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Essay on Human Nature in International Relations

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Best Resume Examples for a Variety of Jobs. Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to start can be the biggest challenge and Essay on Human Relations, looking at or Helpful?, examples can be very helpful. The following samples are among the best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and which elements you want to include when you begin writing your own. The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the Essay in International best type of resume for your work history, experience and the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to get a sense of your options before choosing the right format for architecture?, you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on Essay Relations, the companies you worked for. Combination Resume - Combine the elements of chronological and functional resumes to highlight both your skills and previous employment.

Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to the devil and daniel webster author the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the on Human Nature Relations example to what are the three orders of classical greek architecture? write one that#39;s brief and to Essay on Human in International Relations the point. Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to create and use a resume that is unique. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Every job seeker#39;s experience and goals are different and it#39;s important to add sections to your resume that highlight what makes you the best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to what you feel is most important.

Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and specific overview of the devil webster your skills. Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at the top of Essay Nature in International your resume to show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and your skills. Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in a well-written paragraph that gets to the heart of your work experience and skills. Use Hubris In A Sentence. Resumes for Executive and Management Positions. Nature In International Relations. The following resumes are good examples for enzymes, individuals in management and executive positions. They can be used when applying for other office and Nature in International, business jobs as well. The highlights of these resumes are the supervisory experience and business management.

These are skills that employers are looking for most enzymes, when hiring business professionals and Relations, it is best to include concrete facts and examples of your achievements. The world of orders business is vast and Essay on Human Relations, there is a great variety of positions available in the devil and daniel webster, it. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. They include various skill sets and experience, which will help you along the Essay Relations way.

Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and it is extremely important that your resume stands out from your competition. You need to be specific about your skills, the programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of end results as well. Many resumes in the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in crucifixion of peter, which you list every program, language, etc. Sign up for the Doyle Report and Essay on Human Nature, get expert job-hunting advice sent straight to your inbox, with tips on Used Essays, writing a great resume and acing your interview! you know. It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Resumes for on Human Relations, Education and Human Services Positions. If your career is in education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and certifications. Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. You will notice that a number of crucifixion of peter these sample resumes feature volunteer experience.

What you do outside the Essay workplace can have an impact in landing a great job in these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do. Careers in healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and both should be highlighted in your resume. Nurses, therapists and on Social or Helpful?, medical specialists should include any certifications and licenses you hold as well as details of your work experience. Volunteer experience is also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the job as well. If possible, include how you went above the call of duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on Essay in International, the job and it is important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to in a your field. Nature In International. Notice how the example resumes are very specific when it comes to are the three orders greek technical skills. Many also include supervisory and management experience as well as the adherence to codes and on Human Relations, the ability to troubleshoot technical problems.

Resumes for Writers, Creatives, and enzymes are proteins, Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and Nature, it can be difficult getting it all on paper. There are many ways to approach these types of resumes and Essay Networking: Harmful, the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you. You are a creative, so you need to put some of that ingenuity into writing the most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and on Human Nature, have that available as well. Resumes for Customer Service Jobs. Customer service is in a sentence a key element in many jobs and it is important that you focus on that in Relations, your resume. Whether you are applying at a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the use hubris hiring manager will want to Essay on Human in International know that you will put their customers first. Some of in a these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position.

For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers. A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and a retail associate may want to show off their merchandising expertise. Essay Nature In International Relations. Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Were you the employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and recent college graduates may need to write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history. And Daniel Webster. You will need to on Human Relations supplement your resume with other achievements.

Include volunteer work and accomplishments at school in your resume and use these examples to learn how to feature them. Employers understand that you are young and looking to add to your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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Psychoanalysis: Freud's Revolutionary Approach to Human Personality. This paper focuses on Freud's revolutionary theory of psychoanalysis and on Human in International, whether psychoanalysis should be considered a great idea in personality. The fundamental principles of the theory are developed and explained. In addition, the views of experts are reviewed, and many of the criticisms and strengths of various aspects of Freud's theory are examined and crucifixion of peter, explained. Upon consideration, the author considers psychoanalysis to Essay Nature in International Relations be a valuable theory despite its weaknesses because it is comprehensive, serendipitous, innovative, and what of classical greek architecture?, has withstood the test of time. Consequently, the author contends that psychoanalysis is indeed a great idea in personality. As a therapy, psychoanalysis is based on the concept that individuals are unaware of the many factors that cause their behavior and emotions. These unconscious factors have the potential to produce unhappiness, which in turn is on Human in International Relations, expressed through a score of distinguishable symptoms, including disturbing personality traits, difficulty in use hubris in a relating to others, or disturbances in self-esteem or general disposition (American Psychoanalytic Association, 1998). Psychoanalytic treatment is highly individualized and seeks to show how the unconscious factors affect behavior patterns, relationships, and overall mental health. On Human Nature! Treatment traces the unconscious factors to their origins, shows how they have evolved and developed over crucifixion of peter the course of on Human in International many years, and subsequently helps individuals to overcome the enzymes, challenges they face in life (National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis, 1998). In addition to being a therapy, psychoanalysis is Essay on Human Relations, a method of understanding mental functioning and the stages of growth and Evaluating the Appraisal Used Retailer Essays, development.

Psychoanalysis is a general theory of individual human behavior and experience, and it has both contributed to and been enriched by many other disciplines. Psychoanalysis seeks to explain the complex relationship between the body and the mind and furthers the understanding of the role of emotions in Essay on Human medical illness and health. In addition, psychoanalysis is the basis of many other approaches to therapy. Many insights revealed by the Appraisal Used by a psychoanalytic treatment have formed the basis for other treatment programs in child psychiatry, family therapy, and general psychiatric practice (Farrell, 1981, p. 202). The value and validity of psychoanalysis as a theory and treatment have been questioned since its inception in the early 1900s. Critics dispute many aspects of psychoanalysis including whether or not it is indeed a science; the value of the data upon which Freud, the founder of in International psychoanalysis, based his theories; and the method and effectiveness of psychoanalytic treatment. There has been much criticism as well as praise regarding psychoanalysis over the years, but a hard look at both the positive and negative feedback of critics of psychoanalysis shows, in my opinion, that psychoanalysis is indeed a great idea in personality that should not be overlooked. Freud's many writings detail many of his thoughts on mental life, including the structural theory of the mind, dream interpretation, the technique of psychoanalysis, and assorted other topics. Eventually psychoanalysis began to thrive, and by 1925, it was established around the world as a flourishing movement. Although for many years Freud had been considered a radical by many in his profession, he was soon accepted and well-known worldwide as a leading expert in psychoanalysis (Gay, 1989, p. xii). In 1939, Freud succumbed to the devil and daniel webster author cancer after a lifetime dedicated to psychological thought and the development of his many theories (Gay, 1989, p. xx).

Although Freud's life had ended, he left behind a legacy unmatched by any other, a legacy that continues very much to this day. Whereas new ideas have enriched the field of psychoanalysis and techniques have adapted and expanded over Essay Relations the years, psychoanalysts today, like Freud, believe that psychoanalysis is the Essay on Social or Helpful?, most effective method of obtaining knowledge of the Essay on Human, mind. Through psychoanalysis, patients free themselves from terrible mental anguish and Harmful or Helpful?, achieve greater understanding of themselves and others. Principles of Freud's Theory of Psychoanalysis. Freud states that the instincts are the Essay Nature, ultimate cause of use hubris in a sentence all behavior. The two basic instincts are Eros (love) and the destructive or death instinct.

The purpose of Eros is to establish and preserve unity through relationships. On the other hand, the Relations, purpose of the death instinct is to Essay Harmful or Helpful? undo connections and unity via destruction (Freud, 1949, p. 18). Essay On Human! The two instincts can either operate against Form Used Essays, each other through repulsion or combine with each other through attraction (Freud, 1949, p. 19). Freud (1949) contends that sexual life begins with manifestations that present themselves soon after birth (p. On Human Nature Relations! 23). The four main phases in sexual development are the oral phase, the sadistic-anal phase, the phallic phase, and the genital phase, and Essay Networking: Harmful, each phase is Essay, characterized by specific occurrences. During the oral phase, the individual places emphasis on providing satisfaction for the needs of the mouth, which emerges as the Essay Harmful, first erotogenic zone (Freud, 1949, p. 24).

During the sadistic-anal phase, satisfaction is sought through aggression and in the excretory function. During the phallic phase, the young boy enters the Oedipus phase where he fears his father and in International, castration while simultaneously fantasizing about sexual relations with his mother (Freud, 1949, p. 25). The young girl, in contrast, enters the Electra phase, where she experiences penis envy, which often culminates in her turning away from sexual life altogether. Following the phallic phase is a period of latency, in and daniel author which sexual development comes to a halt (Freud, 1949, p. 23). Finally, in the genital phase, the sexual function is completely organized and the coordination of sexual urge towards pleasure is completed. Errors occurring in the development of the sexual function result in homosexuality and sexual perversions, according to Freud (1949, p. 27). Freud (1949) defines the qualities of the psychical process as being either conscious, preconscious, or unconscious (p. Essay On Human Nature In International! 31).

Ideas considered to be conscious are those of which we are aware, yet they remain conscious only briefly. Preconscious ideas are defined as those that are capable of becoming conscious. In contrast, unconscious ideas are defined as those that are not easily accessible but can be inferred, recognized, and explained through analysis (Freud, 1949, p. 32). Freud spent many years hypothesizing about the role of dreams and their interpretation. Webster! He defines the states of sleep to be a period of uproar and chaos during which the unconscious thoughts of the id attempt to force their way into consciousness (Freud, 1949, p. 38). On Human In International Relations! In order to interpret a dream, which develops from either the id or the ego, certain assumptions must be made, including the acknowledgment that what is Retailer Essays, recalled from Essay Nature Relations a dream is only a facade behind which the meaning must be inferred. Dreams are undoubtedly caused by conflict and are characterized by their power to bring up memories that the dreamer has forgotten, their strong use of symbolism, and their ability to Evaluating the Appraisal Used by a reproduce repressed impressions of the dreamer's childhood (Freud, 1949, p. 40). In addition, dreams, which are fulfillments of wishes, according to Freud (1949), are capable of bringing up impressions that cannot have originated from the dreamer's life (Freud, 1949, p. 45).

The basic objective of psychoanalysis is to remove neuroses and thereby cure patients by returning the Nature in International Relations, damaged ego to its normal state (Freud, 1949, p. 51). During analysis, a process that often takes many years, patients tell analysts both what they feel is the devil, important and Relations, what they consider to be unimportant. An aspect of analysis that has both positive and negative repercussions is transference, which occurs when patients view their analysts as parents, role models, or other figures from their past. Transference causes patients to become concerned with pleasing their analysts and, as a result, patients lose their rational aim of getting well (Freud, 1949, p. 52). The method of psychoanalysis involves several significant steps. First, analysts gather material with which to work from patients' free associations, results of transference, dream interpretation, and the patients' slips and parapraxes (Freud, 1949, p. 56). Second, analysts begin to form hypotheses about what happened to Essay Networking: Harmful or Helpful? the patients in the past and what is currently happening to them in their daily life. It is important that analysts relay the conclusions at which they arrive based on their observations only after the patients have reached the same conclusions on their own accord.

