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bulletproof resume The one stop resource center for Global Employers and Indian Professionals In. Construction, Engineering, Telecom, Security, Oil Gas, Information Technology, Hospitality, Healthcare, Education. With employers receiving hundreds of resumes you must make sure that your resume hooks an employer's attention within a 5-second glance. A great way to do this is to use job titles and skill headings that relate to and match the jobs you want. For example, compare the headings Gaurav used in his before resume to the headings used in his after resume. Management of on Does More in Education Translate into Scores? A/R and A/P Accounts. Computerized Accounting Applications. Departmental Administration / Recordkeeping. Employers make snap judgments when glancing at your resume. If they see unrelated job titles or skills the likelihood is very high that they will make an immediate assumption that you are not qualified for the job you want.

Adding to this problem is the fact that employers don't have the time to read through each of your job descriptions to determine if you have the skills they need. You Must Do That For Them! The design of your resume must highlight the most important information about your work experience, skills and education. At first glance this information forms the image that employers have of your skills and abilities. Maintained records for accounts receivable and accounts payable accounts.

Managed over 1,000 accounts receivable and payable accounts working directly with the Chief Financial Officer. As Roger's after statement demonstrates, using numbers to describe your achievements and recession movie, responsibilities can greatly expand and elevate your image. Using numbers and quantifying creates vivid images in Essay on Does More Invested in Education into our mind when we read them, whereas general statements like the before examples are easy to skip over or forget. Typically the literary more specific you can be in describing your duties the better. Another strategy that is extremely important in controlling the on Does Money Invested Better image that employers develop about you--is to use Power Words or verbs that match the level of position you want. For example, Roger wants to use the experience he's gained to move into urban, a management position. To strengthen his image he should use as many management oriented words as possible.

Which example below do you think is the strongest? Gave work assignments to Essay More Invested Translate Better Scores?, staff of urban life entry level accounting clerks. Directed workflow, supervised and Essay on Does Money Translate into Scores?, trained accounting staff performing posting to My Precious: A Fictional, general ledger, accounts receivable and Essay More Invested in Education into Scores?, payable accounts. Learning how to analyze the key words that employers provide in help wanted ads and job descriptions is a key element in creating powerful resumes. For example, read the ad Roger found for an Accounts Receivable Manager below and see how many key words, phrases, or skill descriptions that it includes. Seeking experienced A/R Manager to christianity and culture, oversee accounts, manage billing and collections, train accounting and clerical staff, develop status reports for management and on Does More Money, prepare monthly balance sheets. B.A. Degree or A.A. Degree with minimum of 2 years experience required. Even though this ad is small it contains 12-13 key words or phrases that should be addressed in Roger's resume. Roger can also key words from an ad like this to create headings for his resume such as: Management of A/R Accounts.

Billing and Collections. Supervision of urban and rural Accounting and Administrative Staff. Balance Sheet and Management Status Reports. Essay On Does More Money! In addition to the skills or needs listed in the ad shown above, the employer will have many more needs that Roger should identify and address in his resume and cover letter. Difference And Rural Life! For example, this employer will need someone who can deal effectively with other departments, research accounting issues and More Money Scores?, records to solve problems. To beat today's heavy competition for jobs, it's important that you identify and anticipate the full range of Essay on Genetically Modified Food needs each employer faces and show how you can solve those needs. Most resumes provide a list of duties that each applicant has been responsible for--without explaining the benefit of those skills to employers. Essay More Money Invested In Education Into Better! For example, a secretary's resume might state she can type 80 wpm and christianity and culture, is extremely accurate. This statement lacks an explanation of Essay More Money Invested in Education Translate into Better Scores? how her typing speed and accuracy benefit an employer's bottom line. The real benefit is Characterization A Streptococcal Faciitis, that the More Money Invested in Education Better employee can produce more work and christianity, ultimately save the employer money.

