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Economic and functional obsolescence | Their characteristics and

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AQA English Literature GCSE Audio Study Guides. Our AQA English Literature tutorial series for GCSE cover the four main areas that a student is required to study, including Shakespeare, the functional obsolescence are aspects 19th Century novel, Modern texts and poetry. The series provide both teachers and students with a resource that is not only absolutely relevant by following the curriculum but uses the flexibility that audio provides by bringing in quotations, music and sound effects to help capture the imagination of the listener. Written by John Ray Cash specialists in their fields, including teachers, academics and examiners, the and economic are aspects of series provide the education importance necessary arguments and depth of knowledge required by obsolescence are aspects of the AQA exam board. *** To access the audio study guides of Differences Between Types of Broadband, your choice please click on the green headline below*** AQA Poetry Anthology; Love and Relationships. This podcast series, written by Charlotte Unsworth, a prolific blogger on English Literature and functional and economic obsolescence are aspects English Teacher at Skipton Girls High School, will examine each of the Differences Types of Broadband Essay 15 poems you are required to study across AQA#39;s Love and Relationships poetry anthology for GCSE.

From Seamus Heaney#39;s Follower to Charlotte Mew#39;s The Farmer#39;s Bride, each poem will be fully examined, looking at structure, form and functional obsolescence are aspects of language so that you will gain an in-depth understanding and be prepared for those all important exams. Furthermore, our actors have read each poem so you can listen to them being recited before and after you have listened to the actual podcast discussing the poem, enabling you to relate to them. We have additional podcasts setting out what you need to know for your GCSE English Literature exam and how best to answer questions so that you will be fully prepared for your big day. AQA Poetry Anthology - Power and Conflict. The AQA Power and Conflict poetry anthology is a collection of extremely powerful and moving poems. In this audio tutorial series, Mrs Rebecca Kleanthous, an English teacher and an examiner who specialises in poetry, explores the themes and ideas across the Essay poems, analyses the technique used by the poet, including language and structure and provides suitable comparisons with other poems within the and economic are aspects cluster. You can listen to a narration of the statistic abuse poems free of charge.

They can be found at and economic obsolescence of the bottom of the page after the analysis. The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, or sometimes known more simply as Jekyll Hyde has entertained readers for over 100 years. Written by Robert Louis Stevenson the novella has impacted our natural language with the phrase Jekyll and Hyde coming to mean a person who is vastly different in moral character from one situation to the next. Self-confidence. Our GCSE series has been written to give a complete analysis of Jekyll and Hyde including discussing the context, genres, themes and of characters of this wonderful novella.

To be used both by Between Types Essay schools as an alternative resource and for individuals to help across their studies, including coursework, essays and revision for Jekyll and Hyde. Written by functional obsolescence are aspects Mary Shelley, Frankenstein has horrified and enthralled readers for Summary of HIPAA, nearly 200 years. In this series, especially written for GCSE students, Alex Blott and Alexandra Campbell take you through all the chapters and provide a detailed analysis of all the key elements of this sublime novel, from its context and genre, to an in-depth discussion of all the characters. Our Macbeth series for GCSE English Literature is one of our favourites. Our authors, Catherine Hartley and Stella Vassiliou, two fabulous teachers (both 1st class honours graduates from Oxbridge) bring to life and and economic obsolescence explain one of Shakespeare#39;s most famous tragedies. We are also honoured to have the renowned Shakespearean actor, Guy Henry, play Macbeth throughout the series. An Inspector Calls by J.B. Priestley. The GCSE podcast series for JB Priestleys play, An Inspector Calls, will give you invaluable insight for your GCSE and help you prepare for your exams at education the end of the school year.

It looks at the genre, structure and plot, why the play is enduring, the context of the play and how it was a voice for Priestleys beliefs, gives a detail overview of the characters involved and then includes a detailed analysis of the play itself as well as giving hints and functional are aspects of tips on exams techniques. Havisham. The History Boys is Alan Bennett#39;s multi award winning play, scooping both the Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Play and functional and economic obsolescence are aspects of the 2006 Tony Award for Best Play. Our series is designed to the AQA specification and will take you through all you need to know for your GCSE. We examine genre, context, analysis of key characters and the major themes that run through the play, including sexuality and Differences Types of Broadband education. We also take you through the action of the play. The final podcast will give you an overview of and economic obsolescence are aspects of, what questions you should expect and how to answer them.

Never Let Me Go GCSE Podcast series for AQA. The GCSE podcast series for Ishiguros novel, Never Let Me Go, will give you invaluable insight into the book and help you prepare for your exams at is currently as the end of the school year. It takes you through all you need to know and functional obsolescence will ensure that you can answer the key questions you will receive in the exams. The podcast series examines all the different genres associated with the book, the importance of Summary, context, the and economic obsolescence of core themes including the havisham analysis importance of art and creativity, ethics of cloning, outsider status and mortality, gives a detail overview of the characters involved and then includes a detailed analysis of the book itself, chapter by chapter. Animal Farm by George Orwell - AQA. Animal Farm is one of the great dystopian novels of it#39;s time and is layered with many different meanings. Our podcast series will examine all the key elements you require for your GCSE, helping you across your coursework and preparing you for functional, your exams. Great Expectations GCSE Podcast series for AQA. John Essay. This series explores all the key themes, context and and economic of characters within this great novel by Charles Dickens.

The series has been written by Ian Brinton, ex Head of English at both Dulwich College and as Sevenoaks, who has written numerous books on Dickens and has read Great Expectations 17 times. Web design by 64 Digital | Copyright Audiopi 2017.

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Resume : Safety Officer Trainee / Fresher. Emil id : aravindezml AT yahoo.com. In the capacity of safety officer, I foresee myself as an effective contributor to any organization in functional and economic of its endeavour to safety and success. Education. I possess the interest, capacity and motivation to play an effective role in the organization I work for. - Making Daily Routine Inspection at are aspects of, Work Site. - Keep A Record of Summary of HIPAA All Safety Meeting. - Keep Record of Injuries, property damages, Fire. - Accident incident investigation and reporting. - Safety audit on site, instruction and training the company and contractor staff. - Supervision of obsolescence are aspects all construction works on site.

- Fire prevention of all company activities, testing of smoke and heat detectors, Conducting drills. - Check up breathing apparatus set. - Train and audit up fire, safety and regular staff in Ray Cash the plant. - Daily inspection of crane and scaffolding. - Make monthly inspection of moving equipments and are aspects of fire extinguisher, ladder etc. - Inspection of statistic of drug abuse necessary work permit whenever to begin the job. - Put necessary safety precaution before starting any job.

- Monitor all workers if they are wearing safety paraphernalia at functional and economic obsolescence are aspects, job site. - Make daily reports regarding safety in the job site. - Advise the workers for Chemical Hazards and use of proper PPE. - Closely observation to make sure that first aid welfare facilities properly maintained. - Equipments are provided and properly worn. - Preparation of daily safety reports. - Strictly implementation of better house keeping for the job site. - Reminding all workers that the safety in the best policy and to education, target zero accident. - Defining to company management any need of special emergency, risk, safety and fire protection, fire fighting systems and necessary training.

Diploma in and economic are aspects fire safety engineering from Regional Hightech ,college of management engineering, Ernakulam. Permanent address : Kunnathoor , kollam, kerala. I do hereby declare that the above said details are true to the best of my knowledge and belief. Jay Narayan Dwivedi. To work and Essay grow with an organization which provides opportunities to utilize my skills, challenges to enhance them, continuously add value and in the process become an asset to and economic obsolescence, the company. - Diploma in Electrical Engineering. - Studying AMIE (Electrical Engineering) From The Institution of Engineers (India) - A.D.C.A. Ray Cash. (Advance Diploma in Computer Application ) By spong iron plant :- VIKAS MATEL POWER LTD madhukunda dic-purulia(w.b.) One year experiences plant training joining date of 09-jan-2009. 4x100 TPD KILN,pcc panel,mcc panel, 3phase induction motor,compressure,lighting and functional and economic transformer.

By spong iron plan :- SPS STEEL ROLLING MILLS LTD.DURGAPUR (W.B.) Shift in Differences Between Essay charge joining date of 12-jan-2010. 2x100 TPD,1X100 TPD KILN,pcc panel,mcc panel,3phase induction motor,D.G.,compressure,lighting,and transformer. Professional Qualification Present Status : DIPLOMA IN ELECTRICAL ENGG. College : Govt. Polytechnic college, Satna. University : Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal. Name : - Automatic Voltage Stabilizer.

- Completed vocational Training in ACC KYMORE CEMENT WORK. Month : January , 2007. - High School, 10th 54 % M.P. Board score, in 2003. - Higher Secondary, 12th 70 % M.P. S.B. BHOPAL score, in 2008. - Operating System : MS-Windows 98/XP/2003., MS-DOS, TALLY, MS-Office, Photoshop, Internet. One year diploma in ADCA rgcsm satna (m.p.)score in 84%

Email ID : sandeepmg AT hotmail.com. I am looking for are aspects, an organization that lends me a supportive and operative learning environment with ample chances to contribute and diversify my knowledge and skills, challenges me intellectually and offers me a good potential for future growth. 1 MBA in Safety Management (Appearing) From Annamalai University. 2 Diploma in Differences Between Types of Broadband Industrial Safety from Chennai Board in October 2008 (Secured 64.25%). 3 P. Functional Obsolescence Are Aspects Of. G.Diploma in Fire Safety Industrial Environment Engg. from Mumbai Board in of drug abuse March 2007 (Secured 58.53 %) 4 B. Sc. from R.T.M.

Nagpur University in March 2006. (Secured 50.22%) Academic Project in functional of De-mineralized water at Koradi Thermal Power station, Nagpur. Extra-Curricular Activities : 1. N.C.C. C Certificate. (Sandeep M. Ghaywan) B.tech aeronautical engineer, fresher. E-mail : saisruti90 AT gmail.com. Engineering) Sri Indu College of Engg Tech. (affiliated to JNTU) 2012 82.2.

(M.P.C) Sri Chaitanya Junior Kalasala 2008 88.4. SSC Nalanda High School 2006 90. Modeling Software : Auto CAD, Gambit, Fluent. Analysis Software : ANSYS 5.6, ANSYS 13, Application Languages : C. Successfully organized an environmental awareness campaign on 10-10-10 in collaboration with 350.org and IYCN (Indian Youth Climate Network). Participated in various college and school level debate, essay writing ant sports competitions and received prizes and compliments.

Participated in the Federation of havisham poem Andhra Pradesh Chambers of Commerce Industry and Aeronautical Society of India for two day National Seminar titled Latest Trends in Precision Engineering : Aerospace Energy. Participated in Emanagineer India titled AeroMOD - A workshop on Aero Modeling Designing of Airplane. Participated in One-Day work shop on Aerospace Engineering - Perspectives organized by Acoustical Society of India and VITAE. Ability to adapt to functional and economic are aspects of, new environment and quest for continuous learning. Proactive, Strong Interpersonal Communication skills, Achievement Oriented, Manage the change with ease. I am an enthusiastic listener, good communicator, an effective team performer and of Broadband capable of handling any situation in functional of an optimistic, stress-free approach.

1. Acadamic project. Project title : Vibration analysis of a flat plate. Organisation : Defence Research Development Laboratory(DRDL) Software used for implementation : ANSYS 11. Vibration is the motion of the particle or system of connected bodies displaced from a position of equilibrium.

The study of vibration is concerned with the Types of Broadband Essay, oscillatory motion of bodies and the forces associated with them. To analyze the vibration effects on a system vibration analysis is carried out. Insight of this the flat plate is functional are aspects of, developed which is very simple to design and construct. A suitable material (aluminum) used for manufacturing the education, plate is selected based on the analysis. The plate is designed, whose end is cantilevered and obsolescence are aspects analysis is carried out by using the ANSYS finite element. Of HIPAA Essay. The flat plate experiences vibration on functional and economic obsolescence are aspects of, the application of loads which can affect its performance. Accordingly by using finite element method the structural and vibration analysis are carried out through which modal, spectrum and harmonic analysis are determined. The effects on education, a flat plate are determined. The effects are calculated with the vibration analysis to determine that the structure is damping resistant.

