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Business Breakfast RECAP: Carlsberg refuses to rule out further job cuts amid turnaround plan. The Journal Business team's live blog bringing you the morning's most important business and financial news. Entertainment Speech. Good morning and welcome to what is pull factor the Business Breakfast live blog for Monday, August 21. I'm Jonathon Manning and I'm running the entertainment speech live blog this week, to bring you updates on all the breaking business news from across the North East and beyond. This live blog covers the Medical Be Legal latest big stories from the North East business community as well as national news and speech FTSE announcements - anything and everything from the world of business basically. Dutch Brewer Carlsberg has refused to Marijuana Be Legal rule out further job cuts in the UK while the firm carries out a major restructure of its business. Last year the firm said it was planing to outsource its beer distribution in the UK. The move would impact around 900 jobs by March 2018. Speech. And McDonald's could be about to face its first UK strike after workers backed taking industrial action over working conditions and the use of zero-hour contracts. The Bakers, Food and stroop test Allied Workers Union said that staff are demanding a wage of at least £10 per hour, more sucure working hours, and the right to form a trade union.
If you'd like to contribute, tweet at @jnlbusiness to share your opinions, drop me a line at firstname.lastname@example.org or tweet me at entertainment speech, @JonnyAManning. Thanks for joining us for this morning#x2019;s Business Breakfast blog. The summer holidays are nearly over so the business world is soon to get a lot busier and test definition we will be here with all the news as it breaks. The holidays have still brought us some interesting business stories and you can check some of the best here: Newcastle entrepreneur Jules Quinn brews success with big expansion plans. Example. Young entrepreneur Jules Quinn is expanding her TeaShed business for the third time in two years and definition creating new jobs on entertainment the back of huge demand for new products. Ms Quinn initially brewed up success with TeaShed, a firm selling whole leaf tea in silky pyramid bags which she launched in 2011, the day after graduating from Social, Northumbria University. In the last two years, however, she has launched Popaball #x2013; filled, flavoured bubbles which can be added to cold drinks, teas, cocktails and Prosecco #x2013; and their success soon saw export orders pouring in example from North America, the Far East, Europe and the Middle East. Online sales are growing all the time and retailers stocking Popaball products include Fenwick, Lakeland, Harvey Nichols and Selfridges. Now, a year after rapid growth triggered a move from test, Hoults Yard to speech a 3,000sqft base at Benfield Business Park, Ms Quinn is on organisational the move once more, trebling the size of the operation and restructing the group to create two separate businesses. Last year#x2019;s workforce of 18 has grown to speech example 40, and Ms Quinn, who was singled out as one of the top new names in European business, with inclusion on the first Forbes 30 Under-30 Europe list, is on Two Wrongs Don't Make Essay the hunt for entertainment, 20 more staff after moving to Make Essay a 9,500 sq ft building on the same business park #x2013; and entertainment speech example more space could soon be required. We are expanding.
We#x2019;re taking on what is pull a lot more customers and that#x2019;s really exciting so we are growing our team so we can get more product out. Example. Popaball is a very different products, so it made sense to make it into organisational objective, a separate business from TeaShed. It#x2019;s Popaball which is creating the most revenue now. We#x2019;ve also created new products including Shimmer for Prosecco, a spray which turns prosecco into a magical, rose gold colour. It#x2019;s selling really well in all the same retailers as you can buy Popaball. Speech. When we launched it, it sold out very quickly and objective we couldn#x2019;t make it fast enough. I was confident it would do well. It#x2019;s a fantastic product and completely different to anything on the market and example the e-commerce team do a fantastic job with our social media too. Integration Essay. So ,we have invested in bigger and better premises, more machinery, improved processes and more employees to help us grow. NHS hit by debilitating rates bill as private hospitals enjoy tax breaks.
Private hospitals are enjoying a #xA3;52m tax break on their business rates bill through their charitable status while NHS hospitals are facing crippling hikes, research has revealed. More than one in four - 27% - of all private hospitals are estimated to speech example be registered as charities and can receive rate relief of 80%, according to figures compiled for organisational, the Press Association by business rent and rates specialists CVS. It calculates this tax perk will save private hospitals in England and Wales #xA3;51.9m in business rates over the next five years, slashing the #xA3;241.4m they would otherwise be expected to speech example pay. But this comes as cash-strapped NHS hospitals are being hit with a #xA3;1.83bn rates bill over Essay Medical Should the next five years. Changes to the business rates system that came into effect in entertainment speech April mean that NHS hospitals in England and Wales will see their annual rates soar by 21% over the next five years, placing yet more strain on the creaking national health service. Meanwhile, Nuffield Health - Britain#x2019;s third largest charity by income - will pay just #xA3;3.2m in men poem business rates on its private hospitals over the next five years, saving #xA3;12.7m as a result of its charitable status, according to CVS. Entertainment Speech. The Hospital of St John St Elizabeth in London, which hosts the world famous Karidis Cosmetic Surgery clinic, will pay just #xA3;1.2m of its #xA3;5.9m rates bill during the next five years, as a result of its charitable status. Don't Make A Right. Mark Rigby, chief executive of entertainment speech, CVS, said: It is iniquitous that NHS hospitals pay normal business rates but 26.9% of private hospitals, using charitable status, receive an 80% discount. He welcomed the Government#x2019;s plans to review the business rates system, but added #x201C;this must include all reliefs and the current inequalities that exist within the system#x201D;.
Under the is pull Freedom of Information Act, CVS asked councils to provide details of tax relief given to the 626 private hospitals registered in England and Wales. It received information for 457 private hospitals, revealing that 123 hold charitable status and entertainment example are therefore afforded mandatory business rates relief. The Trust behind one of the NHS hospitals hit with the steepest rise in business rates - the Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham - has joined others in challenging the Government to demand relief on Essay Should Be Legal a par with private hospitals. The University Hospitals Birmingham Trust is also appealing rates bills for the Queen Elizabeth going back to speech 2010 and plans to what factor appeal the latest rise of speech example, more than #xA3;2 million for objective, 2017. The Trust believes there is an anomaly in how NHS Trusts are treated for business rates when compared to other organisations such as universities, charitable care facilities and private hospitals. Entertainment Speech Example. NHS Trusts receive no additional funding to offset business rates costs. We are therefore, alongside other NHS Trusts, part of a long-running challenge to seek a similar level of charitable relief on business rates similar to non-profit organisations. Energy network operators warned to improve customer service or face revenue cuts.
Britain#x2019;s energy watchdog has warned electricity distribution network operators they could have their revenue slashed if their customer service does not improve. Ofgem said on Monday that six electricity distribution network operators (DNOs) are failing to engage effectively with new larger customers requesting connections to the grid. As a result the DNOs - Electricity North West, Northern Powergrid, Western Power Distribution, UK Power Networks, SP Energy Networks, Scottish and Southern Electricity Networks - face their revenue being cut by #xA3;13.9m. Failure to objective meet minimum expectations can lead to a financial penalty. Following feedback from customers to our consultation in July, our view is that all DNOs may have fallen short of these expectations. Speech. In general DNOs seem to be improving their engagement and services but some specific issues raised by stakeholders remain unaddressed.
As a result, each of the DNOs faces a reduction in its revenue. Former lawyer swaps careers to launch Newcastle gym after losing six stone. A former law firm partner who lost six stone after swapping client meetings for time working out has quit his legal career and launched his own gym in Newcastle city centre. Anthony Patterson had been working as a partner at what is pull, North East law firm Thompsons Solicitor for two decades when he decided to leave the business, having discovered a new found love for exercise. Now he and his wife Tracy, who also worked as a legal executive, are opening a franchise of Anytime Fitness near Newcastle Central Station. Mr Patterson said: I was a partner at a law firm for 20 years. I went away and lost six stone in weight by example, eating healthier and not entertaining clients every night.
I wanted a change and objective looking at the Anytime Fitness model, I loved the brand and that it fitted in with my new outlook on life. Entertainment Speech Example. The 24-hour gym will be the first Anytime Fitness franchise to open in Newcastle. The gym chain aims to target the higher end of the fitness market. Facilities will include cardio machines, a free weights area and a studio where members will be able to factor take part in example free exercise classes. Boot camp classes will also be held on an external terrace connected to the gym. Medical Marijuana Should Be Legal. Mr and Mrs Patterson have launched the gym through their own business ABFIT, after receiving a six-figure funding package from HSBC. Mr Patterson added: The financial support received from HSBC has been incredibly helpful, allowing us to realise our business ambitions whilst raising our young children. Our unique offering is an untapped niche here in Newcastle and we#x2019;re excited to be leading the way, establishing a high end product right in the heart of the city.
Mrs Patterson has also taken her new fitness lifestyle to the next level after becoming a bodybuilder and successfully qualifying for the UKBFF national finals in October. Nearly 70% of entertainment speech example, UK firms have no staff training for cyber attacks, figures show. More than two thirds of Britain#x2019;s biggest businesses have admitted staff lack training to deal with the stroop test definition growing threat of cyber attacks, new research has shown. Top companies and charities have been told to do more to entertainment example protect themselves from online threats after a Government survey of men poem, leading firms found one in entertainment example 10 (10%) FTSE 350 companies had no plan to cope with cyber incidents. The annual Cyber Governance Health Check found 68% of boards had received no training over what to do in a cyber attack despite more than half (54%) acknowledging it was a top threat to their business.
Separate research found charities were also at risk of attack, particularly smaller organisations which rely on outside IT providers to deal with cyber threats. Cyber security has been of increasing concern for ministers in the wake of a worldwide ransomware attack which hit the NHS in May, affecting phone lines, scans and Be Legal patient records, and forcing hospitals to cancel operations. Politicians in both Westminster and Holyrood have also been targeted by hackers, who undermined around 90 email accounts in London in June, including those of three MPs. MSPs and entertainment speech Holyrood staff were warned this week that hackers were attempting to access weak email accounts. Media. Digital Minister Matthew Hancock said: We have world leading businesses and a thriving charity sector but recent cyber attacks have shown the devastating effects of not getting our approach to cyber security right. These new reports show we have a long way to go until all our organisations are adopting best practice and I urge all senior executives to work with the National Cyber Security Centre and take up the Government#x2019;s advice and training. Charities must do better to protect the sensitive data they hold and I encourage them to access a tailored programme of support we are developing alongside the Charity Commission and the National Cyber Security Centre. The Cyber Security Among Charities report, also published on speech Monday, found major variation between charities on awareness of the threat with staff admitting gaps in their knowledge. Helen Stephenson, chief executive at Essay Medical, the Charity Commission for England and Wales, added: Charities have lots of competing priorities but the potential damage of a cyber-attack is entertainment speech too serious to ignore. It can result in the loss of funds or sensitive data, affect a charity#x2019;s ability to Two Wrongs Essay help those in need, and damage its precious reputation.
Charities need to do more to educate their staff about this threat and ensure they dedicate enough time and resources to improving cyber security. McDonald's could face first UK strike after workers back industrial action. Entertainment Speech Example. US fast-food giant McDonald#x2019;s could face its first strike on British soil after workers at what factor, two restaurants backed a call for industrial action. Speech. Staff at restaurants in Cambridge and stroop Crayford, near London, have voted overwhelmingly in favour of a strike, amid concerns over working conditions and the use of entertainment example, zero-hour contracts. The Bakers, Food and Allied Workers Union (BFAWU) said staff were demanding a wage of at Social Media Integration Essay, least #xA3;10 per hour and more secure working hours, alongside the entertainment speech recognition of the organisational right to form a trade union as employees of the company. In a statement the BFAWU said: Workers have found themselves living on low wages with no guarantee of hours. This has been viewed by some as punishment for joining a union, and speech example has seen employees struggle to meet their rent payments, whilst some have even lost their homes. The UK National Living Wage stands at #xA3;7.50 for workers aged 25 and over, and #xA3;7.05 for those aged 21 to objective 24. McDonald#x2019;s staff in entertainment example America are leading a campaign to be paid 15 US dollars (#xA3;11.65) an men poem, hour, supported by example, the Service Employee#x2019;s International Union. Ian Hodson, BFAWU national president, said: We, at the BFAWU, fully support the historic decision by these brave McDonald#x2019;s workers to organisational objective stand up and fight back against McDonald#x2019;s - a company that has let them down one too many times.
McDonald#x2019;s has had countless opportunities to entertainment resolve grievances by organisational, offering workers a fair wage and acceptable working conditions. This is a call for change. McDonald#x2019;s, which employs around 85,000 staff in the UK and one million worldwide, announced in speech example April that workers would be offered a choice of flexible or fixed contracts with minimum guaranteed hours. The move followed trials in 23 restaurants, which will be extended to 50 more sites before rolling out nationally across the stroop year. Entertainment Speech. It also promised by stroop test definition, May that hourly-paid workers will have received an average hourly pay increase of 17% over the past two years. Example. A spokesman for test definition, McDonald#x2019;s said: We can confirm that, following a ballot process, the BFAWU have indicated that a small number of our employees representing less that 0.01% of our workforce are intending to strike in two of our restaurants. As per the terms of the ballot, the dispute is solely related to our internal grievance procedures. We are proud of our people at McDonald#x2019;s, they are at the heart of all we do and we work hard to ensure that our teams are treated fairly. Our internal processes underpin that commitment. The Botanist launches mobile cocktail bar in Newcastle pilot scheme. Newcastle#x2019;s popular bar and restaurant The Botanist is going mobile in example a new investment being trialled in the city.
The bar#x2019;s owner the New World Trading Company (NWTC) has added a mobile cocktail bar to its portfolio in response to Marijuana Be Legal increased demand from example, customers, which will see The Botanist take to organisational the road. Designed to pop-up at events and private functions in the North East and beyond, including weddings and speech example special occasions, the Essay operator of UK pub market brands has created The Wanderer sponsored by Plymouth Gin. The firm has invested in a Citroen HY van which has been converted to reflect the leisure group#x2019;s signature style, into a fully-working bar serving cocktails and world ales. The Wanderer, bookable through the Newcastle website, is being piloted in the Newcastle area with plans to roll similar mobile vans around the speech example country if it proves successful. Organisational. Nick Whitby, head of bars at NWTC said: We get inundated with requests asking if we can provide our cocktails and speech drinks for private celebrations. The Wanderer is perfect for definition, this. The vehicle has been adapted to entertainment house a sleek bar but it also promises to deliver our highest standard of award-winning cocktails and drinks no matter where the celebration is, up and down the country.
Jennings Motor Group to create 24 jobs by expanding North East showroom. Jennings Motor Group is creating 24 jobs through the major refurbishment of a North East showroom. The two-storey site opposite the hollow, the Stadium of Light in Sunderland is soon to be converted into example, a dealership that will house the group#x2019;s Kia and Mazda franchises under one roof. The Wearside dealership will become home to two 2,150sq ft showrooms that will be used for each franchise. An eight-ramp workshop and stroop test definition MOT facility will also be installed, along with an independent valet building to speech the rear of the site.
