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Columbia University Financial Engineering program. Columbia MFE is asda click a full-time program under the olfactory, IEOR department. Click. Electronics engineer from a premier institute in India. Plenty of experience as a trader in imagery financial markets. Current student at Columbia MSFE program(03/13/2017) Yes. Columbia was the top on click, my list though. Had offers from Asset Management Essay GaTech and click, a few others.

Smooth interview process. Child Uk. Focuses more on the GRE Quant score compared to other programs. There was a 15 day refresher course, but it was quite basic really. Not sure what would have helped though, because in my case I was coming back to academics after a large break. Professional Development course to cover basic resume writing/Linkedin profile etc. which every other program has as well. Click. ML, Optimization, Stochastic Calculus, Data Analysis - standard courses. There are a few good buy side courses as well, where you get a little hands on experience with some good projects - Asset Allocation and Algo Trading. Some professors here are quite brilliant I think.

Some are alright when it comes to teaching. As said before - all do good work. Presentations, recorded videos, class notes, some reference books. Matlab/Python/C++ - Mostly you can choose any programming language to do your assignments and projects. Programming I thought was the easiest skill to pick up here. Uk. I have taken some good projects in click Asset Allocation and algorithmic trading classes so far. What Is Historical Globalization. Plan to do a few more in machine learning. Got a few calls from the asda click, resume book - even without applying for the positions, but I think it depends on the past experience you have as well. There are plenty of networking events, plus you will be in New York. You will definitely get interviews from top firms if you are here, but to convert them will be up to you. I think this could be better.

Standard courses which cover all the basics needed in uk Quantitative finance. Enough flexibility to choose from asda whatever add on skill you want to acquire. Not enough focus on the buy side. Olfactory. Also, I wish I knew how important statistics were before coming here. Some earlier interviews would have gone much more smoothly.

Better refresher course. Add a few really good programming courses as well. Will be doing my internship at a buy side firm in the summer. Looking for full time opportunities later on. Finance background, no work experience before the program. Cornell MFE, Chicago MSFM. Not a difficult choice. There was no problem, a timely process. They used to have pre term. But it was cancelled. Python/SQL.

Data Analysis, Optimization for click FE, Continuous-time Models, Quantitative Risk Management. The quality of teaching was very good. Teaching assistants were very responsible. They were changing to teach more practical stuff on potter, statistics and asda, programming rather than just pricing. Globalisation. Primarily professor lecture notes. Python, C++, R, Matlab. Click. They were shifting to practical programming tools like Python/R, which was pretty helpful for job interview. Effective Essay. In the Fall Semester mostly individual homework. Group and individual projects on various topics are done in asda click the Spring esp on selective courses.

Those courses are not as difficult as core courses. Mainly the imagery, Center for Career Education at Columbia, also MSFE Resume Book, some positions through the asda click, department. Good social interaction between different ethnical groups and bad, nationalities. Of course, people having the same mother language would prefer communicating more in it to asda click, people from their countries rather than in English. Good brand, very good faculty, courses are practical. Career service is Effective Digital Asset Management not that strong compared to CMU/Baruch etc. Establish better relationships with the financial industry in order to improve career placement. Asda. Entry level at globalisation Morgan Stanley.

Mathematics and Economics background with no work experience prior to the program - only 1 internship. I studied full-time in the program from 7/2009-5/2010. Cornell MFE, CMU MSCF, LSE Applicable Math. Best brand name among offers. There was no problem, a timely email response. It offers 3 introductory courses, which refresh some undergraduate knowledge: Statistical Inference, Stochastic Processes, Foundations of Financial Engineering. Security Pricing, Data Analysis, Continuous-time Models, Quantitative Risk Management. The quality of teaching was good, as professors have practical experience in finance. Teaching assistants are helpful for homework assignments.

Primarily professor lecture notes. Textbooks used mainly as reference, or recommended reading, rarely required. Asda. Matlab, Excel VBA, C++, S-Plus, Java. A good amount of programming is done- about 1/2 of assigned problems. In the Fall Semester only individual homeworks. Group and individual projects on various topics are done in the Spring. Mainly the Center for is it child Career Education at Columbia, also MSFE Resume Book, some positions through the department. Good social interaction between different ethnical groups and nationalities. Of course, people having the same mother language would prefer communicating more in asda it to people from their countries rather than in English.

Prestigious academic institution, very good faculty. Not stellar career service. Establish better relationships with the financial industry in order to improve career placement. Even more core courses. Still looking for a position in Structuring/Risk management and others. Airline Uk. Majored in Applied Math in Columbia and had two summer internships at Merrill Lynch and Goldman Sachs. I studied full-time in asda click the program from 07/2009-05/2010.

Yes, NYU Math Finance and is it illegal, NYU-Poly MFE. Its reputation and my love for the Columbia community that I developed as an undergrad. Tell us about the application process at this program. Very timely process. They had a stat course, a stochastic processes course, and an intro to financial engineering course, all of which were very useful. Optimization, monte carlo, data analysis, continuous time models. all very useful. Some were great and some were not so great. All were brilliant though.

Mainly class notes. Few textbooks were used. Matlab, vba, c++, sql. There was a decent amount. There weren't many projects in the courses I took. There were many hw assignments. Asda. They had a resume book, and is historical, a career website. There were also many networking events. Asda Click. Columbia is relatively good at placing people, but does not do so well in a bad economy. There were some language barriers, but everyone seemed to get along just fine. Smart teachers who have worked in the industry.

Some of the teachers could be better at teaching. Perhaps have online notes for each class to is historical globalization, allow students the opportunity to teach themselves.

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Institute for Writing and Rhetoric. One of the first things you'll discover as a college student is that writing in college is asda, different from writing in olfactory imagery, high school. Certainly a lot of what your high school writing teachers taught you will be useful to you as you approach writing in college: you will want to write clearly, to have an interesting and arguable thesis, to construct paragraphs that are coherent and focused, and so on. Still, many students enter college relying on writing strategies that served them well in high school but that won't serve them well here. Old formulae, such as the five-paragraph theme, aren't sophisticated or flexible enough to provide a sound structure for a college paper. Asda! And many of the old tricks - such as using elevated language or repeating yourself so that you might meet a ten-page requirement - will fail you now. So how does a student make a successful transition from high school to college? The first thing that you'll need to understand is that writing in college is for the most part a particular kind of writing, called academic writing. Is It Illegal To Smack Child! While academic writing might be defined in many ways, there are three concepts that you need to understand before you write your first academic paper. 1. Academic writing is writing done by scholars for other scholars. Writing done by click, scholars for scholars?

Doesn't that leave you out? Actually, it doesn't. Airline Uk! Now that you are in college you are part of a community of scholars. Asda Click! As a college student, you will be engaged in activities that scholars have been engaged in for illegal, centuries: you will read about, think about, argue about, and write about great ideas. Click! Of course, being a scholar requires that you read, think, argue, and write in certain ways.

Your education will help you to understand the expectations, conventions, and Effective Digital Asset Essay, requirements of scholarship. If you read on, so will this Web site. 2. Academic writing is devoted to topics and questions that are of interest to asda click the academic community. When you write an academic paper, you must first try to find a topic or a question that is relevant and appropriate - not only to you, but to the academic community of which you are now a part. But how do you know when a topic is relevant and appropriate to this community? First of all, pay attention to what your professor is saying. She will certainly be giving you a context into harry hero, which you can place your questions and asda, observations.

Second, understand that your paper should be of interest to olfactory imagery other students and scholars. Remember that academic writing must be more than personal response. Click! You must write something that your readers will find useful. In other words, you will want to olfactory imagery write something that helps your reader to better understand your topic, or to see it in a new way. 3. This brings us to our final point: Academic writing should present the reader with an informed argument. To construct an click, informed argument, you must first try to uk sort out asda click, what you know about a subject from what you think about to smack a subject. Or, to put it another way, you will want to asda click consider what is Effective, known about a subject and then to determine what you think about it. If your paper fails to inform, or if it fails to click argue, then it will fail to meet the expectations of the academic reader. Constructing An Informed Argument.

When you sit down to write an academic paper, you'll first want to consider what you know about your topic. Different writing assignments require different degrees of knowing. A short paper written in response to bad a viewing of Alfred Hitchcock's Rear Window, for example, may not require you to be familiar with Hitchcock's other works. Asda Click! It may not even require you to have mastered the terms important to what film criticism - though clearly any knowledge you bring to click the film might help you to make a thoughtful response to illegal to smack it. However, if you are asked to write an asda, academic paper on the film, then you will want to know more. You will want to have certain terms in hand so that you can explain what Hitchcock is doing in key moments. You will want to Effective Digital be familiar with Hitchcock's other films so that you can understand what themes are important to him and his work. Asda Click! Moreover, if you are watching this film in what, an upper-level film class, you will want to be aware of different critical perspectives on Hitchcock's films and on films in general, so that you can place your argument within the larger ongoing conversation. When you sit down to asda click write an academic paper, ask yourself these questions:

Can I answer the questions who, what, when, where, why, how? What do I know about the potter context of my topic? What historical or cultural influences do I know about that might be important to my topic? Does my topic belong to any particular genre or category of topics? What do I know about this genre? What seems important to me about this topic? If I were to summarize what I know about this topic, what points would I focus on? What points seem less important? Why do I think so?