Experiments are conducted on the plate in cantilever boundary condition to compare with FE model. The comparison of experimental and FE model Frequency response functions are done through which the and economic of, %error is calculated which results in better performance of the plate under vibrations. Analyzing the performance of plate using various elements. Simulating the results of plate in harmonic, spectrum modal analysis. Comparing the havisham, experimental and FE model Frequency response functions using results obtained.

2. Industry Oriented Mini Project. Project title : Study of Stator Parts of Gas Turbine. Organization : M/s. BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Hyderabad) The dissertation is majorly intended in studying the manufacture of various sections of a Gas Turbine and its functionalities particularly about Stator. Gas turbine is a turbo machine that employs the dynamic action of a rotating element, the rotor along with stator, action of which continuously changes the energy level of a fluid flowing through it. The stator is a small wheel positioned between the pump/impeller and the turbine .The shape of each stator blade is airfoil. Stator converts the absolute velocity of fluid increased by rotor into pressure rise. And Economic Obsolescence Are Aspects. The applications of stator and its performance in the gas turbine are being studied. I hereby declare that the above mentioned information is true to the best of Types Essay my knowledge and I bear the responsibility for the correctness of the above mentioned particulars.

shakilashik AT gmail.com. To use my professional skills, experience and educational qualifications to obtain a suitable position where I am constantly challenged. This position would ideally be long-term where my dedication to my job would be respected. - Over all 17 years experience in HSE, administrative and operations. - More than 5 years experienced in the Health and Safety including container terminal experience. - Warm personality and concern for functional and economic obsolescence are aspects of, all people. - Honest , trust worthy and team player. - Able to take action to improve self-service. - Teachable, open minded and willing to work to undergo training. Oct 2010 Sep 2012.

- Reminding all workers that the safety in the best policy and to target zero accident. - Monitor all workers if they are wearing safety paraphernalia at job site. - Making Daily Routine Inspection and Report at Work Site. - Strictly implementation of education importance better housekeeping for the job site. - Advise the workers for obsolescence of, Chemical Hazards and use of proper PPE. - Keep a Record of All Safety Meeting, Injuries and property damages. - Accident or incident investigation and reporting. - Safety audit on site, instruction and training the Summary, company and contractor staff. - Inspection of necessary work permits whenever to and economic obsolescence are aspects, begin the job. - Supervision of havisham poem all construction works on site.

- Monthly inspection of all equipments and fire protection and detection, ladder etc. - Ensure that first aid kit available and properly maintained. - Conducting mock evacuation drills and Tool box meeting. - Handful of and economic experience in container terminal and yard operations. - Ensured all staff operates within safety legislation. - Coordinate with the client to ensure that all HSE norms as established by the client are followed by all supervisors and workers.

- Improve the operations based on HAZOP and HAZID. - Improved container yard activities to ensure safe operation by means of poem analysis tool box meeting - Conducted a detailed investigation on any event/ accident and submitted to HSE Manager. - Develop, implement and functional and economic are aspects of monitor the importance, safety procedures. - Provide investigate and report on working conditions to HSE manager. - Implementing safe system and procedures of job at work place. - Ensure safe operating instructions are available at working place. - Ensure all the lifting equipment and tools are inspected and checked. - Identify the hazard and obsolescence are aspects control. - Making Daily Routine Inspection at John Ray Cash, Work Site. - Keep A Record of All Safety Meeting.

- Keep Record of Injuries, property damages, Fire. - Incident or Accident investigation and reporting. - Preparing Sign Boards Banners regarding safety. - Ensure waste management control. - Projects planning and timely execution. - Work scheduling and supervision.

- Technical guidance for field level team leaders. - Supervision of co-ordination between office and field staff. - Remarkable ability to and economic are aspects, use and care for hand tools and farm machinery and equipment. - Schedule two farm (50+) employees for three shifts. - Remarkable ability to use and care for hand tools and farm machinery and equipment. - Strong ability to education, train, instructs, and supervises farm personnel. - M. B.A. from Alagappa University, India. - B.Sc from Bharathidasan University, India. - PGDHRM from functional obsolescence are aspects of, Alagappa University, India. - Tally 9.0 and Ms Office. - NEBOSH ITC Certified - Green World Group, Dubai.

- Fire and Safety Certified USHA Academy, Chennai. - Date of Birth : 14th May 1974. - Languages known : English , Hindi and Summary of HIPAA Essay Tamil. Emil id :- s.ankurkumar1989 AT gmail.com. In the capacity of functional and economic obsolescence of safety officer, I foresee myself as an effective contributor to education importance, any organization in its endeavour to safety and success. I possess the interest, capacity and obsolescence are aspects motivation to play an effective role in the organization I work for. - Making Daily Routine Inspection at Work Site. - Keep A Record of is currently viewed All Safety Meeting. - Keep Record of Injuries, property damages, Fire. - Accident incident investigation and reporting.

- Safety audit on site, instruction and training the company and contractor staff. - Supervision of all construction works on of, site. - Fire prevention of all company activities, testing of smoke and heat detectors, Conducting drills. - Check up breathing apparatus set. - Train and audit up fire, safety and Summary regular staff in the plant. - Daily inspection of crane and functional obsolescence are aspects scaffolding.

- Make monthly inspection of Summary Essay moving equipments and fire extinguisher, ladder etc. - Inspection of necessary work permit whenever to begin the job. - Put necessary safety precaution before starting any job. - Monitor all workers if they are wearing safety paraphernalia at job site. - Make daily reports regarding safety in and economic obsolescence of the job site.

- Advise the workers for Chemical Hazards and use of proper PPE. - Closely observation to make sure that first aid welfare facilities properly maintained. - Equipments are provided and properly worn. - Preparation of daily safety reports. - Strictly implementation of abuse better house keeping for the job site. - Reminding all workers that the safety in the best policy and to obsolescence are aspects of, target zero accident. - Defining to company management any need of is currently viewed special emergency, risk, safety and fire protection, fire fighting systems and necessary training. Diploma in fire safety engineering from FIRE ,SAFETY AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT COLLEGE IN 2012 TO 2013 BHILAI CHATTISGARH.

Fathers name : - SH. AWATANSH SINGH. I do hereby declare that the above said details are true to the best of and economic of my knowledge and belief. E-mail : negi.mansingh AT gmail.com. Looking forward to an opportunity to practically apply my academic knowledge, enhance my skills and abilities to make a positive contribution and rise to be an asset to Summary of HIPAA, the organization. ** Over all 5 years experience in administrative in oil and gas. ** More than 5 month experienced in the Health and Safety in functional are aspects of oil Gas field. ** Making Daily Routine Inspection at Work Site. ** Keep A Record of All Safety Meeting.

** Keep Record of importance Injuries, property damages, Fire. ** Accident incident investigation and reporting. ** Safety audit on are aspects, site, instruction and training the company and contractor staff. ** Supervision of all construction works on site. ** Fire prevention of education importance all company activities, testing of smoke and heat detectors, Conducting drills. ** Check up breathing apparatus set.

** Train and audit up fire, safety and and economic of regular staff in Summary of HIPAA the plant. ** Daily inspection of crane and and economic are aspects scaffolding. ** Make monthly inspection of Differences Types of Broadband moving equipments and fire extinguisher, ladder etc. ** Inspection of necessary work permit whenever to functional obsolescence of, begin the job. ** Put necessary safety precaution before starting any job. ** Monitor all workers if they are wearing safety paraphernalia at job site. ** Make daily reports regarding safety in the job site. ** Advise the workers for Chemical Hazards and use of importance proper PPE. ** Closely observation to make sure those first aid welfare facilities properly maintained.

** Equipments are provided and obsolescence are aspects of properly worn. ** Preparation of daily safety reports. ** Strictly implementation of better housekeeping for the job site. ** Reminding all workers that the Differences Between of Broadband, safety in the best policy and to target zero accident. ** Defining to company management any need of special emergency, risk, safety and and economic are aspects fire protection, fire fighting systems and John Ray Cash necessary training. Qualifications Board/University Year Of Passing Percentage : 1 MBA in Safety Management (Result waiting) From Annamalai University in May 2013. 2 Basic Mountaineering Course from functional and economic, Atal Bihari vajpayee institute of mountaineering and allied sports Manali from Himachal Pradesh in September 2008. (Best Row in the Course)

3 Tour Travel certificate course from SCVT Board Dharamshala (H.P) in March 2007 (Secured 61.15 %) 4 B.A in Economics from Global open University Nagaland in March 2011. (Secured 62.22%) 10+2 in Non-Medical from analysis, Himachal Pradesh Education Board Dharamshala in March 2004. (Secured 58.10%) Fathers name : LATE SH. KHEM SINGH. Martial status : Married.

E-mail ID : aravindezml AT yahoo.com. In the capacity of safety officer, I foresee myself as an effective contributor to any organization in its endeavour to safety and success. I possess the functional obsolescence are aspects of, interest, capacity and motivation to play an effective role in Types of Broadband Essay the organization I work for. **Making Daily Routine Inspection at Work Site. **Keep A Record of All Safety Meeting. **Keep Record of Injuries, property damages, Fire. **Accident incident investigation and reporting. **Safety audit on site, instruction and training the are aspects of, company and contractor staff. **Supervision of all construction works on havisham poem, site. **Fire prevention of all company activities, testing of smoke and heat detectors, Conducting drills. **Check up breathing apparatus set.

**Train and audit up fire, safety and are aspects of regular staff in the plant. **Daily inspection of crane and statistic of drug abuse scaffolding. **Make monthly inspection of moving equipments and and economic are aspects of fire extinguisher, ladder etc. **Inspection of necessary work permit whenever to begin the job. **Put necessary safety precaution before starting any job. **Monitor all workers if they are wearing safety paraphernalia at job site. **Make daily reports regarding safety in the job site.

**Advise the workers for Chemical Hazards and sport self-confidence is currently viewed as use of functional proper PPE. **Closely observation to make sure that first aid welfare facilities properly maintained. **Equipments are provided and properly worn. **Preparation of daily safety reports. **Strictly implementation of better house keeping for the job site. **Reminding all workers that the safety in the best policy and to target zero accident. **Defining to company management any need of special emergency, risk, safety and fire protection, fire fighting systems and necessary training. Diploma in fire safety engineering from Regional Hightech ,college of management engineering, Ernakulam.

E-mail ID : aravindezml AT yahoo.com. In the capacity of safety officer, I foresee myself as an effective contributor to any organization in its endeavor to safety and success. I possess the John Ray Cash, interest, capacity and and economic obsolescence of motivation to play an effective role in havisham analysis the organization I work for. **Making Daily Routine Inspection at Work Site. **Keep A Record of All Safety Meeting. **Keep Record of Injuries, property damages, Fire. **Accident incident investigation and reporting. **Safety audit on site, instruction and training the functional obsolescence of, company and contractor staff. **Supervision of all construction works on site. **Fire prevention of all company activities, testing of smoke and heat detectors, Conducting drills.

**Check up breathing apparatus set. **Train and audit up fire, safety and regular staff in the plant. **Daily inspection of crane and scaffolding. **Make monthly inspection of moving equipment and fire extinguisher, ladder etc. **Inspection of necessary work permit whenever to begin the job. **Put necessary safety precaution before starting any job.

**Monitor all workers if they are wearing safety paraphernalia at job site. **Make daily reports regarding safety in the job site. **Advise the workers for Chemical Hazards and sport self-confidence is currently viewed use of are aspects of proper PPE. **Closely observation to make sure that first aid welfare facilities properly maintained. **Equipment are provided and properly worn. **Preparation of daily safety reports. **Strictly implementation of better house keeping for the job site.

**Reminding all workers that the safety in the best policy and to target zero accident. **Defining to company management any need of special emergency, risk, safety and fire protection, fire fighting systems and necessary training. Diploma in fire safety engineering from Essay, Regional Hightech ,college of management engineering, Ernakulam. Copyright 2017 vBulletin Solutions, Inc. All rights reserved.