A first floor office will also overlook the Essay Be Legal double height showroom area, and a large forecourt that will be used to display cars outside. Nas Khan OBE, managing director of Jennings, said: We are delighted to announce the expansion of the company#x2019;s Kia and Mazda dealerships to Wearside, which is also giving a boost to the region#x2019;s economy with the entertainment speech example creation of 24 jobs. Both sites will provide the full range of new models available across each marque, in the hollow addition to quality approved used cars, and a range of aftersales facilities, including service, MOT and parts. Plans are also in entertainment speech example place to extend the existing building by the hollow, 20% to further increase the showroom sizes, but that is scheduled at a later date. This will be the first time the entertainment company has brought its Kia and a Right Mazda operations to Wearside. Newcastle law firm Sintons is overseeing the legal aspects of the new dealership. Real Estate partner Alok Loomba is handling the entertainment real estate and development work, while fellow partner Christopher Welch is leading the commercial matters.
The FTSE-100 index opened at 7323.98. The pound at 8am was 1.2854 dollars compared to 1.2847 dollars at the previous close. The euro at 8am was 0.9133 pounds compared to 0.9145 pounds at the previous close. Carlsberg boss: 'No promises' on organisational objective further job cuts amid turnaround plan. The chief executive of Carlsberg has said he cannot rule out further jobs cuts as the beer giant pushes ahead with a sweeping efficiency drive, potentially leaving British jobs hanging in the balance. Example. The Dutch brewer last year revealed it had axed more than 2,000 white-collar jobs as part of the Two Wrongs Make a Right Essay restructure and would outsource beer distribution in example the UK, impacting around 900 jobs by March 2018. It will leave Carlsberg UK with about 950 staff - chiefly across its brewery and head office in organisational objective Northampton and its customer contact centre in Leeds. Entertainment Speech. Carlsberg chief executive Cees #x2018;t Hart said that additional job cuts at the Dutch firm have not been taken off the table. He said: You can never of course say that no cuts will be done in the future, so there are no promises on that one. Social Media Integration Essay. However, we don#x2019;t have any other plans than we had announced more or less a year ago.
But Mr #x2018;t Hart said Carlsberg was still #x201C;in the execution mode#x201D; of its turnaround plan, #x201C;so we#x2019;re not done yet.#x201D; He added: But everybody who is involved in that, and speech example is concerned, has been informed. Carlsberg has its efficiency drive to thank for helping deliver a 20% jump in half-year pre-tax profit to 3.8bn Danish krona (#xA3;4.6bn), despite a smaller 2% rise in half-year revenues to 31.8bn Danish krona (#xA3;38.9bn). Make. Consumer appetite for more expensive drinks helped compensate for a drop in volumes in entertainment the half year to June 30, particularly in the UK where Carlsberg suffered a 7% drop in volumes due to #x201C;tough#x201D; comparables following strong demand during the what is pull factor Euro 2016 football championship. Carlsberg says its focus on #x201C;premium#x201D; brands and speech example craft brews in Essay Should Be Legal Britain helped offset the entertainment example impact. In a bid to broaden its foothold in the craft market, the Dutch firm#x2019;s UK arm snapped up Hackney#x2019;s London Fields Brewery in July. It was a part of a joint venture with US brewer Brooklyn, which Mr t#x2019; Hart said will #x201C;make sure that this kind of spirit of craft brewers remain intact.#x201D; The London Fields Brewery was particularly attractive to us because we felt we could make a positive difference to the business in terms of Essay Be Legal, our portfolio (and) tapping into speech example, some of the trends. While Carlsberg has increased craft and speciality drinks volumes by 25%, the chief executive assured that the company was not on a local brewer takeover mission. Two Wrongs Don't Make A Right. We don#x2019;t have plans to speech certainly get into a kind of chain of acquisitions, or small acquisitions, as London Fields is.
Meanwhile, major consolidation has taken place at the top of the industry, with Anheuser-Busch InBev#x2019;s (ABI) #xA3;79 billion mammoth takeover of SABMiller (SAB) having completed last autumn. But Mr #x2018;t Hart said the mega-deal has had little impact on Carlsberg, aside from Russia, where a mix of challenges resulted in a drop in market share and volume in the six months to the hollow men poem June 30. We are in countries, of course, where either ABI or SAB are strong, but we were not in countries where the combination of them, except then for Russia, moved the needle in entertainment speech terms of market share.
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How to Write Your Nonprofit Bylaws. Your Bylaws establish procedures for example holding elections, organizing meetings and other essential operations of your nonprofit. Your nonprofit’s Bylaws are your organizations internal affairs guidebook. Your Bylaws establish procedures for holding elections, organizing meetings, quorum requirements, membership structure (if needed) and other essential operations of your nonprofit. Your Bylaws will serve as your organizational manual and a Right Essay, will help guide you through the orderly operation of your corporation.
Bylaws are not that difficult to create and there are are many “sample Bylaws” you can find on the web. Below is a complete set of entertainment, Bylaws comprised of excerpts from several established nonprofits. Is Pull. You are free to cut/paste the language as needed or download our Free Sample Bylaws Template as a word doc or pdf using the links at the right. Before we start there is one thing to note. Unlike your Articles of Incorporation, the IRS does not require any specific language to be included in your Bylaws. But best practices suggest that you should still include certain reference to your organizations structure and purpose to serve as a reminder about the makeup of your nonprofit.
Some things to keep in mind as you begin: There is a big difference between the words “shall” and “may”. It is obvious what the entertainment example difference is, so choose wisely between the two. Organisational. It is not necessary to copy these sample Bylaws word for word. Feel free to tweak it to entertainment example, fit the needs and wants of your organization. There are certain things you will need to comply with depending on the laws in the hollow, your state (number of meetings, minimum number of board members, etc.). Check with your Secretary of State to see what laws apply to your nonprofit. Download Sample Nonprofit Bylaws: The name of the corporation is YOUR NONPROFIT NAME HERE. Section 1. Nonprofit Purpose.
This corporation is organized exclusively for charitable, religious, educational, and example, scientific purposes, including, for Social Media Essay such purposes, the making of distributions to entertainment speech, organizations that qualify as exempt organizations under section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, or the corresponding section of any future federal tax code. This language is recommended to be in your Articles of Incorporation by the IRS. It is not necessary to include this in your Bylaws If you plan to apply for men poem 501.c.3 status, then it is a good idea to restate this in your bylaws. Section 2. Specific Purpose. Here you put the purpose of your organization as well as the specific activities you will be involved in. It is a good idea to list the major activities of your nonprofit without being too specific about the details. You want to have a focused scope of entertainment speech example, work without limiting the ability to grow the organization in the future.
The following sample is from Noble Paws, Inc. in Fairbanks Alaska. Noble Paws provides dog sled training and services for persons with special needs, disabilities and at-risk behaviors. This service includes the use of a trained dog sled team and handicap accessible dog sleds. Organisational. The sleds are modified and/or custom made to accommodate the specific needs of the participants. The specific objectives and purpose of entertainment example, this organization shall be: to provide instruction in the sport of dog mushing to persons with special needs, disabilities and/or at-risk behaviors; to provide facilities, equipment and a trained dog team for participants to engage in the promotion and participation of the sport of dog mushing; to Media, provide opportunities for participants to engage in recreational, competitive and backcountry mushing; to sponsor, host and/or participate in events and activities that promote the sport of dog mushing. Membership in your nonprofit can be limited to your board of speech example, directors or it can also include members of the public. This is Two Wrongs Don't Make a Right Essay, a decision you will have to make at your first meeting when you adopt your Bylaws.
The following example outlines requirements and governance of a nonprofit that is open to public membership. It is extracted from the entertainment example Minnesota Council of Nonprofits Sample Bylaws with Membership. If you do not intend to have public membership , then the following wording is all that is necessary: The membership of the corporation shall consist of the members of the Board of test definition, Directors. If you intend to have public members, then continue reading. Section 1. Eligibility for Membership. Application for voting membership shall be open to entertainment, any current resident, property owner, business operator, or employee of the REGIONAL AREA (IF NECESSARY) that supports the purpose statement in Integration, Article II, Section 2. Membership is speech example, granted after completion and receipt of Marijuana, a membership application and annual dues. All memberships shall be granted upon entertainment example, a majority vote of the board. The amount required for Social annual dues shall be $XXX each year, unless changed by a majority vote of the members at an annual meeting of the full membership.
Continued membership is contingent upon being up-to-date on membership dues. Section 3. Speech. Rights of Members. Each member shall be eligible to appoint one voting representative to cast the member’s vote in association elections. Section 4. Don't Make A Right Essay. Resignation and Termination. Any member may resign by speech filing a written resignation with the Social secretary. Resignation shall not relieve a member of unpaid dues, or other charges previously accrued. A member can have their membership terminated by example a majority vote of the Essay Marijuana Be Legal membership. Section 5. Entertainment Speech. Non-voting Membership. The board shall have the authority to establish and the hollow men poem, define non-voting categories of entertainment, membership. If you do not have public membership you can skip this Article. This is also extracted from the Minnesota Council of Nonprofits Sample Bylaws with Membership.
Section 1. Regular Meetings. Regular meetings of the members shall be held quarterly, at is pull factor, a time and place designated by the chair. Note: A membership nonprofit should hold at least one (1) member meeting each year. Some states may require more. Check with your Secretary of State to see if any state statutes apply to member meetings. Section 2. Annual Meetings. An annual meeting of the members shall take place in the month of October (pick a month), the specific date, time and location of which will be designated by the chair. Example. At the annual meeting the members shall elect directors and officers, receive reports on the activities of the Two Wrongs Don't Essay association, and determine the direction of the association for speech the coming year. Section 3. Factor. Special Meetings. Special meetings may be called by the chair, the Executive Committee, or a simple majority of the board of entertainment example, directors.
A petition signed by five percent (5%) of voting members may also call a special meeting. Section 4. Notice of Meetings Printed notice of each meeting shall be given to each voting member, by mail, not less than two weeks prior to the meeting. A quorum for a meeting of the members shall consist of at least twenty percent (20)% of the Social Media active membership. You can set the quorum requirements for member meetings in your Bylaws and/or your Articles of Incorporation. Check with your Secretary of State office to see what quorum requirements may apply to your member meetings.
All issues to entertainment speech, be voted on shall be decided by a simple majority of those present at the meeting in which the vote takes place. Your board of directors are members of your organization. But they are given special responsibilities and authority. If there is one section of Two Wrongs Make Essay, your Bylaws that you will be referencing frequently, this is entertainment speech, it. The following excerpt is from the ASPCA’s sample shelter Bylaws. The affairs of the Corporation shall be managed by its Board of Directors. The Board of the hollow, Directors shall have control of and be responsible for entertainment the management of the affairs and property of the Corporation. Section 2. Number, Tenure, Requirements, and Qualifications. The number of Directors shall be fixed from definition time-to-time by speech example the Directors but shall consist of no less than three (3) nor more than fifteen (15) including the Social Essay following officers: the President, the first Vice-President, second Vice-President, the Secretary, and the Treasurer. Note: Check with your Secretary of entertainment, State to see the minimum number of board members required in your state.
The members of the Board of Directors shall, upon election, immediately enter upon the performance of their duties and shall continue in office until their successors shall be duly elected and qualified. All members of the Board of Directors and Advisory Council must be approved by a majority vote of the members present and voting. No vote on new members of the Board of Directors, or Advisory Council, shall be held unless a quorum of the Board of Directors is present as provided in Section 6 of this Article. No two members of the Board of Directors related by what is pull blood or marriage/domestic partnership within the second degree of consanguinity or affinity may serve on the Board of Directors at the same time. Each member of the speech example Board of Directors shall be a member of the Corporation whose membership dues are paid in full and shall hold office for up to a three-year term as submitted by Essay the nominations committee.
Newly elected members of the Board of Directors who have not served before shall serve initial one-year terms. At the entertainment example conclusion of the initial one-year term, members of the Board of Directors may serve additional three year terms. Their terms shall be staggered so that at the time of Social Essay, each annual meeting, the terms of approximately one-third (1/3) of all members of the Board of Directors shall expire. Each member of the Board of Directors shall attend at least nine (9) monthly meetings of the Board per year. Each member of the Board of example, Directors shall contribute at Social, least one hundred cash dollars ($100) to example, the organization annually, all or part of which may come from the tax deductible value paid for is pull or solicited by the Board member, and received by the Corporation. No contribution credit shall be given for speech example in-kind donations. Provided, however, that the $100 cash requirement for any member who joins after the beginning of the fiscal year for his or her initial one-year term shall be prorated accordingly. Note: As with many things in the Bylaws, it is your choice on what to include as criteria for your board members.
Requiring a cash donation to be on the board is Media Integration Essay, not uncommon and many granting organizations require it. Section 3. Regular and Annual Meetings. An annual meeting of the example Board of Directors shall be held at a time and organisational, day in the month of September of each calendar year and at a location designated by speech example the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may provide by resolution the time and place, for the holding of regular meetings of the Board. Notice of these meetings shall be sent to all members of the Board of Directors no less than ten (10) days, prior to organisational objective, the meeting date. Section 4. Entertainment. Special Meetings. Special meetings of the Board of Directors may be called by or at the request of the President or any two members of the Board of Directors. The person or persons authorized to call special meetings of the Board of Directors may fix any location, as the place for holding any special meeting of the Board called by them. Notice of any special meeting of the Essay Medical Should Board of Directors shall be given at entertainment speech, least two (2) days in advance of the is pull meeting by telephone, facsimile or electronic methods or by written notice.
Any Director may waive notice of any meeting. The attendance of a Director at any meeting shall constitute a waiver of notice of such meeting, except where a Director attends a meeting for the express purpose of objecting to the transaction of any business because the meeting is not lawfully called or convened. Neither the business to be transacted at, nor the purpose of, any regular meeting of the Board of Directors need be specified in the notice or waiver of notice of entertainment, such meeting, unless specifically required by law or by these by-laws. The presence, in person of a majority of current members of the Board of Directors shall be necessary at any meeting to constitute a quorum to transact business, but a lesser number shall have power to adjourn to a specified later date without notice. The act of a majority of the members of the Board of Directors present at a meeting at which a quorum is Two Wrongs Don't, present shall be the entertainment speech example act of the Two Wrongs Make a Right Essay Board of Directors, unless the act of a greater number is required by law or by these by-laws. Any member of the Board of Directors who fails to example, fulfill any of his or her requirements as set forth in Section 2 of this Article by September 1st shall automatically forfeit his or her seat on the Board. Social Media. The Secretary shall notify the Director in speech, writing that his or her seat has been declared vacant, and what, the Board of Directors may forthwith immediately proceed to fill the vacancy. Members of the Board of Directors who are removed for failure to meet any or all of the requirements of Section 2 of this Article are not entitled to entertainment, vote at the annual meeting and factor, are not entitled to the procedure outlined in Section 14 of this Article in entertainment speech example, these by-laws. Whenever any vacancy occurs in the Board of Directors it shall be filled without undue delay by a majority vote of the remaining members of the Board of Directors at a regular meeting.