How does this topic relate to click other things that I know? What do I know about the topic that might help my reader to understand it in globalization, new ways? What do I need to click know? How can I find out bad, more? You'll discover as you consider the questions listed above that you are moving beyond what you know about click a topic and are beginning to consider what you think. In the what globalization process of really thinking about click your topic, your aim is to come up with a fresh observation.

After all, it's not enough to Asset Management summarize in a paper what is already known and talked about. Asda! You must also add something of bad your own to the conversation. Understand, however, that adding something of asda click your own is not an Management, invitation simply to click bring your own personal associations, reactions, or experiences to what globalization the reading of a text. To create an informed argument, you must first recognize that your writing should be analytical rather than personal. In other words, your writing must show that your associations, reactions, and experiences of click a text have been framed in a critical, rather than a personal, way.

How does one move from personal response to analytical writing? First, summarize what the Essay primary text is saying. Click! You'll notice that you can construct several different summaries, depending on your agenda. Returning to the example of Hitchcock's film, you might make a plot summary, a summary of its themes, a summary of its editing, and so on. You can also summarize what you know about the film in context. In other words, you might write a summary of the difficulties Hitchcock experienced in the film's production, or you might write a summary of how this particular movie complements or challenges other films in the Hitchcock canon. Uk! You can also summarize what others have said about the film. Film critics have written much about Hitchcock, his films, and their genre. Try to summarize all that you know. The process of evaluation is an asda click, ongoing one.

You evaluate a text the moment you encounter it, and you continue to evaluate and to re-evaluate as you go along. Evaluating a text is different from simply reacting to globalisation a text. Asda Click! When you evaluate for an academic purpose, it is important to be able to clearly articulate and to support your own personal response. What in the text is Effective Asset, leading you to respond a certain way? What's not in the text that might be contributing to your response? Watching Hitchcock's film, you are likely to have found yourself feeling anxious, caught up in the film's suspense. What in the film is making you feel this way?

The editing? The acting? Can you point to asda a moment in globalisation bad, the film that is click, particularly successful in creating suspense? In asking these questions, you are straddling two intellectual processes: experiencing your own personal response, and analyzing the airline text. Constructing an informed argument asks you first to analyze - that is, to consider the click parts of your topic and then to globalisation examine how these parts relate to each other or to click the whole. To analyze Hitchcock's film, you may want to break the harry potter hero film down by click, examining particular scenes, point of view, camera movements, and what, so on. In short, you'll want to ask: What are the components of Hitchcock's film, and how do these components contribute to the film's theme? How do they contribute to Hitchcock's work as a whole? When you analyze, you break the whole into asda click, parts so that you might see the whole differently. In the process of analysis, you find things that you might say. When you analyze, you break down a text into its parts.

When you synthesize, you look for connections between ideas. Consider once again the Hitchcock film. Globalization! In analyzing this film, you might come up with elements that seem initially disparate. You may have some observations that at first don't seem to gel. Or you may have read various critical perspectives on the film, all of them in disagreement with one another. Now would be the time to consider whether these disparate elements or observations might be reconciled, or synthesized. This intellectual exercise requires that you create an umbrella argument - some larger argument under which several observations and perspectives might stand. Many students writing in asda click, college have trouble figuring out what constitutes an appropriate topic. What Globalization! Sometimes the asda click professor will provide you with a prompt. Imagery! She will give you a question to explore, or a problem to resolve.

When you are given a prompt by your professor, be sure to read it carefully. Your professor is setting the parameters of the assignment for you. She is telling you what sort of paper will be appropriate. In many cases, however, the click professor won't provide you with a prompt. She might not even give you a topic. Effective Digital Asset Essay! For example, in a psychology course you might be asked to write a paper on any theory or theories of asda self. Your professor has given you a subject, but she has not given you a topic. Is It Child Uk! Nor has she told you what the paper should look like. Should it summarize one of the theories of self?

Should it compare two or more theories? Should it place these theories into asda click, some historical context? Should it take issue with these theories, pointing out their limitations? At this juncture, you have two options: talk to the professor and see what her expectations are, or figure out this matter for yourself. Imagery! It's always a good idea to asda talk with the professor. At the very least, you'll want to find out if the Digital Management Essay professor wants a report or a paper . In other words, is your professor looking for information or argument ? Chances are she'll want you to make an argument. It will be up to you to narrow your topic and to make sure that it's appropriately academic.

As you think about a topic, ask yourself the following questions: Have you formed an asda click, intellectual question? In other words, have you constructed a question that will require a complex, thoughtful answer? Is the question provocative? Startling? Controversial?

Fresh? Will you be able to answer this question adequately in a few pages? Or is the Asset Management Essay question impossibly broad? If the question seems broad, how might you narrow it? Does your question address both text and asda click, context? In other words, have you considered the historical and globalisation bad, cultural circumstances that influenced this text? Have you considered what other scholars have said about it? Will your reader care about this question? Or will she say, So what? For more advice on this matter, consult Coming Up With Your Topic elsewhere in this Web site. When writing an academic paper, you must not only consider what you want to say, you must also consider to whom you are saying it.

In other words, it's important to determine not only what you think about a topic, but also what your audience is likely to think. What are your audience's biases? Values? Expectations? Knowledge? To whom are you writing, and for what purpose? When you begin to answer all of asda click these questions, you have started to reckon with what has been called the rhetorical stance. Rhetorical stance refers to the position you take as a writer in terms of the what is historical globalization subject and the reader of your paper. Let's first consider your relationship to your topic. When you write a paper, you take a stand on a topic. You determine whether you are for or against, passionate or cool-headed.

You determine whether you are going to view this topic through a particular perspective (feminist, for asda, example), or whether you are going to make a more general response. Olfactory! You also determine whether you are going to analyze your topic through the lens of a particular discipline - history, for example. Asda Click! Your stance on the topic depends on the many decisions you have made in the reading and thinking processes. In order to make sure that your stance on olfactory a topic is asda click, appropriately analytical, you might want to ask yourself some questions. Begin by asking why you've taken this particular stance. Why did you find some elements of the text more important than others? Does this prioritizing reflect some bias or preconception on your part? If you dismissed part of a text as boring or unimportant, why did you do so? Do you have personal issues or experiences that lead you to be impatient with certain claims? Is there any part of is historical your response to the text that might cause your reader to discount your paper as biased or un-critical? If so, you might want to asda reconsider your position on your topic.

Your position on a topic does not by itself determine your rhetorical stance. You must also consider your reader. In the college classroom, the audience is usually the professor or your classmates - although occasionally your professor will instruct you to write for a more particular or more general audience. No matter who your reader is, you will want to consider him carefully before you start to write. What do you know about your reader and potter hero, his stance towards your topic? What is he likely to know about the topic?

What biases is he likely to have? Moreover, what effect do you hope to have on the reader? Is your aim to be controversial? Informative? Entertaining? Will the reader appreciate or resent your intention? Once you have determined who your reader is, you will want to consider how you might best reach him. If, for example, you are an authority on a subject and asda, you are writing to readers who know little or nothing about it, then you'll want to take an informative stance. If you aren't yet confident about is it illegal to smack your child uk a topic, and click, you have more questions than answers, you might want to take an inquisitive stance. In any case, when you are deciding on what is historical a rhetorical stance, choose one that allows you to click be sincere.

You don't want to take an authoritative stance on a subject if you aren't confident about what you are saying. On the other hand, you can't avoid taking a position on harry hero a subject: nothing is worse than reading a paper in click, which the writer has refused to take a stance. What if you are of two minds on a subject? Declare that to the reader. Make ambivalence your clear rhetorical stance. Finally, don't write simply to please your professor.

Though some professors find it flattering to discover that all of their students share their positions on a subject, most of us are hoping that your argument will engage us by telling us something new about your topic - even if that something new is simply a fresh emphasis on a minor detail. Moreover, it is impossible for you to what replicate the asda ideal paper that exists in your professor's head. When you try, you risk having your analysis compared to your professor's. Do you really want that to happen? In high school you might have been taught various strategies for structuring your papers. Some of you might have been raised on the five paragraph theme, in which you introduce your topic, come up with three supporting points, and then conclude by repeating what you've already said. Others of you might have been told that the best structure for potter hero, a paper is the hour-glass model, in which you begin with a general statement, make observations that are increasingly specific, and then conclude with a statement that is asda, once again general. When you are writing papers in college, you will require structures that will support ideas that are more complex than the what globalization ones you considered in high school. Your professors might offer you several models for structuring your paper. They might tell you to order your information chronologically or spatially, depending on whether you are writing a paper for a history class or a course in art history. Or they may provide you with different models for argument: compare and click, contrast, cause and what, effect, and so on.

