summary. This section will be different depending on labour if you are an Formaldehyde Essay established business or a new startup. A startup company’s executive summary will need to be interesting and convincing to conclusion labour, capture the attention of investors. Your company will lack the historical data and trends that existing companies are able to Regulating Essay, provide, but there are strategies to mitigate these factors. First, you’ll need to of child, briefly explain who you are, the the national curriculum background of your management team, and your reasoning behind starting a business in your chosen niche. Secondly, you’ll need to conclusion, demonstrate that you’ve done quality research that supports how you’ve conceptualized your business. Investors know that talk is Essay on Let's Take The Future of Our cheap – do you have the data and analysis to of child labour, back up your claims? Even in a standard plan, the executive summary for an existing business has no set template, although there are several suggested guidelines that you can find around the negative effects on children web. Of Child Labour. We suggest the Essay Take The Future Environment following basic template – feel free to add or subtract sections according to conclusion labour, your own needs: Summary Management Team Products and Services Customers Marketing and Sales Financial Forecast Financing Requirements (optional)

Describe the purpose of the plan (e.g.; to raise a specific amount of debt financing to expand a store location) as well an overview of the company (name, location, company type, products sold, founder(s) and effects, founding date). Describe the key milestones or objectives that you want to achieve with this business (these are the tangible results in which you use to conclusion labour, prove success of the venture). This statement should be concise and to effects of technology on children, the point. Summarize the members of the management team, including highlights of their expertise and experience . Describe how each member contributes to the success of the organization. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Products and Services.

Describe the conclusion of child products and services you are providing and who the competitors are within the and prejudice industry . Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Products and Services section. Describe whom your customer groups are and whom your key customers are , as well as how you will market to them. Keep this section brief, as you will go into more detail in the Market section. Describe briefly how you will market your product or service. Summarize the major points in the Marketing and Sales chapter, which may include market positioning, pricing, promotion, and distribution. Summarize the most important points from the Financial Plan section here.

This should include your sales forecasts and projected expenses as well as the logic behind the projections. If you are a new company, describe when you expect to conclusion labour, turn a profit . If you are an existing company, highlight past financial performance. 7. Financing Requirements (Optional) Summarize the amount of equity and/or debt financing that you are seeking, when you need it, the use of the funds, and in The Housewife, and How to Be Colored, when you expect to reach your next milestone event and/or start paying back the conclusion of child loan. Keep this at an overview level , as you will go into more detail later on in other chapters. Note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process first . In particular, complete the of technology on children financial planning process before attacking this section. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise.

With these sections fleshed out, you’ve finished your executive summary. How to Write the Company and Financing Chapter. The company and finance section of conclusion of child, your plan is important, because introducing the effects of technology management team is critical for both start-ups and established companies alike. Investors will use this information to gauge the future likelihood of success. Company and Financing Sections. Company Overview Management Team Required Funds (optional) Exit Strategy (optional) Mission Statement (optional) Company History (optional) Location and Facilities (optional)

There are many variations and approaches on how to lay out the various components of a business plan. Our approach for conclusion of child labour the company overview section is to provide the reader with the Housewife, and How it Feels to Be Colored company’s legal information, address and a brief description of the conclusion company’s history. Since there are follow up sections in this chapter that over The Substance, go the company’s location and history in more detail, you will want to keep this short (2-3 sentences). A BRIEF PRIMER ON COMPANY TYPES. The optimal company type is labour best determined by a credible Attorney. Housewife, And How Me. The primer below is meant only to explain the broad differences between the most common company types. A sole proprietorship, according to of child labour, the IRS: “A sole proprietor is Regulating Essay someone who owns an unincorporated business by him or herself.” While the most simple to set up and the most common, there is labour a significant drawback: you will be personally liable for any obligations. So for example, if you sell someone a cupcake and they sue you because they found a hair in it, and you lose in court, the creditors can legally go after your personal possessions – such as the roof over of technology, your head. A partnership, according to the IRS: “A partnership is the relationship existing between two or more persons who join to carry on a trade or business. Each person contributes money, property, labor or skill, and expects to share in the profits and losses of the company.”

A partnership has certain advantages compared to a LLC, such as not needing to conclusion of child, file formation documents when setting up a partnership, and not needing to file dissolution documents if dissolving the negative effects partnership. Of Child. However, similar to sole proprietorships, partners in Regulating, a partnership have unlimited liability for the company’s debts and labour, liabilities. Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) LLPs are different from traditional partnerships in that there are two classes of partners: (1) General partners that have full management and and prejudice, control but also full personal liability and (2) Limited partners that have no personal liability beyond their investment in the partnership interest. Limited partners are often times “silent partners” that wish to invest in the venture but limit their exposure to liability. A corporation is a separate legal entity owned by shareholders. A corporation is conclusion of child labour commonplace for businesses that anticipate seeking venture capital financing. The downside to a corporation is the problem of “double taxation” since the corporation’s profits is how to the national curriculum taxed at the corporate level, and then any dividends distributed to shareholders are then taxed again at the personal level.

You can elect a special tax status with the IRS to of child, have your corporation not be taxed at the corporate level (instead, it would be taxed as a pass-through entity). Some of the drawbacks include not being able to have more than 100 shareholders , and not being able to have non-US citizens/residents. A popular choice among many small businesses , a LLC limits the negative effects on children member’s personal liability and only taxes profits at of child, the individual level (acts as a pass-through entity). Describe the type of company you plan to open, along with the registered name you plan to use. Explain your rationale – for example, if you are starting a company where you plan on seeking venture capital financing, then you will want to start a C-Corporation as majority of VCs will insist on this legal structure. If you have a home office/no dedicated business address. Include your current office setup and your future office plans once your company expands, if applicable. For start-ups, and especially those seeking financing, the Management Team section is negative effects on children especially critical.

With the of child lack of history, there is little investors can go by to gauge the future success of a venture. The question lenders and how to reference the national curriculum, investors will ask: Why should we trust your team with our money? You must demonstrate your team’s ability to execute on the stated goals. To accomplish this, you should highlight: Background of of child, each member of the management team (education, relevant work experience, etc.) Roles and responsibilities within the company.

Tip: Don’t include details about it Feels members of the Management Team that are not relevant to the reader. Everything presented should reinforce why your team is the right team to execute on the company’s vision. If you have an established business the of child information you want to present is the same. Keep in mind, however, that you also want to demonstrate that your team has the capability to manage growth of the company. As a company grows from start-up to established business, the management team must also change. They must be able to manage employees, institute standardized systems, and ensure the business’s ability to scale operations while keeping profitability stable. If you already have a Board of Directors and/or Advisory Board, list these individuals and a brief description. In a publically trading company the Board of Directors is elected by the shareholders and is the highest authority in the management of the racist company. For our purposes (context of conclusion of child labour, a private company that is most likely a startup or small but growing business), a Board of how to, Directors is comprised of investor(s), founder(s), CEO and independent board member(s) who have substantial business and industry experience.

A Board of Director’s typical responsibility is to set broad policies for the company, determine compensation for company management, and of child labour, approve annual budgets. An advisory board is a group of business leaders that can help guide your company and provides it with assistance when needed. Choose individuals with knowledge in your industry and are willing to play a role in your company . While some advisors are compensated, it comes down to a case-by-case basis, frequently depending on how much time the reference member is committed to labour, your company. Tips on building your Advisory Board: Choose a well-respected and well-known individual as the first member of and prejudice, your Advisory Board. This will help you to conclusion of child, recruit other members of the Board. Choose individuals that have strengths and relationships your business will need. As your business evolves, so will the members of your Advisory Board. Feel free to shake up the in The Revolver, Housewife, and How Me line up over time. In this section you will tell the reader how much money you need to raise, what you are going to use it for, and how you got to the requested amount.

Important note: This is a complex question that you cannot answer until you complete your plan, so it is highly recommended you work your way through the entire writing process and in particular, complete the conclusion of child labour financial planning process. Only then will you be able to identify the amount of money you will need to raise. There are two primary financing options: equity and debt. The primary difference between equity and Essay on Let's the Initiative: of Our, debt financing is that debt financing is essentially a loan that is backed by your assets or via a personal guarantee. If your company is already in existence and has trading history, then you may also secure a loan off of your receivables. In contrast, equity financing is conclusion labour essentially you exchanging a stake in your company for a specific sum of money from an investor . Therefore, the amount you are able to raise from investors comes down to how much they value your company. There are three fundamental questions every savvy investor will ask you: Cool idea, how do you make money with it? How much money do you need, and why and when? What do you think your company is worth? If you are seeking financing (regardless of and prejudice, its equity or debt), that most likely means that your financial model shows your company taking a loss in conclusion labour, the initial stages, followed by break-even and subsequent profitability.

The money you are seeking to raise will simply allow you to have enough cash to cover the initial period where you will be taking a loss so that you can eventually make a profit. This is how to reference a simplification; you may be raising money to further grow your company, which may already be profitable. Or you might use the financing to get your product to the next stage in its product development lifecycle (i.e.; milestone event). But the conclusion general concept is the same; the on children investment you are seeking bolsters your company’s cash position , allowing it to grow revenue and/or profitability. Cool idea, how do you make money with it? / How much money do you need, and why and when? The financial statements provide the answer to labour, the first two questions (which is why we recommend you complete your plan first). To answer how much money you need, analyze the cash flow statement to Personal Narrative: with Being Away Home Essay, determine the cumulative cash flow. The lowest point on this curve will tell you what your maximum financing needs are , and at what point in time. What do you think your company is worth?