A better statement for this person's resume would be: Selling The Benefits of Essay Money Invested in Education Better Scores? Skills. Achieved top production volume by recession movie, maintaining high degree of accuracy with typing speed at 80 wpm. Cut labor expense over $6,000 annually by eliminating the need for Money in Education Translate into Better, part-time wordprocessing staff. Characterization Of Invasive Group A Streptococcal Faciitis! As you write your resume, keep in mind the level of job and salary you want. Be sure to create an image that presents you at the appropriate level. On Does Money Invested In Education Into Better! For example, language used in a resume for Essay, an $8 an hour position is much different than the language used for Essay on Does More Invested in Education into Better, a $16 an hour position. I recently met Lynn, who had held a Health Insurance Claims Management position making $42,000 per year. She had retrained for literary, the accounting field and hadn't yet gained any direct accounting experience although she had prepared monthly accounting reports as a Department Manager. Essay On Does Better! I was appalled when she shared the literary analysis resume she had been counseled to create. It began with this statement: Seeking an entry level position in the accounting field.

Now what pay rate do you think this statement would motivate employers to offer Lynn? A much better statement would be: Seek an Accounting position utilizing my experience: Managing a department and Essay on Does More Money into Better, accounting for up to $250,000 in monthly claims. Another big mistake that job seekers make is to list very important data in the lower sections of their job descriptions. As you compile statements for your resume, prioritize them by importance, impressiveness and relevance to the job you want. Remember that a strong statement which uses power words and quantifies will affect every statement under it. Read the Essay on Genetically two examples below. Which one has the most impact?

Maintained records control, filing, office supply purchasing and equipment maintenance. Managed front office functions to Essay More into Better, support the President, Vice President and staff of 20 Sales Representatives. Managed front office functions to support the President, Vice President and staff of on Genetically 20 Sales Representatives. Maintained records control, filing, office supply purchasing and equipment maintenance. You will generate many more interviews by tweaking your resume and cover letter so that they address the on Does More Invested in Education into Scores? specific skills each employer requests. For example, Sally originally wanted a customer service position, then found an ad for a Retail Management opening. How well qualified do the headings in between and rural the left hand column present her for Money Invested Translate into, the Retail Management position? Do you think the headings in Essay on Genetically Modified the right hand column will generate more and better interviews for Retail Management positions?

Cash Accountability / Supervision of Retail Stations. Retail Accounting Applications. Sally's actual title had been Lead Cashier, even though she managed her own retail cashiering station in addition to 6 other cashiers and stations. Once Sally had created her original resume, it only on Does Money Invested Scores?, took about 5 minutes to tweak and relabel her skill descriptions to My Precious:, fit Retail Management positions. This relabeling is entirely truthful and is extremely important in landing more interviews because it allows job seekers to apply for, and look qualified for, a wider range of jobs.

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Does More Money Invested In Education Translate Into Better Scores

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Sharing And Caring Essay For Children Essays and Research Papers. Association of Invested in Education into Scores? America implies that it touches every person of every culture on the globe to the tune of recession movie $40 billion annually, and the U.S. recording . industry accounts for fully one-third of that market (RIAA). As technology rapidly increases, file sharing amongst consumers becomes faster and Essay on Does More Invested in Education, easier to A Streptococcal Diseases, Faciitis, do. The new phenomenon of the MPEG Layer 3 encoding (MP3) and Essay on Does in Education Translate into Better Scores?, the peer-to-peer (P2P) networks present a challenge to the traditional recording and distribution methods of music. MP3 is the fastest growing. Copyright , Copyright infringement , File sharing 1303 Words | 4 Pages. Sharing Literature with Young Children. Running Head: Sharing Literature Sharing Literature with Young Children Vanessa Rayburn September 4, 2011 . Sharing Literature Having the opportunity to share wonderful books with children is the single-most important reason I began my career in early childhood. Characterization Diseases,? Among my fondest childhood memories is being read to by my father. He instilled in me a love for Essay on Does More Better Scores? books of all kinds, especially picture books, which I found to christianity, be magical.

Reading was relaxing and enjoyable, as well as exciting. Children's literature , Dyslexia , Reading 969 Words | 4 Pages. Strategies for Sharing Literature with Young Children. Sharing literature with children at a young age is Essay Money Invested Translate into, very important to their childhood development. Recession Movie? Sharing books . More Money In Education Translate Into Scores?? with very young children not only helps them learn to difference and rural, listen but also to be more attentive and relate various stories to their own life (Childrens Literature, 2009). After doing Jumpstart for a year I noticed that children would be more engage based on the strategies you used when reading with them. Something as simple as putting more excitement in your tone and changing your voice with.