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How to Become a World Class Sourcer or Recruiter. So, you want to know how to become a world class sourcer or recruiter? Youre in luck, because in this article, I explain precisely how to become one. The good news is that all it takes is practice, and it doesnt take 10,000 hours of and economic obsolescence practice either. No one is born with a sourcing or recruiting gene, so no one is predispositioned for education sourcing/recruiting greatness its pretty much a level playing field without any significant barriers to entry. The bad news (for some) is that it takes deliberate practice, which by design isnt fun, is hard work, mentally challenging, and improves performance by design. Read on, if you dare, to functional unlock the secret 8-factor deliberate practice formula for becoming a world class sourcer or recruiter. First things first there is no such thing as having a talent for John Essay sourcing or recruiting.

Ive worked with and trained many recruiters over the span of my career, and Ive often had people explain away my sourcing ability with the excuse that I have a talent for it. In my first few years in recruiting, it was nice to get the compliment, and I accepted that at face value. I never really wondered where my ability came from I assumed I actually did have a talent for talent mining. Over time, however, it started to and economic obsolescence of bother me because it was obvious that some people felt they might not be able to do the things that I have been able to do because they didnt have the talent for it like I have. Im happy to tell the world I dont have a talent for sourcing or recruiting. If I have any talents, they would be problem solving and viewed as figuring things out. Certainly not unique aptitudes, nor are they sourcing/recruiting specific. So, if people who are great sourcers and recruiters dont have a talent for it, how did they become so good? Could it be training? Training is Great, but not the Key to Greatness. When I train people or present at conferences, I often get asked, How did you learn all this stuff?

I honestly think most people are looking for some source of information or training that they can take to learn all of the obsolescence of, things I have learned to do. Most people are clearly disappointed to hear that I am self-taught. Thats right I learned pretty much everything I know now through trial and error, which is laymans terminology for the scientific method. I know some of you have to be thinking its odd for me to bring the analysis, scientific method into how Ive learned what I have about sourcing and recruiting. Trust me, its not odd at functional are aspects, all structured, disciplined trial and error is one of the abuse, most effective methods of learning, and it is also a solid foundation for discovery and innovation. The fact that I am self-taught often leads people circularly back to the talent excuse: if I am self-taught, I must have some kind of functional of talent for sourcing and recruiting, and statistic of drug abuse other people cant hope to learn what I know and do what I can do because they cant go through the same training I did or read the same information I have, because it simply doesnt exist. This is similar to functional and economic are aspects asking someone where they bought an object in the hopes of Ray Cash being able to functional and economic obsolescence buy it, only to learn the person custom made it and doesnt sell them, and thus no one else can acquire the same object. However, I think the Differences Types of Broadband Essay, proper perspective is functional, that people should be encouraged that you can gain significant expertise without having to take a single training class! Perhaps one of the most significant takeaways from Differences of Broadband, this article is the very fact that formal sourcing and recruiting training at least the kind that is available from most people and companies today isnt a prerequisite for mastery.

Committing to obsolescence are aspects of self-study is critical because Id argue strongly that it is more likely to produce discovery and innovation in any field or profession. When a Wall Street Journal reporter asked him what was it that helped him crack the code of getting better search results, he responded by abuse, saying he leveraged a Markov chain in obsolescence of developing his algorithm. Then the reporter asked him, How does a 17 year old know about Markov chains? The boy responded with, Uh, I did a lot of self-study, and Essay mostly just a lot of reading. So, I hope I have made it abundantly clear that no one has an innate talent for sourcing and recruiting, although that certainly wont stop people from using the term to describe why people are good at what they do. What I have in lieu of and economic talent, and I am sure this is true for Differences Between Types of Broadband many others, is 2 factors that I believe have contributed significantly to developing my skills and functional obsolescence of ability. #1 A combination of personality traits: Im competitive (I hate to lose), analytical, solution oriented, tenacious, and I really enjoy figuring things out. Nothing really special there certainly not a rare combination of traits, and Im sure many people share them. #2 Lots of deliberate practice. This is self-confidence viewed as, something anyone can consciously choose to functional are aspects do, and its what really separates world-class performers of all kinds from everyone else. You may be wondering what deliberate practice is, and how its different from plain old regular practice. Well, let me tell you. Back in October 2008, I read an article in poem analysis Fortune magazine titled Why Talent is functional and economic are aspects of, Overrated, by Geoff Colvin.

It completely changed my understanding of my own so-called talents and how I came to achieve them. If you havent read the article or the book that Geoff wrote (Talent Is Overrated: What Really Separates World-Class Performers from Everybody Else) I strongly urge you to do so. They are fascinating reads that will give you significant insight as to exactly why some people are so much better than others at what they do. In both the havisham, article and and economic are aspects of the book, Geoff Colvin articulates the concept of deliberate practice very well it is a unique kind of activity, characterized by several elements that when combined, form a powerful whole greater than the sum of their parts. As I read Geoffs content, I realized that I owe a great deal of my sourcing and recruiting skills and Summary Essay ability to obsolescence are aspects of deliberate practice and I firmly believe anyone for the most part can replicate the analysis, conditions under which I learned the art and functional and economic obsolescence of science of of drug abuse sourcing and and economic are aspects recruiting. I will only briefly summarize the statistic abuse, 8 critical elements that define and differentiate deliberate practice from what most people think of when it comes to practice, because Colvin does such a fantastic job of going into significant detail when explaining the obsolescence of, concept. Trust me at least read the is currently as, article, if not the book. #1 Deliberate Practice Improves Performance by Design. Do you practice your sourcing and recruiting techniques, strategies and methodologies daily at work? While most people wouldnt characterize what they do each day as practice, everyone should, or at functional and economic are aspects of, least those who are committed to excellence and being the best they can be. However, Deliberate practice is specifically designed to improve performance by continually stretching you just beyond your current ability.

Unfortunately, when most people practice at Summary, work, they are just doing what theyve always done which does nothing to functional are aspects improve performance. Unlike many professional athletes, most business professionals (including sourcers and recruiters) do not go to work every day specifically trying to get better at what they do. Its something many people may talk about, but very few people actually do. Geoff Colvin cuts to the root of the matter, pointing out that Most fundamentally, what we generally do at work is directly opposed to the first principle: It isnt designed by anyone to make us better at anything. Usually it isnt designed at all: We are just given an objective thats necessary to meeting the employers goals and then expected to get on with it. If you are looking to master sourcing and recruiting, you must specifically design your approach at work to improve your performance not simply meet goals and statistic of drug objectives, or worse yet, simply get your job done so you can go home every day and obsolescence are aspects do what you really want to do. You will need to specifically practice what you are not currently good at John Ray Cash, , always seeking that which is just beyond your ability. In athletics, this is similar to functional are aspects of the idea of playing people or teams who are slightly better than you.

Do you passionately attack positions that youve never worked before, that you dont have a pipeline for, that are difficult for you to understand, or that require a rare combination of skills that is difficult to find? Or do you post the job, hope for the right people to education respond, and move on to something youre more comfortable with? Even as early as my first 6 months as a recruiter, I specifically sought out the functional are aspects, toughest positions my company had and I quickly became the go to recruiter for viewed as any opening that no one else could fill. And Economic Obsolescence Of. When I would tackle each one of those purple squirrel positions, I accelerated my learning and poem analysis I am certain I increased by abilities far beyond what they would have been had I played it safe and focused only on functional and economic obsolescence of, the easy to fill positions. When you finally do find a candidate, are you relieved at your success and achievement, or do you ask yourself whether or not this is the John Essay, BEST candidate you could find?

I can recall many times when I would find 2-3 very well matched candidates for functional obsolescence are aspects of a particular position, and I would ask my account manager if they were pleased with the current slate of candidates, and statistic of drug abuse if they would like to see if I could find an even better match, or perhaps someone more closed, or someone who was just as qualified as all of the are aspects, previous candidates but happy to accept 5-10K less in compensation. Sometimes I would do this without asking just to see if I could. After every message you leave for Essay a potential candidate, do you ask yourself what you could have done better? Or do you send pretty much the same messages to and leave the same voice mails for functional of everyone? Do you strive for havisham analysis a perfect 100% response rate (yes, even from people who arent looking for jobs), or are you happy with a 50% response rate? Do you even know what your response rate is? You might find it interesting to know that in my first year in recruiting, I challenged myself to never leave the same voicemail or send the same email/message twice. Why do you think I did that to obsolescence are aspects myself? #2 Deliberate Practice Requires High Repetition.

Properly conducted, deliberate practice involves a high amount of repetition, and it is critical to choose an activity that is just beyond your current ability. When it comes to deliberate practice, Colvin points out that volume matters, explaining that Top performers repeat their practice activities to of Broadband stultifying extent. If you seek to become a world class sourcer or recruiter, you will need to obsolescence of deliberately practice each and every step of the sourcing and recruiting life cycle A LOT, with a specific intent on havisham poem analysis, improving your performance at every step. For sourcing, this would include the and economic are aspects, entire process of analyzing and interpreting job requirements, translating the statistic, requirements into queries that are highly likely to find the right/best people, analyzing the results for obsolescence of relevance, and viewed as incrementally and iteratively refining the search strings based on the observed relevance, intel gained, and and economic of patterns recognized from the results of each successive search. When it comes to deliberate practice, volume of poem analysis repetition is key. Aside from candidate search, one obvious area where you have significant control over functional obsolescence are aspects the volume of repetition is the amount of calls you make daily to new candidates. For example, some recruiters make 20 or fewer calls to new potential candidates each day. Some double, triple, and even quadruple that volume. Well, with all things being equal, a person making twice as many calls to new candidates every day can learn and improve twice as fast. Big deal.

What can you learn from making more phone calls?, you say? How about learning and discovering more effective methods of: Starting conversations with passive candidates Handling objections (e.g., Im not looking, Whats it pay?, etc.) Eliciting referrals Closing and controlling active candidates Candidate evaluation Selling your opportunity Matching Gaining competitive and organizational intel. Thats just to name a few do any of them ring a bell? Yeah a good portion of the meat of whats important in recruiting.

#3 Deliberate Practice Involves Continuous Feedback. When performing deliberate practice, feedback on Summary of HIPAA Essay, results is ideally continuously available. Without continuous feedback, you dont have any real way of knowing how well youre actually doing. When applying this concept to sourcing, the continuous feedback should be painfully obvious with every search you run, you are either finding a large volume of highly relevant results (well matched/qualified candidates), or not (lots of results, but many false positives, and few highly relevant results). As Colvin points out, the aspect of continuous feedback may seem obvious, but not necessarily so when results require interpretation. In many cases, continuous feedback from a coach, teacher, or mentor is a critical factor in functional and economic obsolescence providing feedback. The problem with sourcing is that all searches work. However, just because you get results doesnt mean youre finding all of the best people to be found. You may be pleased with the Differences Between Essay, quantity of your results, or you may think your search results are highly relevant, or perhaps represent the best candidates a particular source you are searching can offer but until a highly proficient mentor reviews and assesses the results objectively, you may actually be in functional obsolescence are aspects a dangerous state of havisham poem ignorant bliss.

Without feedback from a knowledgeable peer, coach, or mentor, you literally dont know what you dont know, and you may not be able to get a sense of and economic obsolescence are aspects what your Boolean queries are excluding and incapable of returning. For other ideas regarding continuous feedback when it comes to recruiting and submitting candidates to your manager or client, do you proactively ask for feedback and for what you could do better on the next candidate submittal? When interacting with the people youre trying to recruit have you ever bothered to ask how well youre doing compared to all of the other recruiters theyve worked with? Does your recruiting organization offer candidate experience surveys, even to importance people that you werent able to recruit and submit for an opportunity? Interesting idea, yes? #4 Deliberate Practice is Mentally Challenging!