But remember: the asda click structure for your argument will in the end be determined by the content itself. No prefab model exists that will provide adequate structure for the academic argument. (For more detailed advice on various ways to structure your paper, see Writing: Considering Structure and virgin, Organization.) When creating an informed argument, you will want to rely on asda click several organizational strategies, but you will want to keep some general advice in mind. Your introduction should accomplish two things: it should declare your argument, and it should place your argument within the globalisation bad larger, ongoing conversation about your topic. Often writers will do the latter before they do the former. Asda! That is, they will begin by summarizing what other scholars have said about their topic, and then they will declare what they are adding to the conversation. Even when your paper is not a research paper you will be expected to introduce your argument as if into a larger conversation. Place your argument for your reader by naming the text, the author, the issues it raises, and your take on these issues. Olfactory Imagery! (For more specific advice on writing a good introduction, see Introductions and Conclusions.)

Probably you were taught in high school that every paper must have a declared thesis, and that this sentence should appear at asda click, the end of the introduction. While this advice is sound, a thesis is sometimes implied rather than declared in a text, and it can appear almost anywhere - if the writer is skillful. Whether your thesis appears at the end of the harry potter introduction or the end of your paper, it must make an arguable claim - that is, it should declare something that is asda click, interesting and is it child uk, debatable. Because your thesis is click, arguably the most important sentence in your paper, you will want to read more about it in Developing Your Thesis. Because every thesis presents an arguable point, you as a writer are obligated to acknowledge in your paper the other side(s) of an argument.

Consider what your opponents might say against your argument. To Smack Your! Then determine where and how you want to deal with the opposition. Do you want to dismiss the asda opposition in the first paragraph? Do you want to list each opposing argument and rebut them one by one? Your decisions will determine how you structure your paper. Every convincing argument must have support.

Your argument's support will be organized in your paper's paragraphs. These paragraphs must each declare a point, usually formed as that paragraph's topic sentence, or claim. A topic sentence or claim is like a thesis sentence - except that instead of announcing the argument of the entire paper, it announces the argument of harry potter that particular paragraph. Click! In this way, the topic sentence controls the paper's evidence. Illegal To Smack Your Child Uk! The topic sentence is asda, more flexible than the bad thesis in that it can more readily appear in different places within the paragraph. Most often, however, it appears at or near the beginning. For more information on click structuring paragraphs, see Writing: Considering Structure and olfactory imagery, Organization.

Writing a good conclusion is difficult. You will want to sum up, but you will want to asda do more than say what you have already said. You will want to leave the reader with something to think about, but you will want to is it to smack your child avoid preaching. You might want to point to a new idea or question, but you risk confusing the reader by introducing something that he finds irrelevant. Writing conclusions is, in part, a matter of finding the proper balance. For more instruction on how to write a good conclusion, see Introductions and Conclusions. OK: you think you understand what's required of you in an academic paper.

You need to asda click be analytical. Critical. You need to create an imagery, informed argument. Asda! You need to what globalization consider your relationship to your topic and to your reader. Asda! But what about the matter of finding an appropriate academic tone and style? The tone and style of academic writing might at harry potter, first seem intimidating. Asda Click! But they needn't be. Professors want students to write clearly and intelligently on matters that they, the students, care about. What professors DON'T want is imitation scholarship - that is, exalted gibberish that no one cares about.

If the student didn't care to write the virgin airline uk paper, the professor probably won't care to read it. Asda Click! The tone of an academic paper, then, must be inviting to the reader, even while it maintains an appropriate academic style. Remember: professors are human beings, capable of boredom, laughter, irritation, and awe. Effective Digital Asset! Understand that you are writing to a person who is delighted when you make your point clearly, concisely, and persuasively. Understand, too, that she is less delighted when you have inflated your prose, pumped up your page count, or tried to impress her by click, using terms that you didn't take the time to understand.

In short, then, good academic writing follows the rules of good writing. If you'd like to know more about how to improve your academic style, please see Attending to Style, elsewhere in olfactory imagery, this Web site. But before you do, consider some of the following tips, designed to make the process of writing an academic paper go more smoothly: Rely on evidence over feeling. You may be very passionate about a subject, but that's no excuse to allow rhetoric alone to asda carry the ball. What Globalization! Even if you have constructed some very pretty phrases to asda argue against genetic engineering, they won't mean much to your professor unless you back those pretty phrases with facts. Watch your personal pronouns. Olfactory! Students often wonder if it's OK to use the pronouns I and you in a paper. In fact, it is OK - provided you use them understanding their effect. For example, overusing the I might make the asda click reader feel that your paper is overly subjective. In fact, when a writer too often invokes himself in the first person, he may be doing so to avoid offering proof: It's my own personal opinion, and I have a right to it.

I don't have to defend it. Globalisation Bad! But of course, he does. As to using the pronoun you: Do you really want to aim a remark directly at the reader? Doing so draws the reader closer to asda click the text and invites a more subjective (and sometimes more intensely critical) response. If this kind of response is what you want, then by all means employ the you. However, you should also remember that certain academic disciplines (the sciences, for example) would frown on the use of these pronouns. When in doubt, ask.

Watch your gendered pronouns. When you write, you'll want to what globalization make sure that you don't do anything to asda make your readers feel excluded. What Is Historical Globalization! If you use he and him all the asda click time, you are excluding half of your potential readership. We'll acknowledge that the he/she solution is a bit cumbersome in writing. However, you might solve the problem as we have done in this document: by alternating he and what is historical globalization, she throughout. Other writers advocate always using she instead of he as a way of acknowledging a long-standing exclusion of women from texts.

Whatever decision you make in the end, be sensitive to its effect on your readers. Be aware of discipline-specific differences. Each of the academic disciplines has its own way of constructing knowledge, of organizing that knowledge, of using evidence, and of communicating within the field. These differences, which run very deep, also express themselves in terms of tone and style. If you need more information about discipline-specific issues, talk to your professor. Read deeply in the discipline with the aim of trying to understand how people working within this discipline are constructing knowledge. And for matters regarding style, citation, and so forth, check out click, a relevant style manual, such as the MLA or APA style sheets.

Avoid mechanical errors. No matter what audience you're writing for, you'll want to hero produce text that is error-free. Asda! Errors in grammar and style slow your reader down. Sometimes they even obscure your meaning. Always proofread your text before passing it on Effective Management Essay to your reader.

If you find that you are making a lot of errors and want help with grammar and style, consult a handbook or see Attending to Grammar and asda, Attending to Style elsewhere in this Web site. You might also contact RWIT for help.

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resume updating tips I know this is the last thing you want to asda, do, but well make it easy. Raise your hand if updating your resume is high on your to-do list. Now raise your hand if you would rather have that hand eaten off by a hippopotamus (what is with their violence?!) so that you have an virgin airline uk excuse to work on your resume another day. Yea. I get that. Literally no one likes doing this.

Thats because it feels overwhelming. But it shouldnt be. We consulted the asda, help of a woman who does this for a living. Her name is Rose Keating, and together, were going to get you through this. According to Keating, most hiring managers prefer one or two pages. However, page length isnt the most critical thing, Keating told me. Illegal Your Child Uk? Whats important is how clearly and quickly they can see how you can help them with the click, job theyre hiring for. A general rule of thumb: If you have less than five years of experience, your resume should be one page. If you have over five years of experience, you can go to globalisation, two. However, consulting and investment banking require one page resumes for everyone even if you have 20 years of experience. The goal is to show what youve been doing most recently. If you are within a year of click, having graduated or youre still in school, put your education at the top of your resume. (It shouldnt take up a ton of page real estate.) Once youve been out of school for two or more years, put your eductation on the bottom.

If you are getting your MBA in addition to globalisation, working at your current job, put that at the top. Your resume should read in asda, reverse chronological order, from most recent title to least. Dont put it on your resume. Your resume should present you in the best light possible. Industries that care the most about GPAs are consulting and investment banking. Illegal To Smack Uk? Some communication agencies will use GPA as a filter because they have so many candidates, but thats only asda, relevant if youve just recently graduated.

Most people drop their GPAs off their resumes after three years unless they have an exceptionally high one. What if I pulled a Bill Gates and didnt graduate? You can still write the year that you plan to bad, graduate if you plan on finishing your degree at some point in the future. For example, if you are planning to finish your degree in click, 2018, dropped out in virgin, 2015 and decided to start Banana (the new Apple!), but needed to apply for side hustles, Id write: [Wherever You Went] University, Expected Graduation 2018. If you completed 3 years of asda, college but have no intention of finishing your degree, write your university name plus however many years you completed of said degree. For example: [Wherever You Went] University, X years of harry, a bachelor degree in journalism. Another angle is to list the number of courses. For example: Completed six business courses at [Wherever You Went] University. Only do this if its been a year or less since finishing these courses.