Applied linguistics , Children's literature , Dyslexia 1078 Words | 3 Pages. Caring is sharing :] Today I'm going to be talking about caring . Yes, I know we've heard it before. You need to on Does Money Invested Translate into Better, . My Precious: Play Essay? care about everyone, this person that one. But the question I want to ask today, are we actually doing so in reality? I'd like you to turn to John 10:14-16. More In Education Scores?? (Someone reads or something).

I am the analysis, good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me- just as I know my Father and my Father knows me- and I lay down my life for my sheep. I have other sheep that are not of this sheep pen. Christianity , God in Christianity , God the Father 704 Words | 2 Pages. caring for children and young people. words for Task 2 Know how care is provided for looked after children and young people P2, D1 Legislation/legal . framework: relevant to home country; relevant sections from, eg United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) 1989, Every Child Matters (ECM) 2003, The Children Act 1989, 2004, The Human Rights Act 1998, The Data Protection Act 1998, Framework for the Assessment of Children in Need and their Parents 2000, Common Assessment Framework (England); . Childhood , Foster care , International Federation of Social Workers 460 Words | 3 Pages. Write an essay of Essay on Does More Money Invested in Education Translate Better about 2000 words explaining a) why you have chosen the literary analysis, materials to be included in More Money Invested in Education into the prop box b) what . children can do with them c) how children can benefit from difference between urban and rural, them Do a 10 minutes presentation in class on how to Essay on Does Scores?, use the prop box.

Below are some helpful guidelines when you prepare your prop box. Prop boxes enable children to act out what they know, cement their concepts, practice skills in a meaningful context, and recession movie, learn with and on Does Money Translate Better Scores?, from other children who also. 3-2-1 , Learning , Theme music 1060 Words | 7 Pages. Caring for Children and and culture, Young People Booklet. Unit 10 caring for children and young people assignment 2 of Essay on Does More in Education Translate Scores? 2, report There are 3 types of maltreatment: abuse, neglect, . bullying and recession movie, harassment. Abuse can be physical, emotional (intellectual) and Essay on Does More in Education Translate into, sexual. Signs of physical abuse are: * Unexplained injuries that sound untrue or doesnt fit in with the injury * Injuries on a non-mobile baby or head injuries on a child who is less than one year old * Nervous behaviour, jumpy, watchful and cautious, scared of psychical contact shrinking. Abuse , Bullying , Child abuse 1278 Words | 4 Pages.

On Caring The metaphor of caring is the cautiously attentiveness carefulness of mindfulness of supervising of strangers. The . metaphor of caring if the trust, professional, mutual respect, caring , partnership the giving of self to others to regain their trust for us to do our duty as a registered nurse to provide for our own survival while hoping to get a flow of a great amount of people at difference between urban risk of their survival for us not to Essay on Does Money Invested Translate into Better Scores?, be sent home for not being busy with, dying, sick, patients is to truly. Bachelor of Science in on Genetically Nursing , Florence Nightingale , Healthcare occupations 1497 Words | 4 Pages. Unit 10 Caring for Children Task 2. Unit 10- Task 2 Some reasons that children may need to be looked after outside their homes, may include; neglect, abuse, financial . difficulties, illness or family breakdowns. The cares that can be given to these children include; adoption, foster care, respite care, emergency care, shared family care and care within a residential setting. Adoption may be seen as a last resort, as it involves the children being taken out of the home permanently, and Money Invested in Education Translate, being placed with another family. This often.

Abuse , Adoption , Care of residents 1781 Words | 4 Pages. ? Name:Omar Childrens Rights - Essay Task You will write an essay about what you have learned during one period of class . time. Topic Children continue to be mistreated throughout the world, despite an recession movie, international law protecting childrens rights. Structure and Purpose The essay contains three main sections: 1. An introduction This is the paragraph in which you respond to the topic and introduce the particular problem area you have chosen to discuss. (eg child slavery) 2. A body. Class , Essay , Paragraph 1396 Words | 10 Pages. The Cry Of The Children Analytical Essay. ?First Name Last Name Class Professor Victorian Age Analytical Essay Date Is God Hearing the Children's Cry? Elizabeth . Money Invested In Education Translate Into Scores?? Barrett Browning (1806-1861) was considered one of the most influential and highly esteemed women poets of the Victorian era. Her poem The Cry of the analysis, Children , which was written based on on Does Translate into Better a Report by commission (1843) that investigated the and culture, conditions of the children who worked in mines and Money Invested Translate Better Scores?, factories, clearly manifest her humane and liberal point of view as.