The third question is much harder to answer, especially for a new company. At the end of the day it really comes down to what an investor thinks your company is worth (which is more art than science). However, there are three popular methods of valuing a company that can help you come up with a valuation to facilitate the negotiation. Cost approach (asset based approach) The cost approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing the market value of its assets. In other words, in conclusion labour, this approach the company is racist and prejudice worth the sum of all its assets if they were to be liquidated . This approach may be appropriate for some industries such as real estate where the asset value may actually be worth more than the going concern value (present value of future cash flows generated by the asset). However, for many companies the value of its branding and reputation, along with its ability to generate profits, will exceed the value of its assets. The market approach seeks to determine a company’s value by analyzing recent sales of similar assets, with the theory that valuations of conclusion labour, similar companies can serve as a good proxy. This is Personal My Experience Away from in Italy a common approach in conclusion of child, the real estate industry.

The income approach seeks to My Experience Away from Home in Italy, determine a company’s value by using its expected profit over time and then placing a value on that future stream of income in today’s terms . Since there is inherent uncertainty with a future stream of conclusion labour, income, there are numerous ways to discount that expected income to account for risk. Now you have all the My Experience Away Home pieces to complete the equation. You have the amount of money you need by conclusion of child labour, looking at cumulative cash flow. You also have an idea of how much money your company will be worth. Equation to determine how much equity you should offer:

Equity to offer = Company Valuation / Money needed. If raising debt, you are not exchanging equity for cash. Instead, you should focus on the loan’s interest rate and payment schedule. Make sure you will be turning a profit that is both large enough and and prejudice, soon enough to of child, ensure there is no delinquency on servicing the loan. For equity financing, answer the how to reference the national curriculum following: Investment amount needed When you need it How much time it will buy you / When you expect to turn a profit or get to the next milestone event % of equity offered and at what company valuation (you may wish to keep exact figures vague in order to further negotiate) Exit strategy. For debt financing, answer the following: Loan amount needed When you need it When you will be able to pay back the loan The amount and frequency of loan payments. In addition to the information above, you should also summarize how you plan to use the funds. The level of detail should be at a high level ; if the investor or lender wants to conclusion of child labour, see expenses in more detail that will be available in the Appendix within the Personal with Being Away Essay Profit/Loss statement.

Construction of conclusion, new kitchen: Kitchen remodeling, March 1, 2014, $25,000 Kitchen hardware, April 1, 2014, $50,000 Total Loan Amount: $75,000. If based on your financial model you anticipate relatively small yet variable expenses month to month, a line of credit may be a good choice. Racist And Prejudice. With a line of conclusion, credit you draw upon it when you require the funds and pay interest immediately on the money as it is effects of technology on children borrowed. It works very similarly to conclusion of child labour, a credit card in how to the national, that you typically have a pre-set limit to how much you can borrow, the major exception that since you may be able to secure the line of credit with assets, you may be able to get better terms.

In the conclusion labour Quick Start Guide we briefly went over negative effects, the different strategies available and how thinking about conclusion of child labour your company’s eventual exit will help shape your business model. It’s recommended you review the Take Quick Start guide and practice that exercise. Depending on your company, there are various exit strategies available, including: Selling your business Passing it down through the family Taking the company public (IPO) Liquidation. If you are seeking equity financing, then your investors will pay close attention to this section. Angel investors and VCs demand a large return on their investment since they are taking a large risk by investing into your company. Therefore, you need to include detailed information on how you intend to sell the company or take it public. Demonstrating a large market opportunity. If investors are going to conclusion of child, take a big risk, they demand a big return. You need to demonstrate your business has the potential to either take substantial market share from an incumbent competitor, or create a new market.

Investors like to racist, be in hot, growing industries such as biotechnology, mobile e-commerce and healthcare. These are all industries that have huge upside growth potential and ones that investors are more inclined to invest in. Solving a larger company’s problem. If your exit strategy is to sell your company to conclusion, a larger company, then identify how your company’s product solves that larger company’s stated problems and/or goals. For example, Apple’s mapping software is playing catch-up to Google Maps. If your company can help Apple improve its software, your company would become an attractive acquisition target.

The mission statement reflects the core purpose and vision of the company. It’s a statement your employees and Essay The Future of Our Environment, customers can get behind. Some tips on writing a well-crafted mission statement: Keep it short. 1-2 sentences max. Don’t use “fluff” words.

Make the statement mean something. A mission statement, if done well, should encapsulate both what the company does (what it sells) as well as the culture/vision/purpose. Examples of of child labour, Fortune 500 firms that really get it right: A. BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY (PHARMACEUTICALS) Mission Statement: “To discover, develop and deliver innovative medicines that help patients prevail over serious diseases.” Why it’s great: The keywords “discover, develop and deliver” demonstrate the company’s capability to negative, in delivering an end-to-end solution.

By using the words “innovate” and “prevail over serious diseases” it serves as a rallying call for their thousands of employees that what they are doing is of child (1) cutting edge and (2) has a higher purpose then themselves. Mission statement: “ We will be the easiest pharmacy retailer for Essay on Let's Take The Future of Our customers to use.” Why it’s great: In one short sentence, the company has managed to (1) describe what it sells (2) how it will win in the marketplace. It is a pharmacy retailer and it will solely focus on making itself easier for the customer to conclusion labour, use (that could mean so many things, such as innovating online to fulfill prescriptions to Narrative: My Experience Away from Home Essay, improved customer service within their stores). Example of of child, poorly written mission statements. A. FORTUNE 500 FOOD AND BEVERAGE COMPANY. Mission statement: “ The Company’s primary objective is to maximize long-term stockholder value, while adhering to and How to Be Colored, the laws of the jurisdictions in which it operates and at all times observing the highest ethical standards.” Why it’s horrible: It does not serve as a rallying call for employees, suppliers, or partners.

Its objectives are obvious (what company does not want to conclusion of child, maximize value) and borderline absurd (are there companies that do not want to adhere to local and federal laws)? Lastly, it does not mention what the company actually does. B. FORTUNE 500 VEHICLE PARTS SUPPLIER. Mission Statement: “ We are committed to attracting, developing, and keeping a diverse work force that reflects the nature of our global business.” Why its horrible: While a diverse workforce is certainly not a bad thing, only stating that as the company’s mission statement is ineffective, lacks direction or focus, and completely misses the point of Take, having a mission statement. This is predominately for businesses that have previous trading history, but can also be used by new companies that want to highlight relevant history on how the company came to existence, work completed to conclusion labour, date, milestones achieved, etc. Some information you may want to include: Start date First location First product/service Significant milestones/events.

Reminder: keep in Essay on Let's of Our Environment, mind that there is no set rule as to the level of detail you want to include. This is dictated by the relevancy of the of child labour information to the reader and how this information helps strengthen your plan’s ability to build credibility for your company. Every company is made of milestones. Milestones for a business are achievements that demonstrate the business is on the right track. They are best when quantifiable and measureable. For example, achieving a working prototype of your product, or getting to break-even, are both huge milestones that showcase your ability to execute and reduces subsequent risk of your company. Key concept: The more uncertainty that you can take off from the table, the better valuation you can get for your business. For businesses that have a retail or manufacturing component, this is an the national curriculum important section of your plan.

Information you may want to conclusion, include: Size (e.g.; in sq. ft.) Location/Address Other notable facts, such as equipment at the facility. Location is important for a large number of retail businesses, whether you are a restaurant or purveyor of consumer products. If possible, provide statistics about the Regulating Formaldehyde retail location you have chosen or are planning to choose. Describe the lease terms you are able to secure, and if there are any laws that protect the lessee from unreasonable price increases.

You can read a detailed article about what to of child, look for in a lease agreement here. Provide detailed information on the manufacturing facilities. For example, your operation may require a reliable source of electricity and negative effects on children, water. Describe how the facility provides the business with these resources. If the facility is pre-existing equipment or structures that can be leveraged, make mention of conclusion, that. Location can be an important aspect of your business even if you are not in retail or manufacturing. For example, you might want to open your software company in Silicon Valley as that provides a competitive advantage from an employee recruitment and fundraising perspective. If you operate out of on Let's Take the Initiative: The Future Environment, a home office. Describe your future expansion plans, including expected date of expansion. Upon completing these sections, you will then be finished with the company and financing section of your business plan. Writing the Products and of child, Services Chapter.

The products and services chapter of your business plan should be written clearly and descriptively, to help give investors a comprehensive understanding of the bread and butter of your business. Your products and services section should include the following sections. Products and effects, Services Chapter Sections. Products and Services Competitors Sourcing and Fulfillment (optional) Technology (optional) Intellectual Property (optional) Future Products and of child, Services (optional) Your products and The Substance Essay, services are the lifeblood of your business – it’s what your customers need, and conclusion of child, if you get this right, everything else will follow . Commonly referred to as “product lift”, which essentially means getting the with Being from Home Essay secret sauce working. It means that customers want to buy your product/service, and you are filling a need that was previously not satisfied. Thinking in conclusion labour, terms of racist and prejudice, benefits vs. features. What is the consumer really buying? For example, a person buying a Rolex watch is not only buying a device to of child labour, tell time, but the prestige and status that comes with a luxury product. Think about racist and prejudice what end benefit your product/service delivers.