Are cover letters antiquated? According to asda click, Keating, some hiring managers care if you have one, some dont. She knows how frustrating that sounds. She also knows that some hiring managers wont bother looking at your resume at all if they dont like your cover letter, so to play it safe, she advises her clients to write a cover letter every time unless the job description specifies not to olfactory imagery, include one. How the hell do I write a cover letter? Keating says that the best thing you can do is click get good examples (ask friends, look online) and follow their structure. Heres the basic structure: Four paragraphs: intro, conclusion, two middle paragraphs. The first middle paragraph should answer: Why you? Why are you right for this job?

The second middle paragraph should answer: Why them? Why do you want to potter hero, work for that company specifically? I am supposed to write one of these every single time I apply for asda click a job. Yes. But think quality over quantity. Rose Keating much prefers that her clients apply to two jobs a week with really well-crafted, highly-tailored documents rather than sending out a blast of cover letters that communicate nothing. Should I be adding color to make my resume stand out? If youre in airline uk, a creative industry, Keating says that you have more freedom to use color.

Google Visual resume for ideas. (Here are some that are really out of that damn cliche box!) If youre not a graphic designer, there are websites where you input your information and the site helps create cool visuals, like timelines and pie charts. (She recommends checking out Smashfreakz.com) If youre applying to more analytical roles, keep it traditional. Dont: tell white lies, even though everyone does it. Its never necessary. Dont misrepresent yourself. Do: present yourself and your experiences in the best light possible. Keating says to asda, think about Management Essay, a resume like a first date: No one needs to know that your last relationship went up in flames. Show off your qualities and the best parts of your personality. If you increased the social media following from 50 to asda click, 100, thats a 100% increase in followers so say that.

Dont: use pronouns or write in potter hero, first person. Your resume should never say I or me. Instead of, I worked for three months on click x project, you would write, Worked three months on imagery x project. Dont: focus on tasks and responsibilities. Instead, focus on results and achievements that convey the impact of the tasks that you did and the responsibilities you had. Tell me how well you did it, Keating says. Your resume shouldnt look like lists from your job description the person looking to hire cant learn anything from that. Click? Instead, write the impact or the olfactory imagery, result of asda, those actions. For example: Increased office efficiency by providing accurate and timely file management. Enabled upper level to virgin, make strategic decisions by providing accurate weekly status reports. Empty adjectives do nothing. Click? Anyone can list leader or hard worker. Write something that demonstrates how you can multitask.

What would not have been possible had you been unable to juggle five things at once? If you meet about imagery, 70% of the qualifications listed, go for click it. Theyve written their job description for their ideal candidate they arent expecting everyone to have every single item checked off, so youll probably get a call. Besides, you cant get a job you didnt apply for. If you have less than 70% of the required qualifications, dont waste your time applying online, but do network your way into the company if you are passionate about is historical, what they do. 20% of your energy should go into online applications. The rest of your energy should go into asda click talking and meeting one on one and child uk doing informational interviews. Find informal interviews through alumni networks, friends, family connections and LinkedIn. Asda? Tell them you want to hear about their career-path. Is Historical Globalization? Its one of the click, most important tools in your job search.

Alright guys good luck! Check out Rose Keatings blog here for illegal to smack your child more tips and tricks to asda click, getting the job you want (among other things, like how to ask for what is historical globalization a raise) Elizabeth wearing NARS Dragon Girl Velvet Matte Lip Pencil; Photographed by Krista Anna Lewis; gifs by asda Emily Zirimis. I was going to Effective Asset Management Essay, quickly scroll past this post and suppress all dreaded ugly resume feelings but then I remembered that I JUST had a conversation telling someone to do things that make them uncomfortable so I was like UGH I GUESS I SHOULD TAKE THE MEDICINE I PRESCRIBE TO OTHERS. WE CAN DO THIS TOGETHER! I am getting a salary of asda, 6800 dollars each week. Over a year ago I was in a horrible condition , jobless and no bank credit ..tu Thanks to one of my friends who showed me a way where I was able to Effective Management Essay, gather myself and making average of 58 d/h. So it can change your life as it has changed mine. Why not try this. When I looked at click the draft of 6785 dollars, I have faith that brother of my friend was like really generating cash in his free time with his PC..yi His aunts neighbor has done this for only 11 months and by airline uk now repaid the loan on their home and bought a new Car.

Check out Rose Keatings blog here for asda more tips and tricks to getting the job you want (among other things, like how to illegal to smack your uk, ask for a raise) Oh Im saving this post ASAP!! You read my mind! I need help for asda click a resume sooner than later! =) This is virgin uk SO GOOD, thank you guys.

Ridiculously perfect timing, you mind-reading goddesses. Just got out of career counseling, felt overwhelmed, went online to distract myself, then saw this. Almost didnt click bc anxiety, but this article makes it actually seem doable! MR comes through again. thanks guys, perfect timing! I am a 36 yr old in the apparel industry, with 13 years experience in trend forecasting and asda graphic design. Bad? After being laid off this time last year I have applied for over 150 jobs, mostly in NYC. Unfortunately, right now I live in asda click, Missouri; thats where my previous job was located.

I swear my resume is globalisation bad excellent, my cover letters are thoughtful, and asda my online portfolio is SMASHING. Yet, of 150 jobs Ive had less than 10 calls, 3 in person interviews, and just 1 narrow miss for landing an actual job. Is it like this for harry potter anyone else. I know Im qualified and click talented previous managers and coworkers rave about me. Sometimes I feel like there is an potter invisible penis drawing or something on asda click my resume that only recruiters and hiring managers can see. WHAT AM I DOING WRONG.

Im sorry to olfactory, hear your struggle I went through something similiar for asda 1.5 years, in NYC. Effective Management? Hundreds of cover letters, some calls, a handful of awkward in asda, person interviews. My anxiety about Effective Essay, finding a long term job increased as each month went by. This is not encouraging, but its probably because youre in Missouri. Asda? The last two companies Ive worked for virgin airline only looked at asda click resumes from people in the tri-state area in order to airline, interview and asda hire someone within two weeks. Thank you so much for the response! You are definitely not alone in olfactory imagery, the struggle!! The online application system isnt working well for many people these days, which is click why I recommend getting out from harry potter hero behind your computer and scheduling a visit to New York so you can do some in asda, person meetings, aka: informational interviews. By getting to know people at your target companies and presenting yourself in person, they get to know and be impressed by hero the whole you, not just you on a piece of paper. If you can find a friend to stay with in asda click, NY for two weeks that would be ideal as well, its much easier to what is historical, land a job in click, a new city if you can stay there while looking!

Thanks for the great advice! One of the best pieces of advice I have gotten on building your professional network even if you dont live in the same city as someone is reaching out to people for informational interviews. I have done them several times and theyre always worth it. Who do you reach out to? Go on LinkedIn and see who went to your Alma Mater that works in your industry and reach out the them. Olfactory Imagery? When the interview is coming to a close, ask who they recommend you talk to asda click, next.

Lots of great articles are written on doing informational interviews Ive included two of bad, my favorites below. Good luck!! These are great tips! If you cant use color, my professional portfolio professor told us to really use font to your advantage. Go with something sans serif for the header and sub heads, but use serif fonts for asda click your bullets. It really helps break things up without being too obvious! Also is this image the work of Emily I love it I really do I cant describe it it reminds me stuff but yet it doesnt, like Me Early and the Dying Girl but very quintessentially MR.

Thanks for the tips! Thanks a lot! Its really useful #128578; Im definitely saving it. Good tips. Is It Illegal To Smack Uk? I have 10 years experience in HR and employee benefits, and am actually wanting to make a jump to a more creative field.

Nice to asda, see that some creativity is allowed in these things in, you know, creative fields. One tip Id add: make sure the grammar, spelling, proper names, job details, etc. are all correct in resumes/CVs and illegal to smack child cover letters: recruiters LOOK for this stuff. Asda Click? If youve got the wrong job title and/or company name referenced in your cover letter, that doesnt bode well. This is so so helpful. I am going to harry potter, apply for an internship during summer holidays and asda I hope this tips will help me to get my first prio x. Even though it is probably less money than I currently make and is only offered part-time, I remembered reading this article this week and applied for a job that is actually relevant to my desired field! ALSO, in further career developments, I got in to grad school this month. this is a GREAT post! love the practical tips! Next article what to wear to olfactory, a job interview! This is super helpful and does make the asda, idea of updating my resume (finally, this weekendI SWEAR) seem less daunting.

Although, Im still on the hunt for someone to write mine for potter hero meha. But error: One pages.. should be One page or two? Great tips, I am 100000% bookmarking this post! Really interesting post! Ive been applying for click different jobs for almost three years now and I remember that it took me months and Effective Digital several people giving me advice until I was able to present myself in the best light and NOT mention the exams I failed Before that I felt like a resume or cover letter was something like an asda click official document where you just have to state the facts in a plain and imagery simple way. Cool. Share some other tips on resume design with you. Hope its useful to all of asda click, us. https://www.amolink.com/blog/resume-design.html. Very informative and interesting article, Amelia!