Vacancies may be created and filled according to specific methods approved by the Board of Directors. Members of the Board of Directors shall not receive any compensation for their services as Directors. Section 10. Organisational Objective. Informal Action by Directors. Any action required by law to entertainment example, be taken at a meeting of the Directors, or any action which may be taken at a meeting of Directors, may be taken without a meeting if a consent in writing, setting forth the action so taken, shall be signed by two-thirds (2/3) of all of the Directors following notice of the intended action to all members of the Board of Directors. Section 11. Confidentiality.
Directors shall not discuss or disclose information about the Corporation or its activities to stroop definition, any person or entity unless such information is already a matter of public knowledge, such person or entity has a need to speech example, know, or the disclosure of such information is in furtherance of the Corporations’ purposes, or can reasonably be expected to benefit the Corporation. Two Wrongs A Right. Directors shall use discretion and good business judgment in entertainment, discussing the affairs of the Corporation with third parties. Without limiting the foregoing, Directors may discuss upcoming fundraisers and the purposes and functions of the Corporation, including but not limited to accounts on men poem deposit in financial institutions. Each Director shall execute a confidentiality agreement consistent herewith upon being voted onto entertainment and accepting appointment to the Board of Directors. Note: this is not a requirement in what, most states and entertainment speech example, its inclusion is optional.
Section 12. Advisory Council. An Advisory Council may be created whose members shall be elected by the members of the Board of Directors annually but who shall have no duties, voting privileges, nor obligations for attendance at regular meetings of the organisational Board. Advisory Council members may attend said meetings at the invitation of a member of the Board of Directors. Members of the Advisory Council shall possess the desire to speech example, serve the Media Essay community and support the work of the Corporation by providing expertise and professional knowledge.
Members of the Advisory Council shall comply with the confidentiality policy set forth herein and shall sign a confidentiality agreement consistent therewith upon being voted onto and accepting appointment to the Advisory Council. Section 13. Parliamentary Procedure. Any question concerning parliamentary procedure at meetings shall be determined by the President by reference to Robert’s Rules of Order. Any member of the Board of Directors or members of the Advisory Council may be removed with or without cause, at any time, by vote of three-quarters (3/4) of the members of the Board of Directors if in their judgment the entertainment speech best interest of the Corporation would be served thereby.
Each member of the Board of Directors must receive written notice of the proposed removal at least ten (10) days in Essay, advance of the proposed action. An officer who has been removed as a member of the Board of Directors shall automatically be removed from office. Members of the Board of Directors who are removed for failure to meet the entertainment example minimum requirements in Section 2 of this Article in these by-laws automatically forfeit their positions on the Board pursuant to Section 7 of this Article, and are not entitled to the removal procedure outlined in Section 14 of this Article. Every Board of Directors needs officers. And many states require that you have specific officer positions on your board. It is OK for one person to hold multiple office positions, though not always wise. Two Wrongs Don't Make A Right Essay. And some states will have certain restriction on speech this. For example, Alaska will not allow the President and the Secretary to be the same person. The following section of bylaw is taken from the Big Brothers and Big Sisters in Wilkes-Barre, PA.
The officers of this Board shall be the President, Vice-President, Secretary and Treasurer. Essay Marijuana Should Be Legal. All officers must have the status of active members of the Board. The President shall preside at all meetings of the membership. The President shall have the following duties: He/She shall preside at all meetings of the Executive Committee. He/She shall have general and speech, active management of the business of this Advisory Board. He/She shall see that all orders and is pull, resolutions of the Advisory Board are brought to the Advisory Board. He/She shall have general superintendence and direction of all other officers of this corporation and see that their duties are properly performed. He/She shall submit a report of the entertainment operations of the program for the fiscal year to the Advisory Board and members at their annual meetings, and from time to time, shall report to the Board all matters that may affect this program. He/She shall be Ex-officio member of Two Wrongs Make a Right Essay, all standing committees and shall have the entertainment example power and duties usually vested in the office of the President. The Vice-President shall be vested with all the Media Essay powers and shall perform all the duties of the President during the absence of the latter.
The Vice-Presidents duties are: He/She shall have the duty of chairing their perspective committee and such other duties as may, from time to time, be determined by the Advisory Board. The Secretary shall attend all meetings of the Advisory Board and of the Executive Committee, and all meetings of members, and assisted by a staff member, will act as a clerk thereof. The Secretary’s duties shall consist of: He/She shall record all votes and minutes of all proceedings in a book to be kept for that purpose. He/She in concert with the President shall make the arrangements for all meetings of the Advisory Board, including the annual meeting of the organization. Speech. Assisted by a staff member, he/she shall send notices of all meetings to Essay Medical Marijuana Should, the members of the Advisory Board and shall take reservations for the meetings. Speech. He/She shall perform all official correspondence from the Advisory Board as may be prescribed by Medical Marijuana Should Be Legal the Advisory Board or the President. The Treasures duties shall be:
He/She shall submit for the Finance and Fund Development Committee approval of all expenditures of funds raised by the Advisory Board, proposed capital expenditures (equipment and furniture) , by the staff of the agency. He/She shall present a complete and entertainment example, accurate report of the finances raised by this Advisory Board and also the Paul Smith Memorial Fund at each meeting of the members, or at any other time upon request to the Advisory Board. He/She shall have the right of inspection of the funds resting with the Big Brother/Big Sister Program including budgets and subsequent audit reports. It shall be the duty of the factor Treasurer to assist in direct audits of the funds of the program according to funding source guidelines and example, generally accepted accounting principles. He/She shall perform such other duties as may be prescribed by the Advisory Board or the Social Integration Essay President under whose supervision he/she shall be. Section 5. Election of Officers. The Nominating Committee shall submit at the meeting prior to the annual meeting the entertainment speech names of those persons for the respective offices of the Advisory Board. Nominations shall also be received from the floor after the Essay Should Be Legal report of the Nominating Committee. The election shall be held at the annual meeting of the Advisory Board.
Those officers elected shall serve a term of one (1) year, commencing at the next meeting following the speech example annual meeting. Officers of the Executive Committee shall be eligible to succeed themselves in their respective offices for two (2) terms only. Section 6. Removal of Integration, Officer. The Advisory Board with the concurrence of 3/4 of the members voting at the meeting may remove any officer of the Board of Directors and elect a successor for entertainment speech the unexpired term. No officer of the Board of Directors shall be expelled without an Essay Should Be Legal, opportunity to speech example, be heard and notice of such motion of expulsion shall be given to the member in writing twenty (20) days prior to the meeting at which motion shall be presented, setting forth the Don't Make reasons of the Board for such expulsion. The Nominating Committee shall also be responsible for nominating persons to fill vacancies which occur between annual meetings, including those of officers. Nominations shall be sent in writing to members of the Advisory Board at least two (2) weeks prior to the next meeting at which the election will be held. The persons so elected shall hold membership or office for the unexpired term in respect of which such vacancy occurred. This part of the Articles are extracted from the Minnesota Council of Nonprofits Sample Bylaws with Membership. Section 1. Committee Formation. The board may create committees as needed, such as fundraising, housing, public relations, data collection, etc.
The board chair appoints all committee chairs. Section 2. Executive Committee. The four officers serve as the members of the Executive Committee. Except for the power to amend the entertainment Articles of Incorporation and Bylaws, the Executive Committee shall have all the powers and authority of the board of directors in the intervals between meetings of the Social Media Integration board of directors, and is subject to entertainment example, the direction and control of the full board. Though not required, it is highly recommended that the executive director be required to attend all board meetings.
This will ensure the executive director is aware of all board discussions and the board is aware of the executive’s activities. Section 3. Finance Committee. The treasurer is the chair of the Finance Committee, which includes three other board members. The Finance Committee is responsible for developing and reviewing fiscal procedures, fundraising plans, and the annual budget with staff and other board members. The board must approve the budget and all expenditures must be within budget. Any major change in what factor, the budget must be approved by the board or the Executive Committee. The fiscal year shall be the calendar year. Entertainment Example. Annual reports are required to be submitted to the board showing income, expenditures, and pending income. The financial records of the organization are public information and shall be made available to the membership, board members, and the public. Even if you do not have any paid staff members for your organization, it is good to prepare for the eventuality of your first hire.
The following Article is from the ASPCA’s sample shelter Bylaws. Section 1: Executive Director. The Board of Directors shall hire an Executive Director who shall serve at the will of the Board. The Executive Director shall have immediate and overall supervision of the operations of the Corporation, and shall direct the day-to-day business of the Two Wrongs a Right Corporation, maintain the example properties of the Two Wrongs Make Corporation, hire, discharge, and determine the salaries and other compensation of all staff members under the Executive Director’s supervision, and example, perform such additional duties as may be directed by the Executive Committee or the Board of Directors. No officer, Executive Committee member or member of the the hollow Board of Directors may individually instruct the Executive Director or any other employee. The Executive Director shall make such reports at the Board and Executive Committee meetings as shall be required by entertainment the President or the Board.
The Executive Director shall be an Essay, ad-hoc member of all committees. The Executive Director may not be related by blood or marriage/domestic partnership within the second degree of consanguinity or affinity to any member of the Board of Directors or Advisory Council. The Executive Director may be hired at any meeting of the Board of Directors by a majority vote and shall serve until removed by the Board of Directors upon an affirmative vote of three-quarters (3/4) of the members present at any meeting of the Board Directors. Such removal may be with or without cause. Nothing herein shall confer any compensation or other rights on any Executive Director, who shall remain an employee terminable at entertainment speech example, will, as provided in this Section. Notice that this example says “shall hire” in the first sentence. If you are not intending to Social Essay, hire staff in the immediate future I would advise you change that to “may hire”. The following verbiage is cut/paste from the IRS Form 1023 instructions.
It is the lanquage they recommend you have in your bylaws to address conflict of interest. This verbiage is not required but I recommend you include it. Entertainment. When you apply for your 501.c.3 status you will be asked – in detail – about your conflict of interest policy. The purpose of the definition conflict of interest policy is to protect this tax-exempt organization’s (Organization) interest when it is contemplating entering into a transaction or arrangement that might benefit the speech example private interest of an officer or director of the Medical Should Be Legal Organization or might result in example, a possible excess benefit transaction. This policy is intended to supplement but not replace any applicable state and Social Integration, federal laws governing conflict of speech example, interest applicable to nonprofit and charitable organizations.
Interested Person. Any director, principal officer, or member of a committee with governing board delegated powers, who has a direct or indirect financial interest, as defined below, is an interested person. [Hospital Insert – for hospitals that complete Schedule C, include the following: If a person is an interested person with respect to the hollow, any entity in the health care system of which the organization is a part, he or she is an interested person with respect to all entities in the health care system.] Financial Interest. A person has a financial interest if the person has, directly or indirectly, through business, investment, or family: An ownership or investment interest in any entity with which the Organization has a transaction or arrangement, A compensation arrangement with the example Organization or with any entity or individual with which the Organization has a transaction or arrangement, or A potential ownership or investment interest in, or compensation arrangement with, any entity or individual with which the the hollow men poem Organization is negotiating a transaction or arrangement. Compensation includes direct and indirect remuneration as well as gifts or favors that are not insubstantial. A financial interest is example, not necessarily a conflict of interest.
Under Article III, Section 2, a person who has a financial interest may have a conflict of interest only if the appropriate governing board or committee decides that a conflict of interest exists. Duty to Disclose. What Is Pull Factor. In connection with any actual or possible conflict of interest, an interested person must disclose the existence of the financial interest and be given the opportunity to disclose all material facts to speech example, the directors and members of committees with governing board delegated powers considering the proposed transaction or arrangement. Determining Whether a Conflict of Interest Exists. After disclosure of the financial interest and all material facts, and after any discussion with the interested person, he/she shall leave the governing board or committee meeting while the determination of a conflict of is pull, interest is discussed and voted upon. The remaining board or committee members shall decide if a conflict of entertainment speech, interest exists. Procedures for Addressing the Conflict of Interest An interested person may make a presentation at the governing board or committee meeting, but after the objective presentation, he/she shall leave the meeting during the discussion of, and the vote on, the transaction or arrangement involving the possible conflict of interest. The chairperson of the governing board or committee shall, if appropriate, appoint a disinterested person or committee to investigate alternatives to the proposed transaction or arrangement. After exercising due diligence, the speech governing board or committee shall determine whether the Organization can obtain with reasonable efforts a more advantageous transaction or arrangement from a person or entity that would not give rise to a conflict of interest. If a more advantageous transaction or arrangement is not reasonably possible under circumstances not producing a conflict of interest, the governing board or committee shall determine by a majority vote of the disinterested directors whether the transaction or arrangement is in the Organization’s best interest, for its own benefit, and whether it is fair and reasonable. In conformity with the above determination it shall make its decision as to objective, whether to enter into the transaction or arrangement.
Violations of the Conflicts of Interest Policy If the governing board or committee has reasonable cause to believe a member has failed to entertainment example, disclose actual or possible conflicts of factor, interest, it shall inform the member of the basis for such belief and afford the member an opportunity to explain the alleged failure to disclose. If, after hearing the member’s response and after making further investigation as warranted by the circumstances, the governing board or committee determines the example member has failed to what, disclose an actual or possible conflict of interest, it shall take appropriate disciplinary and corrective action. Section 4. Records of entertainment speech example, Proceedings. The minutes of the governing board and all committees with board delegated powers shall contain: The names of the persons who disclosed or otherwise were found to have a financial interest in connection with an Two Wrongs Don't Make a Right, actual or possible conflict of interest, the nature of the financial interest, any action taken to determine whether a conflict of speech, interest was present, and the governing board’s or committee’s decision as to whether a conflict of interest in fact existed. The names of the persons who were present for discussions and votes relating to Two Wrongs Don't a Right, the transaction or arrangement, the content of the discussion, including any alternatives to the proposed transaction or arrangement, and a record of any votes taken in connection with the proceedings. A voting member of the governing board who receives compensation, directly or indirectly, from the Organization for services is precluded from voting on speech example matters pertaining to that member’s compensation. A voting member of what factor, any committee whose jurisdiction includes compensation matters and entertainment speech example, who receives compensation, directly or indirectly, from the Organization for services is precluded from voting on matters pertaining to that member’s compensation. No voting member of the governing board or any committee whose jurisdiction includes compensation matters and who receives compensation, directly or indirectly, from the Organization, either individually or collectively, is prohibited from organisational providing information to any committee regarding compensation. [Hospital Insert – for hospitals that complete Schedule C include the following: Physicians who receive compensation from the Organization, whether directly or indirectly or as employees or independent contractors, are precluded from membership on any committee whose jurisdiction includes compensation matters.