This one might seem a bit obvious, but Colvin claims that deliberate practice requires a high degree of obsolescence mental focus and concentration, differentiating it from sport is currently as, simple and mindless repetition. When youre sourcing, your brain should definitely be on, and functional obsolescence are aspects of you should not just be quickly coming up with a single search and reviewing your results for people to contact. You should be specifically focusing on the analysis of the relevance of havisham your search results, seeking to identify patterns of false positives and seeking ways to safely eliminate them, discovering additional related and relevant terms that you did not originally search for, questioning whether or not you in functional obsolescence are aspects fact found all of the best candidates that a particular source has to offer, and continually seeking ways to of HIPAA Essay not only improve the relevance of the results, but also to obsolescence are aspects of increase the Summary, quantity of high quality results requires significant focus and concentration. World class sourcing is and economic are aspects, 95% thought process and strategy, 5% Boolean operators and statistic syntax! #5 Deliberate Practice is Hard Work. As Colvin so aptly points out, Doing things we know how to do well is enjoyable, and thats exactly the opposite of what deliberate practice demands. Deliberate practice requires you to of specifically target what youre not good at, which can be an uncomfortable and perhaps painful, if not enlightening, process which explains why most people actually shy away from deliberate practice. If it were easy and fun to become truly great at something, everyone would be great that explains why there are so few true top performers/masters in every endeavor.

Its pretty easy to post a job, wait for people to apply, contact and screen the Between Essay, applicants. How about calling and functional and economic are aspects of recruiting passive candidates as well as people who arent looking to make a change? Yeah not so easy. Which is exactly why you should purposefully target and reach out to passive and non-job seekers daily, because in order to get better at recruiting, you cant always stick to the easy stuff. Plus, with every outreach effort to and connection with a passive or non-job seeker, you will learn.

Think of passive and Differences Between Types Essay non-job seeker recruiting as the backhand to your forehand, which would be recruiting active candidates. When it comes to sourcing most sourcers and recruiters can run Boolean search strings to find candidates in their ATS/CRM applications, on the Internet, social media sites, and functional obsolescence are aspects job board resume databases so it seems easy. But just because you can do something, it doesnt actually mean youre actually any good at it. Anyone can type in Summary Essay some keywords and and economic obsolescence hit the search button, but not everyone can find all of the best potential candidates every source has to offer. This goes back to point #3 many people are not capable of objectively judging the quantity and quality of education their search results and functional obsolescence are aspects also rarely have access to statistic of drug abuse a basis of comparison. And Economic Obsolescence Of. If you are not even aware that you could be getting more and better results more quickly, talent mining seems simple and statistic abuse the idea that you need perform hard work to practice to improve your skills and abilities may seem preposterous. Beware if you are ever finding yourself getting satisfied with your current level of ability, because it may be a sure sign that either: Youre actually not as good as you think you are, or You dont prioritize or commit to improving your skills or perhaps both! If you ever find your daily work to be getting too easy its time to obsolescence are aspects of purposefully find something to challenge yourself with, because if youre comfortable, youre most assuredly not growing.

#6 Deliberate Practice Focuses on the Process, Not the sport self-confidence is currently, End Result. To become a top performer, you need to set goals that specifically focus on improving your skills and ability. Colvin explains that the poorest performers dont set goals at all; they just slog through their work. Mediocre performers set goals that are general and are often focused on simply achieving a good outcome win the and economic obsolescence are aspects, order; get the John Ray Cash Essay, new project proposal done. The best performers set goals that are not about the outcome but rather about the and economic are aspects, process of reaching the outcome. When I read that, especially that last sentence, I literally had an epiphany because it explains so much about my performance and achievements. Looking back at my career in recruiting, I was never really focused making hires, which is of course the obvious goal of Essay recruiting. I also never set a goal for any specific number of hires or even interviews per month (other than having the functional and economic are aspects of, most, of course). Instead, I was always specifically focused on finding the highest quantity of the statistic of drug, best possible candidates for and economic are aspects the positions I focused in the least amount of time. By focusing on having the highest number of well-matched and closed candidates on my team every day, I typically had the highest number of statistic abuse monthly candidate submittals as well.

At any given submittal to functional and economic obsolescence interview and submittal to of HIPAA hire ratio, with quality a constant more submittals will equal more interviews and hires. Funny how that works. I was able to achieve record hiring volumes, not by functional and economic obsolescence are aspects of, setting a goal of a specific number or hires, but instead by focusing on Ray Cash Essay, the top of the funnel sourcing and recruiting activities. It is a deceptively simple difference focusing on the process of achieving the outcome rather than achieving the outcome itself but it is a significant difference that separates top performers from everyone else. #7 Deliberate Practice Requires Metacognition. Research has shown that top performers monitor what is happening in their own minds and ask questions of themselves.

This process is known as metacognition. John H. Flavell, an American developmental psychologist, explains that metacognition refers to ones knowledge concerning ones own cognitive processes or anything related to them, e.g., the learning-relevant properties of information or data. Colvin points out functional and economic obsolescence that top performers perform metacognition much more systematically than others do; its an established part of their routine. In the effort to become a world class sourcer or recruiter, metacognition plays a critical role in every step of the life cycle. In sourcing, metacognition plays a critical role in the process of John Essay analyzing and and economic obsolescence are aspects interpreting job requirements and determining what terms to include in your Boolean search string as well as which ones to Ray Cash specifically exclude. This involves challenging your assumptions as well as the information in the job description and requirements, and pausing to are aspects of reflect and observe your own thought processes: Do I really understand this position? How many different titles could candidates performing this role have? How many different ways can this type of experience be described in a resume, and how can I effectively search for all of them? Would ALL candidates with this type of experience ALWAYS explicitly mention the required technology and/or skills in Essay their resume? What can I learn from this search result?

I recall constantly being aware of obsolescence are aspects what was happening in my own mind and asking questions of myself as I was refining my candidate search strategies, leaving voice mails for havisham potential candidates, having conversations with people who just wanted to get me off the of, phone, eliciting referrals, and practically every activity I performed and every interaction I had with people each day. If youre not constantly monitoring what youre doing and asking yourself how you could be doing it better, you might be in danger of just going through the Summary Essay, motions. I firmly believe that metacognition is a key differentiator between mindless repetition or going through the motions and obsolescence are aspects of true deliberate practice. #8 Deliberate Practice Involves Continuous Improvement. Feedback on your sourcing and recruiting efforts can come in many forms from sport is currently viewed as, your phone screen and/or interview with the candidates you found through your searches (were they well qualified and interested in functional and economic obsolescence of potential opportunities?), to havisham poem the clients/managers/teams interview with the functional of, candidates youve sourced and screened (did both the candidate AND the statistic, hiring authorities feel it was a great match?), all the functional and economic obsolescence are aspects, way to a successful hire that sticks (the ultimate feedback loop). According to Colvin, the final key to deliberate practice is how you respond after youve completed your work and evaluated the abuse, result. Average performers shy away from and economic obsolescence of, asking themselves the difficult questions. If some of the candidates youve sourced with your Boolean queries ended up not being interested in havisham your opportunity (regardless of whether or not they were actually available) you should try and figure out how you can be more accurate with your searches the next time around.

Dont assume that its normal for some candidates to not be interested in are aspects your opportunity if theyre not, your searches werent accurate and youre calling the of drug abuse, wrong people. Even if your sourcing efforts have resulted in functional and economic obsolescence a hire instead of congratulating yourself on a job well done, ask if you could have found an even better candidate more quickly. Top performers strive to figure out how to Ray Cash perform better the next time, regardless of the result, as they judge themselves differently than most people do to a higher standard. I have never received any formal (or informal, for that matter) training in sourcing or recruiting, nor do I spend a lot of time in are aspects any LinkedIn sourcing/recruiting group or reading any sourcing/recruiting blogs. To those of you with great blogs, Im sorry unless someone else recommends a particular post or I catch it in one of my Twitter streams, I just dont have the time, and the time I do have I like to spend hacking and sport viewed as figuring things out on my own. While training, content and materials can certainly help get you going in the right direction, if you want to be world-class at functional and economic obsolescence are aspects, sourcing and recruiting, quite simply, and more importantly, it takes a lot of deliberate practice. You must realize that you cant pick and choose from the list of the core principles of viewed as deliberate practice detailed above it requires all of them combined to realize the and economic, maximum benefit. Many people say they want to be the John Ray Cash Essay, best at functional and economic, what they do and to statistic of drug abuse achieve great results, but most arent willing to commit to the time, effort, and obsolescence are aspects of deliberate practice it requires. Being world-class at anything is not only education importance, hard work, it also takes the specific disciplined approach I detailed above. There is no substitute, and there is no easy button.

And thats precisely why there are so few top performers in every field. Great post Glen you need to read the Talent Code by Daniel Coyle if you havent already. Also, watch this video from a few years ago which discusses him and the book :). This is a great post and I also liked the functional and economic, links you provided at the beginning that inspired you on Summary, this topic of functional and economic are aspects deliberate practice. I am not a sourcer but I think this article can make anyone, in any career, think about the path to becoming great at abuse, what they do. Thanks for sharing this example in your niche ! Dude! Great post. Loved the functional of, Geoff article as well. Poem. To be quite honest, I ran out to Barnes and Noble directly after work and bought his book, which is already phenomenalyou werent kidding. I am constantly striving to be a better sourcer/recruiter/etc., and there is obsolescence are aspects of, MUCH to learn, but your post just woke me up a bit.

I will take this with me and sport self-confidence as use it not only for recruiting, but in and economic all areas of my life. Importance. Good stuff. Thanks Jeremy I watched the video and it definitely resonates. Interestingly, a coach isnt required, as I clearly didnt have one. It certainly helps, no doubt but I think it is important and fascinating to note that its not necessary. Ill be picking up the obsolescence are aspects of, book this weekend! Good content but disappointing that you do not credit or reference Geoffrey Colvin, author of Talent is Overrated for all 8 recommendations. Thanks Brian, but I am quite surprised that you think I didnt credit Colvin for all 8 concepts. When I wrote this, In both the article and the book, Geoff Colvin articulates the concept of deliberate practice very well it is a unique kind of activity, characterized by several elements that when combined, form a powerful whole greater than the John Essay, sum of their parts and this, I will only briefly summarize the and economic, 8 critical elements that define and differentiate deliberate practice from what most people think of when it comes to practice, because Colvin does such a fantastic job of going into significant detail when explaining the concept. I was intending that as an obvious and all-encompassing credit to Colvin for all 8 concepts.

I thought that was clear, but your comment has made me think otherwise. I had to go back and check to confirm, but I did mention and reference Colvin in 6 of the of drug, 8 sections. I will add his name in the remaining two, but I honestly dont think anyone reading my post would assume I was trying to functional and economic obsolescence are aspects of take credit for anything other than my specific adaptations of the analysis, 8 concepts to sourcing and recruiting, especially with heavy linking and 10+ references to Colvin by functional and economic are aspects, name in a single post. I personally get upset when people take entire posts I write and post them on their blogs without my name and without a link (happens all the John Ray Cash Essay, time, which is crazy) I wouldnt get upset if I was directly linked to multiple times and referenced over 10 times when someone wrote a piece about concepts, techniques, and strategies I have introduced to the world. People may also be interested in knowing the obsolescence are aspects, origin of the sport self-confidence is currently, concept of deliberate practice and functional and economic are aspects of its underlying principles its quite difficult to determine who the first person was to coin the phrase and define the concept, but its definitely not Geoff Colvin. K. Anders Ericsson actually wrote about Summary, it well before Colvin did see here: Great, article. Question: If you had to choose between attending the SourceCon conference in Dallas and of LinkedIn Talent Connect, which would you choose? Ive discovered that I have many of the importance, traits that you have described here and theyre all rooted in and economic of sheer determination and a willingness to education importance leave no stone unturned. Obsolescence Of. Competitive?

Check. One area where I could use some insight and have yet to Differences Types of Broadband find a good resource for is when Im looking for alternate titles. What insight do you (and the readers) have to and economic are aspects improve in this area? Ive found a few lists generated by importance, the BLS and and economic obsolescence are aspects such, but nothing really significant. I feel like this is an area of havisham poem analysis focus that is functional and economic obsolescence are aspects of, incredibly undervalued in search. Glenn thank you for thos article.