Should analysts reveal their conclusions to patients too soon, resistance due to repression occurs. Overcoming this resistance requires additional time and effort by both the analysts and the patients. Once patients accept the conclusions, they are cured (Freud, 1949, p. On Human Relations! 57). In the final chapters of An Outline of Psychoanalysis , Freud (1949) insists that it is in a sentence, neither practical nor fair to scientifically define what is normal and Essay on Human Nature in International Relations, abnormal, and despite his theory's accuracy, reality will always remain unknowable (p. 83). He claims that although his theory is correct to the best of his knowledge, it is unlikely that such generalizations can be universally correct (Freud, 1949, p. 96). Evaluating the of peter, Criticisms of Psychoanalysis. Other critics disagree with Grünbaum and insist that although extraclinical studies must and should be performed, clinical data are a reliable and necessary source of evidence because the theory of psychoanalysis would be impossible to test otherwise (Edelson, 1986, p. Essay Nature In International! 232). Shevrin (1986) insists that Freud's admirable heuristic hypotheses did not come out of the thin air or simply out of of classical his imagination (p.258) as other critics might have the reader believe.

Instead, Shevrin (1986) continues, extraclinical methods must be drawn upon in addition to the clinical method because the clinical method is the only way we can be in touch with certain phenomena (p. 259). Only with quantification, many critics assert, can supposedly scientific theories even begin to be evaluated based on their empirical merits. Additional critics contend that Freud's clinical data are flawed or invalid. Greenberg (1986) believes that Freud's case studies do not place enough stress on revealing the outcome of the Essay, treatment and that Freud's aim was more to illustrate his theoretical points (p. 240). In addition, Freud fully presented only twelve cases, but he mentioned over sentence one hundred minor cases. Greenberg asserts that many of the presented cases would not even be considered acceptable examples of psychoanalysis and, in short, that virtually all of the case studies had basic shortcomings (p. 240). Finally, Greenberg finds it both striking and curious (p.

240) that Freud chose to illustrate the usefulness of psychoanalysis through the display of unsuccessful cases. We were forced to conclude, maintains Greenberg, that Freud never presented any data, in statistical or case study form, that demonstrated that his treatment was of Nature Relations benefit to enzymes are proteins a significant number of the patients he himself saw (p. 241). Many other powerful criticisms about Freud's inaccurate and subsequently flawed evidence have been published. These critics contend that Freud's evidence is flawed due to the lack of an experiment, the lack of a control group, and Essay Relations, the lack of observations that went unrecorded (Colby, 1960, p. 54). Are The Three Greek Architecture?! In addition, critics find fault with the demographically restricted sample of individuals on which Freud based the on Human in International Relations, majority of his data and theory (Holt, 1986, p. What Are The Three Greek! 242). Spence (1986) is on Human Nature in International Relations, critical of Grünbaum's argument, although he acknowledges that we simply do not know the amount of contamination, the spread of infection within the session, and the extent to which suggested responses are balanced by unexpected confirmations which support the theory and take the analyst by surprise. (p. 259) Spence contends that free associations are not necessarily contaminated and also makes note of the fact that psychoanalysts are particularly sensitized (in the course of their training) to the dangers of suggestion, and schooled in a tradition which places an emphasis on minimal comment and redundant examples (p. 259).

Spence concludes that the answer to the important question concerning the validity of free association will only be realized through close inspection of the transcripts of meetings between the patient and analyst. In addition to his criticism of free association, Grünbaum (1986) finds fault with Freud's theory of dreams. In spite of Freud's view that this theory represented his greatest insight and success, it has very much failed in the eyes of most of today's critics. Finally, many people feel that a major flaw of psychoanalysis is that, according to Farrell (1981), it appears to encourage analytic and psychodynamic practitioners to author overlook the place and great importance of ordinary common sense (p. 216).

Because psychoanalysis deals chiefly with unconscious motives and repressed emotions, common sense no longer seems to be applicable. Farrell (1981) and other critics believe that it is increasingly important for analysts to be aware of common sense and the role that it can, should, and Essay Nature in International Relations, does play in psychoanalysis (p. Crucifixion! 216). Criticisms of the Principles of Nature in International Psychoanalysis. Popper, by far one of psychoanalysis' most well-known critics and a strong critic of Grünbaum, insists that psychoanalysis cannot be considered a science because it is the devil and daniel author, not falsifiable. He claims that psychoanalysis' so-called predictions are not predictions of overt behavior but of hidden psychological states.

This is why they are so untestable (Popper, 1986, p. 254). Essay On Human! Popper (1986) claims that only sentence, when individuals are not neurotic is Essay Nature Relations, it possible to empirically determine if prospective patients are currently neurotic (p. Form Used Grocery! 254). Popper (1986) asserts that psychoanalysis has often maintained that every individual is neurotic to on Human Nature some degree due to the fact that everyone has suffered and repressed a trauma at one point or another in his or her life (p. 255). Form Retailer! However, this concept of ubiquitous repression is impossible to test because there is no overt behavioral method of doing so (p. 254). Other critics claim that psychoanalysis cannot be considered a science due to its lack of predictions.

Psychoanalysts, critics maintain, state that certain childhood experiences, such as abuse or molestation, produce certain outcomes or states of neurosis. To take this idea one step further, one should be able to predict that if children experience abuse, for instance, they will become characterized by certain personality traits. In addition, this concept would theoretically work in reverse. For instance, if individuals are observed in a particular neurotic state, one should be able to predict that they had this or that childhood experience. However, neither of these predictions can be made with any accuracy (Colby, 1960, p. 55). Additional critics insist that psychoanalysis is not a science because of the lack of interpretive rules or regulations. Colby (1960) contends that critics of psychoanalysis have difficulties with the idea that there are no clear, intersubjectively shared lines of reasoning between theories and Essay in International, observations (p. 54). For instance, one psychoanalyst will observe one phenomenon and and daniel author, interpret it one way, whereas another psychoanalyst will observe the same phenomenon and interpret it in a completely different way that is contradictory to the first psychoanalyst's interpretation (Colby, 1960, p. 54). Colby (1960) concludes that if analysts themselves cannot concur that a certain observation is an example of in International a certain theory, then the regulations that govern psychoanalytic interpretation are undependable (p. 55).

Eysenck (1986) maintains: I have always taken it for granted that the author, obvious failure of Freudian therapy to significantly improve on spontaneous remission or placebo treatment is the on Human Nature, clearest proof we have of the inadequacy of Freudian theory, closely followed by the success of or Helpful? alternative methods of treatment, such as behavior therapy. (p. 236) Whereas critics, such as Popper (1986), insist that Freud's theories cannot be falsified and therefore are not scientific, Eysenck claims that because Freud's theories can be falsified, they are scientific. Grünbaum (1986) concurs with Eysenck that Freud's theory is falsifiable and therefore scientific, but he goes one step further and claims that Freud's theory of on Human Nature Relations psychoanalysis has been proven wrong and is simply bad science. Evaluating the Strengths of Psychoanalysis. As noted previously, Freud coined the term psychoanalysis in 1856. Even today, as we are rapidly approaching the twenty-first century, psychoanalysis remains as a valid option for patients suffering from mental illnesses.

The acceptance and popularity of three orders of classical architecture? psychoanalysis is apparent through the on Human Relations, existence of numerous institutes, organizations, and conferences established around the world with psychoanalysis as their focus. The theory of psychoanalysis was innovative and revolutionary, and clearly has withstood the test of time. Perhaps even more noteworthy than the longevity of psychoanalysis is the fact that it has served as a catalyst to many professionals in the field of psychology and prompted them to what see connections that they otherwise would have missed. Psychoanalysis enlightened health professionals about Essay Relations, many aspects of the human mind and its inner workings, phenomena that had previously been inexplicable. What Are The Orders Greek! As a direct result of psychoanalysis, approaches to Essay Nature psychological treatment now considered routine or commonplace were developed worldwide (Farrell, 1981, p. 202). By far one of the greatest strengths of psychoanalysis is that it is a very comprehensive theory. Psychoanalysis, originally intended as a theory to explain therapeutic or psychological concepts, explains the nature of human development and Essay on Social or Helpful?, all aspects of mental functioning. Essay On Human Nature In International Relations! However, many experts contend that psychoanalysis can also be used to describe or explain a vast array of other concepts outside of the realm of the psychological field. For example, religion, Shakespeare's character Hamlet, the nature of companies and their leaders, or an artist's paintings can all be explained by the principles of psychoanalysis. This comprehensiveness suggests that the theory of psychoanalysis is, at least to some extent, pointing in the general direction of the truth (Farrell, 1981, p. 195). Despite the weaknesses of psychoanalysis, I believe that the many strengths of the theory are extremely significant.

Therefore, I maintain that psychoanalysis is a theory that should not be disregarded. Because psychoanalysis was developed a century ago and what are the three orders of classical greek architecture?, is still considered to Essay on Human Nature Relations be a credible and effective method of treating mental illnesses, I contend that at orders, least significant parts of the theory are accurate. Second, I believe that psychoanalysis is Nature in International Relations, a scientific theory due to the fact that it is most, falsifiable and Essay in International Relations, has, in fact, been proven false because other methods of treatment have been proven effective. Evaluating The Appraisal Form Used Grocery Retailer! Third, I believe that psychoanalysis is comprehensive, can be applied in Essay on Human practical ways, and contains valid arguments. Finally, I believe that psychoanalysis is a substantial theory of personality because it is crucifixion of peter, directly responsible for the development of additional psychological theories and on Human Nature in International, hypotheses that otherwise may have been missed.

Psychoanalysis is widely disputed, but perhaps it is necessary to return to the founder of psychoanalysis himself. Freud (1949) wrote in his Outline of Psychoanalysis the teachings of crucifixion psychoanalysis are based on an incalculable number of observations and experiences, and only someone who has repeated those observations on on Human Nature himself and on others is in a position to arrive at most enzymes are proteins, a judgment of his own upon it. (p. 11) Although I am hardly an expert on psychoanalysis, I believe that to dismiss the theory completely would be a tremendous oversight because without it many other valuable psychological techniques and theories most likely would have remained undiscovered. Beystehner's article, Psychoanalysis: Freud's Revolutionary Approach to on Human Nature in International Relations Human Personality, examines Freud and his field of psychoanalysis in order to determine if the Essay Networking: Harmful or Helpful?, recognition it has received since its inception at the turn of the century has been deserved. In this article, Beystehner reviews various aspects of psychoanalysis, history of Essay on Human Nature in International Freud, main ideas, and criticisms of psychoanalysis. The article concludes by acknowledging flaws in psychoanalysis, but asserts the value that Freud and his theories have added to the field of psychology. Sigmund Freud was the what are the of classical greek, psychologist responsible for Essay in International Relations, forming and forwarding the first ideas in psychoanalysis. His theories were highly controversial and remain so to this day. The foundation of psychoanalysis is rooted in are the orders of classical architecture? the idea that humans have unconscious longings that must be analyzed in Essay on Human Nature in International Relations order to understand behavior. Such unconscious desires are usually sexual and use hubris sentence, aggressive tendencies. Psychoanalysis is a method to uncover the source and in International, elements of these impulses.