Of course, the functional aspects of your product/service are also important. Depending on what you are going to sell, think through the features it will provide, packaging, design, branding, quality, and conclusion, other aspects that help position and/or differentiate it from competing products/services. You may have heard the business adage that acquiring a new customer is Regulating Formaldehyde Essay indefinitely more expensive then keeping an existing customer. Conclusion Labour. One of the reasons this is true is the potential to sell additional add-ons, upgrades and substitute products/services to existing customers . Think about Alienation Housewife, Colored Me how you can drive incremental revenue. Whether it’s via subscriptions, repeat business, or annual contracts, you may be providing products/services that generate a recurring revenue stream. Labour. This is in The it Feels Colored Me a good thing, because (1) your revenue can be more predictable and stable (2) you are maximizing earning potential . Labour. Think how you can generate recurring revenue, which is expressed with a metric called Lifetime Value per customer. You will complete the price you want to set your products/services in the Financial Plan chapter, and Regulating The Substance Formaldehyde Essay, we also have a section for you to describe your pricing strategy; however it is advisable to start thinking about of child how you want to negative effects of technology on children, price your products/services. Competitive analysis is an extremely useful tool and of child, one that should be revisited often as the competitive landscape changes over Alienation in The Housewife, and How it Feels to Be Colored Me, time.

It starts with competitive analysis. Background (location, history, ownership) Financials (revenue, profitability) Products (product line, services, patents, licenses) Marketing (channels used and budget, pricing, alliances/affiliates) Personnel (headcount, notable executives, compensation, job openings) Market share Strengths, Weaknesses. Tips on of child how to perform competitive analysis. The Internet makes this much easier then in days past. Some ideas: Google search using keywords that your customers would use to find you Look up industry association websites Look up directories such as Yahoo or Crunchbase Use Indeed.com to find your competitor’s job openings Competitor’s websites Find your competitor’s management team members on LinkedIn. Not only do you have to Formaldehyde Essay, worry about current competitors you can see, but you have to conclusion of child labour, be vigilant and be on the lookout for racist new entrants. For example, a company that already sells to of child, your customer base may see your industry as a logical next step. You should consider the Regulating likelihood of of child labour, new entrants high if:

The industry sees high margins (its super profitable) There is unmet demand (more customers then suppliers) There are no major barriers to entry (does not take much to start competing) There is racist future growth potential (such as mobile apps) Much of this is common sense – if you see a market opportunity that no one is competing in yet, don’t expect that you will be alone for long. Sourcing is labour simply the process of Regulating Formaldehyde, procuring goods and of child labour, services from suppliers that are required for your company to make its products or deliver its service. Some things to consider when choosing and managing your suppliers: Cost: This is an racist and prejudice obvious one – the lower the price, the higher your profit margins will be. Payment terms: The longer you have to pay your suppliers, the more working capital you have on hand. Reliability: You must consider how reliable your suppliers are and what would happen to conclusion, your ability to operate if they cannot deliver. Scalability: As your business expands, will your suppliers be able to meet your needs? Fulfillment is simply the process of how your company delivers its products/services, from point of Formaldehyde Essay, sale to delivery. There are several popular fulfillment options:

Engineer to order: the product is designed and built to of child, customer specifications (e.g.; large construction projects) Build to order: the how to reference product’s design is standardized but manufacture of final product is labour based off of customer specifications (e.g.; aircraft and racist and prejudice, yachts) Assemble to conclusion, order: the product is assembled to the customer’s specifications using pre-fabricated components (e.g.; Chipotles burritos, Dell computers) Make to stock: the product is manufactured in quantity based on expected sales of the product (e.g.; retailers) If you are going to be selling physical products and negative effects, expect to hold inventory, then you should pay very close attention to of child, how you forecast the amount of how to the national, inventory you need to meet your projected sales. Too little inventory and you may not be able to meet demand. Too much inventory and conclusion, you tie up all of your cash on Essay excess inventory. Some key points: Have accurate sales forecasts.

Use historical sales data if you have it, and make sure you account for seasonality. Have accurate inventory tracking. Use bar code scanning or equivalent to of child, ensure there are no data entry errors. On Let's Take Of Our. Utilize inventory management software. QuickBooks, Sage, and a plethora of other vendors provide a cloud-based solution for you to manage and maximize your inventory levels. Technology in labour, today’s business environment is racist and prejudice becoming more and more important and conclusion labour, serves as a source of competitive advantage. Take Wal-Mart or FedEx as two examples of companies that provide services (low-cost products and how to reference the national, shipping), but utilize technology as a critical means of delivering those services. Wal-Mart uses a sophisticated supply chain management IT system to labour, ensure its low prices. FedEx uses technology to optimize delivery routes and effects of technology, times, which enables it to ship to practically every corner of the globe, seamlessly and of child labour, with very low error rates. Think about how technology plays a part in your business and if it is critical to your business operations.

If technology is critical to your business operations, then you must think about your disaster preparedness and contingency planning . Depending on your business, you may want to Regulating The Substance, create back-up copies of of child, data and software, routine security checks, and securing physical assets. What would happen if you lost access to the technology? Think about alternatives that you could utilize. For example, if you license a piece of software and later down the road decide that the cost is too high, is in The Revolver, and How to Be Colored there a competitor who can license you an alternative? If you have exclusive rights to a technology, either through a patent or through an of child labour exclusive license agreement, this is a great competitive advantage and one that you will want to describe in effects, detail. There are two types of intellectual property that may be applicable to a business: industrial property (such as patents and of child labour, trademarks), and copyright (such as novels and movies). If you have intellectual property that you want to protect, it is Essay advisable that you seek the professional advice of of child, a good Patent/IP Attorney , since this is a great way to provide a barrier to entry for how to your business. Intellectual property type 1: Industry property. These include inventions (patents), trademarks and industrial designs (trade secrets, trade dress). If you have any proprietary process or technology then it is recommended that you apply for a patent to protect your invention.

You should apply for a trademark for your company name and conclusion, logo as well. Intellectual property type 2: copyright. These include literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. In 2011, counterfeit copyrighted and trademarked goods were a $600 billion dollar industry worldwide. Enforcing your intellectual property may be feasible from a legal point of view, but many times is Personal Narrative: My Experience Being from Home in Italy not practical in conclusion labour, practice. For example, Microsoft cannot possibly prosecute every single instance where its popular operating systems are copied and downloaded.

IP and on Let's of Our Environment, your employees and contractors. It is just as important to secure your intellectual property in relation to of child, your employees and contractors. Everyone should be required to sign an invention assignment agreement, which basically states that the company owns all works produced while contracted by the company. And Prejudice. In addition, you may consider handing out conclusion of child, serialized notebooks for and prejudice employees to use , so that if there is ever a conflict as to conclusion, whom owns a piece of intellectual property, there is a physical record. If you have future products and negative on children, services planned, it is conclusion labour a good idea to describe the product roadmap and effects of technology on children, strategy behind it . A key concept is that of product lifecycle, which describes the conclusion stages of the life of a product. During this phase, your product will incur heavy promotional costs as you get the word out. You may discount the negative effects on children price of the product to encourage new customers. During this phase, you may focus on expanding your product to new segments in the marketplace, and expand the product line (for example, with new colors or other variations). During this phase, you are enjoying the fruits of your labor.

You may add new features to your product to stay competitive and to further differentiate your product from competitors. Marketing spend for your product starts to conclusion of child, dissipate as sales of your product are in steady decline. After including all of reference the national, this information, you’ll have completed the conclusion of child products and Narrative: My Experience with Being Home Essay, services chapter. Writing the Customers and Market Analysis Chapter. The customers and market analysis chapter will give you an opportunity to describe what your customer segments are, what needs you are filling for them, and how these groups of conclusion, customers are trending in reference the national, terms of growth and behavior. This chapter also includes any regulatory restrictions specific to your industry.

Customers and Market Analysis Sections. Market Overview Market Needs Market Trends (optional) Market Growth (optional) Industry Analysis (optional) Key Customers (optional) In the market overview section you are going to calculate the total market (referred to as Total Addressable Market) for your products, and conclusion labour, then the segment of that market your business can capture. Total addressable market can be thought of in several distinct levels. At the the national curriculum highest level is an estimate of the total market given 100% saturation. Another way of looking at this is of child what would be the total market if one company had 100% market share. Once you have the total addressable market, then you can estimate what percentage of Housewife, it Feels Colored, this you can realistically capture. This, of course, is labour much harder to predict with accuracy.

So the important thing to remember is to utilize strong sources for your assumptions. For example, lets say you plan to open a high-end steakhouse in the national curriculum, downtown Miami. To calculate your total addressable market, you might count how many high-end restaurants are in conclusion of child, the downtown area and research the average annual sales for racist and prejudice each restaurant. Of Child Labour. Then multiply the two to get the Essay total sales for all high-end restaurants. This would be your total addressable market.

Using the example above, we can then drill down to the next level and of child, determine what percentage of the market you can realistically capture. You might assume that you will take an equal share of the market, thereby decreasing all other competitor’s shares in the market. Or you might offer cheaper prices, which you assume would take a larger percent of the market. Whatever your assumption, make sure it is My Experience Being Away in Italy Essay well documented and logical. To obtain jaw-dropping product-lift you must solve a difficult and painful problem for conclusion the customer. And if there are competitors, you must solve the problem better than them, and enough so that customers are willing to switch to your company. Describe what problem your product is Regulating solving. If you are targeting multiple customer segments, make sure you go into detail on how your product serves each customer segment. Conclusion Of Child Labour. Describe how your solution better solves customer’s pain points then your competitors. We as consumers are inherently lazy.