Elizabeth Barrett Browning , Robert Browning , Suffering 731 Words | 4 Pages. Argument Essay: Technology and Children. Persuasion, Essay #6 Technology and Children This technology revolution sparked a debate on between urban childrens use of technology. . Children are constantly using iPads, iPhones, tablets, and Essay Money Invested in Education Scores?, other computerized devices. By over literary, exposing children to Money in Education Translate Better, technology, they are being robbed of the mental stimulation that comes from Essay Modified Food, doing real, non computerized, activities. It has gotten to the point where one can see a two-year-old navigate an iPhone with ease but struggle to speak. Sixty-nine percent of children aged. Child , Childhood , Creativity 861 Words | 3 Pages.

? Mayeroffs Major Ingredients of Caring Related to Coaching Soccer This essay explains how Milton Mayeroffs . Major Ingredients of Caring , in his book, On Caring , relates to coaching soccer. There are eight ingredients that Mayeroff discusses in his book that all relate to becoming a successful coach. If a coach anaylzes and considers each ingredient, he can deeply develop his skill as a caring trainer and guide of the players in his charge. Mayeroffs basic principle is that. Association football , Association football terminology , Corner kick 1699 Words | 5 Pages. wear Gucci for More Money in Education Translate into Better Scores? a day? or maybe own a Ferrari for a week? Wondering how? Just like how you rent DVDs with a slight modern touch to it, mobile technology(you . should have seen this coming) Can't believe it? The future beholds us the My Precious: A Fictional Play Essay, sharing economy. What is the sharing economy? BBC defines it as Everything from cars, central city parking spaces and designer clothes to Essay More Invested in Education Translate into Better, accommodation are available from Characterization, individuals and companies that are making billions from providing easy access to what people need.

2006 singles , Economics , Economy 465 Words | 2 Pages. NURSING AS CARING 1 Boykin and Essay More Invested Better Scores?, Schoenhofer: Theory of Nursing as Caring NURSING AS CARING 2 . Difference Between Urban? Introduction The theory of Nursing as Caring was developed by Anne Boykin and Sarvina Schoenhofer. Essay More Into Scores?? In the and culture, late 1980s, the two were involved in research involving elements of caring and the practical implications of caring elements when they discovered there was little to no research or literature in on Does Invested in Education Translate into this area. Difference Urban Life? Caring and on Does More Money in Education Translate, its. Health care , Healthcare occupations , Nurse 1775 Words | 7 Pages. 2012 All Good Children Essay Life always comes with hope and freedom. Thus freedom comes with responsibilities.

Living a life . without it would no longer be called life but rather be as similar as death. Away from social control makes us human, hope keeps us awake and freedom makes us responsible individual. The novel All Good Children wraps up the essence of life. Its themes tackled about literary analysis, what keeps oneself away from being a human. Every parent is responsible for their children , Mrs. Connors. English-language films , Life , Novel 978 Words | 3 Pages. yourself What concept am I interested in?

There are endless possibilities of Translate into Better concepts that loan themselves to analysis. For your paper in this course we . are going to keep it simple. Between Urban? You can choose one of the following four concepts for your paper: caring , hope, trust or fear. 2. Determine the aim or purpose of the Essay on Does Money Translate Better Scores?, analysis. Ask yourself Why am I doing this? The answer may be something similar to clarifying meanings, developing an operational definition, or may be as simple as I have to 3. Identify. Concept , Concepts , Idea 1293 Words | 4 Pages. problems in analysis the question? Is that dealing with the on Does Money Invested Better Scores?, most significant factors? A statement can be clear, accurate, precise, and relevant, but superficial (that . is, lack depth). For example, the statement, Just say No! which is often used to discourage children and teens from using drugs, is Essay on Genetically Modified Food, clear, accurate, precise, and Essay Money into Better, relevant.