Various methods, including free association, dream interpretation, and analysis of slips in conversation are used to identify latent longings. Beystehner classifies critics into three categories. The first group is critical of Freud because of his method of data collection or his lack of data. A second group of critics dislikes techniques that psychoanalysts use to assist their patients. Free association, according to Grünbaum (1986), is not a valid method of accessing the patients' repressed actual memories because there is no way of ensuring that the analyst is capable of distinguishing between the patients' actual memories and imagined memories constructed due to the influence of the analyst's leading questions (p. 226). Finally, Beystehner refers to critics who condemn psychoanalysis as not being scientific.

Because it is impossible to test, lacks predictions, and has no interpretive rules, it contradicts many of the fundamental tenets of science. Beystehner does an excellent job of reviewing the history of psychoanalysis and summarizing main ideas. Although she identifies some important critics, many others are left out. Freud has a significant number feminist critics because many of his theories viewed women's sexuality in crucifixion a negative light. In addition, Beystehner discusses Freud's view that homosexuality is an error occurring in the development of the sexual function. Such an idea has been criticized with relatively recent emerging research on homosexuality. Therefore, critiques of Freud stretch farther than examined in on Human in International Relations this article. Nonetheless, Beystehner's conclusion about psychoanalysis is valuable. First, the crucifixion, aspects that make a theory great are underscored. Beystehner shows how Freud's theories satisfy such aspects, thereby making it one of the greatest theories about human behavior. Flaws are acknowledged, yet psychoanalysis is a theory that should not be disregarded.

It has helped develop and refine many new fields of psychology. The paper on psychoanalysis by Beystehner presents an Essay on Human Nature, argument that attempts to establish Freud's revolutionary theory of psychotherapy as a great idea in the study of Evaluating Used by a Retailer personality. Despite the great criticism of him by several scientists, the author believes Freud should not be overlooked. She believes that Freud's theory, by withstanding the tests of time and by influencing so many other ideas in the field of personality, cannot be dismissed. In addition, she believes that psychoanalysis is a scientific method. The arguments are presented in a neat, linear manner that can be followed easily. First, the author gives origins and Nature in International Relations, histories of psychotherapy, and then goes on to explain the theories of Freud.

She finally documents important critical and positive viewpoints on the father of psychoanalysis. The paper is strong in its clear presentation, with a final conclusion that is most enzymes, supported by the evidence brought forth in the author's argument. However, many criticisms of Freud are left unresolved. The author does state in her conclusion that Freud's arguments have their weaknesses, but she believes that an idea can still be great if it is flawed. The problem is that the strengths of his work are unclear and are directly refuted by on Human in International Freud's critics. Perhaps the greatest question left unresolved is the falsifiablity of Freud. In A! Can we interpret his theories as a true science, or are they merely speculations at the human mind? The author believes that psychoanalysis is a scientific method because it is Essay on Human Relations, falsifiable, but no concrete proof of that is the devil and daniel webster, presented. The author shows that Freud is important because he influenced so much thought in the 20th century, and because he addressed issues previously kept in the dark. On Human Relations! However, I believe the Evaluating the Appraisal Used Retailer Essays, author falls short of establishing psychoanalysis as a science.

The criticisms are overwhelming, and the author rarely takes the time to Essay on Human Nature refute these points. The criticisms collected regarding psychoanalysis are placed into three categories by the author, criticisms of Freud's evidence, techniques, and principles. Freud and his theories are criticized on all levels. Attacks range from his intentions to his empirical evidence. Use Hubris In A! At one point it is stated: Greenburg believes that Freud's case studies do not place enough stress on Essay on Human Relations revealing the outcome of the treatment and that Freud's aim was to illustrate his theoretical points. And then almost immediately following: Critics contend that Freud's evidence is flawed due to the devil webster the lack of an Essay Relations, experiment, the what three orders of classical architecture?, lack of a control group, and the lack of observations that went unrecorded (Colby, 1960, p. 54). Things that are synonymous with modern scientific theory and method are omitted from Freud's theory. These multiple gaping holes in Essay on Human Relations Freud's work are presented in quick procession, and are followed by no discussion.

Instead, the reader is left thinking only the Appraisal Grocery Essays, of all of Freud's flaws. A mountain of these facts is built up, but it is never knocked down. Instead of defending Freud against the points of the previous section, the portion of the paper evaluating the strengths of Freud concentrates on the influence Freud has had both inside and on Human Nature in International, outside of psychology. Use Hubris In A! The author states that a good theory, according to many philosophers of science, is falsifiable, able to Essay Relations be generalized, leads to Evaluating the Appraisal new theories and ideas, and is recognized by others in the field. Clearly psychoanalysis meets many of these criteria. Yet the on Human, formerly stated criticisms of psychoanalysis as a science seem too great to ignore; the author offers no resolution to these points. More importantly, the most are proteins, author fails to prove the falsifiability of the theories.

The only on Human Relations, proof given is Evaluating Form Grocery Retailer Essays, that psychoanalysis is falsifiable because other methods of treatment have been proven effective. This is a vague statement that, even if true, in no way provides a strong foundation to such an important and pivotal argument. Creating falsifiability is vital in establishing psychoanalysis as a scientific theory. Without a reasonable claim at this, it is difficult to discuss a theory as a science. Instead of clearly meeting the criteria of a good, scientific theory, psychoanalysis falls short. Because of this, evaluating psychoanalysis as a scientific method is unreasonable. This is significant in evaluating Freud's theories as great. The only Essay on Human Nature in International Relations, strengths successfully argued are that his psychoanalysis still lingers today and that it has led to new theories and ideas.

I do not believe that the ideas of Freud should be dismissed completely. Crucifixion Of Peter! Freud's influence has been great on many. He has permeated into society and is now commonplace in the public's evaluation of personality. The author of this article explains how Freud's work acted as a catalyst, opening the eyes of several scientists to new theories that otherwise would have been missed. Essay On Human Relations! Freud's theories can effectively be applied to the human personality and to Essay on Social Harmful or Helpful? the development of the human mind and sexuality. They can even be applied to works outside of the realm of psychology. Yet, in this article, the author does not effectively establish psychoanalysis as a science. The criticisms of Freud (his technique, method, and principles), and the author's failure to prove falsifiability of psychoanalysis make it impossible to accept his theories as a science. Freud's revolutionary thinking and his effect on those who followed clearly establish that his theories have had a great impact in the field of personality. However, the author does not provide significant evidence to Essay on Human in International establish Freud's work as a scientific method.

This paper discusses Freud's theory of psychoanalysis, including an in a sentence, evaluation of whether or not the theory qualifies as a great idea of personality. On Human Nature! The author notes several strong arguments that critics of the Form Used Retailer, theory have made, but also suggests that the theory is comprehensive enough to remain in consideration. For example, although Beystehner makes the assertion that Freud's data were not scientific, she also points out that the theory is not only Essay in International Relations, still in use after an entire century, but it has influenced many more theories as well. The author describes the theory of psychoanalysis fairly well. Although slightly brief, the outline of what are the three orders greek architecture? psychoanalysis given is understandable if the reader has some knowledge of the topic. Some concepts, such as the latent stage and the Electra complex, could be further elaborated. Similarly, Freudian slips, or parapraxes, are not explained at Essay in International, all. Beystehner also states that there are both positive and negative aspects of transference, but does not provide adequate descriptions of these.

It seems that the criticisms Beystehner makes against psychoanalysis are much more powerful than the defending arguments. For instance, the claims that Freud's data were either flawed or invalid indicate that Freud's theory is not scientifically based, a rather large, influential argument against the theory. The comments against Freud's technique of and daniel author free association fuel the debate on whether his work was done on empirical grounds. Beystehner provides ample support for this criticism, and on Human Nature in International Relations, the reader begins to question whether or not the Networking: or Helpful?, theory is really based on adequate evidence. It is somewhat contradictory that a theory with such a dubious foundation could remain in existence for so long, let alone serve as the basis for Essay on Human Nature in International, other theories. Beystehner asserts that psychoanalysis is, in fact, a falsifiable theory, and so it is appropriately categorized as a scientific theory. However, her paper lacks the support necessary to convince the reader of this idea.

The fact that other types of treatment have been shown to be effective does not satisfy the reader as acceptable evidence that the theory is scientific. The concepts behind Freud's psychoanalysis are nearly impossible to use hubris in a test empirically; how does one go about Essay Nature in International, proving the existence of an id? It is no wonder that Freud's data were flawed. And Daniel Webster! Psychoanalysis can only be based on observations and interpretations, which are not always standardized, and thus predictions are not always accurate. Beystehner has done well in bringing these problems to light. Nevertheless, psychoanalysis is a very comprehensive theory that can be used to Nature in International explain many aspects of human psychology.

The author evaluates this point as well as other strengths of the what are the architecture?, theory, but the reasoning in Essay on Human Nature Relations support of the theory is not quite up to par with the arguments against it. The main item that confirms the theory's strength deals with the use hubris, longevity of psychoanalysis. Essay On Human Nature Relations! The reader is left to wonder how, with all the criticism against it, the are the orders of classical greek architecture?, theory has remained intact for Nature in International Relations, so long. Although psychoanalysis is extremely comprehensive, contains some valid arguments, and has been utilized in both clinical and research psychology, empirical support in favor of the theory seems to be lacking. Beystehner also seems to draw several conclusions without offering clarifying examples. She states that irrelevant and false assumptions are made all too frequently in or Helpful? the field of psychoanalysis, and specific examples could be included. Also, she claims that psychoanalysis can be applied in practical ways, which is a rather vague description of the theory's usefulness. In her conclusion, Beystehner uses a quote from Freud, in which Freud implies that he has based psychoanalysis on Essay on Human Nature in International Relations his observations of both himself and others. However, Rand and Torok (1997) have noted that Freud did not completely understand himself, which would contribute to his flawed data results (p.

221). Once again, the validity of psychoanalysis comes into question. Perhaps the case for the theory needs some reconsideration. Undoubtedly, the author has made some very clear points, and should be commended on her accomplishment of compiling such a comprehensive evaluation of psychoanalysis. On the other hand, the Essay on Social Networking: Harmful, justifications for agreeing with the theory fall short of the critique against it, and so the reader can conclude that psychoanalysis may not be as great of a theory as previously thought. Beystehner's essay on psychoanalysis is a good introduction to Freudian theory, and also addresses the issue of whether it holds water as a science, but stops there, which is somewhat misleading.

There are even a few simple factual statements that I find questionable, including the statement that the superego's demands are managed by Nature Relations the id. Nothing can really be managed by the id, nor the superego, for that matter. What Are The Three Orders Of Classical Architecture?! These two elements counterbalance each other, but only the ego is capable of on Human Nature Relations management. Use Hubris In A Sentence! The term Electra phase is also attributed to Freud, which is a term with which he personally did not agree. In a paper such as this one that addresses Freudian theory, rather than psychoanalysis as a whole, it would be more appropriate to simply note the theoretical gaps in the theory for females.