We do not want to racist, go through the time and conclusion of child, cost of switching from how to reference curriculum, one company’s product/services unless it is compelling enough, which is dependent on the switching cost. For example, there is virtually no cost to switch from of child, Coke to Pepsi. On the other hand, there is high switching cost associated with migrating from a Mac to a PC. To overcome this problem, describe how your product either is reference curriculum able to overcome customer’s inherent adversity towards switching products, or if your product is able to reach new customers and bypass switching costs altogether (in other words, instead of of child, taking customers away from your competitors, you are creating a new market for your products). Understanding market trends at the macro level is Essay Environment critical for various aspects of conclusion labour, your business.

A growing or shrinking market is described in more detail in the market growth section. Below are some of the other factors that will affect market trends: The overall economy has a disproportionate effect on some businesses. For example, dog-walking services usually see a decline in Personal My Experience with, sales as households reduce spending on non-essential purchases. Government regulations and policies can completely alter an industry, so it is imperative that you are up to date on upcoming changes. Of Child. For example, the Jobs Act of 2012 allowed for the first time non-accredited investors to Being Away Home in Italy, participate in private placement of securities. Conclusion. This in turn has created a new market for crowd-funding websites to emerge to connect startups with all types of investors. You may be in Revolver, Housewife, Colored Me, an industry where political conditions have an impact on the bottom line. For example, if you count the Dept. of Defense as one of your clients, then the labour across-the-board budget cuts (i.e.; Sequestration in the Budget Control Act of 2011) would surely have a negative effect on your business. If you build your business on top of a technology platform that will soon be replaced with a more cost affordable, powerful, and easier to use technology, then that will surely put you in a less advantageous position.

Knowing technology trends is Narrative: My Experience Away from valuable in ensuring you are gaining a competitive advantage through the use of technology. Your customers may change their sensitivity to price depending on a variety of factors, including competition, macroeconomic conditions, and changing consumer tastes. Keeping an eye on this trend will ensure you optimize your pricing strategy. Market growth, mathematically, is simply measuring the change in market size from one time period to the next (usually in years). So if the market in the first year was $100 million and conclusion of child, $150 million the Regulating Formaldehyde second year, then the market can be said to have grown by 50%. You will find that measuring market growth using historical market size data is much easier then forecasting market growth. Utilize publically available data sources, trade publications, market research firms, and government agencies to conclusion of child, find much of this research. Being able to demonstrate a market is growing is obviously important – for example, the market for Blackberry accessories is clearly a declining market.

Most investors and lenders will not want to see a new business chase after dwindling customers. On the Regulating The Substance Formaldehyde Essay other hand, the market for Apple and Samsung phone accessories have seen great growth and will continue to conclusion labour, grow as those companies continue to add new customers. Your industry is defined as the group of companies that are related to you in terms of what you sell/how you derive your revenue. For example, Ford and Nissan are both in on Let's The Future Environment, the automotive industry. Ford and Nissan’s market (i.e.; customers) would be the end consumers who buy their cars. You will want to describe your industry name/classification (SIC/NAICS Code), which can be found on the Dept. of Labor website. Conclusion Of Child. Understanding your industry’s dynamics is Formaldehyde Essay imperative to knowing it’s profit potential and attractiveness.

A popular framework for conducting industry analysis is Porter’s five forces analysis, which analyzes an industry’s competitiveness (and therefore attractiveness). By performing this analysis you will have a clear picture of your competitors and how your company fits within the competitive landscape. If your industry has low barriers to entry and low switching costs, then expect increased competition, as there is little standing in the way for new entrants to enter the market and compete. If your industry is supplied by very few suppliers with little alternative but to conclusion of child labour, source from those suppliers, then expect downward pressure on Revolver, Housewife, and How Me your margins. If your industry only labour has a small number of buyers, or there are many alternative products to how to reference curriculum, choose from, then expect downward pressure on your margins.

If there are many substitute products in your industry and the switching costs between them are low, then expect substantial competition. An industry is very competitive if there are many competitors about the same size, there is little differentiation between competitor’s products, and it is mature with little growth (so the only way to grow is to take a competitor’s market share). Although your product may cater to many different sets of customers, you want to focus on a select group that will be the most likely to conclusion labour, purchase your product/service and Alienation Revolver, and How, account for the lion’s share of your company’s revenue. For many businesses, you will soon realize that a large portion of your revenue comes from of child, a small percentage of your customers. For example, Starbucks may realize their key customers are white-collar business types that purchase a cup of coffee every day, versus the student type that comes in once a month. When you can name your key customers. If you are in racist, a business where volumes are low and prices are high, then you should be able to name your key customers individually. In this case, you should describe in conclusion labour, detail your relationship with each of them separately. If you’ve filled out this chapter, congratulations.

Doing market research and customer analysis is a complicated and time consuming task. Time to move on to the next chapter! Writing the Marketing and Sales Chapter. The marketing and in The, sales chapter gives you an of child labour opportunity to describe how you will manage your sales force and what sales activities they will conduct in order to Essay on Let's Take The Future Environment, close sales. Overview Positioning Pricing Promotion Distribution. In this section, summarize your marketing plan, being sure to include: Positioning: Are you going to be the lowest cost provider or provide a differentiated product? Pricing: How will you price your products/services?

Promotion: How will your market your products/services? Distribution: Where will your product/services be available? Tip: It will be easier to of child labour, write this section after you complete the subsequent sections as the overview section summarizes key findings from the effects of technology on children other section. Keep this section at the summary-level, as you will go into further detail in the subsequent sections. Describe how you position your company within the of child competitive landscape. Will you compete on reference the national price, or will you differentiate your offering and stand out from your peers? For example, Wal-Mart positions itself as the low-cost provider in an industry, while Apple designs premium products to reach the luxury end of the market. Provide your product/service at the cheapest price point in the marketplace.

There are three primary ways to of child, achieve this: Economies of Scale: For example, being able to turn more tables in a restaurant or produce more widgets in a factory. The more you are able to produce from your asset, the cheaper it becomes. It will also be harder for your competitors to enter the market since you have fixed assets and experience that requires a large investment. Low operating costs: Keeping costs down across all aspects of the business, including: Standardization: Limited customization Outsourcing: Outsourcing labor to Regulating, low cost production centers Thrift: Limiting advertising and RD spend Optimized supply-chain: By lowering inventory and negotiating with suppliers, companies can substantially improve their profitability and conclusion, cash flow.

Making your product/service unique by targeting a specific segment of the market is a compelling strategy, especially if: Your customers are not price sensitive The market is competitive Your are targeting a specific niche You can provide a product/service that is not easily copied. You can also achieve differentiation through branding and marketing – for example, Starbucks sells premium coffee at a premium price point, primarily through the strength of their branding and not through the Personal with Away from Home in Italy taste of their coffee. Determining the optimal price for your products/services will require you to think through several factors: If you are going shooting for the low cost provider strategy, then you will want to conclusion of child, price yourself accordingly. Likewise, if you are going for the luxury end of the market, then a higher price is often times a proxy for quality. How price sensitive are your customers? If your customers are making their purchase decision primarily based on price, then you will want to be sensitive to this. The price you set must be high enough to over your costs so you can turn a profit. There are, of course, exceptions. For example, you might want to achieve economies of scale by how to the national curriculum, maximizing units sold, or you might be maximizing revenue to achieve dominant market share.

There may be regulatory/legal constraints on how much you can charge. For example, payday loan vendors are restricted in how much they can charge their customers. Looking at what your competitors charge can give you a understanding of what current customers are accustomed to paying and will likely be willing to pay for your products/services. There are price points that consumers are psychologically more accustomed to, such as amounts ending in .99 or .95. In this section, you move from describing your marketing plan onto how you will convey your marketing message to your intended audience. What marketing channels will you utilize to conclusion of child, reach your target customers? Depending on your business, traditional media may be an important component of your complete marketing toolbox. These would include television, radio, billboards, flyers, etc. In today’s environment few companies can afford not to effects, have a strong online presence. There are a myriad of options available.

Each marketing channel must be carefully measured for effectiveness, as online marketing can quickly add up and consume a small business’s entire marketing budget. A website is a key component of conclusion labour, your digital marketing efforts as it will be the destination in which your online leads will first visit. Some online marketing options include: Search engines (i.e.; Google, Bing) Directories (Yelp, Angies List) Daily deals (Groupon) Email marketing Social media (Facebook, Twitter) Word of mouth marketing is by far the negative effects on children most profitable and powerful marketing channel available to any business. Conclusion Of Child. New customers that are referred to the national, your business are more likely to purchase and conclusion of child labour, more likely to continue referring your company. In The Revolver, Housewife, Colored Me. There are ways to boost word of mouth marketing, especially with the advent of social media. For example, asking a satisfied customer to like your business on Yelp and Facebook will potentially reach hundreds of their contacts, all with one click. Conclusion. Integrating social media into your word of mouth marketing strategy is invaluable for every business.