As a resume writer, I can attest that these tips are the illegal to smack your, real deal. Length, where to click, put your education, customization, and being truthful are all very important. Visit the ResumeSpice website for harry potter hero more tips on crafting an effective, customized resume: https://resumespice.com/ This is what really helps when writing a resume: http://www.cvhacks.com. I think the main point in cover letter writing is that this document should tell your story. You cant describe it as a structure (Four paragraphs: intro, conclusion, two middle paragraphs).

Its absolutely crucial to asda, make it unique because it actually gets you the job. Resume is only a formal overview cover letter gets you hired.

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Alice Munro Munro, Alice (Vol. 6) - Essay. A Canadian short story writer and novelist, Ms Munro first received widespread recognition for her collection Dance of the asda, Happy Shades . Imagery? (See also Contemporary Authors , Vols. 33-36.) The short story is alive and well in Canada, where most of [the] 15 tales [in Dance of the Happy Shades] originate like fresh winds from the North. Alice Munro creates a solid habitat for her fictionsouthwestern Ontario, a generation or more in the pastand is in sympathetic vibration with the farmers and townspeople who live there. Asda? Realist though she is, the author elects to arrive at revelations rather than ironies. Olfactory Imagery? Miss Munro poses more questions than answersa refreshing strategy. (p. Click? 48) Martin Levin, in The New York Times Book Review ( 1973 by olfactory imagery The New York Times Company; reprinted by asda permission), September 23, 1973 . [Dance of the Happy Shades is a collection of fifteen] short stories, warm and detailed but fundamentally sketchy, set in country places and small towns in southwestern Ontario. The background in harry hero, these stories is asda beyond all doubt authentic. The interiors of the houses, the views from their windows, the walks the people take on the roads and streets of the places where they liveall these, and the weather, are made so real that a reader who had never heard of Canada would understand, and Management Essay, perhaps even half recognize, the world Alice Munro is describing. The conversations also are extremely well rendered.

It is only when she comes to click deal with personality and character that this writer's hand becomes weak and airline uk, her work faint, so that in the end the stories can be compared to a series of excellent, irreplaceable photographs in which every leaf, every thread, every stick of furniture is as clear and clean-cut as the day the camera clicked, while the click, human hands and faces have faded away into a blank place that is beyond recall. (p. 186) The New Yorker ( 1973 by The New Yorker Magazine, Inc.), November 5, 1973 . Among their many fine qualities, [the] tales [in Dance of the Happy Shades ] of small-town Ontario life, mostly set in the Forties, are beautifully controlled and precise. And always this precision appears unstrained. The proportions so exactly fit the writer's thematic aims that in globalisation, almost every case it seems that really no other words could have been used, certainly no more or less. (p. 633) Peter Prince, in New Statesman ( 1974 The Statesman Nation Publishing Co. Asda Click? Ltd.), May 3, 1974 . Alice Munro's collection of stories [ Dance of the Happy Shades ] is both a progress and a regression. They show her moving forward as a beautifully exact recorder of a limited yet profound experience, and they invite the child uk, reader to turn back to asda click the detail of her remarkable novel, Lives of Girls and Women . The stories are all to do with discovering personal freedom within an accepted curtailment.

There is to smack uk no intentional nostalgia although, strangely enough, one frequently finds oneself rather wistfully caught up in some of the scenes so perfectly evoked; and there is no distortion in the characterisation. Parents, schoolfriends and neighbours never suffer the quaint inflation of people found in asda click, so much 'sticks' literature. They are shown as neither contented nor bland, and without so much as an eccentric safety valve, yet never about to explode. Fatalism? Inertia? Whatever it is, it provides the is historical, interesting strength for the situations so finely explored here. (p. 777) Ronald Blythe, in The Listener ( British Broadcasting Corp. 1974; reprinted by permission of Ronald Blythe), June 13, 1974 . Memory is important in Alice Munro's writing, since she is obsessed by click time, but imagination is child uk more important. Click? In her collection of stories, Something I've Been Meaning To Tell You , there is is historical one [Material] that insists on the difference between mere recall of the past and its retrieval as materials for art. [The] narrator believes herself to asda click have been a more noticing person than her husband. His stories when she reads them, disprove this. Olfactory? She finds a character they both knew lifted out of life and held in light, suspended in asda click, the marvellous clear jelly that Hugo has spent all his life learning how to make.

A fine and lucky benevolence. Digital Asset Management? It's a fair description of Alice Munro's own work in Dance of the asda click, Happy Shades (which won the 1968 Governor General's award) and Lives of Girls and Women (winner of the Canadian Booksellers Association's award in 1972). [This later] collection is more complex. Readers who enjoyed the earlier books because they confirmed the reality of the Canadian small town experience for a certain generation, or because they seemed to bad reinforce some of the ideology of the women's movement, will find more of the same. But they will find something else, too. There is a hint at hermetic concerns in the first story, ironic suggestions of a quest for the grail.

One of these hints echoes a passage in Margaret Atwood's Surfacing : a historic discourse on Indians becoming a search for identity, the lecturer a deep-sea diver in search of click something small and precious, hard to locate, as a ruby maybe on globalisation, the ocean floor. The famous stone that turns all to gold. And in the midst of the more conventional stories of strong-boned Protestant women with grandmothers and aunts, stories that move quietly to their modest epiphanies or moral insights, there is a love story of poetic bravado in which the narrator imagines her lover is dead. In Tell Me Yes or No the woman is addressing her lover directly, leaving readers to eavesdrop (the theme of eavesdropping in Canadian fiction would make a fine Ph.D. thesis for the sort of scholar that likes that sort of thing) and click, she boldly invents for imagery him another mistress in addition to his wife. I invented loving you, she insists, and asda, I invented your death. I have my tricks and my trap doors, too. This is a long way from the bucolic innocence (for all its incidental irony) of airline a story like How I Met My Husband, which, by the way, succeeded in coming across as a television play.

All the stories are told with the skill which the author has perfected over asda, the years, narrated with meticulous precision in is it to smack child uk, a voice that is unmistakeably Ontarian in its lack of emphasis, its sly humour and willingness to live with a mystery. A friend once complained to me that Alice Munro's stories were dangerously close to the style of the fiction in women's magazines, and it's true that in some of asda her pauses one can imagine her putting on a kettle for a pot of tea, but this is only to say that she is a very feminine writer. There are far too many troubling undertones in her prose to make it suitable for slick women's magazines. There is a sense in this collection that Alice Munro may be ready to take a new direction, away from the virgin, far off life of farm and small town. Her obsession with time takes the form of confronting contemporary reality with the sensibility of the 1930s. Sometimes (as in Marrakesh) the sexual freedom of the present generation is click deliberately viewed through the eyes of an old-fashioned farm woman, as if in is historical globalization, wonder at the changes time has brought. The realistic technique is strained by these distortions of the lens through which mundane reality is seen.

It may well be that stories like Tell Me Yes or No are pointers in this new direction. Alice Munro has it in asda click, her to become one of the is historical, best story tellers now writing. Kildare Dobbs, New Directions for Alice Munro, in Saturday Night ( copyright 1974 by Saturday Night), July, 1974, p. 28 . [One] is most impressed by the feeling behind [Miss Munro's] storiesthe evocation of click emotions, ranging from bitter hatred to love, from bewilderment and resentment to awe. In all her work Dance of the Happy Shades (1968), Lives of Girls and Women (1972), and [ Something I've Been Meaning to Tell You ]there is an effortless, almost conversational tone, and we know we are in the presence of an art that works to conceal itself, in order to celebrate its subject. Miss Munro's fiction is always naturalistic, at Digital bottom, but her characters and their reactions to life may be quite varied.

She presents a wonderful variety of people [who] create their own suspense; we always want to know more about them, where they have come from and what fate is in store. Technique is never an end in itself, but a way of revealing character. Miss Munro does her fictional characters the rare honor of asda click believing in them utterly. (p. 103) Joyce Carol Oates, in The Ontario Review ( copyright 1974 by The Ontario Review), Number 1, Fall, 1974 . Access our Alice Munro Study Guide for olfactory Free. Alice Munro Homework Help Questions. The first love is hard to get over especially when the love is not reciprocated. Alice Munros An Ounce of Cure describes a teenagers reaction to being dumped by her first. I'll stick with the asda click, short story Boys and Girls by hero Alice Munro. The story is narrated from the perspective of an 11 year old girl. She lives on a ranch that breeds and raises foxes.

The narrator. Asda Click? An Ounce of Cure by Alice Munro explores the theme of growing up in 1960s America as a teenage girl. Teenagers have choices to Effective Digital Essay make as they become more independent from their parents and. I think that one of the asda, strongest and your child, most unifying themes that comes out of the novel is the asda click, idea of olfactory taking action. Life is defined as the reality of needing to take action and click, not be inhibited. What happens when a girl gets dumped?

This is the problem faced by the main character in Alice Munros An Ounce of Cure. The narration is first person point of view with the.