Freud's famous quote What do women want? would be appropriate to on Human in International Relations note. He conceded that he was unable to what are the three orders greek architecture? make his theory a balanced one for both sexes, so why not simply address that in the paper? Neglecting much of the literature is a much more serious offense. Only Freud's writings are addressed as far as psychoanalytic theory goes, and all of the innovations within Freud's framework are ignored. Psychoanalysis has come a long way since Freud's day, including changes that account for the aforementioned inability of Freud's theory to address the issues specific to women. Many criticisms of Freud are briefly noted in the essay, but the Essay Relations, only one that is properly addressed is the question of whether psychoanalysis has a solid scientific basis in theory and practice--that is, whether it should be considered a pure science. This question may be an use hubris sentence, issue, but I think it is in International Relations, essentially a secondary one. Many modern analysts would simply concede this point, and go on Evaluating the Appraisal Form by a Grocery Essays their merry post-Freudian way. Far more important issues regarding sexuality, etc., are simply glossed over and left to rot as loose ends, unaddressed in the paper and, therefore, in the reader's head. There has been a lot of criticism of psychoanalysis, and it has held up very well under fire.

To address only the question of scientific status, which is Essay on Human Nature in International Relations, one of the Evaluating, few criticisms that has been conceded by analysts, but is (arguably) a relatively unimportant criticism, is a horrible mistake in a paper that aims to on Human Nature survey the literature on psychoanalysis. The paper is relatively good on the points that it addresses, but for enzymes, an overview of psychoanalysis, it fails to emphasize the right points. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory Raises Concerns in Light of Modern Culture. Sigmund Freud is arguably the most well known psychologist of the 20th century. As the founder of psychoanalysis, he has greatly impacted the development of psychotherapy and Essay in International, treatment methods through the course of the century.

His influence on the field remains strong and his theory continues to generate controversy. Psychoanalysis remains embroiled in this controversy as many detractors claim that the theory has its flaws. Its redeeming factor is the legacy it leaves behind, as it has furthered the therapeutic field in unimaginable ways. Most Enzymes Are Proteins! Contrastingly, opponents of the theory point to on Human Nature the lack of empirical evidence and in a sentence, the heavy reliance on free association techniques as proof of obvious inadequacies. Psychoanalysis is undoubtedly a great idea in psychology as the author clearly notes; however, the theory's shortcomings are far from Essay Nature in International few in crucifixion of peter the light of modern demands. One of the greatest inadequacies in Essay Nature in International Relations Freud's theory that the author does not investigate further is the inability of the theory to explain behaviors in our modern culture. In many senses, Freud's theory was only applicable in his own era. The prevalence of same-sex parents raising children in homosexual homes or the even more common phenomenon of single-parent households raise questions that psychoanalysis fails to answer.

The psychoanalytic theory is horribly inadequate in its investigation of female emotional and sexual development. Freud concentrated on male development, as he was part of a male dominated era; however the Evaluating the Appraisal Used by a Essays, lack of foresight is clear as half the population's development has been insufficiently accounted for on Human, under the guidelines of the theory. Difficulties arise when one attempts to explain female development and behavior based on psychoanalytic theory because it is three orders of classical greek, so incomplete in this arena. The demographic scope of investigation of psychoanalysis is Essay on Human in International, apparent when measured against modern standards. The role and interpretation of what three orders of classical greek architecture? dreams was one of the cornerstones of Freud's theory. He used dreams and on Human in International Relations, their subsequent interpretations to bring subconscious conflict to the forefront. The author succinctly describes the role of dreams in psychoanalysis; however, more recent evidence refuting Freud's claims is Evaluating the Appraisal Form by a Grocery Essays, rather interesting. The proliferation of psychotherapy in the modern day has brought controversial and Essay Relations, unsettling issues under close scrutiny. The ability of therapists to strongly influence patients' memories has been supported in numerous studies. Loftus (1993a, 1993b, 1995) has also shown in many studies that memories are often reconstructed and enzymes are proteins, that the therapist aids in the construction process through such avenues as dream interpretation and hypnosis.

The question of whether dreams are a reliable source of Essay on Human Nature in International information has been refuted by most in the field; yet, patients continue to crucifixion of peter reconstruct memories with the aid of therapists. The modern scientific phenomenon has it roots in Essay Nature in International Freud's original psychoanalytic theory. Clear mention is made of the fundamental technique of free-association in Freud's clinical cases. The reliance on free-association and on dream interpretation point to the Appraisal Essays a greater problem: the lack of Essay on Human Nature empirical evidence. The lack of empirical evidence is a point to which the strongest opponents of psychoanalysis look in criticism of the theory. The Devil Webster! Perhaps the Nature in International, reason many modern psychologists are unable to reconcile the psychoanalytic theory with modern treatment techniques is due to this apparent lack of empirical evidence. Use Hubris In A Sentence! Modern science looks to empirical evidence for confirmation of any theory's validity. Freud was clearly unable to provide the Nature Relations, empirical evidence of modern standards; thus, only the Appraisal Form Used by a Essays, if we look at the psychoanalytic theory from the Nature Relations, ideas it has spurred rather than at its literal meaning can psychoanalysis be considered a great idea in personality. Psychoanalysis displays its greatest strength as one views the of peter, progress that has been made in Essay the treatment of the mentally ill. Proponents of psychoanalysis have contributed to its widespread influence as it has encouraged other fields of research and crucifixion of peter, investigation.

Psychoanalysis fostered interest in human emotional and psychological development traced back to on Human a young age. The human can be seen from a much more holistic viewpoint as one looks at in a, the psychoanalytic theory, which combines the inner workings of the mind and attempts to explain them in the context of a dynamic social environment. The author provides an accurate assessment of Freud's psychoanalytic theory as she points out on Human Nature in International Relations its two major inadequacies, the demographic restrictions of the subject population and most enzymes, the lack of empirical evidence, while also salvaging the theory by concentrating on the legacy it left behind. Although the specifics of the psychoanalytic theory cannot be supported via empirical evidence and on Human Nature in International, many aspects of the theory cannot explain modern phenomena, Freud still made a considerable and lasting contribution to use hubris in a sentence psychology. The controversy surrounding his theory to this very day is testimony of its greatest strength: its ability to foster and encourage further investigation and the presentation of new theories. Freud brought psychology to Essay Nature a new precipice as he delved into what are the three orders greek, the workings of the inner mind. Evaluating the Criticisms: Psychoanalysis and its Legacy.

It seems to me that there are several common criticisms of my paper, Psychoanalysis: Freud's Revolutionary Approach to Essay Human Personality. First, several commentators are of the opinion that I failed to and daniel webster author fully establish falsifiability of Freud's psychoanalytic theory. Second, several commentators believe that I did not adequately describe the most important criticisms of Freudian theory. Third, several commentators feel that I failed to fully resolve or refute the Essay Nature in International, criticisms of psychoanalysis that I detailed in my paper. In this response, I will attempt to reply to these and all of the other valuable criticisms made by of peter the authors of the peer commentaries on my article. In her commentary, Analyzing Psychoanalysis, Cheryan cites two weaknesses of my paper to be the omission of feminist critics of psychoanalysis and the omission of recent research concerning homosexuality. On Human Nature Relations! As Cheryan writes, Critiques of Freud stretch farther than examined in this article. I am in agreement with this point.

Clearly Freud and psychoanalysis have been criticized and attacked from nearly every angle. In choosing to use hubris in a sentence classify the criticisms of Freud into the three categories of criticisms of Freud's evidence, Freud's technique, and on Human Nature Relations, the basic principles of psychoanalysis, I was attempting merely to highlight some of the criticisms that appeared to be significant and mentioned by many authors. Perhaps with a bit more research, I would have found more criticisms of the type Cheryan mentions, but because of the vast number of criticisms against Freud and his work, it was necessary that I select several areas of the Appraisal Form Retailer Essays criticism on on Human in International Relations which to focus my article. Like Cheryan, Rawal points out in her article that I failed to investigate psychoanalysis' inability to explain certain behaviors in our modern world. Use Hubris In A! She too cites the examples of homosexuality and the overall inadequacy of the theory's positions on the sexual and emotional development of females. Relations! I have to agree with Rawal and Cheryan that one of the are the three greek, greatest oversights of Freud was his failure to develop his theory well enough for in International Relations, females. This was due, as Rawal notes in her commentary, to the time period in enzymes which Freud worked, an era that was definitely male-dominated. In his commentary, Freud Alone, Plaut mentions a statement in my paper with which he finds fault. In my paper, I stated that the superego's demands are managed by Essay Nature in International the id. Plaut goes on to explain how nothing can really be 'managed' by the id, nor the superego. Upon review of my sources, I have to conclude that I misinterpreted some information.

In short, this statement in my paper is, in fact, false. To correct this error, I wish to emphasize the on Social, fact that the demands of both the superego and the id are managed by the ego. Plaut also cites my use of the on Human Nature Relations, term Electra complex, a term with which Freud did not personally agree. Once again, Plaut is correct here. The term was first used by Jung, and Freud did, in fact, argue against crucifixion of peter, its introduction in one of on Human Nature Relations his papers. I must admit that I did realize that Freud did not coin the term Electra complex, but I included it in my paper for two reasons. First, the term is used by many critics and most enzymes are proteins, appears to be generally accepted, and second, I felt that the term made differentiating between the developmental experiences of males and females easier for the reader to comprehend. Plaut states in his article that only Nature Relations, Freud's writings are addressed as far as psychoanalytic theory goes, and webster author, all of the innovations within Freud's framework are ignored.

He is correct here, and I agree with him that psychoanalysis has come a long way since Freud. However, the purpose of my particular paper was not to provide a current update of those innovations. Instead, I attempted to provide an overview of Freud's theory, not the theories of his successors. Finally, I evaluated whether or not I believe Freud's specific theory of psychoanalysis, not the practice of psychoanalysis in general, is indeed a valuable theory of human personality. Plaut also asserts that I failed to emphasize the right points. He believes that, although the question of whether or not psychoanalysis has a solid, scientific foundation may be an important issue, it is essentially a secondary one.

I disagree. On Human Nature! Many of the foremost critics of psychoanalysis find fault with the theory because they believe that it is not scientific. Consequently, I believe that the arguments for and against this argument are indeed extremely important, far more important than Plaut acknowledges. Finally, Plaut asserts that many modern analysts would simply concede that psychoanalysis is a science and go on their merry post-Freudian way. However, I find this hard to accept because I have found criticisms stating the exact opposite of Plaut's remark. As I stated in my paper, Storr (1981) insists, Only a few fundamentalist psychoanalysts of an old-fashioned kind think that Freud was a scientist or that psychoanalysis was or could be a scientific enterprise (p. What Greek Architecture?! 260).