Blogging/Becoming a subject matter expert. Having a leading voice in The Substance Essay, your industry will help your business gain credibility from customers, suppliers, partners and competitors. Labour. You can start by participating on public forums and blogs related to your business and The Substance, adapting the adage “give more to get more”. How will your products be available? On one end of the spectrum is direct marketing, whereby you sell directly to labour, your customers. Or if you manufacture your products, you might sell through distributors, who in turn sell to retailers, who in turn sell to consumers.

Three common models: Product is stocked in mass-market distribution channels. How To Reference The National. Examples include soft drinks, magazines, etc. Product is specialized and sold through specialized channels. Examples include nautical computers and conclusion of child, tooling/machinery. Product is only sold through an exclusive channel. Examples include luxury products such as high-end motorcycles or designer handbags.

The Internet presents an unparalleled opportunity to reach customers directly, as well as working with online channel partners to reach and on children, sell to conclusion, customers. Writing the Strategy and Implementation Chapter. The strategy and implementation chapter will give you an Alienation in The Housewife, and How Me opportunity to define the key milestones that mark meaningful progress towards your goals. It also includes sections that further elaborate on your competitors. Strategy and Implementation Sections. Milestones SWOT Analysis (optional) Competitive Edge (optional) Strategic Alliances (optional) Milestones are the key events that demonstrate progress is being made , such as completing the company’s first prototype or breaking even. These provide a tangible way to measure the success of the conclusion labour business venture.

Milestones are so incredibly important to Regulating Formaldehyde Essay, a business yet are one of those things that can be easily overlooked. Why are milestones so important? Because they are a way to measure meaningful progress of a company that in effect, makes that company less risky (and therefore more valuable). Of Child. A new company has an extremely high-risk profile – but as it meets tangible milestones, such as completing a prototype or breaking even, the company’s risk decreases. Racist. It becomes more apparent that the venture will succeed. Investors and lenders will be looking at conclusion labour, what milestones your company has reached in order to create a fair valuation. Milestones might include: Assembling company team First working prototype Filing/receiving patent or other IP Securing physical location for store First paying customer Breaking even Turning a profit* *If you can demonstrate not only of technology on children turning a profit, but also sustaining that profit, then that is a huge milestone. SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your company’s strengths and weaknesses , while identifying both the opportunities open to your business and the threats it faces.

Strengths and Weaknesses refer to conclusion, internal factors in your company, such as: Employees and staff Physical assets such as equipment and facilities Financial assets. Opportunities and Threats refer to external factors facing your company, such as: Market trends Regulatory and legal Macroeconomic conditions Competitors. Competitive edge can be bucketed into four primary areas: cost, differentiation, innovation and operational effectiveness. Are you providing a product/service at a lower cost then your competitors? This is a straightforward competitive edge that is very difficult to deliver. Providing the lowest cost may require operating on razor thin profit margins or heavy investment in fixed costs in order to achieve economies of scale.

Are you providing a product/service that your competitors are not offering or cannot offer? This is a common strategy whereby you provide differentiated value in order to racist, better serve customers and/or reach a portion of the market that may be under-served. Are you leapfrogging your competition and providing a notably superior or new product/service? Popularized by the book “Blue Ocean Strategy”, creating new demand in of child labour, an uncontested market space is a powerful business strategy. Do you provide superior time to market or customer service? For example, your customers may be willing to in The it Feels, pay a higher price for conclusion better customer service . Nordstrom’s is an example of how to the national, a company that uses superior customer service as a competitive advantage. Forging strategic alliances is a commonplace occurrence in business. Of Child. There are a wide variety of alliances you might encounter, with various parties in which you do business. Even if you do not have any alliances, there may be an opportunity for a partnership in the future and that should be included in this section. You might have a supplier who has a disproportionate amount of influence and negative effects of technology, power of your business.

Striking a partnership in this case may decrease those risk factors and provide a competitive advantage over your competitors. You might have a large portion of your revenue coming from labour, several key customers. Inking an exclusive agreement to lock in racist, revenue would, for instance, give you predictable cash flow. It is not uncommon to partner with competitors under certain circumstances – for of child labour example, to set standards for the industry or to racist and prejudice, help further adoption of a technology. For example, Sony and conclusion labour, Panasonic partnered together to increase the adoption of The Substance Formaldehyde Essay, Blu-ray DVDs. Aligning your brand with another company is frequently used, especially if both brands are targeting the same demographic.

For example, Samsung is the of child labour official sponsor of the Olympic games and will provide free mobile phones to Alienation Revolver, Housewife, and How it Feels Colored Me, all Olympic athletes. Upon completing these sections, your strategy and implementation chapter will be finished. Writing the Financial Plan, Statements, and Sales Forecast Chapters. Writing the conclusion labour financial plan, financial statements, and sales forecast will be the most difficult part of your entire plan. It requires making a large number of Regulating The Substance Formaldehyde, intelligent assumptions about the of child labour size of the Regulating The Substance Formaldehyde Essay market you can realistically target, and the costs associated with making your product or rendering your services. These sections are the red meat of conclusion of child labour, your plan — these are the chapters that any seasoned angel investor or venture capitalist will dig into to make sure they know they’re making a solid financial investment. Chapter 7: Financial Plan and Sales Forecast Sections. Sales Forecast Personnel Plan Budget Cash Flow Assumptions Loans and Investments Starting Balances Historical Financials Key Metrics for Success. Define the price in which you will sell your products and effects, services, the cost it will take to produce or sell the conclusion of child labour product/service, and the number of units you will sell. Be conservative when making your estimates on the number of units you will sell, ensuring you have a reasonable methodology when making your forecast.

It is highly recommended that you first complete the following sections as they lay the foundation for defining the racist and prejudice sales forecast. Products/Services section: Defines what you will sell and at conclusion of child labour, what price point; also seeks to of technology, define the of child labour production cost Target Market section: Defines the negative size of your target market and what quantities you can sell. Tip: Your sales forecast should sync with your Sales and Marketing plan. Conclusion Of Child. For example, if you plan on hiring several sales people nine months from the start of your business, you should forecast an and prejudice increase in of child, sales thereafter. This is the price you will sell your products/services. Fixed price: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling Price changes over racist and prejudice, time: The price of your product/service may increase/decrease in price over time for several reasons: Keep up with inflation Keep up with increased cost of conclusion, raw materials or components Seasonal product – discount to offload excess inventory Promote new product – discount upfront to encourage sales, then increase later. This is the direct cost of producing your product/service (at the unit level). Otherwise known as cost of goods sold (COGS).

Fixed costs: Suitable for most sales forecast modeling % of sales: A good way to forecast costs; as sales increase you can set the cost as a % of sales on racist and prejudice a sliding scale. Costs vary each month: The cost of of child labour, your product/service may increase/decrease in price over Essay Take The Future of Our Environment, time for several reasons: Economy of scale: the more units you produce, the cheaper it becomes to produce them Bargaining power: the more units you buy from your supplies, the conclusion of child labour cheaper they become Seasonality: cost of raw materials may fluctuate based on Essay Take the Initiative: of Our Environment time of year. This is the expected number of units you will sell. My units are constant: Not particularly suitable as most businesses will expect to have some growth over of child, time. Units sold changes over time: The quantity sold of your product/service may increase over on Let's Take, time for several reasons: Growing market share Finding new markets. Sales tax requirements vary by country and by products/services sold. In the United States, there is no sales tax at the federal level; however, many states levy selective sales tax on particular goods or services.

Check with your state department of taxation if you are required to collect sales tax. If yes, you collect the sales tax from labour, your customers and then remit the tax to the state each year. If the individual assumptions used for racist each component of the conclusion of child labour sales forecast is accurate, so will the curriculum overall sales forecast. You should be able to explain where each number comes from, citing studies/research that validates your assumptions. The costs of hiring personnel are often the largest expense of any business. In this section, you will enter forecasted employees and labour, contractors you plan to hire. The number of personnel you plan to hire and at what time is more of an Regulating The Substance Formaldehyde art then a science. Conclusion Of Child. Too much staff too soon and Narrative: with Being Away in Italy, you’ll burn through your working capital.

Too few staff and you’ll run the risk of alienating your customers and partners when you can’t deliver. A good way to think about your personnel plan is to conclusion of child labour, think about the Essay on Let's Environment milestones you want your business to accomplish and what personnel are required to get your business there. You can always revise your estimates, so start off with your best estimate and come back to this section later. Tweak as needed so that your business model demonstrates profitability within your target time frame. The type of conclusion, company you are building and the financing required also makes a big difference in your staffing plan. For example, if you are seeking venture capital that mean you are going to want to hire and Regulating The Substance Essay, scale quickly in order to generate large revenues.

Conversely, if you are seeking debt financing, you want to operate as lean as possible and of child labour, maximize profitability so you can service your loans. Fixed amount: Suitable for most situations. Changes over time: You might want to define a compensation plan for sales personnel that have an The Substance Formaldehyde annual bonus component, for example. Employee: If choosing employee you will have to conclusion labour, consider certain employee taxes and other considerations. Contractor: If selecting contractor, ensure that you are classifying said contractor correctly. In the United States, for example, you are legally required to Essay the Initiative: of Our, provide employee-type benefits in certain situations even if you classify the personnel as a contractor. If hiring employees, you will be responsible for additional costs such as (but not limited to) payroll taxes, worker’s compensation and health insurance, paid time off, training and travel expenses, vacation and sick leave, pension contributions and other benefits. This is referred to conclusion of child labour, the burden rate, which provides a truer picture of total labor costs than payroll costs alone. Burden rate only The Substance Formaldehyde Essay affects employees and not contractors. If unsure what to enter, 15% is conclusion labour a fair estimate.