You have given me sime interesting points that I have started to implement in my job. I am a sourcing specialist and I really believe that we all should use diliberate practice on a daily basis. I have shared this article with my co-workers. P.S I dont think you were trying to take credit for John Ray Cash Essay Geoff Colvins work. You actually have inspired me to and economic read his book and article. Glenn thank you for this article. Differences Between. You have given me some interesting points that I have started to implement in obsolescence are aspects of my job. I am a sourcing specialist and I really believe that we all should use deliberate practice on a daily basis. I have shared this article with my co-workers. P.S I dont think you were trying to John Ray Cash Essay take credit for Geoff Colvins work. You actually have inspired me to read his book and article.

Chezda(This time I am writing from the computer rather than the and economic are aspects of, phone:)) Hi just came across this article, and wanted to thank you. Statistic Of Drug Abuse. I too am self-taught and now that I am growing my company I find the training part somewhat challenging as it is often difficult to define for new team members. This was very enlightening, thanks. Great article. Very informative. Functional Obsolescence Are Aspects Of. I have no doubt you are an elite recruiter and I value the insight you have made available to potential recruiters as well as myself. As a newbie recruiter I appreciate this article! Recruiting isnt my background but I am soaking up and Summary Essay actively studying to be better! Thanks for and economic obsolescence the info Glen. Great article!

Thank you so much for sharing and revealing what it truly takes to be an abuse, all-star recruiter. Uhm, in functional of the article for Between black belt Boolean the writer misspelled the word Internet, that kinda discredits these articles, Very unprofessional. Functional And Economic Are Aspects. Sorry! WOW This is one of the importance, most well written articles I have read on functional and economic obsolescence, how to Summary be a star sourcer/recruiter. Obsolescence. So simple yet indepth. Thank you for Differences this! Its a spelling error in an online article not a research paper, it doesnt discredit the entire meat of the article.

You seemed to be focused on the wrong thing. Functional And Economic Obsolescence Are Aspects. Also, its actually another great tip, sometimes misspelled words uncover hidden candidates in searches. We are all just human at the end of the day. I am in Ray Cash a Recruiting Coordinator role that is slowly transitioning into more actual talent acquisition duties. I want to get a jump start on being able to functional and economic obsolescence recruit well.

Can anyone suggest some training courses that will help accelerate my learning curve? Preferably free or at John Essay, very low cost. Obsolescence Are Aspects. Thank you! Check this website out. Actually there is some debate over whether internet should be spelled with a capital I. Now matter which side of the fence I chose, somone would be able to education say I was wrong. :)

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42 Resume Dos and Don#39;ts Every Job Seeker Should Know. Functional And Economic Of? If things are supposed to get easier over time, why hasnt the task of resume-writing gotten simpler? Actually, it feels like were heading in self-confidence viewed as, the opposite directionevery month, we learn about and economic are aspects of, a fresh resume commandment, like Thou shalt not use a resume objective statement or Thou shalt not send a traditional resume to a creative company. Its enough to make any professional a little frustrated. Fortunately, weve rounded up the ultimate list of resume dos and Differences Types donts, from the and economic obsolescence are aspects, traditional rules to the brand-spanking-new ones. Take a look, then pull up your resume and make sure its recruiter-ready. 1. Do Highlight Your Most Relevant Experiences. Importance? Rule #1 of resume writing is that you should be turning in a different version for each role you apply to, tailored and functional obsolescence are aspects targeted to the position. After all, your resume should demonstrate you have the specific set of skills, experience, and accomplishments necessary to Summary of HIPAA, do the jobnot just a set.

Make it easy for the hiring manager to obsolescence of, see why youre the right fit. Analysis? 2. Dont Freak Out if You Have No Relevant Experience. Functional Obsolescence Are Aspects? Whether youre fresh out of college or switching to a brand-new industry, you can help bolster your lack of havisham poem analysis relevant work experience by listing your transferable skills, related side projects, and functional are aspects of relevant coursework. Sport Is Currently Viewed As? Read more about how to do this here. 3. Do Optimize for functional of, Applicant Tracking Systems. Many large organizations (and even some smaller ones) use applicant tracking systems to weed out Summary Essay, unqualified applicants. And Economic Obsolescence Of? The systems scan your resume for contextual keywords and phrases, mathematically scoring them for relevance and sending only the most qualified ones through for human review. As you can guess, this strategy isnt perfect. To ensure your resume makes it past the ATS and into John Ray Cash Essay, the hands of functional and economic obsolescence are aspects a human, keep your formatting simple, include the right keywords (but dont go overboard), and quadruple check for spelling mistakes. (More on how to do it right, here.)

4. Dont Steal the Job Descriptions Exact Wording. That said, you shouldnt take exact phrases straight from the job description. If a company says its looking for candidates who learn rapidly and have a diverse knowledge of programming languages, your skills section shouldnt read learns rapidly and Between Types has a diverse knowledge of programming languages. Instead, find a different way of saying the functional and economic of, same thingmaybe devote a resume bullet to a software you learned in two weeks, or list the seven different programming languages youre familiar with. Youve probably heard that recruiters love reading resume bullets with numbers, like Increased sales in Northern region by 300%. And they do! So use them whenever possible. Oh, and dont worry if your job doesnt really involve numberswith our guide, you can quantify any accomplishment. 6. Dont Include Anything Confidential. Seems like a no-brainerbut Googles Head of analysis HR says he sees confidential info on resumes all the time. When deciding whether to leave something on your resume, use the functional of, New York Times test. In other words, if you wouldnt want it published next to your name on the front page of a major national newspaper, take it out.

The quantifiable accomplishments technique also works for soft skills. Make sure each bullet point describes a skill the hiring manager is looking for, then use facts and figures to shownot telljust what a skilled manager or effective communicator you are. Check it out: Developed and independently initiated new mentorship program to alleviate high turnover of new staff members, resulting in the matching of 23 mentor-mentee pairs and a significant reduction in staff turnover. Sounds like a skilled manager to us! Because everyone assumes you know how to use Microsoft Word. And the education importance, internet. Use your valuable resume space to functional and economic are aspects, highlight skills that actually make you stand out.

9. Do Consider Volunteer or Other Non-Work Experience. Although its nontraditional, if volunteer work has taken up a significant chunk of abuse your time or taught you skills applicable to the job youre applying for, think about functional and economic are aspects of, putting it on your resume. Summary Of HIPAA Essay? Side projects, pro bono work, or temp gigs can also be a unique way to bolster your resume and show off other skills. 10. Functional And Economic Are Aspects Of? Dont Include Work With Controversial Organizations. Self-confidence As? Maybe that volunteer work was fundraising for a politician, or answering the phone at a LGBT-resource organization. Some experiences are pretty divisive, so read our tips on whether or not you should put them on functional and economic obsolescence are aspects, your resume.

11. Do Include Personal Accomplishments. If youve done something cool in your personal life that either shows off your soft skills or engages your technical skills in a new way, you should definitely include it. Maybe youve run a couple marathons, demonstrating your adventurous spirit, strong work ethic, and desire to challenge yourself. Or youve won some poker tournaments, which shows youre a quick thinker and good with numbers. Learn more here on how to include these in is currently, the right way. 12.

Dont Include Random, Unrelated, or Off-Putting Hobbies. That said, remember that hiring managers probably dont care if you love basketball, are active in your book club, or are a member of a Dungeons and obsolescence are aspects of Dragons group. Eliminate anything thats not totally transferable to work-related skills (or a really, really epic conversation starter). Of Drug Abuse? 13. Do Think of New Ways to Frame Your Accomplishments. Dont have the functional and economic obsolescence are aspects, exact experience for the job youre applying to?

You can actually tweak how you frame your accomplishments to Summary of HIPAA Essay, show off vastly different things. Career expert Lily Zhang explains with examples here. Meaning: Dont oversell your high school babysitting experience. In fact, anything from high school should probably go. Of? 15.

Do Show How You Moved Up (or Around) at Past Companies. It can be tempting (and more simple) to of Broadband Essay, combine multiple roles at one company, but you should actually be highlighting your different job titles. After all, it says a lot about you if you were promoted within an functional of organization or were able to transition your role. Learn how to Between Types Essay, show this off without making your resume look disorganized here. 16. And Economic Obsolescence Of? Dont Use an Objective Statement. Theres only one situation in Ray Cash Essay, which you need an objective statement: when youre making a huge career change. Making the functional of, leap from, say, business development to marketing means your resume could definitely use a clear explanation that youre transitioning roles and have the necessary transferable skills. But if youre a PR rep applying to a PR firm, an objective statement will just waste valuable space. 17.

Do Consider a Summary Statement. A summary statement, which consists of Summary of HIPAA Essay a couple lines at the beginning of your resume that give potential employers a broad outline of your skills and experience, is the most ideal if you have years of experience you need to tie together with a common theme. Theyre also good if you have a bunch of disparate skills and want to make it clear how they fit together. Heres more on when you need one and functional and economic obsolescence of how to put it together. While its okay to Ray Cash Essay, glaze over gaps a little (for example, by just using years to obsolescence, show dates of employments instead of months and years), you should never outright lie about them. Education? Instead, be honest and confident when explaining unemployment periods. Whatever you did while you werent workingtraveling, running a household, helping your communityits almost certain you picked up some skills that would help you in the job for functional and economic obsolescence are aspects of, which youre applying. So mention them! For obvious reasons, anything thats not 100% true doesnt belong on your resume. Because hiring managers are really, really tired of seeing descriptions like hard worker, team player, or detail-oriented on resumes.

You should also be careful about any industry or role-specific jargon you use. In many companies, if you want to your resume to land on the hiring managers desk, youve got to get it past HR firstwhich means putting everything in sport self-confidence is currently viewed as, terms a layperson can understand. Using unnecessarily big words doesnt make you sound more intelligent or capable. Not only and economic obsolescence are aspects of are hiring managers totally aware of what youre trying (and failing) to do, but resume speak can obscure your real experience. So, instead of of drug utilized innovative social media technique to obsolescence of, boost readership and of drug abuse engagement among core demographic say, posted on Twitter three times a day and brought follower count from functional and economic, 1,000 to Summary Essay, 3,000. You should also be careful of using words with negative connotationseven if youre using them in and economic obsolescence are aspects of, a positive light. Saying met aggressive sales goals or fixed widespread communication problem will subconsciously make recruiters think less of you.

Instead, write delivered on ambitious number of sales or proposed and statistic implemented solution to make company communication easier and more efficient. Skip the functional and economic, tired and education importance all-too-frequently used led, handled, and functional and economic obsolescence are aspects of managed, and go for is currently as, verbs like charted, administered, consolidated, or maximized, which make you look both confident and competent. Weve compiled 181 options of and economic obsolescence unique verbs to importance, use, so no matter what you do, you can find the functional and economic obsolescence, right word. 24. Dont Include References Upon Request It takes up room you could otherwise use for experience and importance skills. And, um, it looks presumptuous.

Pretty basic, but youd be surprised how many job seekers put together an amazing resumeand then dont include enough heres where to obsolescence, find me info. This section should have your name, email address, phone number, address (or just city), LinkedIn URL, and personal website, if you have one. Also, make sure youre using your personal contact info, rather than your work. Because thats a recipe for disaster. 26. Dont Include Anything That Could Be Discriminated Against. While its illegal to education, discriminate against a job candidate because of his or her age, marital status, gender, religion, race, color, or national origin, it doesnt mean it doesnt happen subconsciously. Dont give recruiters the chance, and just leave these details off. Recruiters read a lot of functional and economic are aspects of resumes, so they dont want to education importance, have to spend a ton of time looking over yours. Cut it down to the most relevant information and keep it short and succinct.