There is quite a difference between many modern analysts, as Plaut asserts and only a few fundamentalist psychoanalysts, according to Storr. This and the importance of the issue of whether psychoanalysis is Essay Nature Relations, indeed a science are definite sources of disagreement between Plaut's beliefs and my own. In Psychoanalysis: A Not-So-Great Idea? Lin first cites my omission of Freudian slips as a significant error. Although I did allude to Freudian slips, or parapraxes in the section of my paper detailing the method of psychoanalytic treatment, Lin is correct in stating that I failed adequately to most are proteins explain their nature. In regards to this and other brief descriptions of various topics in my paper of which Lin would like to see more explanation, I was merely trying to be succinct. I highlighted the Nature, basics of Freud's theory, and I maintain that the primary aspects of his psychoanalytic theory are explained quite adequately. Lin also cites my use of one of Freud's quotations in my conclusion and the fact that recent research has shown that, according to Lin, Freud did not completely understand himself, which would contribute to his flawed data results. In regards to this point, I must admit that I am not familiar with the research Lin cites, and are the three orders greek, I can only offer my intent for including this quotation, which was merely to illustrate Freud's opinion that only individuals schooled in on Human the details of psychoanalytic theory are in a position whereby they can offer their views of psychoanalysis. Perhaps more important though is the criticism of both Lin and Jones that I failed to on Social Harmful establish psychoanalysis as a falsifiable theory. However, I believe that falsifiability is a somewhat straightforward issue.

In my opinion, because methods of treatment other than psychoanalysis have been used successfully in the treatment of mental illness, psychoanalysis has indeed been falsified. Among the alternative methods that have been proven effective are behavior and Essay on Human, cognitive therapy, not to mention spontaneous remission or placebo treatment (Eysenck, 1986, p. 236). Lin also considers the conclusion of my paper to be vague and in need of more examples. In attempting to are the orders greek architecture? be brief, I may have inadvertently neglected a few of the details that Lin mentions. First, in regards to my statement that irrelevant and Essay Relations, false assumptions are made all too frequently in the field of psychoanalysis, I was referring primarily to the types of use hubris sentence generalizations whereby psychoanalysts, for instance, define the Essay in International Relations, causes of all sorts of mental issues to the devil and daniel webster be due to unresolved Oedipal and Electra complexes. This type of generalization is, in my opinion, exaggerated and lacking in common sense.

Second, in regards to my statement that psychoanalysis can be applied in Essay practical ways, I was referring to its use as a method of treatment of various mental illnesses, its attempt at explaining the of peter, inner workings of the human mind in Essay on Human Nature the context of the most enzymes are proteins, world and the environment, and its ability to in International Relations serve as a catalyst for further investigation of other psychological theories. I apologize for this apparent lack of clarity. Lin and Jones both believe that the strengths of Evaluating the Appraisal Used by a Retailer psychoanalysis that I detailed do not stack up to on Human Relations the many criticisms of the theory. However, I disagree. The fact that psychoanalysis has withstood the test of time so well indicates without a doubt that at least parts of the theory are accurate. In addition, Freud's influence on the field of on Social Harmful or Helpful? psychology remains strong even today.

The legacy that Freud left behind is tremendous, and his theories have furthered the field of psychology in an infinite number of ways. Although my paper detailed many criticisms of Freud's theory, I believe that these only serve to further illustrate one of psychoanalysis' greatest strengths: its controversiality. As a direct result of Freud's theory, additional psychological theories and on Human in International Relations, hypotheses have been developed that otherwise may have been missed. In A Sentence! This, in my opinion, is by on Human Nature in International far the greatest achievement of Freud's psychoanalytic theory and overshadows any and all of its many criticisms. In his commentary Great Ideas, But Great Science? Jones asserts the primary weaknesses of my article to be many of the same criticisms made by Lin , as I have noted previously.

These include the arguments that the criticisms of psychoanalysis are left unresolved, that the strengths of psychoanalysis are vague and do not stack up well against Essay on Social Networking: Harmful or Helpful?, its many criticisms, and that the on Human Nature in International Relations, falsifiability of the theory is what are the three orders greek architecture?, not well-established. In addition, Jones finds fault with my categorization of the criticisms of Freud and his theory. He emphasizes that, Freud and his theories are criticized on all levels. Attacks range from his intentions to his empirical evidence. On Human! I strongly agree with Jones on this issue. Jones seems to be bothered by the conflicting criticisms and my lack of discussion regarding each one. However, I believe much of the criticism that I detailed is use hubris in a, somewhat self-explanatory, and in response to Jones' assertion that the reader is left thinking only of Freud's flaws, I believe that the strengths of on Human Nature Relations Freud's theory, including its legacy, serendipitous quality, and controversiality, are indeed strong enough to overpower the many arguments against it. Jones , like Lin , maintains that the falisifiability of psychoanalysis is not well-established though he insists this is in by a Retailer part due to the somewhat vague statement in my conclusion that other methods have been proven effective. As I mentioned previously, behavioral and cognitive therapy have both been successful in the treatment of mental illnesses.

Therefore, I would like to reiterate that psychoanalysis has definitely been falsified as was noted by Eysenck (1986) and many other critics. Essay On Human! As a result, contrary to the opinion of Jones, psychoanalysis does meet this aspect of the definition of a scientific theory and should therefore, in use hubris my opinion, be considered scientific. All of the criticisms from each of the peer commentators are valuable and Relations, interesting. On Social Harmful Or Helpful?! However, I believe that no critic can deny the fact that psychoanalysis is Essay on Human Nature, indeed a great idea of human personality. Clearly, psychoanalysis is an important tool in practice. It provides great insight into the inner workings of the human mind, provides a deeper understanding as to the fundamental problems that cause mental illness, and its controversiality has resulted in the investigation and development of Networking: Harmful many other psychological theories. In my opinion, these tremendous achievements of Freud and his theory far outweigh the many criticisms. It is Essay Nature in International Relations, my desire, along with many other supporters of psychoanalysis, that the theory of psychoanalysis be fully appreciated for its relevance and profound effects on most enzymes are proteins modern-day psychology as well as its use in the clinical environment, despite the many criticisms against it. Colby, K. M. (1960).

An introduction to psychoanalytic research. New York: Basic. Edelson, M. (1986). The evidential value of the psychoanalyst's clinical data. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 232-234. Erwin, E. (1986). Defending Freudianism.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 235-236. Eysenck, H. J. (1986). Failure of treatment--failure of theory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 236. Farrell, B. A. (1981). The standing of psychoanalysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Freud, S. (1949). An outline of psychoanalysis. New York: Norton. Gay, P. (1989).

Sigmund Freud: A brief life. In J. Strachy (Ed.), An outline of psychoanalysis (pp. vii-xx). New York: Norton. Greenberg, R. P. (1986). The case against Freud's cases. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 240-241. Grünbaum, A. (1986). Essay Relations! Précis of The foundations of psychoanalysis: A philosophical critique.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 217-284. Holt, R. R. (1986). Some reflections on testing psychoanalytic hypotheses. Enzymes Are Proteins! Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 242-244. Loftus, E. On Human! F. Are Proteins! (1993a). Desperately seeking memories of the first few years of childhood: The reality of early memories.

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 122, 274-277. Loftus, E. F. On Human Nature! (1993b). In A! The reality of Essay in International Relations repressed memories. American Psychologist, 48, 518-537. Loftus, E. Evaluating Form! F. (1995, March-April).

Remembering dangerously. Skeptical Inquirer, 20-29. National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis (1998, January 31). The making of a psychoanalyst [WWW document]. URL http://www.npap.org/inst.htm. Notturno, M. A., McHugh, P. R. (1986). Essay! Is Freudian psychoanalytic theory really falsifiable?

Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 250-252. Popper, K. (1986). Predicting overt behavior versus predicting hidden states. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 254-255. Rand, N., Torok, M. (1997). Questions for are the three of classical greek architecture?, Freud: The secret history of Nature psychoanalysis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Spence, D. Harmful! P. On Human Nature Relations! (1986). Are free associations necessarily contaminated? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 9, 259. Wax, M. L. (1986).

Psychoanalysis: Conventional wisdom, self knowledge, or inexact science? Behavioral and webster, Brain Sciences, 9, 264-265.

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The following tips will enable you to come up with the best professional biography; Be brief and precise to the point. What Are The Orders Of Classical Greek? This is to enable the reader to easily and quickly get to Nature in International know about use hubris, you. Be spontaneous in your writing Be as expressive as possible and avoid too much of self-editing while drafting the professional biography in the initial stages to capture as much information as possible Be friendly but not too informal Be as interesting as you could in order to Essay Nature in International get the attention of many people out there Write it in third person. Talk about your life as if someone else were describing it. This site offers you a professional biography template that could aid in making the generation of professional biographies an easy and less time consuming task. You can also check out sample bios to use hubris sentence figure out how to Relations go about the whole process of coming up with a professional biography. A personal biography is a short account of who you are, your credentials and Grocery Retailer, your notable accomplishments in life. Personal bios ought to be short, precise and relevant to your target audience. The use of personal statistics such as hobbies or family should be avoided. A personal biography template will help one to easily and conveniently come up with personal bios.

The key elements in a personal biography are; Give an on Human Nature introduction of yourself. Remember to write it in third person and include the year that your professional career started to be relevant. You could give a list of any relevant specializations in your field. State your educational facts and credentials. Mention the degrees that you have pursued and the respective institutions. Of Peter? Add any relevant experiences you have that are required for your career and mention the Essay, name of the society that you are legally a member of. Proceed to outline any notable achievements or awards you have earned in your practice. Remember that the of peter, information ought to be relevant to on Human Relations the audience being addressed. Three Greek Architecture?? If you happen to Essay Nature be an author you could mention the what are the greek, magazines or any publishing house that has recognized your works. Your conclusion should mention any upcoming projects or works in progress that people should lookout for in the near future.

Dont forget to Nature in International mention your current place of residence. In A? As you age, it is good to keep on updating your biography to reflect who you are at present time. Nature In International Relations? You can make use of the personal biography template offered by this site to easily and in a more convenient way generate your own biography without missing out on the important details. We also provide sample biographies to give you a feel of what your end draft should look like. If you have kids and Used by a Essays, you want to let them in on famous historical figures, this site offers biographies for on Human Nature in International Relations, kids.

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DoubleCloud = Private Cloud + Public Cloud. Command lines are very important for Essay on Human Nature in International system administrors when it comes to automation. Although GUIs are more likely (not always as Ive seen too many bad ones) to be more intuitive and easier to author get started with, sooner or later administrators will use command lines more for better productivity. Check out DoubleCloud ICE if you want the best of both GUI and on Human, command lines. There are a few command line options in crucifixion of peter, VMware ESXi, among which is the vim-cmd. If you are familiar with vSphere API, you already know VIM is the original name for vSphere management (Virtual Infrastructure Management). The vim-cmd is indeed associated with the vSphere API its built on top of the hostd which implements the Relations, APIs. With this context in mind, you can guess out what you can do with the vim-cmd in general. Time to learn how to Google and manage your VMware and Essay on Social Networking: or Helpful?, clouds in Essay on Human Nature, a fast and Essay on Social Networking: or Helpful?, secure. For lower level of management and control of Nature in International Relations, ESXi, you want to check out the esxcli command. The following is on Social a quick overview of the on Human Nature in International, command and its subcommands.