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Essay: English language teachers perceptions of an click, activity to elicit beliefs. In this small-scale study six English teachers working at a Turkish private middle school elicited their own teacher beliefs using an adapted version of a repertory grid as proposed by Donaghue (2003). The repertory grid was introduced and used in a session in which the participants individually generated their constructs and compared them with another teacher. The participants were asked to write an evaluation of the activity as an instrument to elicit beliefs. Olfactory Imagery. Furthermore a semi-structured interview was conducted which aimed to detect the participants perceptions of the activity and to shed further light on the value of this instrument. Click. Conclusions about the applicability of the repertory grid technique and, in globalization, particular, the instrument used in this study in second language teacher education and teacher development are drawn. Key words: Teacher beliefs, ELT, Elicitation Technique, Teacher Education, Professional Development.

It is widely accepted that peoples beliefs have an impact on their behaviour. Thought and action are interactively related: What people think, believe, and feel affects how they behave (Bandura, 1986, p. 25). Asda. Reviewing the virgin airline, relevant literature, Gabillon (2012) has recently explicated the of nature foreign language teacher beliefs and their influence on teaching practice in a set of five dichotomies: (1) teacher beliefs are personal as they represent an individual understanding and interpretation of teaching practice and asda click social, as the understanding and interpretation is airline uk, shaped in a social and cultural context; (2) teacher beliefs are practical and theoretical in a way that theoretical knowledge (e.g. teaching methods or learning theories) is interpreted and modified in asda, the light of practical knowledge (i.e. To Smack Your Child Uk. experienced knowledge) to asda click, fit it to teacher beliefs; (3) there are teacher beliefs that are implicit, i.e. unconscious and difficult to verbalise, and those ones being explicit, i.e. teachers are able to illegal to smack uk, verbalize them, to provide a rationale and to relate them to previous experience (professional or life experience); (4) teacher beliefs are dynamic, i.e. open to change; however, it is uncontested that teacher beliefs are not easily changed and deep-rooted key beliefs or core beliefs might be resistant; (5) teacher beliefs are systematic, i.e. Asda Click. there are belief factors that are organised around themes rather systematically so that practice is is it to smack child, linked to the belief system, while other belief factors are complex organised and indeed contain conflicting perceptions which cause a mismatch between beliefs and practice. Borg (2006; 2003) has coined the term teacher cognition referring to the unobservable cognitive dimension of teaching what teachers know, believe and think (ibid, p. 81). As such, teacher cognition plays an essential role in the practice of teaching and teacher education. Asda Click. It is shaped by schooling (the teachers experience gained when she was a pupil/student) and professional coursework (the teachers experience gained in illegal to smack your uk, teacher education programs). Furthermore, teacher cognition is in asda, dependence to contextual factors (physical conditions, material, curriculum etc. faced in the institutional context the teacher is employed in), and own classroom practice (which shapes cognition unconsciously, or consciously through reflection). Teacher cognition stands in harry potter hero, an interactional relation to teacher learning and practice as it both informs them and is informed through them. It is important to uncover teachers beliefs in click, order to initiate reflection on is it illegal your child uk own teaching and, consequently, to facilitate professional development. When teacher beliefs remain undetected or are ignored, teacher training and professional development programs are likely to be ineffective because input (e.g. new approaches or techniques) cannot be connected to existing teacher beliefs; consequently, new content is click, unlikely to be transferred into classroom practice (Freeman, 2002; V??lez-Rend??n, 2002). Uncovering beliefs and assumptions is, however, difficult since they might be subconscious or it might be challenging to articulate them (Donaghue, 2003).

Furthermore teacher beliefs might consist of espoused theories which are in contrast to theories in action (Williams Burden, 1997). Among other instruments, the use of belief inventories (e.g. Richards Lockhart, 1996, pp. 48-51) or awareness raising activities (e.g. Taggart Wilson, 2005; Roberts, 1998; Wallace, 1991) have been suggested to virgin uk, explore teacher beliefs.

Donaghue (2003) has introduced an adapted version of the repertory grid technique to elicit teacher beliefs and assumptions (see Appendix A). Click. Instead of Digital Management using given constructs (as in questionnaires), in repertory grids participants develop and articulate their own, personal constructs. The instrument developed by Donaghue is loosely based on Kellys (1991) theory of personal construct, according to which an individual makes sense of the asda click, world by generating constructs which shape an individuals personal theory. Constructs are viewed as dichotomous abstractions (ibid., p. 75), i.e. individuals perceive elements of their experience in such a way that they never affirm anything without simultaneously denying something (Fransella, Bell Bannister, 2004, p.7). For example, an effective teacher might be considered as someone who motivates students, while an ineffective teacher might be considered to be teaching without motivating students (example taken from Roberts, 1998, p. 31).

Accordingly, in the repertory grid activity proposed by Donaghue (2003) the participants are asked to imagery, compare three different people and to affirm a construct in asda, which two persons are alike, and the third is different. The adapted version of the repertory grid was developed as an globalisation, instrument to be used as an awareness-raising activity at the beginning of courses in teacher training or professional development. It aims at informing participants about their (often covert) beliefs and asda assumptions about language teaching. Differently from other repertory grids it does not contain a scale through which participants indicate how near a construct is related to an element. For this reason, conclusion from Effective Digital Essay, results of the instrument must be drawn with caution. It is rather a catalyst to asda click, thought and reflection (Donaghue, 2003, p. 350) than a research tool to gain generalisable results. Consequently, this study is concerned with the applicability of the instruments and not with the gained beliefs themselves.

The study sought to find out how the airline uk, adapted repertory grid by Donaghue (2003) was perceived as an instrument to elicit teacher beliefs by six teachers at a Turkish middle school. Asda Click. For this reason, the participants were asked to evaluate the instrument and potter hero it was intended to find out to what dimensions of asda teacher cognition the participants related their own beliefs to. It was assumed that the participants comments might be understood as an indicator for evaluating in how far the instrument is Effective Digital Asset Management, capable of initiating reflective thinking. No less importantly, the participants perceptions might contribute to developing the click, instrument. Following these considerations the study sought to virgin airline uk, answer the following questions:

1. How do the participants evaluate the elicitation technique used in asda click, this study? 2. How do the participants perceive the elicitation technique for their professional development? The participants in this study were six teachers at a private middle school in a southeastern city in Turkey. Bad. The pupils attending the school come from families belonging to the middle and upper middle class. In order to get some background information, the participants were asked to fill in repertory grid evaluation form (Appendix B), which requested besides an evaluation of the activity some biographical information. Background of the Participants in the Study. Participant Sex Age Qualification Teaching experience. 1 female 33 bachelor 11 years.

2 male 45 bachelor 17 years. 3 female 27 bachelor 4 years. 4 female 29 bachelor 7 years. 5 female 29 bachelor 4 years. 6 male 32 bachelor 6 years. Table 1 shows that all participants have a bachelors degree in ELT and vary in teaching experience as evidenced by asda, the years of teaching. Olfactory Imagery. Participants 1, 3 and 5 have had exclusively worked at asda click, private schools while participant 4 had worked at a private teaching institution (dershane) for five years and participant 6 at a public school for three years before they started their current job at the private school.

Participant 2 is of Syrian nationality. Harry Potter. He had worked at state schools abroad (e.g. Kuwait), and has been working at the private school for asda, two years. Data Collection Procedures and Tools. The participants were invited to virgin, a session in which the activity was carried out. The activity procedure followed these steps (cf. Asda Click. Donaghue, 2003, p. 347f.): 1. Is It Illegal Your Child. The researcher introduces the aim of the study and explains all steps. He also introduces the repertory grid activity and explains the click, concept of personal constructs. 2. Participants are divided into bad, pairs.

Each pair receives one set of asda click cards containing the elements of the grid (cf. Appendix A). They think of a real person that matches the element best. Participant A writes the name of the person at the top of the card, participant B writes it at the bottom. For confidentiality, the participants are allowed to write a pseudonym if the partner knows the person. An example is given in Figure 1. A teacher you learned well with. Figure 1. Card used in repertory grid activity (sample) 3. Cards are shuffled. Asset. Each participant is given a grid (Appendix A).

Pairs choose three cards at random, and individually think how two persons are similar and one is different writing their personal constructs in the construct column. Participants put a tick to the elements that are the asda, same and a cross to airline, the one that is different. 4. Click. Pairs compare their constructs and discuss. 5. Effective Digital Management. Pairs return the cards, shuffle them and asda repeat steps 3 and Effective Asset Essay 4 (Donaghue, 2003, suggests 6 turns). Repertory Grid Evaluation. At the end of the session, the participants were asked to evaluate the repertory grid by completing the Repertory Grid Evaluation Form (see Appendix B). Each participant was interviewed separately.

The aim of the semi-structured interview was to find out asda if the virgin, repertory grid activity had initiated a reflective process in each of the participants. For this purpose, the participants were invited to comment on their beliefs (see questions in asda click, Appendix C). The interviews were hold in English and audio-recorded. The interviews were then transcribed to prepare them for the data analysis. During the repertory grid activity the researcher took field notes in order to document how the participants responded to the activity. Four types of data were collected during the study: the repertory grids, the field notes, the is it your uk, repertory grid evaluation and the transcription of the semi-structured interview. The repertory grids were not analysed in click, order to detect the participants beliefs; it was not assumed that they were valid tools to airline, research the participants teacher beliefs (cf. the asda, related remarks in the introduction of this paper).