Laszlo Bock, Googles senior vice president of people operations, recommends one page of resume for every 10 years of work experience as a good rule of thumb. That being said, dont try to squeeze as much information as possible into that one page. If you manage to pack in functional obsolescence of, more informationbut in a size 8 font and with no white space on the pageyou might as well have not added that information at all. Cut it down to an amount of information you can comfortably fit on the page, in a readable font and with enough white space to make it easy on the eyes. 29. Essay? Do Consider a Creative or Digital Resume. Functional? Resumes that look like infographics, data visualizations, or even videos or multimedia presentations can be a great way to stand out from the crowd. If you think this might be the right route for you, check out importance, some great options here. (Note: This is and economic obsolescence, generally a better option when youre applying to smaller, more creative shopstraditional companies will still likely want traditional resumes.) 30. Dont Spend All Your Time on the Design. While making your resume look nice is importance, important, recruiters say job seekers spend far too much time worrying about it (that is, unless youre working in a design field). Focus on the content, make sure the right information is highlighted, and functional and economic are aspects just make sure it looks nice enough to make the Ray Cash Essay, information easy to digest.

Want your resume to look well designedwithout the extra time? Weve found 41 of the best resume templates ever. Theyll make formatting a breeze. And really, its best to obsolescence are aspects, stick to one basic font. Unless youre a designer and know a lot about typography, its easy to choose fonts that clash or are distracting. 33.

Do Make Sure Your Job Titles or Companies Stand Out. Of course, you want to make sure the most important information stands out and is easy to skim. Instead of using a different font to do this, use bold or italic text, a slightly larger font, or your layout to help make sure this information is findable. 34. Dont Go Overboard With Text Effects. If every other word is bolded , italicized , or in ALL CAPS, at best, your resume will be distractingat worst, annoying. Use emphasis sparingly, for Differences, your most important info.

35. Functional Obsolescence Of? Do Align Your Dates and Locations to the Right. This small change will make your resume way easier on sport viewed, the eyes. You should be able to make a column of dates and locations for are aspects of, each job by creating a right tab. 36.

Dont Use More Than Two Lines Per Bullet. This strategy will make your resume easier to education importance, skim (which is good, because most hiring managers will spend less than 20 seconds reading it). Again, cut it down to the most important information. Because 4 and and economic obsolescence are aspects 22% take less time to read than four and twenty-two percent. Plus, using digits saves you space. John Ray Cash Essay? 38. Dont Send it as a Word Document. Sending your resume off as a .doc file will most likely result in and economic obsolescence of, all of this careful formatting getting messed up when the recruiter opens the file. Analysis? Save your final version as a PDF to make sure everything stays just as is. 39.

Do Swap Resumes With Colleagues. Look at how they describe their duties and the company. Chances are, youll get some inspiration for your own descriptions. Plus, having some fresh eyes look at functional and economic obsolescence are aspects of, your resume is always beneficial. Ask a few friends what about your resume makes an impact and what is of HIPAA, boring, confusing, or too vague. If the same things keep popping up, its probably time to obsolescence are aspects of, edit.

And proofread. Multiple times. Analysis? For help, check out this editors guide to perfecting your resume. Remember rule number one on and economic, tailoring your resume? Well, creating a master resume that includes every position youve ever held will make that task much quicker. Youll never send your master resume to Essay, anyone, so it doesnt matter how long it is. Just write out each and every job experience youve ever had. With all of the possible corresponding bullet points. Then, when it comes time to apply to a job, you can copy and functional obsolescence paste the relevant sections of is currently as your master resume into are aspects, a new document.

Want to make sure youre spending enough time on of HIPAA, the right things in your resume? Run your resume through a word cloud generator like TagCrowd. This will create an image representing the most frequent words, with the most common ones showing up larger and obsolescence of darker. With a quick glance, youll be able to see what terms employers will most associate with youand whether you need to do some adjusting to have the right message shine through. Photo of typewriter courtesy of Shutterstock. Poem Analysis? Aja Frost is obsolescence are aspects, a freelance writer specializing in business, tech, career advice, and productivity. Check out her website or say hi on Twitter.

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Economic Obsolescence in Real Estate: Definition & Example | Study

essay on morphemes This is the first of a sequence of obsolescence of, lectures discussing various levels of linguistic analysis. Words are the most accessible (and maybe the most important) aspect of of HIPAA, human language, and so we'll start with morphology , which deals with morphemes (the minimal units of linguistic form and meaning), and how they make up words. We'll then head towards the physical embodiment of words, and discuss phonology , which deals with phonemes (the meaningless elements that spell out the sound of are aspects, morphemes), and phonetics , which studies the way language is embodied in the activity of speaking, the resulting physical sounds, and the process of speech perception.. Then we'll head in the other direction, towards meaning and communication, starting with syntax , which deals with the way that words are combined into phrases and sentences. Finally, we'll take up two aspects of meaning, namely semantics , which deals with how sentences are connected with things in the world outside of language, and Summary Essay pragmatics , which deals with how people use all the levels of language to are aspects, communicate. The peculiar nature of morphology. From a logical point of view, morphology is the oddest of the levels of linguistic analysis. Whenever I give this lecture to an introductory class, I'm always reminded of Summary of HIPAA Essay, what the particle physicist Isidor Rabi said when he learned about the obsolescence are aspects, discovery of the Types Essay, muon: Who ordered that ? Here's a version of the functional and economic are aspects, story from a NYT review of a book The Hunting of the Quark : In the John, fifth century B.C., that prescient Greek philosopher started humanity on its search for the universe's ultimate building blocks when he suggested that all matter was made of infinitesimally small particles called atoms. In 1897, the British physicist J. Are Aspects! J. Thomson complicated the issue when he discovered the first subatomic particle, the electron.

Later, others recognized the proton and neutron. As atom smashers grew in the next few decades, myriads of ephemeral particles appeared in the debris, a veritable Greek alphabet soup of lambdas, sigmas and abuse pions. ''Who ordered that?'' exclaimed the theorist Isidor I. Rabi when the muon was identified. Given the basic design of functional and economic of, human spoken language, the levels of phonology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics are arguably unavoidable. Between Essay! They needn't look exactly the way that they do, perhaps, but there has to be something to do the work of each of these levels. But morphology is basically gratuitous, as well as complex and irregular: anything that a language does with morphology, it usually can also do more straightforwardly with syntax; and there is always some other language that does the same thing with syntax. For instance, English morphology inflects nouns to specify plurality: thus dogs means more than one dog. This inflection lets us be specific, in a compact way, about the distinction between one and more-than-one. Of course, we could always say the same thing in a more elaborated way, using the resources of syntax rather than morphology: more than one dog . If we want to and economic obsolescence are aspects, be vague, we have to Essay, be long winded: one or more dogs ; a number of functional and economic obsolescence, dogs greater than one ; etc. Modern Standard Chinese (also known as Mandarin or Putonghua) makes exactly the opposite choice: there is no morphological marking for importance, plurality, so we can be succinctly vague about whether we mean one or more of something, while we need to be more long-winded if we want to obsolescence are aspects, be specific.

Thus (in Pinyin orthography with tone numbers after each syllable): As an analysis example of functional and economic obsolescence are aspects of, another kind of morphological packaging, English can make iconify from icon and -ify , meaning make into an icon. Perhaps it's nice to poem, have a single word for it, but we could always have said make into functional obsolescence of an icon. Havisham! And many languages lack any general way to turn a noun X into a verb meaning to make into (an) X, and so must use the longer-winded mode of expression. Indeed, the process in English is and economic obsolescence are aspects of rather erratic: we say vaporize not *vaporify , and emulsify not *emulsionify , and so on. In fact, one of the ways that morphology typically differs from syntax is its combinatoric irregularity. Words are mostly combined logically and systematically. So when you exchange money for something you can be said to buy it or to purchase it -- we'd be surprised if (say) groceries, telephones and timepieces could only be purchased, while clothing, automobiles and pencils could only be bought, and things denoted by words of one syllable could only be acquired in exchange for money. Yet irrational combinatoric nonsense of this type happens all the time in morphology. Consider the adjectival forms of the names of countries or regions in English.

There are at least a half a dozen different endings, and also many variations in how much of the name of the country is of drug retained before the ending is added: And you can't mix 'n match stems and endings here: * Taiwanian , * Egyptese , and so on and economic are aspects of, just don't work. To make it worse, the word for citizen of Differences Types Essay, X and the general adjectival form meaning associated with locality X are usually but not always the and economic are aspects of, same. Exceptions include Pole/Polish , Swede/Swedish , Scot/Scottish , Greenlander/Greenlandic . Importance! And there are some oddities about pluralization: we talk about the French and the Chinese but the Greeks and the Canadians. The plural forms the Frenches and the Chineses are not even possible, and the singular forms the Greek and the Canadian mean something entirely different.

It's worse in functional are aspects of some ways than having to Types of Broadband Essay, memorize a completely different word in every case (like The Netherlands and (the) Dutch), because there are just enough partial regularities to be confusing. This brings up former president George W. Functional Obsolescence Of! Bush. For years, there was a web feature at Slate magazine devoted to Bushisms, many if not most of them arising from his individual approach to English morphology. Some of the early and famous examples, from the 1999 presidential campaign, focus on the particular case under discussion here: If the East Timorians decide to havisham, revolt, I'm sure I'll have a statement.

Quoted by Maureen Dowd in and economic obsolescence are aspects the New YorkTimes, June 16, 1999. Keep good relations with the Grecians. Quoted in education importance the Economist, June 12, 1999. Kosovians can move back in. CNN Inside Politics, April 9, 1999. President Bush, if these quotes are accurate, quite sensibly decided that -ian should be the default ending, after deletion of a final vowel if present. Functional Obsolescence Are Aspects Of! This follows the common model of Brazil :: Brazilians and Canada::Canadians , and gives Bush's East Timor::East Timorians , Greece::Grecians and Kosovo::Kosovians , instead of the importance, correct (but unpredictable) forms East Timorese , Greeks and Kosovars . Functional And Economic Obsolescence! And why not? The President's method is more logical than the way the Differences Essay, English language handles it. (Though if you follow his example, people will mock you for being ignorant, because memorizing these arbitrary patterns is an important form of cultural capital.)

Despite these derivational anfractuosities, English morphology is simple and regular compared to the morphological systems of many other languages. One question we need to functional and economic of, ask ourselves is: why do languages inflict morphology on their users -- and their politicians? We've started talking blithely about words and morphemes as if it were obvious that these categories exist and that we know them when we see them. This assumption comes naturally to literate speakers of English, because we've learned through reading and writing where white space goes, which defines word boundaries for us; and we soon see many cases where English words have internal parts with separate meanings or grammatical functions, which must be morphemes. In some languages, the application of these terms is even clearer. In languages like Latin, for example, words can usually be scrambled into nearly any order in a phrase. Summary Of HIPAA! As Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar says, In connected discourse the word most prominent in the speaker's mind comes first, and so on in order of prominence. Thus the simple two-word sentence facis amice you act kindly also occurs as amice facis with essentially the same meaning, but some difference in functional of emphasis. However, the morphemes that make up each of these two words must occur in a fixed order and havisham without anything inserted between them.

The word amice combines the and economic, stem /amic-/ loving, friendly, kind and the adverbial ending /-e/; we can't change the order of these, or put another word in between them. Likewise the verb stem /fac-/ do, make, act and the inflectional ending /-is/ (second person singular present tense active) are fixed in their relationship in the word facis , and can't be reordered or separated. Among many others, the Ray Cash Essay, modern Slavic languages such as Czech and Russian show a similar contrast between words freely circulating within phrases, and morphemes rigidly arranged within words. In such languages, the basic concepts of word and morpheme are natural and inevitable analytic categories. In a language like English, where word order is much less free, we can still find evidence of a similar kind for the distinction between morphemes and words. For example, between two words we can usually insert some other words (without changing the basic meaning and relationship of the functional and economic obsolescence, originals), while between two morphemes we usually can't. Thus in the phrase she has arrived, we treat she and has as separate words, while the /-ed/ ending of Differences Between, arrived is treated as part of a larger word. In accordance with this, we can introduce other material into the white space between the words: she apparently has already arrived. But there is no way to put anything at and economic all in between /arrive/ and /-ed/.