On ESXi, the vim-cmd is at /bin/vim-cmd, which is actually a symbolic link to a host executable as shown in what are the three of classical greek architecture?, the following. # ls -l /bin/vim-cmd lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 11 Mar 23 2013 /bin/vim-cmd - /sbin/hostd. The vim-cmd has a few sub-commands. To find out, you can simply type vim-cmd at a SSH shell as follows: # vim-cmd Commands available under /: hbrsvc/ internalsvc/ solo/ vmsvc/ hostsvc/ proxysvc/ vimsvc/ help. As you can see, there are 7 sub-command categories with the help ignored (help is Nature Relations important but it does not represent a type of Essay or Helpful?, itself). Essay Nature Relations. With these 7 types, you can remove the svc (solo is Evaluating Form by a Grocery Retailer Essays exception) and get the in International, types as: hbr, host, internal, proxy, solo, vim, and vm. I think you can guess out what they are for at what greek high level.

Please note that the internal is not really related to internal APIs of the ESXi. Without further due, lets drive down each categories. Virtual Machine Management Commands. Again, to Nature in International find out what specific commands avaiable in each category, you just type the subcommand such as vmsvc here. # vim-cmd vmsvc Commands available under vmsvc/: acquiremksticket get.snapshotinfo acquireticket get.spaceNeededForConsolidation connect get.summary convert.toTemplate get.tasklist convert.toVm getallvms createdummyvm gethostconstraints destroy login device.connection logout device.connusbdev message device.disconnusbdev power.getstate device.diskadd power.hibernate device.diskaddexisting power.off device.diskremove power.on device.getdevices power.reboot device.toolsSyncSet power.reset device.vmiadd power.shutdown device.vmiremove power.suspend devices.createnic power.suspendResume disconnect queryftcompat get.capability reload get.config setscreenres get.config.cpuidmask snapshot.create get.configoption snapshot.dumpoption get.datastores snapshot.get get.disabledmethods snapshot.remove get.environment snapshot.removeall get.filelayout snapshot.revert get.filelayoutex snapshot.setoption get.guest tools.cancelinstall get.guestheartbeatStatus tools.install get.managedentitystatus tools.upgrade get.networks unregister get.runtime upgrade. As you can see, these subcommands are mostly mapped to the managed object type VirtualMachine in crucifixion of peter, vSphere API. On Human Nature In International Relations. Some of these commands need additional arguments to carry out its duty.

When its associated with a virtual machine, its the virtual machine ID. What is it? You can find out use hubris in a sentence with getallvms command just watch out the first column. This ID is in fact the same as the value of ManagedObjectReference. On Human Nature. You can therefore optionally find them out use hubris sentence with the Managed Object Browser. # vim-cmd vmsvc/getallvms Vmid Name File Guest OS Version Annotation 8 testVM [datastore1] testVM/testVM.vmx ubuntu64Guest vmx-09 . Note that the ID is Essay on Human Relations simple an are the orders of classical architecture?, integer. If you see something like vm-9, you are most likely get this from a vCenter MOB. You need to open URL to Essay on Human in International Relations an ESXi for the vim-cmd command here.

The following example shows the network a virtual machine (whose vmID is 8) connects to: # vim-cmd vmsvc/get.networks 8 Networks: (vim.Network.Summary) The following command list the taks related to the virtual machine. Enzymes Are Proteins. There is no task for the moment the command was issued, therefore an empty array was returned. # vim-cmd vmsvc/get.tasklist 8. The following command shows the capability of the virtual machine. Remember the property called capability defined with VirtualMachine managed object?

They refer to the same thing and hold the same values. # vim-cmd vmsvc/get.capability 8 (vim.vm.Capability) Weve seen several commands that read information from the command. Essay On Human Nature In International. How about doing something? Here is a command that creates new dummy virtual machine. I will expand on crucifixion, this in future posts. # vim-cmd vmsvc/createdummyvm testVM [datastore1] /testVM/testVM.vmx. There are a few more sub-commands that I dont intend to show samples they are very similar and Essay Nature in International Relations, you can explore them by yourself.

This category of commands are related to authentication, license, task management, etc. The following commands give you an Networking: Harmful, idea what exactly they are and how to use some of them. # vim-cmd vimsvc/ Commands available under vimsvc/: auth/ license property_dump task_info connect login task_cancel task_list disconnect logout task_description. # vim-cmd vimsvc/auth Commands available under vimsvc/auth/: entity_permission_add lockdown_mode_enter role_permissions entity_permission_remove lockdown_mode_exit role_remove entity_permissions permissions roles lockdown_is_enabled privileges lockdown_is_possible role_add. # vim-cmd vimsvc/auth/role_add vm_test Role created: 10. The property_dump is an interesting one and I think very helpful for debugging.

Somehow I havent figured out the right parameters to on Human in International Relations it. I will try more and update it later if I discover more there. At the same time, should you know a sample, please feel free to what are the of classical greek architecture? share in Relations, the comment. # vim-cmd vimsvc/property_dump (vmodl.fault.InvalidRequest) This category of commands are associated with networking as you can see from the enzymes, following console output. # vim-cmd proxysvc Commands available under proxysvc/: add_np_service disconnect port_info add_tcp_service login remove_service connect logout service_list. These commands are mostly straight-forward. Essay Nature In International. Here is an example with port_info. The information displayed from are the three of classical this command is Essay on Human Nature Relations consistent with the hostd configuration you can find at on Social Networking: /etc/vmware/rhttpproxy/endpoints.conf. # vim-cmd proxysvc/port_info Http Port: 80 Https Port: 443. # more /etc/vmware/rhttpproxy/endpoints.conf / local 8309 redirect allow /sdk local 8307 redirect allow /client/clients.xml local 8309 allow allow /ui local 8308 redirect allow /vpxa local 8089 reject allow /mob namedpipe /var/run/vmware/proxy-mob redirect allow /wsman local 8889 redirect allow /sdkTunnel namedpipetunnel /var/run/vmware/proxy-sdk-tunnel allow reject /ha-nfc local 12001 allow allow /nfc local 12000 allow allow.

Unlike other command category, it does not come with svc as suffix. To find out what it does, just type in the following command: # vim-cmd solo Commands available under solo/: connect environment logout querycfgoptdesc disconnect login querycfgopt registervm. Most of the commands like environment, querycfgopt, querycfgoptdesc are for on Human showing the environment that a ComputeResource presents for creating and configuring a virtual machine. The corresponding managed object is the EnvironmentBrowser in vSphere APIs. The most important command there is the registervm command, which can be shown as follows: Ooops! The path to the datastore is not right. It turns out the devil and daniel it has to Essay on Human Nature in International be a path starts with /vmfs: # vim-cmd solo/registervm Insufficient arguments. Usage: registervm vm path [name] [resourcepool] registervm [cfg path] [name(optional)] [resourcepool(optional)] Register the vm.

# vim-cmd solo/registervm /vmfs/volumes/datastore1/testvm/testvm.vmx 69. You may be wondering how to Essay or Helpful? do the opposite unregister a virtual machine. Essay Nature In International Relations. Its in the vmsvc category and can be done as follows: # vim-cmd vmsvc/unregister 69. This category of commands represent the most complicated ones in the vim-cmd as its further divided into many sub-categories. See these with / in the following output: # vim-cmd hostsvc Commands available under hostsvc/: advopt/ enable_ssh refresh_services autostartmanager/ firewall_disable_ruleset reset_service datastore/ firewall_enable_ruleset runtimeinfo datastorebrowser/ get_service_status set_hostid firmware/ hostconfig standby_mode_enter net/ hosthardware standby_mode_exit rsrc/ hostsummary start_esx_shell storage/ login start_service summary/ logout start_ssh vmotion/ maintenance_mode_enter stop_esx_shell connect maintenance_mode_exit stop_service cpuinfo pci_add stop_ssh disable_esx_shell pci_remove task_list disable_ssh queryconnectioninfo updateSSLThumbprintsInfo disconnect querydisabledmethods enable_esx_shell refresh_firewall.

Most of in a sentence, these command categories are self explantory, for example, datastore, autostartmanager, datastore, datastorebrowser, firmware, storage, summary, vmotion. Note that the Essay on Human Relations, summary is not really the in a sentence, same as you find from summary property of HostSystem managed object in vSphere API. To find out what is there in on Human Nature in International Relations, summary, just type the command: # vim-cmd hostsvc/summary Commands available under hostsvc/summary/: fsvolume hba scsilun. The three commands there are really for listing file system volumes, host based adapters, and Evaluating Form Used Retailer, SCSI LUNs. Returning back to the direct commands under the hostsvc, there is on Human in International one called advopt. Networking: Or Helpful?. This is a shorthand for on Human Nature in International Relations advanced options. The corresponding managed object in of peter, vSphere API is OptionManager. If youve been familiar with OptionManager, its easy to figure out how to in International Relations use the commands. Another command subcategory that does not seem straight-forward is the what are the greek architecture?, rsrc, which is for on Human Nature in International grouping resource pool related sub-commands. The Devil Author. I dont know why rsrc is Essay Nature used, but I would have named it rp if I had designed it.

Anyway, a name is a name. Once you know what it is, we can just focus on its functionalities. Host Based Replication Commands. As you can guess, the hbr stands for host based replication. The following shows the sub-commands. As you can see, you can use them to manage the of peter, full cycle of virtual machine replicas, and Essay in International Relations, monitor them accordingly.

# vim-cmd /hbrsvc Commands available under /hbrsvc/: vmreplica.abort vmreplica.pause vmreplica.create vmreplica.queryReplicationState vmreplica.disable vmreplica.reconfig vmreplica.diskDisable vmreplica.resume vmreplica.diskEnable vmreplica.startOfflineInstance vmreplica.enable vmreplica.stopOfflineInstance vmreplica.getConfig vmreplica.sync vmreplica.getState. # vim-cmd /hbrsvc/vmreplica.getState Insufficient arguments. Usage: vmreplica.getState vmid Get the state of the enzymes are proteins, specified replication group. # vim-cmd internalsvc Commands available under internalsvc/: perfcount/ host_mode_lock refresh set_log_level vprobes/ login refresh_consolenic shutdown access_address loglist refresh_datastores throw_exception cold_quit logout refresh_gateway use_fds connect redirect_stderr refresh_network disconnect redirect_stdout refresh_pnic Under the perfcount and vprobes, there are more sub-commands as follows: pre lang=bash # vim-cmd internalsvc/perfcount/ Commands available under internalsvc/perfcount/: enumerate query_execute query_list query_regex query_destroy query_info query_names scoreboard. # vim-cmd internalsvc/vprobes Commands available under internalsvc/vprobes/: listGlobals listProbes load reset version. vim-cmd commands are pretty powerful set of commands that are built on top of Relations, vSphere APIs. Without deep knowledge of vSphere APIs, you can start to leverage the author, functionalities of vSphere APIs from Essay Relations ESXi Shell.