Nevertheless, it lacks depth because it treats an extremely complex issue, the pervasive problem of drug use among young people, superficially. It fails to urban, deal with the Essay on Does Money Invested Translate into, complexities. Bias , Critical thinking , Interrogative word 837 Words | 3 Pages. A Study of Nurse Caring Megan McMahon University of Play Essay Illinois at Chicago A Study of Nurse Caring Although there are many . common themes in both nursing practice and nursing theory, the concept of caring in nursing may be the most central theme of them all. In nursing, the on Does Translate Scores?, one word caring can both refer to the verb meaning the action of carrying out the interventions and needs of a patient, or the emotion or feeling of empathy and/or the altruism that puts the A Streptococcal Diseases, Necrotizing, patients best interests first. Family centered care , Florence Nightingale , Nurse 1375 Words | 2 Pages. in public places that are unsafe and Essay Money in Education Translate, unfit to sleep in. Difference Between And Rural? Although homelessness is on Does Translate Better Scores?, not a new issue to write about, in Rachel and her children , . Jonathan Kozol brings us into Essay on Genetically Modified Food an entirely new world. A world where the homeless are not just figures with hands held out asking for Essay Translate into Better Scores? spare change. He brings us into the lives of these homeless story by story case by christianity and culture case sharing his personal interviews with these unfortunate people.

What Kozol describes deeply in the book throughout true incredible stories goes. Homeless shelter , Homelessness , Poverty 1391 Words | 4 Pages. Essay Writing Describe at least one idea that was worth learning about in the text(s). Explain why the idea was worth learning about in the . text(s) as a whole, using examples of visual and/or oral language features to support your ideas. Introduction * Must address the question * Must have a them * Must establish a line of Essay More Money into Better Scores? argument (what literary features/film techniques, or main points are going to difference urban, be expanded on in your paragraph) Introduction template (visual text) In. Antagonist , Character , Pablo Picasso 812 Words | 3 Pages. Children of the Essay More Money Invested in Education, Sea Critical Essay. Rena Korb has a master's degree in English literature and creative writing and has written for a wide variety of educational publishers. In the following . essay , she discusses the imagery in Children of the Sea.

At the age of difference urban twenty-six, young for a writer, Edwidge Danticat has many honors credited to her name. Aside from publishing two books, the novel Breath, Eyes, Memory and a collection of short stories, Krik? Krak!, she has also received much critical acknowledgment. Her novel earned her recognition. Classified information , Female , Francois Duvalier 1736 Words | 4 Pages. The Childrens Hour Response Essay A lie told. Translate Into Scores?? A person accused. Of Invasive Group Diseases, Faciitis? A life taken. Lies can be extremely harmful and hurtful. They can change a . persons life, especially if the lie is believed by Essay on Does More Money Invested Translate Scores? the majority of people around the area. Difference Between Urban Life? Many people who read The Childrens hour believe that homosexuality is a huge theme, and the reason behind her writing the play.

However, I believe the lies told by the young girls, and More Invested Translate into Better Scores?, I say girls because it is of Invasive Group Necrotizing Faciitis, more than just the mastermind Mary Tilford, that set the. 2004 singles , 2006 singles , Adolf Hitler 973 Words | 3 Pages. Midnight's Children essay Salman Rushdie's creation, Saleem Sinai, has a self-proclaimed overpowering desire for form (363). Essay On Does Translate Better Scores?? . In writing his own autobiography Saleem seems to be after what Frank Kermode says every writer is a after: concordance. Concordance would allow Saleem to bring meaning to Diseases, Necrotizing, moments in the middest by elucidating (or creating) their coherence with moments in the past and future. While Kermode talks about providing this order primarily through an imaginatively predicted. Deepa Mehta , Future , Midnight's Children 2493 Words | 6 Pages. Brainwashing Advertising to Children Dawn Korsick BUS 317 Garlyn Lewis October 10, 2009 Advertising plays an important role in . business and in society. With advertising comes social and on Does Invested Scores?, ethical responsibilities, this is especially important when advertising to children of all ages. Although a childs age cannot be defined universally, The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization states early childhood is zero to eight years old.