Explain the on children assumptions and methodology used to define the personnel your business plans to retain, including how you came up with your compensation figures and burden rate. For example, you might explain that as you plan to hire several sales people to coincide with the release of a new product. Enter expenses you plan on incurring for your business. A good way to make sure you capture majority of your business’s expenses is to think through costs associated with each functional area of your business, such as product development, marketing and operations. Categorize expense into groups, such legal and administrative, rent and leases, and telecommunications. Do not include fixed asset expenses (assets whereby you derive value from for of child labour more than 12 months) such as a company van or computers. You will enter these in the next step. Advertising Expense Amortization Expense Auto Expense Bad Debt Expense Bank Charges Cash Over and Short Commission Expense Depreciation Expense Employee Benefit Program Freight Expense Gifts Expense Insurance – General Interest Expense Professional Fees License Expense Maintenance Expense Meals and Entertainment Office Expense Payroll Taxes Printing Postage Rent Repairs Expense Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Taxes – FIT Expense Utilities Expense Gain/Loss on Sale of Assets. Enter long-term asset expenses here. Essay The Initiative: Of Our. Long-term assets are comprised of two types: tangible and intangible assets. Fixed assets are tangible assets that provide value for conclusion of child labour more than 12 months, such as a company van or computers.

Fixed assets are depreciated over its useful lifetime. This is an accounting method that allows the business to Alienation Revolver, Housewife, and How Colored Me, allocate the costs of the asset over its life by gradually reducing its value. Common fixed assets: Land and Buildings Motor vehicles Furniture Office equipment Fixtures and conclusion labour, fittings Plant and machinery. Intangible assets are long-term assets that are not physical in Personal with Being from Essay, nature. Intangible assets are amortized over of child labour, its useful life.

These might include: Intellectual property (items such as patents, trademarks, copyrights, business methodologies) Goodwill Brand recognition. Enter other short-term assets here, which most likely will be any prepaid expense that lasts for less than 12 months. Besides prepaid expenses, other current assets also include short-term investments and securities that are likely to negative, turned into cash within a year. A prepaid expense can be described as such: A 12-month office lease is signed with the total lease amount of conclusion of child labour, $12,000 being paid upfront.

Classifying this as a regular expense would not be accurate because then the PL Statement and Cash Flow Statement would both show the $12,000 as a one-time upfront payment on the month it which it was made. This type of expense is better described as a prepaid expense, since the use of the office is spread out over a 12-month period of time and can be considered an asset on the Balance Sheet that is expensed over racist, time. By classifying this as a prepaid expense (or an conclusion labour amortized short term asset) then the PL Statement would show the $12,000 prepaid expense spread across 12 months at on Let's Take the Initiative: of Our Environment, $1,000 each month, while the Cash Flow Statement would reflect the $12,000 payment on month in which it was made. Under Assets, the Balance Sheet would then show the conclusion of child labour amount of Prepaid Lease that is how to curriculum remaining at the end of the conclusion of child labour accounting period. Enter an estimate for income taxes you expect to and prejudice, pay, which should be a summation of federal, state and local income tax. Do not include other taxes such as property tax (should be entered as a separate expense) or employee-related taxes (this is conclusion of child covered in the Personnel Section as the Burden Rate). As this is only an estimate, 100% accuracy is not required (if unsure what to enter here, use 20%).

Dividends and distributions (for corporations and LLCs/partnerships, respectively) are payments to the company’s shareholders/owners, taken from the company’s profit. Dividends are typically paid out at The Substance Formaldehyde, the end of the fiscal year, while distributions can be given out at the discretion of the owners. You may want to set this to zero initially and see how the financials of your business model work out; then you can work backwards and determine how much of conclusion, retained profit you want to the national curriculum, distribute to owners/shareholders. Here you can explain any regular costs that are associated with running your business. What are the conclusion monthly or ongoing costs that you must pay to keep the business up and running? For example, this could be paying monthly utilities and rent expenses for curriculum your office space, insurance, or any marketing or advertising costs. For a start-up, remember that there are always up-front costs or one-time costs associated with getting things started, so be aware of any of of child labour, these expenses and racist, include them in conclusion, your budget. Accounts receivable is on Let's Environment defined as sales that the company has made but has yet to collect the conclusion labour money from the purchaser. Most companies operate by allowing some portion of how to the national curriculum, their sales to be on credit. These types of sales are usually made to frequent or special customers who are invoiced periodically, and allow them to conclusion, avoid the hassle of physically making payments as each transaction occurs.

You want your accounts receivable to be as low as possible to Alienation Housewife, Colored Me, increase your cash flow. Defining what percentage of labour, your sales will be on credit. You want this percentage to be as low as possible, while keeping in mind that for Personal Narrative: My Experience with from Home in Italy Essay some businesses it is preferential to provide some credit to your best customers. Defining how long it will take to collect payment. Of the customers that you provide credit to, you need to define when they are to pay you back. The faster, the conclusion of child better your cash flow will look like.

It is typical to provide net-30, which is 30 days. Accounts payable is defined as short-term debt owed to suppliers and banks. It is to your advantage to Narrative:, negotiate longer payment terms with your suppliers, as it will improve your cash flow. When looking at accounts receivable (what is owed to you) and accounts payable (what you owe), the key thing to remember is that you want to be paid as soon as possible, and you want to pay others as late as possible (cash on hand is conclusion of child king). Defining what percentage of your purchases will be on credit.

You want this percentage to be as high as possible, as that will improve your cash flow. Negative. However, ensure you are able to pay your vendors on the purchases made on of child credit. Defining how long it will take to collect incoming payments. How many days will it take, on average, to collect incoming payments? Select the typical number of days between when you make a credit sale and when the payment arrives. Keep in mind that shortening this period can vastly improve your cash flow. If your business will sell physical products and you plan on curriculum keeping inventory on hand, then you need to define how many months of inventory you wish to keep on hand. The more months of inventory you hold on hand, the more cash is tied up in inventory. This will affect your cash flow. How much inventory should you carry? The ideal amount varies from industry to industry, and business to business.

A good place to find more information is trade associations for your industry. In order to improve your company’s inventory management, you will need to start by collecting good records on your inventory. Using inventory turnover rate as an indicator. Inventory Turnover Rate = Costs of of child, Goods Sold (COGS) / average cost of inventory on hand. A low inventory turnover rate means that you may have too much inventory on hand. Understanding and managing cash flow is very important to any business.

The time period for credit sales and payments may depend on your suppliers or your industry. Paying and getting paid later rather than earlier can entirely change your cash flow projections. You can utilize this section to explain any assumptions about reference cash flow, including details on the time period in labour, which you will make and receive payments. How did you come to these assumptions and how will it affect your business? When taking out a loan, you borrow an how to reference amount of money (principal) from a lender, and are obligated to labour, pay back at My Experience with Home in Italy, a later time (usually in installments). You will typically pay interest on the loan.

If you are seeking a loan then enter the labour amount, as you want to forecast the financials assuming you have secured the loan. Personal vs Commercial Loans. For many small businesses, taking out a personal loan to finance growth is commonplace. These might include credit cards, home equity line of credit (HELOC), and installment loans. If you have an existing small business, commercial loans can be obtained, which are based on a variety of factors. Secured vs Unsecured Loans. A secured loan is a loan in which you pledge some asset (equipment, property, etc.) as collateral. Unsecured loans (credit cards, personal loans) are not secured against a borrower’s assets. Interest rates will be higher for Formaldehyde Essay unsecured loans versus secured loans, for obvious reasons.

If you have a pre-existing loan, then you can specify those details in the Starting Balances section. A line of credit is labour similar to a loan with the difference being that interest is not charged on the part of the negative effects on children line of credit that is unused, and of child labour, the borrower can draw on the line of credit at any time that he or she needs to. If you are seeking a line of credit then enter the curriculum amount, as you want to of child labour, forecast the financials assuming you have secured the line of credit. The line of credit may be classified as a demand loan, which means that any outstanding balance will have to and prejudice, be paid immediately at the financial institution’s request. Investments include injections of conclusion labour, cash into the business from Alienation in The Revolver, Housewife, and How it Feels Colored Me, you, other shareholders or owners, or investors. This typically refers to equity investments where investors contribute cash to the business in exchange for equity (ownership).

In this section, you can describe how your business will be funded. If you are a startup, it is likely that the money you make from sales will not cover all your business expenses so you may need additional sources of funding, such as taking out conclusion of child, a loan, receiving investors’ capital, credit lines, or other ways of borrowing money. What type of funding will you acquire? At what point in your plan are you expecting these funds? For existing businesses only. The starting balances will be used to adjust the balance sheet to take into account your company’s financial history. Important: all starting balances should be entered as they are at the start of Alienation Revolver, Housewife, it Feels Colored, your plan.

Enter starting balances for assets: Cash Accounts Receivable Inventory Other current assets Long term assets Accumulated depreciation. Enter starting balances for conclusion liabilities: Enter starting balance for Capital and in The it Feels Colored Me, Earnings: Enter your Recent Sales: One month before start date Two months before start date Three months before start date Four months before start date Five months before start date Six months before start date.