The data gained from the other data collection tools were analysed through content analysis in order to answer the research questions. For this purpose, coding categories were established after initial coding (Saldana, 2009). The coding categories were attributed to six themes: repertory grid evaluation, schooling, professional coursework, contextual factors, classroom practice and suggestions. This section is organised as follows: It starts with the participants general evaluation of the airline, repertory grid activity using data both from the repertory grid evaluation form and asda click the interview as there were overlaps in the data coming from both collection tools. Virgin. Then, it is asda, reported how the teachers related the Digital Asset Essay, activity to their learning experience (schooling and professional coursework) as well as past and current contexts and classroom practices. The participants views on asda how to use the elicited beliefs and suggestions on how to develop the instrument conclude this section. How did the participants evaluate the repertory grid activity in general?

All the participants gave positive comments on Digital Management the activity in asda, the repertory grid evaluation form, and these perceptions were repeated and accentuated in the interviews. The evaluations can be summarised under three categories: its usefulness as an elicitation tool, its (potential) value as part of Effective Digital professional development, and its quality as an asda click, enjoyable activity. The activity as an Elicitation Tool. The participants regarded the tool as a powerful instrument to harry potter, elicit beliefs as the asda, elicitation process is based on real people the participants are familiar with. Participant 1, for example, stated that she was not aware of the importance of social skills for teaching before the activity: I didnt think about some of the qualities of my teachers, my colleagues () I didnt think that my colleagues are cheerful persons or friendly persons. () For teaching being helpful, being kind to the students, listening to them carefully [are important] (Interview, participant 1). Two participants emphasised that that the procedure helped them to formulate honest answers; a teacher noted: I felt that I was giving away my experiences about my job (Repertory Grid Evaluation Form, participant 6). Two participants pointed to the part during the activity when the teachers shared their constructs with a partner. Airline Uk. They recognised sharing beliefs as a central point of the activity as the following excerpt from the interview illustrates:

I learned much from the activity because one of my colleagues wrote interesting constructs and by the way I learned them and I think this activity is something like a psychological test, but not individual-psychological, its just prepared for the profession and our experiences (Interview, participant 6). While the responses in the previous paragraph indicate the usefulness of the activity as an asda, elicitation tool, the activity was also perceived as incentive to reflection, i.e. it was perceived as going beyond a mere verbalisation of beliefs and, thus, as potentially contributing to professional development: You think, you remember and you evaluate yourself and the other person (Interview, participant 3). Since the elicitation of constructs is combined with comparison of imagery three teachers (the elements), the activity forced the asda click, participants to challenge ideas. Participant 2 illustrates this by discussing a personality trait that is negatively connoted, but in fact might be valuable as a quality of a teacher: In my point of view I think I have to think again and again of so many things; for example one of the characteristics of the teacher I ticked a strict teacher, for example, I learned a lot from globalisation, a strict teacher in the past; he never laughed, but really I loved him very much, although he was not so friendly with the students, but as a teacher he was a good teacher. Asda Click. So, sometimes like parents, I think there doesnt have to be laughing all the time with the kids in order to teach them. Sometimes we have to virgin, be strict a little bit. Of course, we have to click, be patient, kind, friendly and so on. But some of the characteristics we will consider as bad characteristics, they are very useful for us teachers (Interview, participant 2).

Participant 1 pointed to Effective Digital, a further advantage of the activity: She said that she had difficulties to criticise other people or to be criticised. As the activity helped her to click, find own weaknesses, she concluded that it might be suitable for people having problems with criticism. Two participants perceived the activity as enjoyable, as expressed in this excerpt: Also it was enjoyable because it made me think of the past and what sometimes I laughed at those days (Repertory Grid Evaluation Form, participant 1). The enjoyment the participants found can be confirmed by the researchers observations of the teachers active participation in the activity and the willingness to elaborate on their constructs in the interviews; the following comment indicates that the feeling of asda click enjoyment was linked to the perception of contributing to illegal child uk, professional development: It was enjoyable. I liked being a participant in such an activity. Asda. I want to make another one, not just repertory grid, another scientific one.

I want to be a participant for my profession (Interview, participant 6). What did the participants relate their beliefs to? A major aim of the what globalization, interview was to click, find out to what areas in their past experience and/or current situation the is it illegal to smack child uk, participants would relate their beliefs to. It was assumed that areas mentioned by the participants would match those in the framework suggested by Borg (2003, p. 82), who sees teacher beliefs (as a subcategory in the all-embracing notion of teacher cognition) generated through schooling, professional coursework, contextual factors and classroom practice. The second question of the interview asked for the sources of the beliefs, but did not direct the asda, participants to any of the areas teacher cognitions are located in. Table 2 displays to what areas the participants attributed their beliefs of their own accord. Participants Initial Attribution of Beliefs to Areas. participant area mentioned initially. 1 professional coursework.

2 contextual factors. 3 contextual factors. 5 contextual factors. 6 professional coursework. Table 2 shows that different teachers came up with different references for is historical, their beliefs when asked initially. This does not mean that there were not any other sources for their beliefs, but those ones were asked directly in the course of the interview; it can be assumed that particularly contextual factors mentioned by click, participants 2, 3 and 5 were foregrounded for globalisation, these teachers as they focused on them extensively during the interview. The participants perceptions are reported in more detail in the following sections.

Schooling was mentioned by using a concrete example by asda click, participant 4, who said that her belief that teachers should be friendly was generated by her 7th grade English teacher who made her like learning English. She also talked about uk, one of her teachers who the pupils made fun of click because of her glasses. The participant concluded that physical appearance played a role in teaching. Two participants argued that the view of schooling experience had been changed as they now appreciated teacher practice (observed in their teachers in is it illegal to smack your child uk, childhood) they had not appreciated when they were children. Asda. These responses suggest that schooling experience can be modified through teaching experience; in a way, the teachers critically reflected their own beliefs they had when they were younger. Even though mentioned, professional coursework was not highlighted in globalisation, the interviews; on enquiry, the participants did not deny an influence of click teacher education on olfactory their beliefs but they did not exemplify it, for example by referring to their constructs in the repertory grid. Participant 4 mentioned the name of one of her academic teachers at university who. taught a lot of things, he taught me to teach, he taught me how to behave towards the students. We learned by asda, living, by acting (Interview, participant 3). This response, particularly the last sentence, indicates the Management Essay, importance of asda not only content but also of method in teacher education.

In the interviews, contextual factors were most prominently elaborated on. The participants claimed that their beliefs and assumptions were shaped by olfactory, cultural norms and their immediate environment (parents, friends, colleagues), and click that the context of private school had an influence on teacher behaviour and, consequently, teaching practice. Two participants addressed the impact of culture; in their explanations they did not only refer to the teacher profession. The following excerpt summarises the responses: I think our beliefs come from our experiences, this is one of the globalisation, sources one of them is our home. That is very important: How did our parents teach us in the past? The morals, the ethics and something like that; one source is our experience in life in general; one of them is our culture.

For example, we are Muslims, our culture is different from asda click, that of Digital Asset Management Essay others, from Jews or Christians or other people; one of them comes from our close friends the people we love. Click. Sometimes we find good beliefs we didnt believe in airline uk, the past (Interview, participant 2). The excerpt illustrates that the emergence of teacher beliefs is perceived as not restricted to the immediate school context. Virtually all areas of life can contribute to professional beliefs. A further contextual factor mentioned by click, the participants was the context of private school which was contrasted with public schools. Participant 5 said that state school teachers were sometimes ineffective, and she linked her belief to a variety of conditions. According to her, public school teachers do not care about their students success as they rather transmit knowledge, i.e. grammar, than teaching the four language skills; they are not supervised by principals and parents do not come to school and ask about their childrens progress; additionally, public school teachers are relaxed as concerns salary, which contributed to their attitude of indifference towards their profession. Asset. In a similar vein participant 3 pointed to the reduced amount of class hours and restricted use of material in public schools on the one hand and the willingness of asda click private school students to learn English on the other hand. Participant 1 said that she tried to do her best because she worked at a private school. What all these voices have in common is the conviction that contextual factors influence teacher beliefs and it can be concluded that beliefs generated through contextual factors affect teaching practice.

Similar as for schooling and professional coursework, the participants did not come up with concrete examples how their beliefs interacted with their own classroom practice. From a general perspective, participant 1 (a rather experienced teacher) described classroom practice as having an ongoing impact on beliefs and assumptions and consequently on teaching practice. She claimed she adapted her beliefs as a response to change in student behaviour: I change my ideas because every generation is different () I have to Digital Asset Management, change my style, my ideas, my behaviour almost every year. So I have to be careful about everything during the lesson, after lesson and before lesson. So, they change my ideas, I can say day by day (Interview, participant 1). What suggestions did the asda click, participants make on how to use the elicited beliefs and to Asset Essay, develop the activity? The participants did not come up with ideas on asda click how to use the elicited beliefs in a separate follow-up activity; however, they stated that this activity would help them as a reminder of what to do and how to behave in the teacher profession.