Advertising law defines the age. Advertising , Advertising to children , Coca-Cola 2175 Words | 6 Pages. Unit 10 Caring for children and young people. ? Student Handbook Caring for Children and Young People. Recession Movie? Once you have read this handbook, it will help you understand . why many children often end up being looked after by Essay on Does Money in Education Translate Better Scores? other people rather than their parents. When a child ends up getting looked after it means the local authority has placed a care order to be put in between urban and rural place for More Invested into Better them to analysis, be placed in Essay Invested into Scores? someone elses care.

There are two types of care that a child can enter into. One is voluntary where their parents put them in Essay on Genetically care because. Adoption , Child protection , Family 3142 Words | 7 Pages. Unit 10 Caring for Children and Essay Money Invested in Education Translate Better, Young People. ?According to Essay on Genetically Food, The National Society for the Prevention of on Does More Money Invested into Scores? Cruelty to urban and rural life, Children (NSPCC), a child who is being looked after by the local authority . is known as a child in care. In some cases a child will have been placed in care voluntarily by parents struggling to cope.

In other cases children's services will have intervened because a child was at risk of significant harm. Essay In Education Scores?? There are a number of literary reasons why a child may need to on Does Money in Education Better, be put into christianity and culture care. Living with a disabled child can have a number of effects. Disability , Emotion , Extended family 1354 Words | 3 Pages. Obesity amp; Advertising To Children By: Stephanie Shumpert Axia College of University of Phoenix Table of Contents . Introduction. 3 Obesity in Children . 3 Purchasing Power of Children . 4 Advertisements Targeted to Children .4-5 Regulating Advertisements.

5-6 Lowering Obesity Levels. 6-8 Concluding Remarks. 8 References. Advertising , Childhood , Childhood obesity 1803 Words | 6 Pages. Caring for Children Young People P2,M1,D1. Unit 10 Caring for Children amp; Young People P2 Identify the Essay More Money Invested Translate into Better, current relevant legislation affecting the care of . children and young adults M1 analyse how policies and A Fictional, procedures help children /young people and their families whilst the child is being looked after For my assignment Im going to explain 6 relevant legislations and give examples of Essay More Invested in Education Translate into each related to children and young adults.

The first legislation I am going to A Streptococcal Necrotizing Faciitis, look at is; The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the. Child , Childhood , Children Act 1989 1141 Words | 3 Pages. biological children living together under one roof (and certainly not with Dad going off to work and Mom staying home). Although perception . and acceptance often lag behind reality, there is evidence that a new definition of Essay on Does More Invested in Education Translate Better Scores? family while far from universally accepted is emerging. A report this month by literary analysis the Pew Research Center asked 2,691 randomly chosen adults whether seven trends were good, bad or of no consequence to society. The trends were: more unmarried couples raising children ; more gay. Family , Homosexuality , Lesbian 848 Words | 3 Pages. Essay of Effect of Divorce on the Children. Effects of Essay More Money in Education Better Divorce on Children Divorce is a breakup of the family. The family is the cell of difference between life society where mother, father and . children are involved. When spouses have problems inside of Essay Money in Education Translate into their marriage, it can end in divorce and recession movie, affect the family and society.

In a family, who are most affected with a divorce are the children because children cannot understand that their parents, whom they love, are not together anymore. First of all, children are affected physically when they live with separated. Amistad , Bajo electrico , Familia 1246 Words | 4 Pages. influence us to Essay More Invested into Better Scores?, create a good environment of learning and I hope we will work hand by hand on this campaign to make it sucess as the saying goes many hand . make a light work. p/s:This essay are made up by all my classmates.With this sharing ,i hope you guys will get some idea for essay writing. SHARING IS CARING . :).

Classroom , Education , Learning 796 Words | 3 Pages. JOY OF CARING AND SHARING Sharing , taking, earning, losing, stealing, squandering, hoarding. Analysis? These are all human . impulses, and very natural otherwise we wouldn't be human without them. Yet on in Education Better Scores? this list only one item sharing appears in A Fictional the world's wisdom traditions. Essay More Money Invested In Education Better Scores?? Why is giving or sharing set apart? After all, there's no mystery to between, why someone might want to Invested in Education Translate Better, earn, hoard, squander, or steal a million dollars. One way or another, most of our daily actions follow the My Precious: A Fictional, principle of more is better. 2006 singles , Doing It , Happiness 595 Words | 2 Pages. ?6th October 2014 Children of Men Children of Men is a 2006 science fiction film directed and Essay on Does More Translate Scores?, co-written by Alfonso Cuaron. Essay On Genetically Modified? The . screenplay, based on P. Essay In Education Into? D. James's 1992 novel of the same name, was credited to five writers, with Clive Owen making uncredited contributions.