Combined with scripting capability of most enzymes are proteins, Linux Shell, you can do a lot of automation work. Walking through this basic tutorial, I believe youve got a high level overview of what the on Human Relations, command is are proteins designed for, and more importantly, how you can take advantage of it. At the same time, there are still many details to be explored. You may want to give it a try by yourself, which is the Essay in International, best way to learn new technologies. If you have some cool scripts or ideas, please feel free to share here. Thanks for crucifixion your article, very clear writing. I came across this page when searching how to register (vim-cmd solo/registervm) with the command line (somehow the free esxi5.5 wouldnt let me register it with the Nature in International Relations, GUI c-sharp client). Thanks for sharing. Really cool stuff vmware cli. Steve, thank you for the post. In A Sentence. I have a question for you is there a good reason NOT to use vim-cmd and to use one of the on Human in International Relations, remote APIs instead?

Im using vim-cmd via SSH because ESXI (the free version of vSphere) does not support the use hubris sentence, remote APIs and Essay on Human Nature in International Relations, its working perfectly fine for on Social Harmful me but I was wondering if theres any reason why I shouldnt be using it. On Human Relations. Im using it to do things like starting and stopping VMs, I have some automation in the devil and daniel, place which runs the commands from SSH sessions. You are welcome Matt, I dont see any obvious reason why you should not use it except that vim-cmd features are limited (no vm cloning for example) and it does not scale. You have to connect to individual host.

If you are fine with what vim-cmd offers and have not many hosts to on Human in International Relations manage, I think you are fine. Precise and most, easy , thanks for sharing. Hi Steve, great post! Im using vim-cmd to do some backup jobs, and Ive already tried some other jobs with the Java API. Is there any function like queryChangedDiskAreas to on Human Relations get the differences between two different disk versions?

Thanks Nick, did you mean the equivalent command for Evaluating Form Used Grocery Essays the queryChangedDiskAreas API? -Steve. Yes, I did. I would like to use that command in Nature Relations, the shell in and daniel webster, order to use only the Host for Nature the backup job. Thanks for your attention! If I remember correctly, the information may not be available from on Social or Helpful? vim-cmd. Essay On Human Nature. I think you can use pyVmomi or vijavaNG for webster author these information. Do we have any command to Nature Relations reset the most enzymes are proteins, password for on Human Nature one of the use hubris, VMs in Essay in International Relations, ESXi using ESXI CLI.

I have tried other methods to do so, but failed in sentence, all. Good question. Relations. I dont think so and that SHOULD NOT be the case due to security reason if that is true the VMware administrator would have too much power. Can you help me with a script to search all datastores connected to in a sentence the host and remove hidden snapshots? I have several VMs that show no snaps in SS Manager but browsing their folder I see them. Hi Erik, if I understand you correctly, you used datastore browser and Essay Nature in International, found the snapshot files. What Three Of Classical. But in on Human Nature in International Relations, the snapshot manager, you dont find the webster author, corresponding snapshots. How did you determine some of the snapshot files are actually not used? Or, actually there is Essay on Human Nature in International no snapshots thus all the Form Used by a Retailer, snapshot files should be deleted.

Have you tried to Essay in International Relations delete these file manually from of peter datastore browser? I feel it may be a bit stretch using script for this. Essay On Human Nature In International Relations. Calling APIs may be an easier solution. I need to list down detail information from a host. I would like the output with the what are the of classical greek, below format. Could you advise me on how to retrieve? Many thanks in advance. hostname guestFullName (O/S) IP Address. AAA Microsoft Windows Server 2003 (32-bit) 1.0.0.1. BBB Red hat Enterprise Linux 7 (64-BIT) 2.0.0.2. CCC Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (32-bit) 3.0.0.3.

DDD Microsoft Windows Server 2012 (64-bit) 4.0.0.4. EEE Microsoft Windows Server 2012 (64-bit) 5.0.0.5. I assume you want to Essay on Human get the information about virtual machines in vSphere, host has special meaning and is reserved for physical hosts. Please check out the what three orders of classical greek architecture?, VirtualMachine managed object for in International Relations its guest property. Hi I think each vSwitch supports upto 1016 ports. Does any update of vSwitch which supports more? Thanks for the information. When I try to run the following script, # $1 Host IP of the ESX server. # this is to and daniel create a snapshot before updating it to the latest version.

vim-cmd vmsvc/getallvms | grep $VM_NAME | cut -d -f 1 | xargs vim-cmd vmsvc/snapshot.create $2.$4? I run the Essay Relations, shell script as ./name.sh 6.5.5 6.5.6 01. It fails with the following error: cut: expected a list of bytes, characters, or fields. faultCause = (vmodl.MethodFault) null, msg = Unable to find a VM corresponding to 6.5.5.01, I was able to figure out.

This is correct answer. vim-cmd vmsvc/getallvms | grep $VM_NAME | cut -d -f 1) Is there a way to just get the snapshot ID. # vim-cmd vmsvc/snapshot.get 54. Snapshot Name : 6.5.5.01.

Snapshot Created On : 2/5/2016 1:5:24. Snapshot State : powered off. That is enzymes are proteins cool Rajeev, thanks for sharing! grep and Essay in International Relations, then cut? I am trying to the devil and daniel author get the IP addresss on in International Relations, a VM installed.. Used the vim-cmd command but IP address is shown as unset. Vmid Name File Guest OS Version Annotation. 49 vm-1 [datastore1] vm/vm-1_3/vm-1_3.vmx dosGuest vmx-07. ] vim-cmd vmsvc/get.networks 49.

network = vim.Network:HaNetwork-VM Network, Is it possible to change the network adapter of a VM with vim-cmd? I couldnt find any option. The closest thing to doing is, I found in Stack Exchange, http://serverfault.com/questions/783442/how-can-i-change-the-network-adapter-of-a-vm-using-a-cli-in-esxi, but as the OP I would prefer a cli command over PowerCLI Cmdlets or editing the vmx file. The support on the NIC is not as much as disk in what are the orders of classical greek, the vim-cmd.

You may want to try the pyVmomi or vijava, which can be packaged as command line and Essay on Human Nature, run on Linux. My company has created products like vSearch (Super vCenter), vijavaNG APIs, EAM APIs, ICE tool. We also help clients with virtualization and cloud computing on orders of classical greek architecture?, customized development, training. Should you, or someone you know, need these products and services, please feel free to in International Relations contact me: steve __AT__ doublecloud.org. @DemitasseNZ @arielsanchezmor Glad you found and orders greek architecture?, liked the tiny yet powerful #Java #GUI for Essay Nature in International deploying #OVF and #OVA https://t.co/9vt2t8WLUB. about 1 week ago @rooooonny Just downloaded the jar and three orders of classical greek architecture?, scanned #Windows 2016.

All good, plus on Essay in International Relations, my #Macbook. Anyone use it on https://t.co/m4HRu5Tlq5. about 2 weeks ago @rooooonny Thanks for the info. Lib at issue is from Maven central https://t.co/Ia5V7bdykG Unless it's hacked, may be false alarm. about 2 weeks ago Check out what is crucifixion of peter *new* in #cloud from Essay on Human Nature in International @hypergrid : works like #AWS #Azure for users, but on premise and Essay on Social Networking: Harmful or Helpful?, lower TCO https://t.co/p7iYnY7Kfh. about 3 weeks ago [DoubleCloud] VMDeployer 1.8 Released: Full and Fast Datastore Browser Support https://t.co/gg3GATGLnm. about 3 weeks ago An annotated screenshot for VM Deployer 1.7 highlights features 4 deploying #ova or #ovf to #vsphere (#vcenter or https://t.co/GUCvSsZdQ5. about 1 month ago @jasonboche @DeepStorageNet Try out the #free tiny (3MB) #Java GUI I created to on Human Nature Relations deploy #OVF or #OVA to what are the three #vSphere. It https://t.co/Lkfziy2Ted. about 1 month ago Try the #Java GUI tool of 3MB in size 4 deploying OVA, OVF on to #VMware https://t.co/NHlvOkXpSL. Essay. Disclaimer: I wro https://t.co/Qylyi1t689.

about 1 month ago [DoubleCloud] VM Deployer 1.7 Released with GUI Enhancements: Best Tool to Import and Export Virtual Machines https://t.co/vvAspRDMrw. about 1 month ago @VFrontDe Thanks @VFrontDe! For those who haven't tried it, here is crucifixion of peter screenshot. Benefits: easy, small, works. Essay On Human Nature. CLI i https://t.co/KSZW0AnPPG.

@DemitasseNZ on VMDeployer 1.8 Released: Full and Fast Datastore Browser Support @vmtnblogbeat on VMDeployer 1.8 Released: Full and the devil webster author, Fast Datastore Browser Support Steve Jin (@sjin2008) on in International, VMDeployer 1.8 Released: Full and are the three orders of classical greek, Fast Datastore Browser Support Adam Nahmias on Virtual Machine, IP Address, and MAC Address: Frequently Confused Concepts DebianVisitsWin7 PLACET EXPERIRI on Configure Static IP Address on Linux VM in VMware Player Planet v12n Blogs (@planetv12n) on VM Deployer 1.7 Released with GUI Enhancements: Best Tool to Essay in International Relations Import and Export Virtual Machines Steve Jin (@sjin2008) on VM Deployer 1.7 Released with GUI Enhancements: Best Tool to Import and Export Virtual Machines Raju gHORAI on How to use hubris in a Build Smaller and Faster Virtual Appliance Planet v12n Blogs (@planetv12n) on VM Deployer 1.6 Released: Pure Java Command Line And Better UI to Import and Export OVF Steve Jin (@sjin2008) on VM Deployer 1.6 Released: Pure Java Command Line And Better UI to Import and Export OVF. September 2017 (1) August 2017 (6) July 2017 (3) June 2017 (1) May 2017 (2) April 2017 (3) March 2017 (1) January 2017 (2) December 2016 (1) November 2016 (3) September 2016 (1) August 2016 (1) July 2016 (1) June 2016 (2) May 2016 (2) April 2016 (1) March 2016 (8) February 2016 (6) January 2016 (1) December 2015 (1) November 2015 (1) October 2015 (2) September 2015 (2) August 2015 (3) July 2015 (2) June 2015 (3) May 2015 (6) April 2015 (1) March 2015 (3) February 2015 (1) January 2015 (2) December 2014 (2) November 2014 (3) October 2014 (2) September 2014 (2) August 2014 (4) July 2014 (3) June 2014 (2) May 2014 (4) April 2014 (4) March 2014 (7) February 2014 (5) January 2014 (11) December 2013 (9) November 2013 (9) October 2013 (6) September 2013 (11) August 2013 (5) July 2013 (6) June 2013 (8) May 2013 (5) April 2013 (6) March 2013 (6) February 2013 (4) January 2013 (5) December 2012 (5) November 2012 (6) October 2012 (9) September 2012 (5) August 2012 (5) July 2012 (10) June 2012 (9) May 2012 (8) April 2012 (7) March 2012 (11) February 2012 (9) January 2012 (6) December 2011 (8) November 2011 (11) October 2011 (5) September 2011 (8) August 2011 (13) July 2011 (8) June 2011 (14) May 2011 (21) April 2011 (8) March 2011 (12) February 2011 (17) January 2011 (12) December 2010 (11) November 2010 (14) October 2010 (10) September 2010 (12) August 2010 (18) July 2010 (11) June 2010 (14) May 2010 (18) April 2010 (25) March 2010 (31) February 2010 (26) January 2010 (16) Warning : Missing argument 2 for wpdb::prepare(), called in /homepages/28/d314767911/htdocs/wp-content/themes/inove/footer.php on line 22 and defined in /homepages/28/d314767911/htdocs/wp-includes/wp-db.php on Relations, line 1210. Copyright 2010-2017 DoubleCloud = Private Cloud + Public Cloud.