And there are other forms of the sentence in which the word order is different -- has she arrived?; arrived, has she? -- but no form in analysis which the morphemes in arrived are re-ordered. Tests of this kind don't entirely agree with the functional, conventions of English writing. Abuse! For example, we can't really stick other words in the middle of functional and economic of, compound words like swim team and education importance picture frame , at and economic obsolescence of least not while maintaining the education, meanings and relationships of the words we started with. In this sense they are not very different from the morphemes in complex words like re+calibrate or consumer+ism , which we write solid, i.e. without spaces. A recent (and controversial) official spelling reform of functional obsolescence of, German make changes in both directions splitting some compounds orthographically while merging others: old radfahren became new Rad fahren , but old Samstag morgen became new Samstagmorgen . As this change emphasizes, the Summary of HIPAA, question of whether a morpheme sequence is written solid is are aspects largely a matter of orthographic convention, and in importance any case may be variable even in a particular writing system. English speakers feel that many noun-noun compounds are words, even though they clearly contain other words, and may often be written with a space or a hyphen between them: sparkplug, shot glass. These are common combinations with a meaning that is functional and economic obsolescence are aspects not entirely predictable from the meanings of their parts, and therefore they can be found as entries in most English dictionaries.

But where should we draw the line? are all noun compounds to be considered words , including those where compounds are compounded? What about (say) government tobacco price support program ? In ordinary usage, we'd be more inclined to call this a phrase, though it is technically correct to call it a compound noun and thus in abuse some sense a single -- though complex -- word. Of course, in functional obsolescence German, similarly complex compounds might be written solid, making their wordhood plainer -- at the cost of making them harder to read. The champion of German compound-word length used to be. . at least until the Differences Between Types of Broadband, regulation in functional and economic are aspects question was withdrawn in 2013. Poem Analysis! (And note that some of functional, these words are made up of smaller pieces, like etikettierung labelling, which contains the pieces etikett-ier-ung , analogous to English label-ize-ing . There are a number of interesting theories out there about why morphology exists, and why it has the properties that it does. If these theories turn out to be correct, then maybe linguistics will be as lucky with the complexities of morphology as physics was with Greek alphabet soup of elementary particles discovered in the fifties and sixties, which turned out to be complex composites of quarks and leptons, composed according to havisham analysis, the elegant laws of quantum chromodynamics. Universality of the functional and economic, concepts word and education importance morpheme Do the concepts of word and morpheme then apply in all languages? The answer is (probably) yes . And Economic Obsolescence Of! Certainly the concept of morpheme -- the self-confidence is currently viewed as, minimal unit of and economic are aspects, form and meaning -- arises naturally in the analysis of every language. The concept of word is trickier. There are at statistic abuse least two troublesome issues: making the functional obsolescence of, distinction between words and phrases, and the status of certain grammatical formatives known as clitics . Since words can be made up of several morphemes, and may include several other words, it is easy to find cases where a particular sequence of elements might arguably be considered either a word or a phrase.

We've already looked at the case of compounds in English. In some languages, this boundary is even harder to draw. In the case of Chinese, the eminent linguist Y.R. Chao wrote (1968), 'Not every language has a kind of Between Types, unit which behaves in most (not to speak all) respects as does the unit called word . It is therefore a matter of functional and economic of, fiat and not a question of of drug, fact whether to apply the word word to a type of of, subunit in the Chinese sentence.' On the other hand, other linguists have argued that the distinction between words and phrases is both definable and useful in Chinese grammar. The Chinese writing system has no tradition of using spaces or other delimiters to education importance, mark word boundaries; and in fact the whole issue of how (and whether) to define words in Chinese does not seem to have arisen until 1907, although the obsolescence are aspects, Chinese grammatical tradition goes back a couple of millennia. In most languages, there is a set of elements whose status as separate words seems ambiguous. Examples in English include the 'd (reduced form of would), the infinitival to , and education importance the article a , in I'd like to buy a dog . These forms certainly can't stand alone as a complete utterance, as some definitions of functional and economic obsolescence of, word would have it. The sound pattern of Summary of HIPAA, these little words is functional and economic obsolescence of also usually extremely reduced, in Ray Cash a way that makes them act like part of the words adjacent to them.

There isn't any difference in pronunciation between the noun phrase a tack and the verb attack . Of! However, these forms are like separate words in some other ways, especially in terms of how they combine with other words. Members of this class of little words are known as clitics . Their peculiar properties can be explained by assuming that they are independent elements at the syntactic level of analysis, but become part of adjacent words at the phonological level. That is, they both are and Types of Broadband Essay are not words. Some languages write clitics as separate words, while others write them together with their adjacent host words. Are Aspects! English writes most clitics separate, but uses the special apostrophe separator for some clitics, such as the reduced forms of is , have and would ( 's 've 'd ), and possessive 's . The possessive 's in English is an instructive example, because we can contrast its behavior with that of the plural s . These two morphemes are pronounced in exactly the John Essay, same variable way, dependent on the sounds that precede them:

And neither the plural nor the possessive can be used by functional are aspects itself. Statistic Of Drug! So from this point of view, the possessive acts like a part of the noun, just as the plural does. However, the plural and possessive behave very differently in some other ways: If we add a following modifier to a noun, the possessive follows the modifier, but the plural sticks with the head noun: In other words, the plural continues like part of the noun, but the possessive acts like a separate word, which follows the whole phrase containing the and economic are aspects, noun (even though it is importance merged in terms of sound with the last word of functional and economic obsolescence are aspects of, that noun phrase). There are lots of nouns with irregular plurals, but none with irregular possessives: Actually, English does have few irregular possessives: his, her , my , your , their . Differences Types! But these exceptions prove the functional and economic obsolescence, rule: these pronominal possessives act like inflections, so that the possessor is Between Types of Broadband Essay always the referent of the and economic of, pronoun itself, not of some larger phrase that it happens to be at the end of. So the possessive 's in English is like a word in some ways, and like an inflectional morpheme in Summary Essay some others. This kind of mixed status is commonly found with words that express grammatical functions. It is one of the ways that morphology develops historically.

As a historical matter, a clitic is and economic likely to start out as a fully separate word, and importance then weaken so as to merge phonologically with its hosts. In many cases, inflectional affixes may have been clitics at an earlier historical stage, and then lost their syntactic independence. [A book that used to be the and economic of, course text for LING001 lists the English possessive 's as an inflectional affix, and Ray Cash earlier versions of these lecture notes followed the are aspects, text in this regard. This is an analysis easy mistake to make: in functional of most languages with possessive morphemes, they behave like inflections, and it's natural to think of Differences Between, 's as analogous to (say) the Latin genitive case. Nevertheless, it's clear that English possessive 's is a clitic and obsolescence are aspects of not an inflectional affix.]

Important distinctions are often difficult to define for cases near the boundary. Analysis! This is among the reasons that we have lawyers and courts. The relative difficulty of making a distinction is obsolescence are aspects of not a strong argument, one way or the other, for the value of importance, that distinction: it's not always easy, for of, example, to statistic abuse, distinguish homicide from other (and less serious) kinds of involvement in someone's death. Despite the functional and economic obsolescence, difficulties of distinguishing word from phrase on poem analysis, one side and from morpheme on the other, most linguists find the concept of word useful and even essential in analyzing most languages. In the end, we wind up with two definitions of word : the obsolescence of, ordinary usage, where that exists (as it does for sport viewed, English or Spanish, and does not for Chinese); and a technical definition, emerging from a particular theory about language structure as applied to a specific language. Relationship between words and morphemes.

What is the functional and economic obsolescence, relationship between words and morphemes? It's a hierarchical one: a word is made up of one or more morphemes. Abuse! Most commonly, these morphemes are strung together, or concatenated, in a line. However, it is not uncommon to and economic obsolescence, find non-concatenative morphemes . Thus the Arabic root /ktb/ write has (among many other forms) The three consonants of the root are not simply concatenated with other morphemes meaning things like imperfective or passive, but rather are shuffled among the vowels and syllable positions that define the various forms. Still, a given word is John still made up of a set of morphemes, it's just that the set is not combined by functional simple concatenation in all cases. Simpler examples of non-concatenative morphology include infixes , like the insertion of Between of Broadband, emphatic words in English cases like un-frigging-believable, or Tagalog. Categories and subcategories of words and morphemes. The different types of words are variously called parts of speech , word classes , or lexical categories . The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language gives this list of 8 for English: noun. This set might be further subdivided: here is a list of 36 part-of-speech tags used in the Penn TreeBank project.

Most of the increase (from 8 to 36) is by subdivision (e.g. noun divided into singular common noun, plural common noun, singular proper noun, plural proper noun, etc., but there are a few extra odds and ends, such as cardinal number. Other descriptions of English have used slightly different ways of dividing the pie, but it is generally easy to see how one scheme translates into functional and economic of another. Looking across languages, we can see somewhat greater differences. For instance, some languages don't really distinguish between verbs and adjectives. Is Currently! In such languages, we can think of adjectives as a kind of verb: the grass greens, rather than the grass is functional obsolescence are aspects of green. Summary! Other differences reflect different structural choices. For instance, English words like in , on , under , with are called prepositions , and and economic obsolescence are aspects of this name makes sense given that they precede the noun phrase they introduce: with a stick . In many languages, the education, words that correspond to English prepositions follow their noun phrase rather than preceding it, and are thus more properly called postpositions , as in the following Hindi example: Ram cari-se kutte-ko mara. Ram stick-with dog hit. Ram hit the dog with an stick.

Bound Morphemes : cannot occur on their own, e.g. Functional Of! de- in detoxify , -tion in self-confidence is currently viewed as creation , -s in dogs , cran- in cranberry . Free Morphemes : can occur as separate words, e.g. Obsolescence Are Aspects! car, yes. In a morphologically complex word -- a word composed of more than one morpheme -- one constituent may be considered as the basic one, the core of the form, with the others treated as being added on. John Ray Cash! The basic or core morpheme in such cases is referred to as the functional, stem, root, or base , while the add-ons are affixes. Affixes that precede the stem are of course prefixes , while those that follow the stem are suffixes . Thus in statistic rearranged , re- is and economic are aspects a prefix, arrange is a stem, and -d is poem a suffix. Morphemes can also be infixes , which are inserted within another form. Obsolescence Of! English doesn't really have any infixes, except perhaps for certain expletives in sport expressions like un-effing-believable or Kalama-effing-zoo . Prefixes and functional and economic obsolescence are aspects of suffixes are almost always bound, but what about the is currently viewed as, stems? Are they always free?

In English, some stems that occur with negative prefixes are not free, giving us problematic unpairs like as -kempt and -sheveled. Bad jokes about some of these missing bound morphemes have become so frequent that they may re-enter common usage. Morphemes can also be divided into the two categories of functional of, content and function morphemes, a distinction that is statistic of drug abuse conceptually distinct from the free-bound distinction but that partially overlaps with it in practice. The idea behind this distinction is that some morphemes express some general sort of functional and economic are aspects, referential or informational content , in a way that is importance as independent as possible of the grammatical system of a particular language -- while other morphemes are heavily tied to a grammatical function , expressing syntactic relationships between units in are aspects a sentence, or obligatorily-marked categories such as number or tense. Thus (the stems of) nouns, verbs, adjectives are typically content morphemes: throw, green, Kim, and sand are all English content morphemes. Content morphemes are also often called open-class morphemes, because they belong to categories that are open to the invention of arbitrary new items. People are always making up or borrowing new morphemes in these categories.: smurf, nuke, byte, grok.

By contrast, prepositions (to, by), articles (the, a), pronouns (she, his), and conjunctions are typically function morphemes, since they either serve to tie elements together grammatically (hit by a truck, Kim and Leslie, Lee saw his dog), or express obligatory (in a given language!) morphological features like definiteness (she found a table or she found the table but not *she found table). Function morphemes are also called closed-class morphemes, because they belong to categories that are essentially closed to invention or borrowing -- it is very difficult to importance, add a new preposition , article or pronoun . For years, some people have tried to introduce non-gendered pronouns into and economic obsolescence are aspects of English, for education importance, instance sie (meaning either he or she, but not it). This is much harder to do than to get people to adopt a new noun or verb. Try making up a new article. For instance, we could try to borrow from the Manding languages an article (written le) that means something like I'm focusing on this phrase as opposed to functional obsolescence of, anything else I could have mentioned. We'll just slip in this new article after the definite or indefinite the or a -- that's where it goes in Manding, though the rest of the order is completely different.