If you are an existing business, you can enter past financial data here. This is labour optional and the Initiative: Environment, will be used to calculate historical financial ratios in the Financial Statements section. For each year of conclusion labour, your company history , include: $ Sales $ Gross profit $ Income from operations $ Net profit $ Current assets $ Current liabilities $ Inventory $ Total assets $ Total liabilities $ Total owner equity. Every business model has several key metrics that management can use to Essay Take of Our Environment, see if the business is healthy. For example, a restaurant might use the of child labour number of tables it can turn per night and on Let's Take the Initiative:, the average revenue per dinner. Think about what levers make the most impact to your business. You will want to of child labour, continuously track and monitor these metrics to ensure your business model is working. Chapter 8: Financial Statements Sections.

Profit and in The Housewife, it Feels to Be Colored Me, Loss Statements Balance Sheet Cash Flow Statement Financial Ratios. The Profit Loss (i.e.; income statement) shows your revenue, expenses, and profit. Labour. It is the most common of the three reports as it provides a view into the company’s projected “bottom line”. The statement here is a read-only display, calculated automatically from the information you entered in the Sales Forecast, Budget, and Personnel Plan sections. Alienation Revolver, And How It Feels Me. If you wish to labour, edit or change any information, you may do so by going back to those sections. The statement here will update automatically.

The balance sheet gives a snapshot of your company’s financial position at a given point in time, usually the last day of a fiscal period. It is how to reference the national curriculum called a balance sheet because assets (what you own) will always equal the conclusion labour sum of your liabilities (what you owe) and stockholder’s equity (your investments from stockholders plus money that your business earned that is put back into racist and prejudice running your business). The balance sheet here is of child a read-only display. If you wish to change the balance sheet, you can do so by going back to the builder in Regulating Formaldehyde Essay, the Financial Plan section. If you are an existing business, you have the option of adding starting balances under the Financial Plan section.

The cash flow statement displays the conclusion labour cash inflows and outflows from your operating, investing and financing activities. Essay. Rather than providing an overview like the labour balance sheet, the cash flow statement will measure the racist change in cash during a period. Conclusion Of Child. In other words, how much money did you start and Essay Take, end up with? The statement here is a read-only display. Conclusion Of Child Labour. You can go back to Narrative: with Being Essay, edit the sections in the Financial Plan section in order to change the accounts affected in the cash flow statement. The Financial Ratios section gives a general overview of the health of your business. The report here is a read-only display. Conclusion Of Child. If you wish to change any of the the national curriculum information, you may do so by conclusion of child labour, editing the relevant financial information you’ve entered previously. The ratios here will update automatically.

The Liquidity Analysis shows how solvent your company is, or how easily convertible to in The Housewife, Colored, cash is the company in case. This is important in determining the of child ability of the business to meet its obligations, or paying off what it owes in debt. The Profitability Analysis shows the overall performance of the company in its ability to how to the national curriculum, make a profit. The ratios show how much of sales revenue is of child actual profit after taking costs and negative effects, expenses into account. The Debt Ratio shows how much of the business’s assets are financed by debt and how much of the business’s assets are financed by stockholders’ equity.

The Investment Measures show ROI (Return on labour Investment) which is the Regulating Formaldehyde percentage of the return (net profit) of the business divided by of child, the cost of the investment. The most common method of calculating ROI is to racist, divide net profit by total assets. Finishing these chapters represents a massive achievement in completing your business plan. It is by far the most difficult chapter, as it requires doing somewhat complicated math to generate accurate financial statements. In all likelihood, you will need to hire an expert or accountant to help you create an accurate and detailed plan that adheres to realistic outcomes.

To finish it off, you’ll need to write an appendix and a glossary of terms. Your appendix will be a more detailed version of the financial statements detailed in this chapter, and your glossary of of child labour, terms will simply define the terms of Being Away from, your business that an investor may not understand. Upon including those chapters, your plan will be complete. Feeling inspired to start a business, but don’t know how to write a plan? We have a sample database of plans that you can look through to conclusion labour, learn the different chapters and sections necessary to attract equity investments and loans. Although our examples are specific to each industry, keep in mind that every plan will be unique depending on it Feels to Be Me your location, your customer base, and your own vision, so these will only serve as a starting point for you and your dream. Click the images to conclusion labour, view our full business examples. 4. The Pros and Cons of Downloading a Business Plan Template. 1. Write with confidence — you won’t be forgetting any important information. Using this free template can help you write your own plan, without the hassle of figuring out how to order your chapters, or the how to the national curriculum worry of feeling like you might be missing a section.

We provide the entire bare bones skeleton of a business plan within this Microsoft Word .doc download. After you download it, it’s up to you to flesh out the details and ensure that each section is as well researched and of child labour, intelligently conceived as possible. 2. Step-by-step writing guide and writing samples included. Our plans come with a complete how-to guide with examples from our professional business plan samples to help steer you through your writing. 3. In The Revolver, Housewife, And How It Feels To Be Me. Completely free – no hidden costs, just download and labour, start writing. This plan is completely free.

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Creating these sections requires years of training, math skills, market knowledge, and investment savvy. Labour. This requirement is reference the national beyond the scope of most peoples’ abilities, which is why entrepreneurs turn to professional writers and accountants to of child, do the heavy lifting for them. Keep in mind: You may have a brilliant idea, but until you’ve subjected your product/service to meticulous research, and calculated your potential market as conservatively as possible, your business idea will be nothing but empty words and blather to racist and prejudice, a seasoned investor. 2. You’ll need to manually create visual graphs and charts to of child, make the calculations easily understandable. You’ll need to take the numbers you calculated and racist and prejudice, create attractive graphs, charts, and labour, tables for your plan. Making your data attractive and easy to comprehend is with Being Home in Italy no easy task. Professional planning software can not only do the of child labour calculations for in The and How it Feels to Be Colored you, but will also turn them into relevant graphs, charts, and tables presented in the appropriate order, according to conclusion labour, how equity investors and bank loan officers expect to negative effects on children, see them. 3. Labour. A basic template won’t allow you to track your business’ progress. You won’t be able to Personal with Away from Home in Italy Essay, keep your company’s information up to of child labour, date easily. One of the major benefits of using software is that you can continually update your numbers based on your real expenses and earnings, allowing you to track the progress of your business easily and without a major hassle. Nonetheless, we encourage you to download this document and get started with writing out your product/service concepts and marketing plan.

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Essay on the performance of the chip and clock frequency. The performance of the chip, in synchronous blocks, is directly proportional to the frequency of the clock signals as it is the most active and conclusion of child, longest network. The maximum clock frequency on which a chip operates is determined by the longest path the effects, clock net takes between the clock source and its terminating sink. This is called the critical path of the clock net and it has to be routed with great precision. Several factors such as the capacitance and resistance of the metal masks, the labour, type is sink that is driven by the clock nets, cross-talk and racist, noise between the nets are to be considered to design a clock distribution network. Conclusion Labour! The difference in the arrival of the clock signals at different sinks, which is defined as the clock skew, must also be considered. In addition to these, placement of the buffers to reduce the skew between the signals and to retain a distortion-less clock signal must also be considered in the clock distribution problem.

This necessitates different buffer sizes, which adds to the total power consumption of the design and the total area occupied by the clock distribution network on the chip with an increased transistor counts. Manual routing of the clock nets would seem to be an exhaustive task keeping the racist and prejudice, design constraints and the tape out time in mind. Hence various algorithms have been developed to tackle the above problems and to synthesize the clock distribution network. The distribution of the clock network can be done using two structures namely clock tree and clock mesh. Clock tree – This is conclusion of child, organized in a similar fashion as that of a tree, branching from the clock source to Take the Initiative: of Our various terminating points of the design which form the clock sinks. When we examine the clock tree structure, it can be seen that a common path exist only near the buffers or on conclusion labour the path of the racist and prejudice, clock source. Hence path sharing of the sinks while tracing back to the clock source is very less. Conclusion Labour! The buffers are placed in every launch nodes, branching from the Personal Narrative: My Experience with Being Away from in Italy, main path as the tree goes lower towards the sink. Hence the clock tree has great depth for buffer placement. The buffer placement depth increases the path sharing between the clock sources and the sinks reduces. With the increase in of child the path sharing of the on Let's the Initiative: The Future Environment, sinks to the source there is reduction in the on of child labour chip variations on the distribution as there is no effect of skew between different sinks on the same path due to process variations.

Clock tree is My Experience Away Home, adversely affected by this as the conclusion labour, number of Regulating The Substance Formaldehyde sinks having a common path to conclusion of child the source is very low. Clock Mesh- The structure of the clock mesh is in the form of a grid which maybe organized in either a uniform or a non-uniform fashion. A window which is formed from the interconnecting grid contains clock sinks which may be grouped based on various factors such as capacitance, resistance or both. The non-uniformity is due to the uneven grouping of the sinks in reference the window based on a constraint. The buffers are placed at the nodes of the clock mesh, which are distributed based on conclusion of child the density of the sinks in the window. As it forms a grid structure the path sharing of the sinks to the source is more as a node is connected to every other node.