I will be analysing and comparing the analysis, texts commenting on Essay in Education Translate visual codes, technical codes, language and mode of address, target audience and christianity and culture, representations. In Education Translate Into Scores?? Children of Men is set in the future, 2027 dystopia, part of the sci-fi. Camera , Female , Film noir 769 Words | 2 Pages. Children today 'have less freedom than previous generations' Two-thirds of under-15s are not allowed to take public transport, while a . quarter are banned from Essay on Genetically Modified, sleeping over at friends' houses, research has shown. Less than half - just 43 per cent - are free to play in on Does Money Invested Translate into their local park without an adult in attendance, according to Essay on Genetically, the study. Evidence of the scale of restrictions imposed by anxious parents comes amid increasing concern about toxic childhood, with experts warning that modern. Childhood , Lifestyle , Personal life 2132 Words | 6 Pages. Children Of Men. Children of Men Directed by Alfonso Cuaron. Is set in the year 2027, in a chaotic world in which humans can . no longer procreate, Theo Faron a former activist, agrees to help transport a miraculously pregnant woman, Named Kee, to a sanctuary located out at sea, where her childs birth could help scientists save mankind.

In the film Children of Men, there are many crucial scenes to help convey the idea of the film, however I find one of these scenes particularly important; namely. Banksy , Bombing of Money Invested Better Guernica , Children of Men 969 Words | 3 Pages. Essay on Teacher-Child Relationship. Essay on between and rural life teacher-child relationship I chose pure mathematics and apply mathematics as my high school main subjects. However, I mathematics . result was bad in primary school, until I met a fantastic mathematics teacher, he used lots of extra times teaching me different thinking methods to Essay on Does Money Invested in Education Translate, solve the analysis, same questions and helping me to find the Essay on Does Money in Education Better Scores?, interest of mathematics. Essay On Genetically Modified? It is on Does into Better Scores?, important that teacher-child relationship would affect childrens learning. In this essay , I will first discuss about different kind. Attachment theory , Childhood , Developmental psychology 2101 Words | 6 Pages. year alone. Emotional sensitivity and recession movie, intellectual passion infused his writings, giving them unusual appeal topicality even today. Essay In Education Translate Into Better Scores?? He was awarded Bharat . Ratna in A Streptococcal Necrotizing Faciitis 1955.

Pandit Nehru loved children and they call him affectionately as Chacha Nehru. Hie birthday is observed as Children's Day. He believed that children are the future of the Money Invested in Education, nation. Nehru passed away in 1964. Jawaharlal Nehru (Hindustani: [?d???a???r?la?l ?ne??ru] ( listen); 14 November 1889 27 May 1964) was the first Prime Minister of Essay on Genetically Food India and. Allahabad , India , Indian independence movement 1072 Words | 3 Pages. Children of Men is a thought provoking film directed by Alfonso Cuaron which explored the More Invested Translate into Better, possibility of hope in literary analysis the face of Essay on Does in Education Translate into Scores? overwhelming . despair.

The film has a fearful, chaotic mood within the setting of a dystopian world in London 2027. Visual and verbal techniques such as camera techniques, diegetic and non-diegetic sound, and symbolism were effectively used across the film. Cuaron used these techniques to literary, show the audience that the search for on Does Money Translate Scores? self preservation demonstrates ignorance for the. Audience , Audience theory , Cinematic techniques 1360 Words | 4 Pages. ?REFLECTIVE ESSAY Introduction This is a reflection of Characterization of Invasive Group Diseases, a research carried out by Essay More Money in Education Translate into a group within the difference urban life, class on 'investigating information . sharing between professionals and how it impacts child abuse: social work perspective'. This theme was the on Does Money in Education Translate into, basis for the research and My Precious: Play Essay, published research articles were used to analyse the research question. On Does More Money Invested Translate Into Better? The reporting of child abuse is a complex issue that generates lots of controversies but recently, social policy has been focused on christianity improving the way child. Academic publishing , Child abuse , International Federation of Social Workers 1809 Words | 7 Pages.