No physician, either individually or collectively, is prohibited from providing information to any committee regarding physician compensation.] Section 6. Annual Statements. Each director, principal officer and member of a committee with governing board delegated powers shall annually sign a statement which affirms such person: Has received a copy of the entertainment conflicts of interest policy, Has read and understands the policy, Has agreed to comply with the policy, and Understands the Organization is objective, charitable and in order to maintain its federal tax exemption it must engage primarily in activities which accomplish one or more of its tax-exempt purposes. Section 7. Periodic Reviews. To ensure the Organization operates in a manner consistent with charitable purposes and does not engage in entertainment speech, activities that could jeopardize its tax-exempt status, periodic reviews shall be conducted. The periodic reviews shall, at a minimum, include the following subjects: Whether compensation arrangements and what is pull factor, benefits are reasonable, based on competent survey information, and the result of entertainment, arm’s length bargaining. Whether partnerships, joint ventures, and arrangements with management organizations conform to Two Wrongs Make a Right Essay, the Organization’s written policies, are properly recorded, reflect reasonable investment or payments for goods and services, further charitable purposes and do not result in speech, inurement, impermissible private benefit or in an excess benefit transaction.
Section 8. Use of Outside Experts. When conducting the periodic reviews as provided for in Article VII, the Organization may, but need not, use outside advisors. Objective. If outside experts are used, their use shall not relieve the governing board of its responsibility for ensuring periodic reviews are conducted. …a promise by example the other party to cover your losses if they do something that causes you harm or causes a third party to sue you. In other words, an indemnity clause is authored to help prevent board members and employees from stroop being sued if someone were to file a lawsuit against your organization. OK. So, maybe that is not exactly how indemnification works. But I know it is speech, important to stroop definition, have this in your Bylaws. And, it is entertainment speech example, doubly important to Social Media Integration Essay, purchase liability insurance for your staff and board of directors.
The following indemnification section has been extracted from the Special Olympics Bylaws. To the full extent authorized under the laws of the District of speech, Columbia, the corporation shall indemnify any director, officer, employee, or agent, or former member, director, officer, employee, or agent of the corporation, or any person who may have served at the corporation’s request as a director or officer of another corporation (each of the foregoing members, directors, officers, employees, agents, and persons is referred to in this Article individually as an “indemnitee”), against expenses actually and what is pull factor, necessarily incurred by such indemnitee in connection with the defense of any action, suit, or proceeding in which that indemnitee is made a party by reason of being or having been such member, director, officer, employee, or agent, except in relation to matters as to which that indemnitee shall have been adjudged in such action, suit, or proceeding to entertainment speech, be liable for negligence or misconduct in the performance of a duty. Organisational Objective. The foregoing indemnification shall not be deemed exclusive of any other rights to which an example, indemnitee may be entitled under any bylaw, agreement, resolution of the Board of Directors, or otherwise. Expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees) incurred in defending a civil or criminal action, suit, or proceeding may be paid by the corporation in advance of the final disposition of Don't Essay, such action, suit, or proceeding, if authorized by the Board of Directors, upon entertainment speech example, receipt of an undertaking by or on Integration behalf of the entertainment indemnitee to repay such amount if it shall ultimately be determined that such indemnitee is not entitled to be indemnified hereunder. The corporation may purchase and objective, maintain insurance on behalf of any person who is or was a member, director, officer, employee, or agent against any liability asserted against such person and incurred by entertainment such person in any such capacity or arising out of such person’s status as such, whether or not the corporation would have the power or obligation to indemnify such person against such liability under this Article. This section is boilerplate and factor, extracted from the Bylaws of the Special Olympics. The corporation shall keep complete books and entertainment, records of account and minutes of the proceedings of the Board of Directors. This section is boilerplate and extracted from the Bylaws of the Special Olympics. Section 1. Don't. Articles of speech example, Incorporation. The Articles may be amended in any manner at any regular or special meeting of the Don't Make Essay Board of Directors, provided that specific written notice of the proposed amendment of the Articles setting forth the proposed amendment or a summary of the changes to be effected thereby shall be given to each director at least three days in advance of such a meeting if delivered personally, by facsimile, or by e-mail or at entertainment speech example, least five days if delivered by mail. As required by the Articles, any amendment to Article III or Article VI of the Articles shall require the affirmative vote of all directors then in office.
All other amendments of the Articles shall require the affirmative vote of an absolute majority of Medical Should, directors then in office. The Board of Directors may amend these Bylaws by majority vote at any regular or special meeting. Written notice setting forth the entertainment example proposed amendment or summary of the changes to be effected thereby shall be given to each director within the time and the manner provided for the giving of notice of meetings of a Right, directors. It’s good practice to record the date the Bylaws are passed (or amended) and have the board president sign the speech example final document with the Secretary attesting to the signature. Some organizations will have all board members sign this document. We, the undersigned, are all of the initial directors or incorporators of this corporation, and we consent to, and hereby do, adopt the foregoing Bylaws, consisting of the ## preceding pages, as the Bylaws of this corporation.
ADOPTED AND APPROVED by Two Wrongs Essay the Board of entertainment example, Directors on this ____ day of _________, 20__. Tracy Wilson, President – Nonprofit, Inc. ATTEST: Mike Harlow, Secretary – Nonprofit, Inc.
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Amylase vs Starch vs Temp vs Buffers Lab Report. Entertainment? “Effects of Amylase reaction time when breaking down starch. ” Experiment Goal: The goal of what our experiment was to understand the similarities in digestion by finding out how long it takes for the amylase enzyme, found in saliva, to break down our substrate, starch. Entertainment Example? Hypothesis: While understanding that starch is broken down by our saliva (amylase enzyme) we predict that the higher the concentration of the enzyme the faster the breakdown of the starch. Materials: Brightly colored test tube rack, kim wipes, beaker for organisational objective, trash 1. 5 ml microcentrifuge tubes. Test plate Micropipetters and tips DI water Buffer solution … 4. 5 to 8. 8 I2Kl (grams iodine) Starch solution Enzyme (amylase) 80 degree Celsius water (HOT) Floating test rack Procedure: While controlling the amount of starch and the amount of buffer we use with a pH of 5. 8, we want to investigate how changes in enzyme concentration affect reaction rates. First we put 500 ml of speech example amylase from 0. 2% solution (provided by Michael Bunch) into an experimental tube.
We then put 3 drops of Iodine into a test plate (the color is brown). Need essay sample on Amylase vs Starch vs Temp vs Buffers Lab Report ? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you for only $12.90/page. While ready to time our reaction, we added 250 ml of starch solution into the mixture of buffer and Two Wrongs Don't a Right, amylase. The reaction had started instantly. We first timed the reaction at 20 seconds. At 20 seconds, we removed a 25 ml sample of the mixture and dropped it into one of the test sights of speech example iodine. The color of the a Right Essay, brown iodine turned immediately purple. Traces of purple in entertainment speech, the iodine and amylase mixture indicate that the amylase did not have enough time to Essay Should break down the starch completely.
We tried this pattern of every 20 seconds for up to three minutes. The amylase was not breaking down the starch. Because no reaction after too much time, we increased the amylase solution to 0. 5% and entertainment example, started our experiment over. Essay Marijuana Should Be Legal? After resetting our experiment back up we then made our solution of entertainment speech amylase and Media Essay, starch and entertainment speech example, started our timing intervals at 10 seconds. The color of the iodine was brown after only 10 seconds. This indicated that upping the amylase concentration to 0. 5% made the reaction faster, but not too fast. Since the reaction was too fast for complete observation we diluted the objective, 0. 5% solution so that it could slow down the reaction time.
We tried a 200/800 enzyme to buffer or 0. 1% of the example, 0. 5% solution. After mixing the solution and timing again we discovered that 10 seconds was still too fast and that the iodine was again brown. With another diluting solution in mind we diluted the 0. 5% dilution to a 100/900 ml solution and again after 10 seconds STILL TOO FAST. Another appropriation was made with a 60/940 ml solution, and to no surprise the reaction was still too fast. While running out of options we finally decided to try one last solution of a 20/980 ml solution and found that after 10 seconds the iodine was finally purple. We then kept timing with a 10 second interval, and at 20 seconds took another 25 ml sample and Marijuana Should Be Legal, the starch was resolved and the iodine was then brown. While finding a way to slow down the speech example, reaction 10 seconds we found that a 20/980 or 1/50 enzyme to buffer it took 20 seconds for the amylase to break down the starch. Now with one more curiosity we tried a 10/490 solution and what is pull factor, found that 10 seconds was purple, 20 seconds was purple, and that the speech, starch was resolved at 30 seconds in brown iodine. Conclusion: In this part of the experiment we learned that our hypothesis was correct and that the organisational objective, concentration was extremely important and needed to be changed drastically with dilutions to be able to see the effect in slow motion. PART II of enzyme vs starch experiment: After becoming quite good at example, being able to test enzyme to starch solutions we were to the hollow men poem find out entertainment, whether the the hollow men poem, pH of the buffer had an effect to speech the reaction time.
Hypothesis: With learning that the amylase concentration is a big factor in the experiment we predict that the pH will have the same effect and that the lower the pH the faster the what factor, reaction time. Procedure: With the same experiment set up and design we controlled the solution with what we left off and had a 10/990 enzyme to buffer solution, but changed the pH of the buffer. We then started out with a 4. 5 pH level and started mixing and timing. We timed in 5 second intervals and found that the starch lasted for 20 seconds. After learning that pH had a fast reaction time with an acidic pH level we decided to try a base pH level buffer of 8. Entertainment? 8. We then set up our products the same as the others with a test tube with 490 ml of buffer, then adding 10 ml of amylase solution, then finally adding 250 ml of starch. We then started timing in 10 second interval. The reaction time of the starch breakdown was well past 4 minutes, so we decided to end this round of tests. With one more pH level to men poem test, our hypothesis looked correct. With a 7. 4 pH level we used 20 second intervals with the exact same solution and found that it took starch a total of 4 minutes to totally break down. Conclusion: In conclusion to part II we discovered that our hypothesis was correct and that the more acidic the pH the entertainment speech, faster amylase is able to is pull break down starch.
Part III of Amylase vs Starch experiment: With the new understanding of example amylase, starch, and pH level reactions the last variable we wanted to test was the effect temperature had on Essay Medical Marijuana Should, the reaction time. Hypothesis: Our hypothesis was that the hotter the water the speech, faster the reaction time of starch breakdown. Procedure: Starting with 990 ml of 7. Social Essay? 4 pH buffer, 10 ml of enzyme, and 250 ml of starch floating in a floating test rack in a water bath of 80 degree Celsius heater water we let the entertainment speech, experiment elements heat up for two minutes before we started mixing and timing our solutions. After letting the elements heat up we mixed our solution and men poem, started timing with 10 second intervals and found that once the starch was added to iodine the reaction was profusely purple. We timed until 4 minutes and entertainment speech example, discovered that the starch never broke down.
Conclusion: After running part III of this experiment we learned that our hypothesis was wrong, and actually acted the exact opposite. Heat slows down the enzymes ability breakdown of starch immensely. We were unable to get the starch to break down with so little time. The cooler the environment the faster the amylase enzyme is Social Media Integration able to break down starch.
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essays by speech, emerson A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the rose; And, striving to be man, the Social Media Essay worm. Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is retrospective. It builds the sepulchres of the fathers. It writes biographies, histories, and criticism.
The foregoing generations beheld God and speech example nature face to face; we, through their eyes. What Is Pull Factor? Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and not of tradition, and example a religion by revelation to us, and not the history of theirs? Embosomed for a season in nature, whose floods of life stream around and through us, and invite us by the powers they supply, to action proportioned to nature, why should we grope among the test definition dry bones of the past, or put the speech example living generation into masquerade out of its faded wardrobe? The sun shines to-day also. There is more wool and flax in the fields. There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Let us demand our own works and Two Wrongs Don't Essay laws and worship. Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable. We must trust the example perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in our minds, the order of things can satisfy. Every man's condition is a solution in hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put.
He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Let us inquire, to what end is nature? All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of nature. We have theories of races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to men poem an idea of creation. Speech? We are now so far from the road to truth, that religious teachers dispute and hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and frivolous.
But to a sound judgment, the most abstract truth is the Medical Marijuana Should Be Legal most practical. Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. Now many are thought not only unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex. Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of entertainment example, Nature and the Soul.
Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is separate from the hollow men poem us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. In enumerating the values of nature and casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in its common and in its philosophical import. In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is not material; no confusion of thought will occur. Nature, in the common sense, refers to essences unchanged by man; space, the air, the river, the speech leaf. Art is applied to the mixture of his will with the test same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture. But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and washing, that in an impression so grand as that of the entertainment speech example world on the human mind, they do not vary the result. Chapter I NATURE To go into solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from stroop test definition society. I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me. But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches. One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in speech, the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the sublime.
Seen in the streets of cities, how great they are! If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of God which had been shown! But every night come out the hollow men poem these envoys of beauty, and light the universe with their admonishing smile. The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the example mind is open to their influence. Nature never wears a mean appearance. Neither does the wisest man extort her secret, and lose his curiosity by Social Integration, finding out all her perfection.
Nature never became a toy to entertainment speech example a wise spirit. The flowers, the Essay Marijuana animals, the mountains, reflected the wisdom of his best hour, as much as they had delighted the simplicity of his childhood. When we speak of nature in this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in the mind. We mean the integrity of example, impression made by manifold natural objects. It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the tree of the poet. Organisational? The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms.
Miller owns this field, Locke that, and speech Manning the woodland beyond. But none of them owns the landscape. There is a property in test, the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet. This is the best part of these men's farms, yet to this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing.
The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child. The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food. In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the example man, in spite of real sorrows. Nature says, -- he is my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me.
Not the sun or the summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of delight; for every hour and change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the mind, from breathless noon to grimmest midnight. Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece. In good health, the air is a cordial of incredible virtue. Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at Essay Marijuana Should Be Legal twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. I am glad to the brink of fear.
In the woods too, a man casts off his years, as the snake his slough, and at what period soever of speech example, life, is always a child. In the woods, is perpetual youth. Within these plantations of God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and what factor the guest sees not how he should tire of them in a thousand years. In the woods, we return to speech reason and faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes. Social Media Integration Essay? I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the entertainment example currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God.
The name of the nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to be brothers, to be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is then a trifle and a disturbance. I am the lover of uncontained and immortal beauty. In the wilderness, I find something more dear and connate than in objective, streets or villages. In the tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature. The greatest delight which the fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and entertainment the vegetable. I am not alone and unacknowledged. They nod to me, and I to them. The waving of the boughs in the storm, is new to me and old.
It takes me by surprise, and yet is not unknown. Its effect is like that of a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right. Yet it is certain that the power to produce this delight, does not reside in nature, but in man, or in a harmony of both. It is necessary to Don't use these pleasures with great temperance. For, nature is not always tricked in holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for the frolic of the entertainment speech nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today. Nature always wears the colors of the spirit. To a man laboring under calamity, the heat of his own fire hath sadness in it.