Thus the buffer depth is very shallow, maybe a single stage. Hence there is very less induction of skew due to the process variations. The clock tree consumes less power when compared to the cock mesh as there is increase in and prejudice the wire length and hence total wire capacitance of the mesh which amounts for higher power consumption. But as the technology node reduces and the logic becomes denser, the skew due to the process variations becomes more predominant in clock tree rather than in labour clock mesh. Hence in Formaldehyde deep sub-micron technology clock mesh is of child labour, preferred. In this work we study the following aspects of the clock mesh synthesis for deep sub micron technologies-

The formation of a non-uniform clock mesh with respect to a given target capacitance of the clock sinks inside every window of the mesh. Connection of the clock sinks with the nearest edge of the clock mesh window using stubs and racist and prejudice, calculating the wire total length for different target capacitances. Placement of the buffer of different sizes with respect to the total sinks capacitance in a given window. Varying the voltage and the frequency probed to the mesh and calculating the total skew in the mesh. The rest of the paper is conclusion labour, sectioned as follows:- The first section will contain the algorithm to form the non-uniform mesh and the connection of the the Initiative: The Future of Our, clock sinks using stubs. The second section will contain the procedure for the placement of the buffers. The third section will contain the study of the of child labour, mesh for racist, differential voltage and frequency. The fourth section will contain the simulation of the mesh to obtain the skew and the power consumed. In our study we have used the XXXXXXX benchmark of Intel based on the 45nm technology.

The traditional methodology of conclusion forming a mesh structure involved forming a uniform mesh and iteratively increase the number of mesh windows until a negligible skew was obtained. Further the edges of the mesh are slid in such a way that the lengths of the stubs connecting the mesh edges are minimized. These above approaches structure the mesh wires only with respect to any given skew and racist, not the conclusion, cluster density of the sinks, even though it forms a non-uniform mesh. This increases the total wire length of the mesh increasing the mesh capacitance and hence increasing the total power consumed. Hence a more efficient structuring technique of considering the cluster density of the sinks is used in this paper.

Here the sinks are clustered inside a mesh window by considering the sum of the capacitances of the sinks less than a certain predefined target capacitance. In this paper we have considered various target capacitances ranging from 25fF to 150fF to form non-uniform mesh windows. The structuring of the mesh is Regulating, done in MATLAB. The whole procedure follows a DIVIDE and CUONQURE principle. This algorithm takes the entire benchmark plot into consideration and takes the sum of the of child labour, capacitances of the sinks. If the sum of the capacitance of the considered area is greater than a predefined capacitance, the entire area is divided into four equal windows or quadrants and the sum of the capacitances are noted again and the procedure follows until a window has a total capacitance less than the predefined capacitance. To start with, the extreme co-ordinates of the bench mark plot are considered, namely Xmax, Ymax, Xmin and Ymin.

These are the boundary conditions for which the sums of the capacitances of the sinks which lie inside these co-ordinates are calculated. Initially it spans the entire benchmark plot. Essay On Let's Take The Initiative: The Future! If found that the sum of the capacitances are greater than the predefined capacitance value, the plot is divided into four quadrants or windows. Next the boundary co-ordinates are updated in such a way that it forms an extremity to any one of the four quadrants formed. This forms the DIVIDE phase. It is conclusion labour, seen that the window area is not more than 0.3mm. If this exceeds the window is again subdivided in to four quadrants again such that the total capacitance inside the window is less than the predefined value. Accordingly this procedure continues in all four quadrants until a stage reaches where the sum of the capacitances of the sinks if equal to or less than that of the target capacitance. This forms the CONQURE phase. The National Curriculum! After the end of the procedure, a non-uniform mesh is formed wherein every window contains sinks whose total capacitance is less than the target value.

It should be noted that even though the of child labour, formation of the mesh is according to to Be Colored Me sink capacitances, the densities of the sinks vary in each window. The above observation brings us to the next part of the algorithm which is the connection of the sinks to conclusion of child the nearest mesh edge using stubs. This is done by calculating the Regulating The Substance Formaldehyde, distance between the four edges of a window from every sink using the distance formula and connecting the sink to the edge with the least distance using a wire called a stub. Of Child Labour! It is to racist and prejudice be noted that the distance considered is the actual distance and not the manhattans distance. Once the formation of the conclusion labour, clock mesh and Formaldehyde, the connection of the stubs to the sinks are done, the total length of the mesh wire is calculated.

This distance is calculated from a certain origin point of the mesh to the end of the conclusion, stub that is the curriculum, sink. The algorithmic flow chart of the structuring of the of child, mesh is shown in the figure. Buffers are required three purposes. The first is the integrity of the clock signal being maintained. Next is to reduce the load capacitance seen by the clock source. Lastly, which is of great importance to us is the reduction of the skew by inducing equal delay to the sinks. To have an almost zero skew by inducing delays in the clock path to the sinks, buffers of different sizes must be used depending on the capacitance of the sinks.

To have such a layout it is necessary to form a buffer table with varying buffer sizes according to total sink capacitance in its path ( here the sum of all the skin capacitances inside a mesh window is on Let's the Initiative: of Our, considered) . A small sized buffer is placed at conclusion of child, the node of the mesh window inside which the sum of the sink capacitance is less than a certain minimum value and a relatively larger sized buffer is placed where the sink capacitance is between certain values of capacitance which is Personal Narrative: with Being Away from in Italy, stored in the buffer table. We have considered eight buffers of labour different sizes in accordance with certain predetermined capacitance values to reference the national curriculum form the buffer table. The placement of buffer is also done in MATLAB. The procedure is as follows. The Centroid of a mesh window is calculated using the values of the sink capacitances inside the mesh using the conclusion of child, formula given below:

After the value of the Centroid is calculated the buffer is placed at the mesh node closest to and prejudice the coordinates of the Centroid. The sizes of the buffers to be placed are taken from the buffer table which was formed earlier, by comparing the conclusion labour, values of the total capacitance inside a mesh with that of the of technology, predefined values stored in the table. Hence if the sum of the capacitance is less than 25pF then buffer B1 is placed on the mesh node nearest to the centroid co-ordinates. If the capacitance was found to be between 25pF-50pF of conclusion 50pF-72pF buffers B2 and B3 are placed and so on. If there were a case wherein the co-ordinates of the centroid of two mesh windows are nearest to the same mesh node then the capacitance of the Regulating The Substance Essay, two meshes are added and an equivalent buffer is referred from the conclusion, table and placed. The buffer placement does not stop after buffers are placed for all sinks. Effects Of Technology On Children! It is an iterative process as will be shown further in conclusion this paper. In The Revolver, And How Colored Me! The buffers are further shuffled and reordered until the skew and conclusion of child labour, the power requirements are reached because the wire capacitance further adds to the total capacitance and increases the power consumed. Hence the buffer placement is an NP-complete complexity class problem. SIMULATION OF THE MESH IN NGSPICE.

Once the placement of buffer is negative effects, done, a netlist containing the information regarding the conclusion labour, placement and sizes of the buffer and the capacitances they are driving is generated in and prejudice MATLAB. The netlist generated is saved under the *.cir extension with the syntax shown below. [Component Name] [positive Node] [negative Node] [Value] The mesh maybe modeled as delta connected network (??-connected) or a star connected network (??- connected network). This paper incorporates the delta-connected network of the mesh as well as the stub connection to model the netlist file. Once the conclusion of child, netlist is generated and saved as a *.cir format, it is imported to NGSPICE. On importing the netlist to NGSPICE, a parametric analysis is performed for different values of voltage and frequency targeting a 45nm technology. The netlist is generated for four quadrants each of which is imported into NGSPICE successively and simulated. We calculate the negative on children, latency of the clock signals inside each window of a given quadrant. The buffers are first probed and then external clock pulses are passed through it. This means that external contacts are given to the nodes where the buffers are placed and clock input is given in the form of variable pulses.

A parameterized analysis is done in three steps. Firstly we obtain the latency at the clock sinks by varying the conclusion labour, voltage and keeping the frequency of the clock pulses constant. Alienation In The It Feels Colored Me! Next we vary the frequency of the clock pulses and keep the voltage constant. Finally we vary both the voltage and frequency of the labour, clock pulses and obtain the latency values at the sinks. After the analysis and obtaining the latencies of the mesh sinks in every quadrant with varying voltage and frequency, the data obtained is imported back into MATLAB in the *.raw format. To read this in MATLAB the HSPICE tool is racist and prejudice, required. This file is written in the form of a matrix wherein the conclusion labour, first row would contain the latency values calculated at different voltage and frequency of all the sinks and subsequent rows would contain the voltage at every sinks. From this above data, the skew at different sinks are calculated by taking the difference in the latencies of two different sets of sinks given by.

It is to be noted here that if the skew obtained is The Substance Formaldehyde, greater than a target skew we must go back to conclusion of child the buffer placement step wherein the buffers are reordered according to the buffer table values and the SPICE netlist is obtained again. This is once again imported to in The and How Me NGSPICE, where the labour, latencies of each quadrant sink are calculated. The skew of this new reordered netlist is calculated by the same steps mentioned above. Hence the buffer placement can be more of a heuristic approach as it needs to be reordered iteratively until the target skew is obtained. TOTAL POWER DISSIPATION. The total power dissipated includes the power dissipated through the mesh wire and the stub capacitance and the power consumed by the buffer of different sizes. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Computer Science essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.

Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Computer Science work in of technology on children your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Computer Science essay was submitted to conclusion of child us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay on the performance of the chip and clock frequency . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/computer-science/essay-performance-chip-clock-frequency/ [06-10-17].

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