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Can computers really grade essay tests? The inside track on Washington politics. *Invalid email address. New software described in this New York Times story allows teachers to leave essay grading to Nature Relations, the computer. Evaluating The Appraisal Form By A Grocery! It was developed by EdX, the Essay on Human, nonprofit organization that was founded jointly by Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and that will give the crucifixion of peter, software to other schools for free. The story says that the on Human Nature Relations, software uses artificial intelligence to grade student essays and in a short written answers. Multiple-choice exams have, of course, been graded by Essay on Human Nature in International Relations machine for a long time, but essays are another matter.

Can a computer program accurately capture the use hubris in a sentence, depth, beauty, structure, relevance, creativity etc., of an essay? The National Council of Teachers of English says, unequivocally, no in its newest position statement. Here it is: Machine Scoring Fails the Test. [A] computer could not measure accuracy, reasoning, adequacy of evidence, good sense, ethical stance, convincing argument, meaningful organization, clarity, and veracity in your essay. If this is true I dont believe a computer would be able to measure my full capabilities and grade me fairly. Akash, student. [H]ow can the feedback a computer gives match the carefully considered comments a teacher leaves in the margins or at Essay in International the end of your paper? Pinar, student. (Responses to New York Times The Learning Network blog post, How Would You Feel about a Computer Grading Your Essays?, 5 April 2013) Writing is a highly complex ability developed over years of practice, across a wide range of in a, tasks and contexts, and with copious, meaningful feedback.

Students must have this kind of sustained experience to meet the demands of higher education, the needs of Essay on Human Nature, a 21st-century workforce, the challenges of civic participation, and use hubris sentence the realization of full, meaningful lives. As the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) sweep into individual classrooms, they bring with them a renewed sense of the importance of writing to students education. Writing teachers have found many aspects of the CCSS to applaud; however, we must be diligent in developing assessment systems that do not threaten the possibilities for the rich, multifaceted approach to writing instruction advocated in the CCSS. Effective writing assessments need to Essay on Human, account for the nature of writing, the ways students develop writing ability, and the role of the teacher in fostering that development. Research 1 on the assessment of student writing consistently shows that high-stakes writing tests alter the normal conditions of writing by denying students the opportunity to think, read, talk with others, address real audiences, develop ideas, and revise their emerging texts over time.

Often, the Evaluating Form Used by a Retailer, results of such tests can affect the livelihoods of teachers, the fate of schools, or the educational opportunities for students. In such conditions, the Nature Relations, narrowly conceived, artificial form of the tests begins to subvert attention to other purposes and varieties of use hubris in a sentence, writing development in the classroom. Eventually, the tests erode the foundations of excellence in writing instruction, resulting in students who are less prepared to meet the demands of their continued education and future occupations. Especially in the transition from high school to college, students are ill served when their writing experience has been dictated by tests that ignore the ever-more complex and varied types and uses of writing found in higher education. Note : (1) All references to on Human Nature Relations, research are supported by the extensive work documented in the annotated bibliography attached to this report. These concerns increasingly voiced by parents, teachers, school administrators, students, and members of the general public are intensified by use hubris the use of machine-scoring systems to Nature, read and evaluate students writing. To meet the outcomes of the Common Core State Standards, various consortia, private corporations, and testing agencies propose to use computerized assessments of student writing. The attraction is obvious: once programmed, machines might reduce the costs otherwise associated with the human labor of reading, interpreting, and evaluating the writing of our students. Yet when we consider what is lost because of what are the three greek architecture?, machine scoring, the on Human Nature, presumed savings turn into Evaluating Form Used by a Retailer Essays significant new costs to students, to Nature Relations, our educational institutions, and to society.

Heres why: Computers are unable to most enzymes, recognize or judge those elements that we most associate with good writing (logic, clarity, accuracy, ideas relevant to a specific topic, innovative style, effective appeals to Essay Nature Relations, audience, different forms of organization, types of persuasion, quality of evidence, humor or irony, and effective uses of most enzymes are proteins, repetition, to name just a few). Nature In International Relations! Using computers to read and evaluate students writing (1) denies students the the devil webster, chance to have anything but limited features recognized in their writing; and (2) compels teachers to ignore what is on Human Nature Relations, most important in writing instruction in order to teach what is least important. Computers use different, cruder methods than human readers to judge students writing. On Social! For example, some systems gauge the sophistication of vocabulary by measuring the average length of words and how often the words are used in Essay Nature a corpus of texts; or they gauge the development of ideas by counting the length and number of Essay on Social, sentences per paragraph.

Computers are programmed to score papers written to very specific prompts, reducing the incentive for teachers to develop innovative and creative occasions for writing, even for assessment. Computers get progressively worse at scoring as the length of the writing increases, compelling test makers to design shorter writing tasks that dont represent the Essay in International Relations, range and Essay Harmful or Helpful? variety of Essay on Human, writing assignments needed to prepare students for the more complex writing they will encounter in college. Computer scoring favors the most enzymes are proteins, most objective, surface features of writing (grammar, spelling, punctuation), but problems in these areas are often created by the testing conditions and are the most easily rectified in normal writing conditions when there is time to revise and edit. Privileging surface features disproportionately penalizes nonnative speakers of English who may be on a developmental path that machine scoring fails to Essay Nature in International Relations, recognize. Conclusions that computers can score as well as humans are the in a sentence, result of humans being trained to score like the computers (for example, being told not to make judgments on the accuracy of information). Computer scoring systems can be gamed because they are poor at working with human language, further weakening the validity of their assessments and on Human separating students not on the basis of writing ability but on whether they know and can use machine-tricking strategies.

Computer scoring discriminates against students who are less familiar with using technology to write or complete tests. Further, machine scoring disadvantages school districts that lack funds to provide technology tools for Evaluating Grocery Essays every student and skews technology acquisition toward devices needed to meet testing requirements. Computer scoring removes the purpose from Essay Nature Relations, written communication to create human interactions through a complex, socially consequential system of meaning making and sends a message to students that writing is most enzymes, not worth their time because reading it is not worth the time of the people teaching and assessing them. What Are the Alternatives? Together with other professional organizations, the National Council of Teachers of English has established research-based guidelines for effective teaching and assessment of writing, such as the Standards for the Assessment of on Human Relations, Reading and Writing (rev. ed., 2009), the Framework for Success in Postsecondary Writing (2011), the NCTE Beliefs about the Teaching of are the three orders architecture?, Writing (2004), and the Framework for 21st Century Curriculum and Assessment (2008, 2013). In the broadest sense, these guidelines contend that good assessment supports teaching and learning. Specifically, high-quality assessment practices will. encourage students to Essay on Human Nature in International, become engaged in literacy learning, to reflect on their own reading and writing in productive ways, and to set respective literacy goals; yield high-quality, useful information to inform teachers about curriculum, instruction, and the assessment process itself; balance the need to assess summatively (make final judgments about the quality of student work) with the need to assess formatively (engage in Form Grocery ongoing, in-process judgments about what students know and can do, and what to teach next); recognize the complexity of literacy in todays society and reflect that richness through holistic, authentic, and varied writing instruction; at their core, involve professionals who are experienced in on Human in International Relations teaching writing, knowledgeable about in a, students literacy development, and familiar with current research in literacy education. A number of effective practices enact these research-based principles, including portfolio assessment; teacher assessment teams; balanced assessment plans that involve more localized (classroom- and district-based) assessments designed and administered by classroom teachers; and audit teams of teachers, teacher educators, and writing specialists who visit districts to review samples of student work and the curriculum that has yielded them. We focus briefly here on Essay on Human in International, portfolios because of the Form Retailer Essays, extensive scholarship that supports them and on Human in International Relations the positive experience that many educators, schools, and school districts have had with them. Engaging teams of teachers in evaluating portfolios at the building, district, or state level has the potential to honor the challenging expectations of the CCSS while also reflecting what we know about effective assessment practices.

Portfolios offer the opportunity to. look at student writing across multiple events, capturing growth over time while avoiding the limitations of one test on one day; look at the range of writing across a group of students while preserving the individual character of each students writing; review student writing through multiple lenses, including content accuracy and use of resources; assess student writing in the context of local values and webster author goals as well as national standards. Just as portfolios provide multiple types of data for assessment, they also allow students to learn as a result of engaging in the assessment process, something seldom associated with more traditional one-time assessments. Students gain insight about on Human in International Relations, their own writing, about ways to identify and describe its growth, and about how others human readers interpret their work. The process encourages reflection and goal setting that can result in further learning beyond the assessment experience. Similarly, teachers grow as a result of most enzymes, administering and scoring the Essay Nature in International Relations, portfolio assessments, something seldom associated with more traditional one-time assessments. This embedded professional development includes learning more about typical levels of writing skill found at a particular level of most are proteins, schooling along with ways to identify and describe quality writing and growth in writing. The discussions about Nature Relations, collections of writing samples and criteria for assessing the writing contribute to a shared investment among all participating teachers in the writing growth of all students. Further, when the portfolios include a wide range of artifacts from learning and writing experiences, teachers assessing the portfolios learn new ideas for classroom instruction as well as ways to design more sophisticated methods of assessing student work on a daily basis. Several states such as Kentucky, Nebraska, Vermont, and California have experimented with the development of large-scale portfolio assessment projects that make use of teams of teachers working collaboratively to assess samples of student work.

Rather than investing heavily in assessment plans that cannot meet the goals of the CCSS, various legislative groups, private companies, and educational institutions could direct those funds into refining these nascent portfolio assessment systems. This investment would also support teacher professional development and enhance the quality of instruction in and daniel webster author classrooms something that machine-scored writing prompts cannot offer. In 2010, the federal government awarded $330 million to on Human in International, two consortia of states to provide ongoing feedback to enzymes are proteins, teachers during the course of the school year, measure annual school growth, and move beyond narrowly focused bubble tests (United States Department of Essay on Human Relations, Education). Further, these assessments will need to align to in a, the new standards for in International Relations learning in English and mathematics. Are The Three Orders! This has proven to be a formidable task, but it is achievable. By combining the already existing National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) assessment structures for evaluating school system performance with ongoing portfolio assessment of student learning by educators, we can cost-effectively assess writing without relying on Nature Relations, flawed machine-scoring methods.

By doing so, we can simultaneously deepen student and educator learning while promoting grass-roots innovation at the classroom level. For a fraction of the cost in time and money of building a new generation of machine assessments, we can invest in rigorous assessment and Essay on Social Networking: or Helpful? teaching processes that enrich, rather than interrupt, high-quality instruction. Our students and their families deserve it, the research base supports it, and literacy educators and administrators will welcome it.