Then, there is a kind of contempt of the landscape felt by a Right, him who has just lost by death a dear friend. The sky is less grand as it shuts down over less worth in the population. Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the final cause of the world, will discern a multitude of usesthat result. They all admit of speech example, being thrown into one of the following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and Discipline. Under the general name of Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to nature. This, of course, is a benefit which is the hollow, temporary and mediate, not ultimate, like its service to the soul. Yet although low, it is perfect in its kind, and entertainment speech is the the hollow only use of nature which all men apprehend. The misery of man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the entertainment speech steady and prodigal provision that has been made for his support and delight on this green ball which floats him through the heavens. What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of water beneath, this firmament of earth between? this zodiac of lights, this tent of Two Wrongs a Right, dropping clouds, this striped coat of climates, this fourfold year? Beasts, fire, water, stones, and corn serve him.
The field is at once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed. More servants wait on man. Than he 'll take notice of. ------ Nature, in its ministry to man, is not only the material, but is also the entertainment process and the result. All the parts incessantly work into each other's hands for the profit of man. What Is Pull? The wind sows the seed; the sun evaporates the sea; the wind blows the vapor to the field; the ice, on the other side of the planet, condenses rain on entertainment speech this; the rain feeds the plant; the plant feeds the animal; and thus the endless circulations of the divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by Don't Make a Right Essay, the wit of man, of the same natural benefactors. Example? He no longer waits for favoring gales, but by Don't, means of steam, he realizes the fable of speech, Aeolus's bag, and men poem carries the two and thirty winds in entertainment, the boiler of stroop, his boat. To diminish friction, he paves the road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of men, animals, and merchandise behind him, he darts through the country, from town to town, like an eagle or a swallow through the air. By the aggregate of these aids, how is the entertainment face of the world changed, from the era of Noah to that of Napoleon! The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for him. He goes to Two Wrongs a Right Essay the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to the book-shop, and the human race read and write of example, all that happens, for him; to the court-house, and nations repair his wrongs.
He sets his house upon the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for him. But there is no need of specifying particulars in this class of uses. The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the general remark, that this mercenary benefit is one which has respect to a farther good. A man is fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of man is served by nature, namely, the Medical Marijuana Be Legal love of Beauty.
The ancient Greeks called the world , beauty. Such is the entertainment constitution of Two Wrongs a Right, all things, or such the plastic power of the human eye, that the primary forms, as the sky, the mountain, the tree, the entertainment example animal, give us a delight in Make a Right Essay, and for themselves; a pleasure arising from outline, color, motion, and grouping. This seems partly owing to the eye itself. The eye is the best of speech, artists. By the mutual action of its structure and of the men poem laws of light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of objects, of entertainment, what character soever, into a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the particular objects are mean and objective unaffecting, the landscape which they compose, is round and symmetrical. And as the entertainment eye is the best composer, so light is the first of painters. There is Make a Right, no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful.
And the stimulus it affords to the sense, and a sort of infinitude which it hath, like space and speech time, make all matter gay. Even the corpse has its own beauty. But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the individual forms are agreeable to the eye, as is proved by our endless imitations of some of them, as the Two Wrongs Don't acorn, the grape, the pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the entertainment example egg, the wings and forms of most birds, the lion's claw, the serpent, the organisational butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and the forms of many trees, as the palm. For better consideration, we may distribute the aspects of Beauty in a threefold manner. 1. First, the simple perception of natural forms is a delight. The influence of the forms and actions in nature, is entertainment speech, so needful to man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to lie on the confines of commodity and beauty.
To the body and mind which have been cramped by noxious work or company, nature is medicinal and restores their tone. The tradesman, the attorney comes out of the din and craft of the street, and sees the sky and Two Wrongs Don't Make Essay the woods, and is a man again. In their eternal calm, he finds himself. The health of the eye seems to demand a horizon. Entertainment Speech? We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough. But in other hours, Nature satisfies by its loveliness, and without any mixture of corporeal benefit. Factor? I see the spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against my house, from day-break to sun-rise, with emotions which an angel might share. The long slender bars of entertainment example, cloud float like fishes in the sea of crimson light. From the earth, as a shore, I look out into that silent sea. I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the active enchantment reaches my dust, and I dilate and conspire with the morning wind.
How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements! Give me health and Integration a day, and I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is my Assyria; the example sun-set and moon-rise my Paphos, and unimaginable realms of faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams. Not less excellent, except for our less susceptibility in the afternoon, was the charm, last evening, of a January sunset. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into what is pull, pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and the air had so much life and sweetness, that it was a pain to come within doors. What was it that nature would say? Was there no meaning in the live repose of the valley behind the mill, and which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for me in words? The leafless trees become spires of flame in example, the sunset, with the definition blue east for their back-ground, and the stars of the dead calices of flowers, and every withered stem and stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to speech example the mute music. The inhabitants of cities suppose that the country landscape is pleasant only half the year.
I please myself with the graces of the winter scenery, and Don't Make believe that we are as much touched by it as by entertainment, the genial influences of summer. To the attentive eye, each moment of the is pull factor year has its own beauty, and in the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. The heavens change every moment, and reflect their glory or gloom on the plains beneath. The state of the example crop in test definition, the surrounding farms alters the expression of the earth from week to week. The succession of native plants in the pastures and roadsides, which makes the silent clock by which time tells the summer hours, will make even the speech example divisions of the day sensible to a keen observer. The tribes of birds and insects, like the plants punctual to their time, follow each other, and the year has room for all. By water-courses, the variety is greater. In July, the blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in large beds in the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in continual motion. Art cannot rival this pomp of purple and gold. Indeed the river is a perpetual gala, and boasts each month a new ornament.
But this beauty of Nature which is seen and felt as beauty, is the least part. The shows of day, the dewy morning, the rainbow, mountains, orchards in blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in still water, and the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and mock us with their unreality. Go out of the house to see the moon, and 't is mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon your necessary journey. The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of Essay Medical Marijuana Be Legal, October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to find it, and it is entertainment speech, gone: 't is only a mirage as you look from the windows of diligence. 2. The presence of a higher, namely, of the spiritual element is the hollow men poem, essential to its perfection. The high and divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is that which is found in combination with the speech example human will.
Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue. Every natural action is graceful. Stroop? Every heroic act is also decent, and causes the place and the bystanders to shine. We are taught by great actions that the universe is the speech property of every individual in it. Every rational creature has all nature for his dowry and estate. It is the hollow men poem, his, if he will. He may divest himself of it; he may creep into a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is entitled to the world by his constitution. In proportion to example the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the world into himself. All those things for which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and waves, said Gibbon, are always on the side of the ablest navigators. So are the sun and moon and all the stars of heaven.
When a noble act is done, -- perchance in a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas and his three hundred martyrs consume one day in dying, and the sun and moon come each and Social look at speech them once in the steep defile of Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche, gathers in his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to add the beauty of the scene to the beauty of the deed? When the objective bark of Columbus nears the entertainment shore of America; -- before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of objective, cane; the sea behind; and the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the man from the living picture? Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and entertainment savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envelope great actions. When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to the hollow suffer death, as the champion of the English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, You never sate on so glorious a seat. Charles II., to intimidate the citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to be drawn in speech, an open coach, through the principal streets of the city, on his way to organisational objective the scaffold. Speech Example? But, his biographer says, the stroop definition multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side. In private places, among sordid objects, an act of truth or heroism seems at once to draw to itself the sky as its temple, the sun as its candle. Nature stretcheth out her arms to embrace man, only let his thoughts be of equal greatness. Willingly does she follow his steps with the rose and the violet, and bend her lines of entertainment, grandeur and grace to the decoration of her darling child.
Only let his thoughts be of what is pull factor, equal scope, and entertainment the frame will suit the Two Wrongs Make Essay picture. A virtuous man is in unison with her works, and makes the central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in speech, our memory with the geography and climate of Greece. The visible heavens and earth sympathize with Jesus. Stroop Test? And in common life, whosoever has seen a person of powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the persons, the opinions, and the day, and nature became ancillary to a man. 3. There is still another aspect under which the entertainment speech beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an object of the intellect. Beside the relation of things to virtue, they have a relation to Social Media Essay thought. The intellect searches out the absolute order of things as they stand in the mind of God, and without the colors of affection.
The intellectual and the active powers seem to succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the one, generates the exclusive activity of the other. There is something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and entertainment working in animals; each prepares and will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in relation to actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and comes because it is unsought, remain for the apprehension and pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in its turn, of the active power. Nothing divine dies. All good is factor, eternally reproductive.
The beauty of nature reforms itself in entertainment speech example, the mind, and not for barren contemplation, but for new creation. All men are in some degree impressed by the face of the world; some men even to delight. This love of beauty is Taste. Others have the same love in such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in new forms. The creation of beauty is Art.
The production of a work of art throws a light upon the mystery of Essay Medical Marijuana, humanity. A work of art is an abstract or epitome of the world. It is the entertainment speech example result or expression of nature, in miniature. For, although the works of nature are innumerable and all different, the result or the expression of men poem, them all is similar and single. Entertainment? Nature is a sea of forms radically alike and even unique. A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the ocean, make an analogous impression on the mind.
What is common to them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty. The standard of beauty is the entire circuit of natural forms, -- the what is pull factor totality of nature; which the Italians expressed by entertainment example, defining beauty il piu nell' uno. Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in the whole. A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace. The poet, the painter, the sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on one point, and each in his several work to satisfy the love of the hollow men poem, beauty which stimulates him to produce. Thus is Art, a nature passed through the alembic of entertainment speech, man. Thus in art, does nature work through the will of a man filled with the beauty of her first works.
The world thus exists to Essay Medical Be Legal the soul to satisfy the entertainment desire of beauty. This element I call an ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty. Beauty, in Don't Essay, its largest and profoundest sense, is one expression for the universe. God is the all-fair. Entertainment Example? Truth, and goodness, and beauty, are but different faces of the same All. But beauty in nature is not ultimate. It is the herald of inward and eternal beauty, and is not alone a solid and satisfactory good. It must stand as a part, and not as yet the last or highest expression of the the hollow final cause of Nature. Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is a third use which Nature subserves to man.
Nature is the vehble, and threefold degree. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. 2. Particular natural facts are symbols of particular spiritual facts. 3. Nature is the symbol of spirit. 1. Words are signs of natural facts.
The use of speech example, natural history is to give us aid in supernatural history: the use of the outer creation, to Social Media give us language for speech example the beings and changes of the organisational inward creation. Every word which is used to entertainment speech express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to its root, is found to be borrowed from some material appearance. Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of a line ; supercilious , the raising of the eyebrow . We say the heart to express emotion, the stroop test definition head to denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from sensible things, and now appropriated to spiritual nature. Most of the process by which this transformation is made, is hidden from us in the remote time when language was framed; but the same tendency may be daily observed in children. Children and savages use only entertainment nouns or names of things, which they convert into Social, verbs, and apply to analogous mental acts. 2. But this origin of all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is our least debt to nature. It is not words only that are emblematic; it is things which are emblematic.
Every natural fact is a symbol of some spiritual fact. Every appearance in nature corresponds to some state of the mind, and that state of the mind can only be described by presenting that natural appearance as its picture. An enraged man is a lion, a cunning man is a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is a torch. A lamb is entertainment speech example, innocence; a snake is Medical Marijuana Should, subtle spite; flowers express to entertainment speech example us the delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for knowledge and ignorance; and heat for love. Visible distance behind and before us, is stroop, respectively our image of memory and hope. Who looks upon a river in a meditative hour, and is not reminded of the flux of all things? Throw a stone into the stream, and the circles that propagate themselves are the speech example beautiful type of all influence. Man is conscious of a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in a firmament, the natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and shine. This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and men.
And the Essay blue sky in example, which the private earth is buried, the sky with its eternal calm, and full of everlasting orbs, is the type of Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in relation to nature, we call Spirit. Spirit is the Creator. Spirit hath life in itself. And man in all ages and countries, embodies it in his language, as the FATHER. It is easily seen that there is nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and pervade nature. These are not the dreams of a few poets, here and test definition there, but man is an analogist, and studies relations in all objects. He is entertainment speech, placed in the centre of beings, and a ray of relation passes from Two Wrongs Don't Essay every other being to him.
And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man. All the facts in natural history taken by example, themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex. But marry it to human history, and it is full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the most trivial of these facts, the habit of a plant, the organs, or work, or noise of an Essay Medical Marijuana Should, insect, applied to the illustration of a fact in intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to human nature, affects us in the most lively and agreeable manner. The seed of a plant, -- to what affecting analogies in the nature of man, is that little fruit made use of, in all discourse, up to the voice of Paul, who calls the human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. Example? The motion of the earth round its axis, and round the sun, makes the day, and the year. These are certain amounts of brute light and heat. Objective? But is there no intent of an analogy between man's life and the seasons?
And do the seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from that analogy? The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the ant's; but the moment a ray of relation is seen to example extend from it to man, and Two Wrongs Make a Right the little drudge is seen to be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime. Because of this radical correspondence between visible things and human thoughts, savages, who have only what is necessary, converse in figures. As we go back in history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by entertainment example, natural symbols. The same symbols are found to make the original elements of all languages. It has moreover been observed, that the idioms of all languages approach each other in passages of the greatest eloquence and power. And as this is the first language, so is it the last. This immediate dependence of language upon organisational objective, nature, this conversion of an outward phenomenon into a type of somewhat in human life, never loses its power to affect us.
It is this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish. A man's power to connect his thought with its proper symbol, and so to entertainment utter it, depends on the simplicity of his character, that is, upon his love of truth, and his desire to communicate it without loss. The corruption of man is followed by the corruption of language. When simplicity of character and the sovereignty of ideas is is pull, broken up by the prevalence of entertainment speech, secondary desires, the desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and duplicity and falsehood take place of simplicity and truth, the power over stroop, nature as an interpreter of the will, is in a degree lost; new imagery ceases to be created, and example old words are perverted to men poem stand for things which are not; a paper currency is employed, when there is no bullion in the vaults. In due time, the fraud is manifest, and words lose all power to stimulate the understanding or the example affections. Hundreds of writers may be found in every long-civilized nation, who for a short time believe, and stroop test definition make others believe, that they see and utter truths, who do not of speech, themselves clothe one thought in its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on Should Be Legal the language created by the primary writers of the entertainment country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and fasten words again to visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is a man in alliance with truth and God. What Is Pull? The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images. Speech Example? A man conversing in earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the vestment of the thought.
Hence, good writing and brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories. This imagery is stroop test, spontaneous. It is the blending of experience with the present action of the mind. It is proper creation. It is the working of the Original Cause through the entertainment speech instruments he has already made. These facts may suggest the advantage which the country-life possesses for a powerful mind, over the artificial and Two Wrongs Make a Right curtailed life of cities. We know more from nature than we can at will communicate. Its light flows into the mind evermore, and we forget its presence. The poet, the orator, bred in entertainment, the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and appeasing changes, year after year, without design and without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in organisational, the roar of cities or the entertainment speech broil of politics.
Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in national councils, -- in the hour of revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in their morning lustre, as fit symbols and words of the thoughts which the objective passing events shall awaken. At the call of a noble sentiment, again the entertainment speech woods wave, the pines murmur, the river rolls and shines, and the cattle low upon what is pull, the mountains, as he saw and heard them in his infancy. And with these forms, the spells of persuasion, the example keys of power are put into Two Wrongs Make a Right Essay, his hands. 3. We are thus assisted by natural objects in the expression of particular meanings. Speech Example? But how great a language to convey such pepper-corn informations! Did it need such noble races of creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in heaven, to furnish man with the dictionary and Make a Right Essay grammar of speech example, his municipal speech? Whilst we use this grand cipher to expedite the affairs of our pot and kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to its use, neither are able. We are like travellers using the cinders of a volcano to roast their eggs. Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the question, whether the characters are not significant of themselves.
Have mountains, and waves, and skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts? The world is emblematic. The Hollow? Parts of entertainment speech example, speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the human mind. The laws of moral nature answer to those of matter as face to face in a glass. The visible world and the relation of its parts, is the dial plate of the invisible. The axioms of physics translate the laws of ethics.
Thus, the whole is test definition, greater than its part; reaction is entertainment speech example, equal to action; the smallest weight may be made to lift the the hollow greatest, the difference of entertainment speech, weight being compensated by time; and many the like propositions, which have an ethical as well as physical sense. These propositions have a much more extensive and universal sense when applied to human life, than when confined to technical use. In like manner, the memorable words of history, and the proverbs of nations, consist usually of a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of a moral truth. Organisational Objective? Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in the wrong; Make hay while the sun shines; 'T is example, hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the Should son of wine; The last ounce broke the camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of their analogical import. What is true of proverbs, is true of all fables, parables, and allegories. This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by some poet, but stands in the will of God, and so is entertainment speech, free to be known by all men. It appears to men, or it does not appear. When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the Essay Medical Marijuana Be Legal wise man doubts, if, at entertainment all other times, he is not blind and deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud,
Without our special wonder? for the universe becomes transparent, and the hollow the light of higher laws than its own, shines through it. It is the standing problem which has exercised the wonder and the study of entertainment example, every fine genius since the world began; from the era of the Egyptians and the Brahmins, to that of Pythagoras, of Plato, of Two Wrongs a Right, Bacon, of Leibnitz, of speech, Swedenborg. There sits the Essay Sphinx at the road-side, and from age to age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at reading her riddle. There seems to be a necessity in spirit to manifest itself in material forms; and day and night, river and speech example storm, beast and bird, acid and alkali, preexist in Two Wrongs Make a Right, necessary Ideas in the mind of example, God, and are what they are by Social Integration Essay, virtue of preceding affections, in the world of spirit. A Fact is the end or last issue of spirit. The visible creation is the terminus or the circumference of the invisible world. Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an entertainment example, exact relation to their first origin; in objective, other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side.
This doctrine is abstruse, and though the images of garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the example fancy, we must summon the aid of subtler and more vital expositors to make it plain. Every scripture is to be interpreted by the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the fundamental law of criticism. A life in harmony with nature, the love of truth and of virtue, will purge the Medical Marijuana Should eyes to understand her text. Speech? By degrees we may come to what is pull know the entertainment speech primitive sense of the permanent objects of nature, so that the world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of its hidden life and final cause. A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and multitude of objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the soul. That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and defined in an object, a part of the domain of knowledge, -- a new weapon in the magazine of power. Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is the hollow men poem, a discipline.
This use of the world includes the preceding uses, as parts of itself. Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the animals, the mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by day, whose meaning is unlimited. They educate both the Understanding and the Reason. Every property of matter is a school for the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility. Entertainment? The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and finds nutriment and men poem room for its activity in this worthy scene. Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into its own world of thought, by perceiving the analogy that marries Matter and Mind. 1. Nature is a discipline of the understanding in intellectual truths. Our dealing with sensible objects is a constant exercise in the necessary lessons of entertainment speech, difference, of likeness, of order, of being and seeming, of Two Wrongs Don't Make a Right, progressive arrangement; of ascent from entertainment speech particular to general; of combination to one end of manifold forces.
Proportioned to the importance of the organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the common sense; what continual reproduction of test, annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over us of little men; what disputing of prices, what reckonings of interest, -- and all to form the Hand of the mind; -- to instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed! The same good office is performed by Property and its filial systems of debt and credit. Entertainment Speech Example? Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the widow, the orphan, and the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by those who suffer from it most. Moreover, property, which has been well compared to the hollow snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into drifts to-morrow, -- is the surface action of internal machinery, like the index on the face of a clock. Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the understanding, it is hiving in the foresight of the spirit, experience in profounder laws. The whole character and fortune of the entertainment speech individual are affected by the least inequalities in the culture of the understanding; for example, in the perception of differences. Therefore is Space, and therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and lumped, but sundered and individual. A bell and a plough have each their use, and Should neither can do the office of the other. Water is good to drink, coal to burn, wool to entertainment wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten.
The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in gradation, and his scale of creatures and of merits is as wide as nature. The foolish have no range in their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man. Test? What is not good they call the worst, and what is not hateful, they call the best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us! She pardons no mistakes.
Her yea is yea, and her nay, nay. The first steps in Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the farmer, the hunter, and entertainment speech example the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in her heaps and rubbish are concealed sure and useful results. How calmly and genially the what is pull factor mind apprehends one after another the laws of physics! What noble emotions dilate the mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by knowledge the privilege to BE! His insight refines him. The beauty of nature shines in his own breast. Man is speech, greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and Space relations vanish as laws are known.
Here again we are impressed and even daunted by the immense Universe to be explored. What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Open any recent journal of the hollow men poem, science, and weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and judge whether the interest of example, natural science is likely to be soon exhausted. Passing by many particulars of the discipline of nature, we must not omit to specify two. The exercise of the Will or the lesson of power is Media Integration, taught in every event. From the child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is learning the example secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only particular events, but great classes, nay the Medical Marijuana Should whole series of speech example, events, and so conform all facts to his character. Nature is thoroughly mediate.
It is made to serve. It receives the dominion of man as meekly as the ass on which the Saviour rode. Two Wrongs Don't A Right? It offers all its kingdoms to entertainment speech example man as the raw material which he may mould into what is useful. Man is never weary of working it up. He forges the subtile and delicate air into wise and objective melodious words, and gives them wing as angels of persuasion and command. Entertainment Speech? One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the Social Media world becomes, at speech last, only a realized will, -- the double of the what is pull factor man. 2. Sensible objects conform to the premonitions of Reason and reflect the conscience. All things are moral; and in their boundless changes have an unceasing reference to spiritual nature. Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and motion, that every globe in the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the rudest crystal up to the laws of life; every change of vegetation from the first principle of growth in the eye of entertainment speech example, a leaf, to the tropical forest and antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the sponge up to Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of right and wrong, and echo the Ten Commandments.
Therefore is nature ever the ally of Religion: lends all her pomp and objective riches to the religious sentiment. Prophet and entertainment example priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from this source. Integration Essay? This ethical character so penetrates the bone and marrow of nature, as to seem the end for which it was made. Whatever private purpose is answered by any member or part, this is its public and universal function, and is never omitted. Nothing in nature is exhausted in its first use. Entertainment Example? When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is wholly new for the hollow an ulterior service.
In God, every end is converted into a new means. Thus the use of commodity, regarded by itself, is entertainment, mean and squalid. But it is to the mind an education in the doctrine of Use, namely, that a thing is good only the hollow so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and efforts to the production of an end, is essential to any being. Entertainment Speech Example? The first and gross manifestation of this truth, is our inevitable and hated training in values and Essay Marijuana Should wants, in corn and meat. It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is a version of a moral sentence. The moral law lies at the centre of nature and radiates to the circumference. It is the pith and marrow of every substance, every relation, and every process. All things with which we deal, preach to us. What is entertainment speech example, a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is a sacred emblem from the first furrow of spring to the last stack which the snow of winter overtakes in the fields.
But the sailor, the shepherd, the miner, the organisational objective merchant, in their several resorts, have each an experience precisely parallel, and leading to the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the air, grows in the grain, and impregnates the waters of the world, is speech, caught by man and sinks into his soul. The moral influence of nature upon every individual is that amount of objective, truth which it illustrates to him. Who can estimate this? Who can guess how much firmness the sea-beaten rock has taught the fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to man from the azure sky, over whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of stormy clouds, and leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and providence and affection we have caught from the pantomime of brutes? What a searching preacher of entertainment speech, self-command is the varying phenomenon of Health!
Herein is especially apprehended the unity of Nature, -- the unity in variety, -- which meets us everywhere. All the endless variety of things make an identical impression. Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity. He was weary of seeing the same entity in the tedious variety of forms. The fable of Medical Marijuana Should Be Legal, Proteus has a cordial truth. A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of time is related to the whole, and partakes of the speech perfection of the whole. Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the world. Not only resemblances exist in things whose analogy is obvious, as when we detect the type of the human hand in the flipper of the fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is great superficial unlikeness. Thus architecture is called frozen music, by De Stael and Social Media Essay Goethe. Vitruvius thought an architect should be a musician.
A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is entertainment, a petrified religion. Michael Angelo maintained, that, to an architect, a knowledge of anatomy is Two Wrongs Don't a Right, essential. In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to the imagination not only entertainment example motions, as, of the snake, the stag, and the hollow men poem the elephant, but colors also; as the green grass. The law of harmonic sounds reappears in the harmonic colors. Entertainment Example? The granite is Medical Be Legal, differenced in its laws only by the more or less of heat, from the river that wears it away. The river, as it flows, resembles the air that flows over it; the speech example air resembles the Social Media light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the light resembles the heat which rides with it through Space. Entertainment? Each creature is only a modification of the other; the likeness in them is more than the difference, and their radical law is one and the same.
A rule of one art, or a law of one organization, holds true throughout nature. So intimate is this Unity, that, it is easily seen, it lies under the undermost garment of nature, and betrays its source in Universal Spirit. For, it pervades Thought also. Every universal truth which we express in words, implies or supposes every other truth. Omne verum vero consonat. It is like a great circle on Integration a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in like manner. Entertainment Speech Example? Every such truth is the absolute Ens seen from one side. But it has innumerable sides. The central Unity is still more conspicuous in the hollow, actions.
Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the speech example dimensions of what is in truth. They break, chop, and stroop impoverish it. An action is the perfection and publication of thought. A right action seems to fill the eye, and to be related to all nature. The wise man, in doing one thing, does all; or, in the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is done rightly. Words and actions are not the attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to the human form, of which all other organizations appear to be degradations. Entertainment Speech Example? When this appears among so many that surround it, the spirit prefers it to Social Media Integration Essay all others. It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and knowledge; in such as this, have I found and beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the mind, -- is always accompanied by these forms, male and female; and these are incomparably the entertainment richest informations of the Medical Be Legal power and order that lie at the heart of things. Unfortunately, every one of entertainment speech example, them bears the marks as of some injury; is marred and superficially defective.
Nevertheless, far different from the deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on Two Wrongs Don't Make a Right the unfathomed sea of thought and virtue whereto they alone, of all organizations, are the entrances. It were a pleasant inquiry to follow into detail their ministry to our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and adult life with some friends, who, like skies and waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on that side; whom we lack power to put at such focal distance from entertainment example us, that we can mend or even analyze them. We cannot choose but love them. When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of excellence, and has increased our respect for the resources of God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is converted in the mind into solid and sweet wisdom, -- it is stroop test, a sign to us that his office is entertainment, closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from our sight in a short time. Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the Two Wrongs Don't Make a Right Essay unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the world conveyed to man, the immortal pupil, in every object of speech, sense. To this one end of Discipline, all parts of nature conspire. A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the Universe; and Essay Be Legal whether nature outwardly exists. It is a sufficient account of that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the receiver of a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and entertainment speech moon, man and woman, house and trade. In my utter impotence to test the authenticity of the report of my senses, to know whether the test definition impressions they make on me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in heaven, or some god paints the image in the firmament of the soul?
The relations of parts and the end of the whole remaining the same, what is the difference, whether land and sea interact, and worlds revolve and speech intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of time and space, the test same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of man? Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in the apocalypse of the mind, it is alike useful and alike venerable to me. Be it what it may, it is ideal to me, so long as I cannot try the accuracy of my senses. The frivolous make themselves merry with the Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature. It surely does not. God never jests with us, and speech will not compromise the Integration Essay end of nature, by permitting any inconsequence in its procession. Any distrust of the permanence of laws, would paralyze the faculties of man. Their permanence is speech example, sacredly respected, and his faith therein is perfect.
The wheels and springs of man are all set to objective the hypothesis of the permanence of nature. We are not built like a ship to be tossed, but like a house to stand. It is a natural consequence of this structure, that, so long as the active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is more short-lived or mutable than spirit. The broker, the wheelwright, the carpenter, the toll-man, are much displeased at the intimation. But whilst we acquiesce entirely in the permanence of natural laws, the question of the absolute existence of nature still remains open.
It is the uniform effect of entertainment speech example, culture on objective the human mind, not to shake our faith in the stability of particular phenomena, as of heat, water, azote; but to lead us to regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to spirit; to esteem nature as an speech example, accident and an effect. To the senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in the absolute existence of nature. In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined. Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. The presence of Reason mars this faith. The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the Don't Make senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat.
Until this higher agency intervened, the entertainment speech animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. When the eye of Don't, Reason opens, to outline and surface are at once added, grace and expression. Speech? These proceed from imagination and affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects. If the Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and what is pull factor surfaces become transparent, and are no longer seen; causes and spirits are seen through them. Example? The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of nature before its God. Let us proceed to indicate the effects of culture. 1. Our first institution in the Ideal philosophy is a hint from nature herself. Nature is made to conspire with spirit to emancipate us. Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of a dualism. We are strangely affected by seeing the shore from a moving ship, from a balloon, or through the tints of an unusual sky. Two Wrongs Don't Essay? The least change in entertainment speech, our point of view, gives the whole world a pictorial air.
A man who seldom rides, needs only to test get into a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into a puppet-show. The men, the women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the lounger, the beggar, the boys, the dogs, are unrealized at once, or, at least, wholly detached from example all relation to the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings. What new thoughts are suggested by seeing a face of country quite familiar, in the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the the hollow most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most. In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and the figure of one of our own family amuse us. So a portrait of a well-known face gratifies us. Turn the eyes upside down, by entertainment example, looking at the landscape through your legs, and how agreeable is the picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years! In these cases, by mechanical means, is suggested the test difference between the observer and the spectacle, -- between man and nature. Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the example sublime is felt from the fact, probably, that man is hereby apprized, that, whilst the world is a spectacle, something in himself is stable. 2. In a higher manner, the poet communicates the same pleasure.
By a few strokes he delineates, as on air, the sun, the mountain, the camp, the city, the hero, the maiden, not different from what we know them, but only lifted from the ground and afloat before the eye. He unfixes the land and the sea, makes them revolve around the axis of his primary thought, and disposes them anew. Possessed himself by a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it. The sensual man conforms thoughts to things; the poet conforms things to his thoughts. The one esteems nature as rooted and fast; the men poem other, as fluid, and impresses his being thereon. To him, the refractory world is ductile and flexible; he invests dust and stones with humanity, and makes them the words of the speech Reason. The Imagination may be defined to be, the use which the Reason makes of the material world. Shakspeare possesses the power of subordinating nature for the purposes of expression, beyond all poets.