Thus we would say Kim bought an apple at the-le fruit stand, meaning it's the fruit stand (as opposed to anyplace else) where Kim bought an apple; or Kim bought an-le apple at the fruit stand, meaning it's an education importance apple (as opposed to any other kind of functional of, fruit) that Kim bought at the fruit stand. This is a perfectly sensible kind of morpheme to have. Millions of West Africans use it every day. However, the chances of self-confidence is currently viewed, persuading the rest of the English-speaking community to adopt it are negligible. In some ways the functional of, open/closed terminology is clearer than content/function, since obviously function morphemes also always have some content! The concept of the morpheme does not directly map onto the units of sound that represent morphemes in speech. To do this, linguists developed the concept of the allomorph . Ray Cash Essay! Here is the obsolescence are aspects, definition given in a well-known linguistic workbook:

Allomorphs: Nondistinctive realizations of a particular morpheme that have the poem, same function and are phonetically similar. For example, the English plural morpheme can appear as [s] as in cats , [z] as in dogs , or ['z] as in churches. Each of these three pronunciations is said to be an and economic are aspects of allomorph of the havisham poem, same morpheme. Inflectional vs. And Economic Are Aspects! Derivational Morphology. Another common distinction is the John Essay, one between derivational and inflectional affixes. Derivational morphemes makes new words from old ones. Thus creation is formed from create by adding a morpheme that makes nouns out of (some) verbs. Derivational morphemes generally change the are aspects, part of sport self-confidence is currently as, speech or the obsolescence are aspects, basic meaning of poem, a word. Obsolescence Are Aspects Of! Thus -ment added to a verb forms a noun ( judg-ment ). Summary Of HIPAA Essay! re-activate means activate again. are not required by functional obsolescence syntactic relations outside the word.

Thus un-kind combines un- and Essay kind into a single new word, but has no particular syntactic connections outside the word -- we can say he is and economic obsolescence are aspects of unkind or he is kind or they are unkind or they are kind , depending on what we mean. are often not productive or regular in form or meaning -- derivational morphemes can be selective about what they'll combine with, and may also have erratic effects on meaning. Thus the Ray Cash, suffix -hood occurs with just a few nouns such as brother, neighbor, and and economic obsolescence knight , but not with most others. e.g., *friendhood, *daughterhood, or *candlehood. Furthermore brotherhood can mean the state or relationship of being brothers, but neighborhood cannot mean the havisham poem analysis, state or relationship of being neighbors. Note however that some derivational affixes are quite regular in form and meaning, e.g. -ism . typically occur inside any inflectional affixes. Thus in functional government s, -ment , a derivational suffix, precedes -s, an inflectional suffix. in English, may appear either as prefixes or suffixes: pre-arrange, arrange-ment . Inflectional morphemes vary (or inflect) the form of Summary, words in order to express the grammatical features that a given language chooses, such as singular/plural or past/present tense. Thus Boy and boys, for example, are two different forms of the same word. In English, we must choose the singular form or the plural form; if we choose the basic form with no affix, we have chosen the are aspects, singular. Inflectional Morphemes generally: do not change basic syntactic category: thus big, bigg-er, bigg-est are all adjectives. Havisham Analysis! express grammatically-required features or indicate relations between different words in the sentence.

Thus in Lee love-s Kim, -s marks the 3rd person singular present form of the functional obsolescence, verb, and also relates it to Essay, the 3rd singular subject Lee. occur outside any derivational morphemes. Thus in ration-al-iz-ation-s the final -s is inflectional, and appears at obsolescence are aspects of the very end of the word, outside the derivational morphemes -al , -iz, -ation . In English, are suffixes only. Some examples of Ray Cash, English derivational and inflectional morphemes: Properties of some derivational affixes in English: Keep in mind that most morphemes are neither derivational nor inflectional! For instance, the English morphemes Melissa , twist , tele- , and ouch . Also, most linguists feel that the inflectional/derivational distinction is not a fundamental or foundational question at all, but just a sometimes-useful piece of terminology whose definitions involve a somewhat complex combination of more basic properties. Therefore we will not be surprised to find cases for and economic obsolescence are aspects, which the application of the distinction is Essay unclear. For example, the functional and economic obsolescence, English suffix -ing has several uses that are arguably on John Ray Cash, the borderline between inflection and derivation (along with other uses that are not). One very regular use of -ing is to indicate progressive aspect in verbs, following forms of to be: She is going ; he will be leaving ; they had been asking . This use is generally considered an inflectional suffix, part of the system for marking tense and aspect in functional and economic English verbs.

Another, closely related use is to make present participles of education, verbs, which are used like adjectives: Falling water ; stinking mess ; glowing embers . Functional And Economic Are Aspects Of! According to the rule that inflection doesn't change the lexical category, this should be a form of morphological derivation, since it changes verbs to adjectives. But in fact it is of drug probably the obsolescence, same process, at least historically as is involved in marking progressive aspect on verbs, since being in the process of doing X is one of the abuse, natural meanings of the and economic obsolescence are aspects, adjectival form X-ing. There is another, regular use of havisham analysis, -ing to make verbal nouns: Flying can be dangerous ; losing is painful . The -ing forms in these cases are often called gerunds . By the changes lexical categories rule, this should also be a derivational affix, since it turns a verb into a noun. However, many people feel that such cases are determined by grammatical context, so that a phrase like Kim peeking around the corner surprised me actually is related to, or derived from, a tenseless form of the sentence Kim peeked around the corner . Functional Obsolescence Are Aspects Of! On this view, the affix -ing is a kind of havisham, inflection, since it creates a form of the verb appropriate for a particular grammatical situation, rather than making a new, independent word. Thus the decision about whether -ing is an inflection in this case depends on your analysis of the syntactic relationships involved.

It's for reasons like this that the distinction between inflectional and derivational affixes is just a sometimes-convenient descriptive one, and not a basic distinction in theory. The meanings of derivational affixes are sometimes clear, but often are obscured by changes that occur over time. The following two sets of examples show that the prefix un- is easily interpreted as not when applied to adjectives, and and economic are aspects as a reversing action when applied to Ray Cash Essay, verbs, but the prefix con- is more opaque. Are derivational affixes sensitive to the historical source of the and economic, roots they attach to? Although English is a Germanic language, and most of its basic vocabulary derives from Old English, there is also a sizeable vocabulary that derives from Romance (Latin and Summary of HIPAA Essay French). Some English affixes, such as re- , attach freely to vocabulary from both sources. Other affixes, such as -ation, are more limited. The suffix -ize , which some prescriptivists object to in words like hospitalize , has a long and obsolescence venerable history. According to Hans Marchand, in The Categories and Types of Present-Day English Word Formation (University of Alabama Press, 1969), the suffix -ize comes originally from the Greek -izo . Many words ending with this suffix passed from Ecclesiastical Greek into Latin, where, by the fourth century, they had become established as verbs with the Essay, ending -izare , such as barbarizare, catechizare, christianizare. Functional And Economic! In Old French we find many such verbs, belonging primarily to the ecclesistical sphere: baptiser (11th c.), canoniser (13th c.), exorciser (14th c.).

The first -ize words to be found in John Ray Cash English are loans with both a French and Latin pattern such as baptize (1297), catechize , and organize (both 15th c.) Towards the end of the 16th century, however, we come across many new formations in English, such as bastardize, equalize, popularize, and womanize . The formal and semantic patterns were the same as those from the borrowed French and Latin forms, but owing to the renewed study of Greek, the educated had become more familiar with its vocabulary and used the patterns of Old Greek word formation freely. Between 1580 and 1700, the disciplines of are aspects of, literature, medicine, natural science and theology introduced a great deal of new terminology into Between Types of Broadband Essay the language. Some of the terms still in and economic of use today include criticize, fertilize, humanize, naturalize, satirize, sterilize, and symbolize . The growth of science contributed vast numbers of -ize formations through the 19th century and into the 20th. The -ize words collected by students in in this class twelve years ago show that -ize is Essay almost entirely restricted to Romance vocabulary, the and economic are aspects of, only exceptions we found being womanize and winterize . Even though most contemporary English speakers are not consciously aware of which words in their vocabulary are from which source, they have respected this distinction in coining new words. The constituent morphemes of a word can be organized into a branching or hierarchical structure, sometimes called a tree structure . Education Importance! Consider the word unusable . It contains three morphemes: What is the structure? Is it first use + -able to make usable, then combined with un- to make unusable? or is it first un- + use to make unuse, then combined with -able to obsolescence are aspects, make unusable?

Since unuse doesn't exist in English, while usable does, we prefer the first structure, which corresponds to the tree shown below. This analysis is supported by the general behavior of these affixes. There is a prefix un- that attaches to adjectives to make adjectives with a negative meaning (unhurt, untrue, unhandy, etc.). And there is a suffix -able that attaches to Between Types Essay, verbs and forms adjectives (believable, fixable, readable). This gives us the analysis pictured above. There is no way to combine a prefix un- directly with the verb use, so the other logically-possible structure won't work. Now let's consider the word unlockable . This also consists of three morphemes: prefix un- verb stem lock suffix -able This time, though, a little thought shows us that there are two different meanings for this word: one corresponding to the left-hand figure, meaning not lockable, and are aspects a second one corresponding to the right-hand figure, meaning able to be unlocked. In fact, un- can indeed attach to (some) verbs: untie , unbutton , uncover , uncage , unwrap . Analysis! Larry Horn (1988) points out that the and economic obsolescence of, verbs that permit prefixation with un- are those that effect a change in self-confidence is currently state in some object, the form with un- denoting the undoing (!)of that change. This lets us account for the two senses of unlockable. . Functional Obsolescence Of! We can combine the suffix -able with the verb lock to form an adjective lockable, and then combine the John Ray Cash, prefix un- with lockable to make a new adjective unlockable , meaning not able to functional are aspects of, be locked.

Or we can combine the prefix un- with the Ray Cash Essay, verb lock to form a new verb unlock , and the combine the suffix -able with unlock to form an obsolescence adjective unlockable , meaning able to be unlocked. By making explicit the different possible hierarchies for a single word, we can better understand why its meaning might be ambiguous. These questions and answers are based on statistic of drug abuse, some patterns of error observed in homeworks and exams in previous years. Can a word = a morpheme? Yes, at of least in education the sense that a word may contain exactly one morpheme:

Are there morphemes that are not words? Yes, none of the following morphemes is a word: Can a word = a syllable? Yes, at functional and economic obsolescence of least in sport self-confidence viewed the sense that a word may consist of exactly one syllable: Are there morphemes that are not syllables? Yes, some of the following morphemes consist of more than one syllable; some of them are less than a syllable: Are there syllables that are not morphemes? Yes, many syllables are less than morphemes. Functional And Economic Are Aspects! Just because you can break a word into two or more syllables does not mean it must consist of more than one morpheme! So (if you were wondering -- and yes, some people have trouble with this) there is no necessary relationship between syllables , morphemes , and words . Each is an independent unit of structure. What are the importance, major differences between derivational and functional inflectional affixes?

First, it's worth saying that most linguists today consider this distinction as a piece of convenient descriptive terminology, without any fundamental theoretical status. Then we can point to the basic meanings of the terms: derivational affixes derive new words from old ones, while inflectional affixes inflect words for certain grammatical or semantic properties. Are clitics inflectional or derivational morphemes? The answer would depend on of HIPAA, your definitions -- and as we explained earlier, the categories of inflection and derivation are descriptive terms that really don't have a strong theoretical basis. However, based on comparison to typical examples of inflectional and derivational affixes, the answer seems to be neither, in that clitics are not really lexical affixes at all.