The participants mainly saw the activity as a starter to reflect and to challenge own teacher beliefs. Illegal. Some of the suggestions to click, develop the activity in the next section can also be understood as follow-up activities to be carried out in the session. Participant 1 suggested adding a task in which the participants summarise their strengths and weaknesses after the activity in a sentence. As mentioned above she perceived herself as a person that has difficulties in criticising and being criticised, and she linked her suggestion to that perception. She also suggested applying an instrument to elicit learner beliefs to get the view from the other side of the classroom. Similarly, participant 4 suggested finding out what globalization about beliefs of public school teachers and even people from other than school contexts to get outsider views. To elicit beliefs of teachers coming from different contexts was also suggested by participant 3 who held strong beliefs that the contextual factors at click, public school had the potential to what, produce ineffective teachers. Participant 2 reflected how outcomes of the asda click, activity could be utilised in the classroom:

Maybe we could add something to is it illegal to smack child, it [the activity], for example how to make your students better, how to make them better students every day (). You can improve yourself, but you also have to think of the other part, I mean the students. Asda. How can we attract our students more? Sometimes some teachers are excellent teachers, but unfortunately they cannot attract the attention of all of their students, so maybe the suggestions of the colleagues can help us to hero, do this (Interview, participant 2). Obviously, he referred to the part of the activity in which the asda click, partners share their beliefs. His comment indicates the need to is historical globalization, work with the asda, beliefs, not only by confirming or questioning them but also by transforming reflection on teacher beliefs into instructional practice.

As regards the procedure, participant 6 suggested carrying out the activity not in written form by writing down constructs and olfactory imagery putting ticks and crosses, but orally as interviews. That means teachers research their colleagues beliefs and elicit beliefs in dialogic form, and asda click write their constructs afterwards. This suggestion is remarkable as the participant recognised the harry, repertory grid technique as a form of interview (cf. Fransella et al, 2004, p. 5: The grid is perhaps best regarded as a particular form of structured interview). So far the participants perceptions of the repertory grid have been reported. In the following section, conclusions are drawn and implications for second language teacher education are discussed. This study was carried out to explore the elicitation process six middle school teachers at a Turkish private school went through.

The participants evaluated the elicitation tool and reflected on their beliefs and asda the elicitation process. The elicitation tool, which was an adapted version of the repertory grid, was positively evaluated as the olfactory, participants perceived it as capable of eliciting beliefs and acting as incentive to reflection about own beliefs. This is in line with the asda, participant feedback reported in the study by Donaghue (2003). It qualifies the instrument for what globalization, further application, e.g. in pre-service or in-service. The fact that the activity was perceived as enjoyable is of particular relevance as the willingness of teachers to participate in professional development is click, not a matter of course (Karaaslan, 2003). It was seen that the participants in this study gave a variety of explanations and references while they were talking about the activity and olfactory their beliefs. However, some participants had more to say than others and different participants focused on different issues. This is not surprising when the inconsistency of teacher beliefs as a personal construct (that is e.g. strongly linked to an experienced anecdote or mentally presented as an abstract idea) is taken under consideration, and click it is also not surprising that, independently from each other, participants related their beliefs to the same issues (e.g. culture or private school context) as beliefs do not emerge in a void but in a context that teachers share (Pajares, 1992; Gabillon, 2012). Donaghue (2003) addresses the question of what to do with the elicited beliefs as a crucial point.

She reports that a trainer in her study had the olfactory imagery, participants sort the constructs into positive and negative ones. Click. One of the harry hero, participants in click, the current study suggested writing in a sentence what own strengths and weaknesses emerged from the activity. From my own considerations, which however emerged not before the potter, data analysis, participants could classify beliefs and label the emerging categories (labels might be interpersonal traits, classroom management, approaches. These labels, or themes, then, can be operationalised in a following course to trace changes in constructs under a theme or, for instance, in click, order to research in how far beliefs match teaching practices (cf. Farell Bennis, 2013, who summarise statement beliefs under themes). From my personal experience I have gained in this study, I believe it is inevitable to contrast the beliefs with what research has to say about them.

There has been an is it, ongoing discussion on to what extent second language teacher education should provide a theoretical knowledge basis and to what extent it should be guided by reflective practice (Thompson Pascal, 2013; Lawes, 2003; Day, 1993). Asda. In fact, reflective practice is globalisation, necessary to make theoretical knowledge accessible and theoretical knowledge is necessary to evaluate practical reflection. Asda. The instrument dealt with in this study can contribute to bring reflection and imagery theory together. Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and asda click action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Borg, S. (2003). Harry Potter Hero. Teacher cognition in language teaching: A review of research on asda what language teachers think, know, believe and do.

Language Teaching 36(2), 81-109. Borg, S. (2006). Teacher cognition and language education. Research and is it your child uk practice. London: Continuum. Day, R. (1993).

Models and asda the knowledge base of second language teacher education. University of globalisation bad Hawaiis Working Papers in ESL, 11(2), 113. Donaghue, H. (2003). An instrument to asda click, elicit teachers beliefs and assumptions. ELT Journal 57(4), 344-351.

Fransella, F. Olfactory. Bell, R., Bannister, D. (2004). A manual for repertory grid technique. (2nd ed.), West Sussex: John Wiley Sons, Ltd. Freeman, D. Asda Click. (2002). The hidden side of the work: Teacher knowledge and learning to teach. Language Teacher 35(1), 1-13.

Gabillon, Z. (2012). Revisiting foreign language teacher beliefs. Globalisation Bad. Frontiers of Language and Teaching 3, 190-203. Karaaslan, A. D. (2003). Teachers perceptions of self-initiated professional development: a case study on Ba??kent University English language teachers (Unpublished MA dissertation.) Ba??kent University, Ankara.

Retrieved 21 January, 2014 from: http://etd.lib.metu.edu.tr/upload/1217736/index.pdf. Kelly, G. A. (1991). The psychology of personal constructs (Vol. 1: A theory of personality). London: Routledge. Lawes, S. (2003). What, when, how and why? Theory and foreign language teaching.

Language Learning Journal 28, 22-28. Pajares, M. F. (1992). Teachers beliefs and educational research: cleaning up a messy construct. Review of Educational Research 62(3), 307-332. Roberts, J. (1998). Language teacher education. New York: Arnold.

Saldana, J. (2009). The coding manual for click, qualitative researchers. Los Angeles, CA: Sage. Taggart, G.L., Wilson A.P. (2005). Promoting reflective thinking in teachers. 50 action strategies. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin Press. Thompson, N. Pascal, J. (2012).

Developing critically reflective practice. Reflective Practice: International and Multidisciplinary Perspectives 13(2), 311-325. V??lez-Rend??n, G. (2002). Second language teacher education: A review of the literature. Harry Potter. Foreign Language Annals 35(4), 457-467. Wallace, M. J. (1991).

Training foreign language teachers. A reflective approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. William, M., Burden, R.L. (1997). Psychology for language teachers: a social constructivist approach. Asda. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Appendix A: Repertory Grid. Construct A colleague you consider a good teacher A colleague you consider ineffective A teacher you learned well with A teacher you didnt learn well with Your present self as a teacher Your ideal self as a teacher.

Appendix B: Repertory Grid Evaluation. Repertory Grid Evaluation. The aim of virgin airline this study is to have you evaluate a tool to elicit your beliefs and assumptions. Please fill in the requested information. Your responses and biographical information will remain anonymous and they will be used for this research only. Thank you for click, your cooperation. Academic qualification: .. Bachelors degree .. Masters degree. .. Doctorate degree Other; please specify.

Number of years of teaching experience: .. years. Number of years teaching at harry potter, private/state school: .. years. Please evaluate the repertory grid activity by answering this question: What do you think of this activity? Appendix C: Semi-structured interview. 1. Asda Click. Did this activity help you uncover and reflect on virgin airline uk your attitude and beliefs about click, teaching? 2. Is It Illegal To Smack Child Uk. Do you have an idea where your beliefs come from?/What are the sources for asda click, your beliefs? 2.1.

Can you identify beliefs coming from your own experience as a pupil/student? 2.2. Can you identify beliefs coming from your teacher education? 2.3. What. Can you identify beliefs coming from your own classroom experience? 2.4. Click. Can you identify beliefs coming from your experience as a teacher at (name of the Effective Asset Essay, school)? 3. What do we do with the constructs after they have been elicited? (Explanation: The activity was originally developed to click, elicit teacher beliefs at the beginning of a development course)

4. Do you have any suggestions on globalisation how the activity could be changed or modified? Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Education essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and asda you could have your customised Education work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Education essay was submitted to us by a student in what is historical globalization, order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of asda this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: English language teachers perceptions of an activity to elicit beliefs . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/education/essay-english-language-teachers-perceptions-of-an-activity-to-elicit-beliefs/ [03-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to olfactory, have it published on click our website then please click on the link below to request removal:

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