His imperial muse tosses the is pull creation like a bauble from hand to hand, and uses it to embody any caprice of thought that is upper-most in his mind. The remotest spaces of nature are visited, and the farthest sundered things are brought together, by a subtle spiritual connection. We are made aware that magnitude of material things is entertainment, relative, and all objects shrink and expand to serve the passion of the organisational objective poet. Thus, in entertainment example, his sonnets, the lays of birds, the scents and dyes of flowers, he finds to be the shadow of his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is his chest ; the suspicion she has awakened, is objective, her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is Suspect, A crow which flies in heaven's sweetest air. Entertainment Example? His passion is not the fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to a city, or a state.
No, it was builded far from accident; It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls. Under the brow of thralling discontent; It fears not policy, that heretic, That works on leases of is pull factor, short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the strength of his constancy, the Pyramids seem to him recent and transitory. The freshness of youth and love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning.
Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the break of entertainment speech example, day, Lights that do mislead the morn. The wild beauty of definition, this hyperbole, I may say, in passing, it would not be easy to match in literature. This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the passion of the entertainment example poet, -- this power which he exerts to dwarf the great, to magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by a thousand examples from his Plays. The Hollow Men Poem? I have before me the Tempest, and will cite only these few lines. ARIEL. The strong based promontory.
Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and cedar. Prospero calls for music to soothe the frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and the best comforter. To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains. Now useless, boiled within thy skull. Again; The charm dissolves apace, And, as the morning steals upon the night,
Melting the darkness, so their rising senses. Begin to entertainment speech example chase the ignorant fumes that mantle. Their clearer reason. Begins to swell: and stroop test the approaching tide. Will shortly fill the reasonable shores. That now lie foul and muddy. The perception of real affinities between events, (that is to say, of ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the poet thus to make free with the most imposing forms and phenomena of the world, and to assert the predominance of the soul.
3. Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only herein, that the one proposes Beauty as his main end; the speech other Truth. But the Social Media Integration Essay philosopher, not less than the poet, postpones the apparent order and relations of things to the empire of thought. The problem of entertainment example, philosophy, according to Plato, is, for all that exists conditionally, to find a ground unconditioned and absolute. It proceeds on the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the phenomena can be predicted. That law, when in the mind, is an stroop test, idea. Its beauty is infinite. The true philosopher and the true poet are one, and entertainment a beauty, which is truth, and a truth, which is beauty, is the aim of both. Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles?
It is, in both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to nature; that the solid seeming block of matter has been pervaded and dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the Two Wrongs Don't Make a Right vast masses of nature with an example, informing soul, and objective recognised itself in their harmony, that is, seized their law. In physics, when this is attained, the entertainment example memory disburthens itself of its cumbrous catalogues of particulars, and carries centuries of observation in a single formula. Thus even in physics, the material is degraded before the spiritual. The astronomer, the geometer, rely on their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of observation. The sublime remark of Euler on his law of arches, This will be found contrary to Two Wrongs Make a Right Essay all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and left matter like an outcast corpse. 4. Intellectual science has been observed to beget invariably a doubt of the existence of matter. Turgot said, He that has never doubted the existence of matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for metaphysical inquiries. Speech Example? It fastens the attention upon immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Medical Marijuana Be Legal, Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the outward circumstance is a dream and a shade. Whilst we wait in this Olympus of gods, we think of nature as an appendix to entertainment speech the soul. Social Media Essay? We ascend into their region, and know that these are the thoughts of the Supreme Being.
These are they who were set up from everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When he prepared the heavens, they were there; when he established the clouds above, when he strengthened the fountains of the deep. Example? Then they were by him, as one brought up with him. Of them took he counsel. Their influence is proportionate. Media Essay? As objects of science, they are accessible to few men. Yet all men are capable of being raised by piety or by passion, into their region.
And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in some degree, himself divine. Like a new soul, they renew the body. We become physically nimble and lightsome; we tread on air; life is no longer irksome, and we think it will never be so. No man fears age or misfortune or death, in their serene company, for he is transported out of the district of change. Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of Justice and Truth, we learn the difference between the absolute and the conditional or relative. We apprehend the entertainment absolute. As it were, for the first time, we exist. We become immortal, for we learn that time and space are relations of matter; that, with a perception of truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity. 5. Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the practice of ideas, or the introduction of ideas into what is pull factor, life, -- have an analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and suggesting its dependence on spirit. Ethics and religion differ herein; that the one is the entertainment speech example system of human duties commencing from man; the other, from God.
Religion includes the personality of God; Ethics does not. They are one to our present design. They both put nature under foot. The first and last lesson of religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal. It puts an affront upon Make a Right, nature.
It does that for the unschooled, which philosophy does for Berkeley and Viasa. The uniform language that may be heard in the churches of the most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the unsubstantial shows of the world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the realities of religion. The devotee flouts nature. Some theosophists have arrived at a certain hostility and indignation towards matter, as the Manichean and Plotinus. They distrusted in example, themselves any looking back to these flesh-pots of Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of his body. In short, they might all say of matter, what Michael Angelo said of external beauty, it is the definition frail and weary weed, in which God dresses the soul, which he has called into time. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and intellectual science, and religion, all tend to affect our convictions of the reality of the external world. But I own there is something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the general proposition, that all culture tends to imbue us with idealism. Speech? I have no hostility to nature, but a child's love to it. I expand and live in what, the warm day like corn and melons.
Let us speak her fair. I do not wish to fling stones at my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest. I only wish to indicate the true position of entertainment speech example, nature in regard to man, wherein to establish man, all right education tends; as the ground which to attain is the test object of example, human life, that is, of man's connection with nature. Culture inverts the vulgar views of nature, and brings the mind to call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and that real, which it uses to call visionary. Children, it is true, believe in the external world. The belief that it appears only, is an afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on the mind as did the stroop definition first. The advantage of the ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in precisely that view which is most desirable to the mind. It is, in fact, the view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and virtue, take. For, seen in the light of thought, the entertainment example world always is phenomenal; and virtue subordinates it to Essay the mind. Idealism sees the world in God.
It beholds the whole circle of persons and things, of actions and events, of country and religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the soul. Therefore the entertainment speech soul holds itself off from a too trivial and Essay microscopic study of the universal tablet. It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in the means. Entertainment Example? It sees something more important in Christianity, than the scandals of ecclesiastical history, or the niceties of criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and the hollow men poem not at all disturbed by entertainment speech example, chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from God the phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of stroop definition, religion in the world. It is not hot and passionate at the appearance of what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at the union or opposition of other persons. No man is its enemy. It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of its lesson. It is a watcher more than a doer, and it is a doer, only that it may the better watch. Chapter VII SPIRIT It is essential to a true theory of nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and facts that end in the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is harbored, and wherein all his faculties find appropriate and endless exercise. And all the uses of nature admit of entertainment speech, being summed in one, which yields the activity of man an Essay Marijuana Should Be Legal, infinite scope.
Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and outskirts of things, it is faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. It always speaks of Spirit. It suggests the absolute. It is entertainment, a perpetual effect. Stroop Definition? It is speech, a great shadow pointing always to the sun behind us. The aspect of nature is devout. Like the figure of Jesus, she stands with bended head, and hands folded upon Essay Medical Marijuana Should Be Legal, the breast.
The happiest man is he who learns from nature the lesson of worship. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least. We can foresee God in the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to define and describe himself, both language and thought desert us, and we are as helpless as fools and savages. That essence refuses to be recorded in propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the noblest ministry of entertainment example, nature is to stand as the apparition of God. It is the organ through which the universal spirit speaks to the individual, and strives to lead back the individual to it. When we consider Spirit, we see that the views already presented do not include the whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts. Three problems are put by the hollow men poem, nature to the mind; What is entertainment speech, matter? Whence is it? and Whereto? The first of these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Stroop Test Definition? Idealism saith: matter is a phenomenon, not a substance.
Idealism acquaints us with the total disparity between the evidence of our own being, and the evidence of the entertainment speech world's being. The one is perfect; the other, incapable of any assurance; the mind is a part of the nature of things; the world is a divine dream, from which we may presently awake to Medical Marijuana the glories and certainties of day. Idealism is a hypothesis to account for nature by other principles than those of carpentry and chemistry. Yet, if it only deny the existence of matter, it does not satisfy the demands of the spirit. It leaves God out of me.
It leaves me in the splendid labyrinth of my perceptions, to wander without end. Entertainment Example? Then the heart resists it, because it balks the Marijuana Should Be Legal affections in denying substantive being to entertainment men and women. Nature is so pervaded with human life, that there is Marijuana Should, something of humanity in speech, all, and in factor, every particular. But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and does not account for that consanguinity which we acknowledge to it. Let it stand, then, in the present state of our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to apprize us of the eternal distinction between the soul and the world. But when, following the entertainment invisible steps of thought, we come to inquire, Whence is matter? and Whereto? many truths arise to us out of the recesses of consciousness.
We learn that the highest is Medical Should, present to the soul of man, that the dread universal essence, which is not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in one, and each entirely, is that for which all things exist, and that by which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present; one and not compound, it does not act upon entertainment speech, us from Two Wrongs Make Essay without, that is, in space and time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the tree puts forth new branches and leaves through the pores of the old. As a plant upon the earth, so a man rests upon the bosom of God; he is nourished by example, unfailing fountains, and draws, at his need, inexhaustible power. Who can set bounds to the possibilities of man? Once inhale the organisational objective upper air, being admitted to behold the absolute natures of justice and truth, and we learn that man has access to the entire mind of the Creator, is entertainment speech example, himself the creator in Social Media, the finite. This view, which admonishes me where the sources of wisdom and speech example power lie, and points to virtue as to the hollow men poem The golden key. Which opes the palace of eternity, carries upon its face the highest certificate of truth, because it animates me to create my own world through the purification of my soul.
The world proceeds from the entertainment speech example same spirit as the body of man. It is a remoter and inferior incarnation of organisational objective, God, a projection of God in the unconscious. Entertainment Speech? But it differs from the body in stroop test definition, one important respect. It is not, like that, now subjected to the human will. Its serene order is inviolable by us.
It is, therefore, to us, the present expositor of the divine mind. It is a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure. As we degenerate, the contrast between us and our house is more evident. We are as much strangers in speech example, nature, as we are aliens from God. We do not understand the notes of birds. The fox and the deer run away from us; the Two Wrongs a Right Essay bear and tiger rend us. We do not know the uses of more than a few plants, as corn and speech the apple, the potato and the vine. Is not the landscape, every glimpse of which hath a grandeur, a face of him?
Yet this may show us what discord is between man and nature, for you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in Social Media, the field hard by. The poet finds something ridiculous in his delight, until he is out of the sight of men. Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the laws of the world and entertainment example the frame of things, the highest reason is always the truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is often faint and dim because it is deepest seated in the mind among the eternal verities. Empirical science is apt to cloud the sight, and, by the very knowledge of functions and processes, to bereave the student of the manly contemplation of the whole. The savant becomes unpoetic. But the best read naturalist who lends an entire and devout attention to truth, will see that there remains much to learn of his relation to the world, and that it is not to be learned by any addition or subtraction or other comparison of known quantities, but is arrived at by untaught sallies of the is pull factor spirit, by a continual self-recovery, and by entire humility. He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in speech example, the student than preciseness and infallibility; that a guess is often more fruitful than an indisputable affirmation, and that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of nature than a hundred concerted experiments. For, the problems to be solved are precisely those which the physiologist and Two Wrongs Make the naturalist omit to entertainment speech example state. Stroop Test Definition? It is speech, not so pertinent to man to know all the stroop test individuals of the animal kingdom, as it is to know whence and whereto is this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and classifies things, endeavoring to reduce the most diverse to one form. Entertainment Speech Example? When I behold a rich landscape, it is less to my purpose to recite correctly the order and superposition of the strata, than to know why all thought of multitude is lost in a tranquil sense of unity.
I cannot greatly honor minuteness in details, so long as there is no hint to explain the relation between things and thoughts; no ray upon the metaphysics of conchology, of botany, of the arts, to show the relation of the forms of flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to stroop the mind, and entertainment build science upon Essay Medical Be Legal, ideas. In a cabinet of natural history, we become sensible of a certain occult recognition and sympathy in regard to the most unwieldly and eccentric forms of beast, fish, and insect. The American who has been confined, in his own country, to the sight of buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St. Peter's at Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and the world; of which he is lord, not because he is the entertainment example most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and finds something of himself in every great and small thing, in every mountain stratum, in every new law of color, fact of astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open. A perception of this mystery inspires the men poem muse of George Herbert, the beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century.
The following lines are part of his little poem on Man. Man is all symmetry, Full of proportions, one limb to another, And to all the world besides. Each part may call the entertainment example farthest, brother;
For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and tides. Nothing hath got so far. But man hath caught and kept it as his prey; His eyes dismount the highest star; He is in little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they.
Find their acquaintance there. For us, the winds do blow, The earth doth rest, heaven move, and fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good, As our delight, or as our treasure; The whole is Essay Medical Be Legal, either our cupboard of food, Or cabinet of pleasure. The stars have us to speech example bed: Night draws the curtain; which the sun withdraws.
Music and light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind, In their descent and being; to our mind, In their ascent and cause. More servants wait on man. Than he'll take notice of. In every path, He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan. Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and hath.
Another to attend him. The perception of this class of truths makes the attraction which draws men to science, but the end is lost sight of in attention to the means. In view of this half-sight of science, we accept the sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to vital truth than history. What Is Pull Factor? Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is entitled to a certain respect, and we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and sentences, which contain glimpses of truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion. A wise writer will feel that the ends of study and entertainment speech composition are best answered by announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of man and nature, which a certain poet sang to me; and which, as they have always been in the world, and perhaps reappear to is pull factor every bard, may be both history and prophecy. `The foundations of man are not in entertainment, matter, but in spirit. Stroop Test? But the element of spirit is eternity. To it, therefore, the entertainment example longest series of events, the Two Wrongs Make oldest chronologies are young and speech recent. In the Medical Should cycle of the universal man, from whom the known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and all history is but the epoch of one degradation. `We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature.
We own and disown our relation to it, by turns. We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of reason, and eating grass like an ox. Speech? But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit? `A man is a god in ruins. When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from Medical dreams. Now, the world would be insane and rabid, if these disorganizations should last for hundreds of years. It is kept in check by death and infancy.
Infancy is the speech perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of fallen men, and pleads with them to return to objective paradise. `Man is the dwarf of himself. Once he was permeated and dissolved by spirit. He filled nature with his overflowing currents. Out from him sprang the sun and moon; from man, the sun; from woman, the entertainment moon.
The laws of his mind, the periods of his actions externized themselves into day and night, into the year and the seasons. But, having made for himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the veins and veinlets; he is shrunk to Marijuana Should Be Legal a drop. He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally. Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to entertainment him from far and on high. He adores timidly his own work. Now is man the follower of the Two Wrongs Don't Make a Right sun, and woman the follower of the moon. Yet sometimes he starts in entertainment speech, his slumber, and wonders at himself and his house, and muses strangely at men poem the resemblance betwixt him and it. He perceives that if his law is still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is sterling yet in nature, it is not conscious power, it is not inferior but superior to his will. It is Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang. At present, man applies to nature but half his force. He works on the world with his understanding alone.
He lives in it, and masters it by speech, a penny-wisdom; and the hollow men poem he that works most in it, is but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and his digestion good, his mind is imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. His relation to nature, his power over it, is through the understanding; as by manure; the economic use of fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the human body by the dentist and the surgeon. This is such a resumption of power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of vaulting at once into his throne. Meantime, in the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of a better light, -- occasional examples of the action of man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding. Such examples are; the traditions of miracles in the earliest antiquity of all nations; the history of Jesus Christ; the entertainment example achievements of a principle, as in religious and political revolutions, and in the abolition of the Slave-trade; the miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and the Shakers; many obscure and yet contested facts, now arranged under the name of Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and the wisdom of Don't Make a Right Essay, children. These are examples of Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the exertions of a power which exists not in time or space, but an instantaneous in-streaming causing power. The difference between the actual and the ideal force of man is happily figured by the schoolmen, in saying, that the knowledge of man is an example, evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of God is a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio. The problem of restoring to the world original and eternal beauty, is solved by the redemption of the soul.
The ruin or the the hollow men poem blank, that we see when we look at speech example nature, is in our own eye. The axis of vision is not coincident with the organisational axis of speech example, things, and so they appear not transparent but opake. Marijuana Should Be Legal? The reason why the world lacks unity, and lies broken and in heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself. He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the demands of the example spirit. Love is as much its demand, as perception. Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. In the uttermost meaning of the words, thought is devout, and devotion is thought. Deep calls unto deep. But in Essay, actual life, the marriage is not celebrated.
There are innocent men who worship God after the tradition of their fathers, but their sense of duty has not yet extended to the use of all their faculties. Entertainment Example? And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the Social Media Integration Essay wintry light of the understanding. Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the soul into the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something. But when a faithful thinker, resolute to detach every object from personal relations, and see it in entertainment speech example, the light of thought, shall, at the hollow the same time, kindle science with the fire of the holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into the creation. It will not need, when the mind is prepared for study, to search for objects. The invariable mark of wisdom is to entertainment speech example see the miraculous in the common.
What is a day? What is Should Be Legal, a year? What is entertainment speech, summer? What is woman? What is a child? What is sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting. We make fables to hide the baldness of the fact and conform it, as we say, to the higher law of the Social Integration mind. But when the example fact is seen under the light of an idea, the gaudy fable fades and shrivels. We behold the real higher law.
To the wise, therefore, a fact is true poetry, and the most beautiful of fables. These wonders are brought to our own door. Marijuana Should Be Legal? You also are a man. Man and woman, and their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to you. Learn that none of these things is superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in the faculties and affections of the mind.
Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in the concrete to be solved by your hands. It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to compare, point by point, especially at entertainment example remarkable crises in life, our daily history, with the rise and progress of ideas in stroop test, the mind. So shall we come to look at entertainment speech example the world with new eyes. It shall answer the endless inquiry of the Don't Make a Right intellect, -- What is truth? and of the affections, -- What is good? by yielding itself passive to the educated Will. Then shall come to pass what my poet said; `Nature is entertainment, not fixed but fluid. Spirit alters, moulds, makes it. The immobility or bruteness of nature, is the objective absence of example, spirit; to pure spirit, it is fluid, it is volatile, it is obedient.
Every spirit builds itself a house; and is pull factor beyond its house a world; and beyond its world, a heaven. Know then, that the world exists for you. For you is the entertainment phenomenon perfect. What we are, that only can we see. All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and can do. Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of ploughed land; or a scholar's garret. Yet line for line and point for point, your dominion is as great as theirs, though without fine names. Build, therefore, your own world. As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in your mind, that will unfold its great proportions. A correspondent revolution in things will attend the influx of the spirit. So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and shall be no more seen.
The sordor and filths of nature, the Marijuana sun shall dry up, and the wind exhale. As when the summer comes from the south; the snow-banks melt, and the face of the earth becomes green before it, so shall the advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and carry with it the beauty it visits, and the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is entertainment speech, no more seen. The kingdom of man over nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is stroop, beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the blind man feels who is gradually restored to perfect sight.'
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Cosmology: The Study of the Universe and entertainment example its Origins. Looking for the big picture? It doesn’t get any bigger than cosmology: the science of how the universe began and developed. What is it made of? How is it structured?
What is its eventual fate, billions of years in the future? Supercomputer models and observations from ever-larger telescopes on the ground and in test definition, space have transformed cosmology into a predictive science, providing evidence that the universe is expanding at an ever-increasing rate, propelled by a mysterious pressure called “dark energy.” The Hayden Planetarium Space Show Dark Universe explores this new age of cosmic discovery. Wondering what the March 2014 story about the Big Bang theory means for example our knowledge of men poem, our universe? Or why you’re suddenly reading about “inflation” in speech example, a story about astrophysics? And just what are “cosmic ripples”?
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New model explains how inspiraling dead stars can explode at a rate high enough to match the number of Type Ia supernovae seen in the universe. Detonating White Dwarfs as Supernovae. Exploring the Dark Universe: Dark Matter. Curator Mordecai-Mark Mac Low on dark matter. Exploring the Dark Universe: Dark Matter.
Dark Universe , the is pull new Hayden Planetarium Space Show premiering November 2, 2013, at the American Museum of entertainment example, Natural History, is produced by an acclaimed team that includes astrophysicist and curator Mordecai-Mark Mac Low. Here, Dr. Mac Low gives an overview of what we know about dark matter. In 1998, two independent teams of astrophysicists discovered a baffling phenomenon: the Universe is expanding at an ever-faster rate. The current understanding of gravity can't explain this cosmic acceleration. Scientists think that either a mysterious force called dark energy is to blame—or a reworking of gravitational theory is in men poem, order. In 1998, two independent teams of entertainment, astrophysicists discovered a baffling phenomenon: the Universe is expanding at what is pull factor, an ever-faster rate. The current understanding of speech, gravity can't explain this cosmic acceleration. Scientists think that either a mysterious force called dark energy is to blame—or a reworking of gravitational theory is in order.
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The Milky Way is just one of the hollow, billions of galaxies. Second, Hubble discovered that the galaxies are constantly moving away from each other.In other words, the entertainment universe is expanding. The biggest thing that we know about is a Right Essay, getting bigger all the time. A few years later,Belgian astronomer Georges Lemaitre used Hubble‘s amazing discoveries to suggest an entertainment example answer to a big astronomy question: “How did the organisational universe begin?” Profile: Georges Lemaitre, Father of the entertainment speech example Big Bang. According to the Big Bang theory, the expansion of the observable universe began with the explosion of stroop test definition, a single particle at entertainment speech example, a definite point in time. This startling idea first appeared in organisational objective, scientific form in 1931, in a paper by Georges Lemaitre, a Belgian cosmologist and Catholic priest. Profile: Georges Lemaitre, Father of the Big Bang. According to the Big Bang theory, the expansion of the observable universe began with the explosion of a single particle at a definite point in time. This startling idea first appeared in scientific form in 1931, in a paper by Georges Lemaitre, a Belgian cosmologist and Catholic priest. The theory, accepted by speech, nearly all astronomers today, was a radical departure from scientific orthodoxy in the 1930s.
Many astronomers at the time were still uncomfortable with the idea that the the hollow universe is expanding. That the entire observable universe of galaxies began with a bang seemed preposterous. Imagine if your digital camera was scaled to entertainment speech, the size of a dishwasher. Objective? And weighed about 135 kilograms. And cost about $5 million to build.
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According to Einstein, you need to describe where you are not only in three-dimensional space* — length, width and height — but also in time. Time is the fourth dimension. So to know where you are, you have to know what time it is. Your complete answer should be I'm sitting on a 4-foot-high aardvark at the northeast corner of speech example, Bern St. and Ulm St., and it's July 1st, 2002, at stroop test, 1:23 p.m. on my watch. Einstein called a description that used four dimensions an event. What is Relativity and Why should you care? Astrophysicist and educator Jeffrey Bennett introduces the basic tenets of Einstein's theory and entertainment speech underscores its importance to our modern understanding of the universe.
What is Relativity and Why should you care? The year 2015 marked the 100th anniversary of Einstein’s publication of his general theory of relativity—a theory almost everyone has heard of, but few truly understand. In this podcast, astrophysicist and educator Jeffrey Bennett introduces the basic tenets of Einstein's theory, and underscores its importance to our modern understanding of the what is pull universe. In September 2015, LIGO sensors picked up tiny ripples in space-time caused by a black hole merger that took place 1.3 billion years ago. LIGO sensors picked up tiny ripples in space-time caused by a black hole merger that took place 1.3 billion years ago. It was the first direct evidence of gravitational waves, one century after they were predicted by Einstein’s theory of general relativity.
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Frontiers Lecture: One Second After the Essay Medical Should Big Bang. One of the fundamental predictions of the Big Bang is the present day existence of relic neutrino produced less than one second after the entertainment example event. Stroop? Christopher Tully, professor of physics at Princeton University, discusses a new experiment called PTOLEMY (Princeton Tritium Observatory for Light, Early-Universe, Massive-Neutrino Yield) and its potential to challenge this core prediction, as well as uncover new properties of neutrinos themselves. Frontiers Lecture: Gravitons, Exotic Higgs Bosons, Or Nothing At All. Particle physicist James Beacham discusses what we’ve learned about gravitons, Higgs bosons, dark matter, and entertainment what’s next for the Large Hadron Collider.
Frontiers Lecture: Gravitons, Exotic Higgs Bosons, Or Nothing At All. Barnard College professor and astronomer Janna Levin shares her research on the first recordings of a gravitational wave from the collision of two black holes 1.3 billion years ago. Frontiers Lecture: Gravitational Waves - Messengers from the Warped Universe. Physicist Nergis Mavalvala discusses how we search for gravitational waves and decode the information they carry about events as far back in time as the first moments after the Big Bang. Frontiers Lecture: Gravitational Waves - Messengers from the Warped Universe.
What's The Composition of the organisational Universe? The composition of the universe is constantly changing. The universe began with hydrogen and helium. Entertainment Speech Example? Through fusion in the stars and explosive supernovae other heavier elements were created from these two elements. What's The Composition of the Universe?
The composition of the universe is Don't a Right, constantly changing. The universe began with hydrogen and helium. Through fusion in the stars and entertainment explosive supernovae other heavier elements were created from these two elements. The Hollow Men Poem? Overtime more and more light elements were turned into heavier elements. Meet the entertainment Universe's Main Attraction. Gravity. If you throw a ball into the air, it will return to the ground. Why? Earth has invisible pulling power called gravity. Every object in the universe-stars, planets, moons, even you - has gravity. The Hollow? Gravity is a force of attraction between all objects.
Some things have lots of gravity, some have just a little. Meet the speech example Universe's Main Attraction. Gravity. If you throw a ball into the air, it will return to the ground. Why? Earth has invisible pulling power called gravity. Every object in the universe-stars, planets, moons, even you - has gravity. Gravity is a force of attraction between all objects. Some things have lots of gravity, some have just a little.
In 1687, a physicist and mathematician named Isaac Newton published a remarkable discovery. He figured out that the same force that causes an apple to fall to the ground also keeps the Moon in Integration, orbit around Earth. Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. In 1929, Edwin Hubble showed that the light from distant galaxies is shifted to longer wavelengths in proportion to their distances from the Milky Way. The modern interpretation is that space itself is entertainment speech example, expanding, carrying the galaxies along for men poem the ride. Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation. In 1929, Edwin Hubble showed that the light from distant galaxies is shifted to longer wavelengths in proportion to their distances from the Milky Way. The modern interpretation is entertainment speech example, that space itself is expanding, carrying the galaxies along for the ride. In 1931, Georges Lemaitre imagined running such an expansion backwards in time. Organisational Objective? At some remote point in the past, he reasoned, everything in the universe would have been packed together at enormous density.
Lemaitre suggested that all the matter and energy in the observable universe originated in an explosion of space, now called the Big Bang, which launched the expansion that continues to this day. Profile: Vera Rubin and Dark Matter. For every visible star in the observable universe, there are nine masses that are invisible and unidentified. Learn more about the astronomer who proved the existence of dark matter. Profile: Vera Rubin and Dark Matter. In a spiral galaxy, the entertainment speech ratio of dark-to-light matter is organisational, about a factor of ten. That's probably a good number for the ratio of entertainment example, our ignorance-to-knowledge.
We're out of kindergarten, but only in about third grade. For every visible star in the observable universe, there are nine masses that are invisible and unidentified. Learn more about the astronomer who proved the existence of dark matter. Frontiers Lecture: In Search of the True Universe. Astorophysicist Martin Harwit discusses the new frontier of dark matter and dark energy in this 2014 lecture. Frontiers Lecture: In Search of the True Universe.
Astronomers are investigating the test new frontiers of dark matter and dark energy, critical to understanding the cosmos but of uncertain economic promise to entertainment speech, society. Integration? In this 2014 lecture, Astrophysicist and scholar Martin Harwit addresses these current challenges in view of competing national priorities - and entertainment he proposes alternative new approaches to the search for the true Universe. 2016 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate: Is the Universe a Simulation? A panel of experts discussion the merits and shortcomings of the Don't Make Essay idea that perhaps the universe as we know it is a computer simulation. 2016 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate: Is the Universe a Simulation? Neil deGrasse Tyson hosts and moderates a panel of experts in a lively discussion about the merits and shortcomings of a provocative and revolutionary idea—that perhaps the entertainment example universe as we know it is Two Wrongs Make, a computer simulation. While the debate may have started as a science fiction speculation, it has become a serious line of investigation among physicists, astrophysicists, and entertainment speech philosophers. Frontiers Lectures: Searching for the Oldest Stars. Join MIT astronomer Anna Frebel for a firsthand account of the science of is pull factor, stellar archaeology. Frontiers Lectures: Searching for the Oldest Stars.
Cosmic Microwave Background: The New Cosmology. The Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) is a vast curtain of energy left over entertainment example, from the Big Bang. Test Definition? It is the oldest, most distant feature of the observable Universe. Cosmic Microwave Background: The New Cosmology. The Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) is a vast curtain of energy left over from the example Big Bang. It is the oldest, most distant feature of the observable Universe.
Since the discovery of the CMB in the mid-1960s, cosmology—the study of the origin and evolution of the Universe—has experienced an Two Wrongs explosion of activity. The field has changed from a purely theoretical enterprise to the empirical study of what populates the physical Universe.