Only Drunks and Children Tell the Truth Essay. relationship that ties us to our relatives but there is on Does More Invested Translate Scores?, something else that creates a real family. On Genetically Modified Food? Though blood is what initially unites a child to their . ancestors, it is the people who raise, love and care for us as children that become our true family. On Does Invested Into Better? In Only Drunks and Children Tell the Truth, Janice was born into A Streptococcal Diseases, Necrotizing a native family but at only a year old, she was torn away from it and raised by white parents whom she began to consider her mother and father. In the story, she explains the impact. Family , Father , Harry Potter 987 Words | 3 Pages. responsible for home and family care.

In my opinion, we need to abandon the Victorian ideal of separate spheres. If women are to be equal participants in the . On Does Money Invested In Education Into? economy and the polity, men must become equal partners in maintaining homes and raising children . In 1950, U.S. families with breadwinner fathers and recession movie, stay-at-home mothers were twice as numerous as any other family types. Today there are twice as many two-earner families as families where only the man works. The rapid increase in the number of. Family , Gender , Home 1477 Words | 5 Pages. First Essay I am interested in becoming a special education teacher because every type of child needs and deserves a proper education. Essay Money Invested In Education Translate Better? . Unfortunately not all children receive the type of recession movie education they need. Having worked and on Does More in Education Translate Better, volunteered my services to multiple families who have children with different assortments of disabilities. Working with children that required high levels of difference between urban assistance to perform what would be basic task for Essay More Invested in Education Translate Better Scores? other children . While teaching these children the My Precious: Play Essay, basic life skills.

Education , Gifted education , High school 1808 Words | 5 Pages. Argumentative Essay: Is Television a Bad Influence on Essay on Does More Money Scores? Children? Argumentative essay : Academic Essay : Is television A Bad Influence On Children ? The television has become such . an difference urban and rural life, integral part of Essay Invested Translate into Scores? homes in the modern world that it is hard to imagine life without television. It provides entertainment to people of all ages especially children . Children love to watch TV and prefer to stay glued to the TV screen all day, rather than playing outside. In the USA, 47% of children ages 2 to 18 years have a television set in Characterization of Invasive Group their bedrooms. On a typical day, they. Cathode ray tube , Entertainment , Infomercial 831 Words | 3 Pages. cognitive development into four stages. They are: The sensorimotor stage : This stage is from birth till the Essay More Money in Education into Better Scores?, child acquires language development. In this . Recession Movie? stage the children explore their understanding of the world through their sensory development like hearing, seeing, tasting etc and physical gross motor skills. Slowly children develop the understanding of existence of objects even when they cannot be seen or heard.

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2008). The fundamental basis to nursing is caring , which is defined as to feel interested or concerned by (Hawkins J. On Does More Money Better? et. al. (2003)). . Of Invasive Group Diseases, Necrotizing? Within the nursing profession caring , or care is a much more detailed process, it incorporates knowing, the on Does Money Invested in Education, way in which we understand and perceive the My Precious: Essay, world, and knowledge, referring to Essay on Does More Invested, what is taken to be accurate and evidence based (Chinn p. and Kramer M. 1999). The article will explore how we came from the caring of recession movie Florence Nightingale, to Essay Invested into, the science of. Florence Nightingale , Health , Health care 1636 Words | 5 Pages. slaves from other procurers and then resells them. He is christianity and culture, a ruthless killer, killing his own kin without having second thought.

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Biology , Childhood , Family 388 Words | 3 Pages. of Homeless Children Tammy R. Mathews Liberty University Abstract This research . assessed the struggles of homeless children . The study compared the educational struggles of a random sampling of children living in stable environments to children who are considered homeless. Homeless refers to any child or youth who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. The study revealed the number of homeless children is steadily. Homelessness , Poverty , Squatting 1655 Words | 7 Pages. chapter (Protection of Children Under the Law) from My Precious: A Fictional, a 1977 book entitled All Our Children : The American Family Under Pressure, . and a work of legal history, recounting the events leading to a landmark Supreme Court decision (in re Gault) in 1967 that extended some rights of due process to the juvenile court system. Both readings bear on on Does into Better the question of rights for children and why children should be treated differently before the lawif, indeed, they should be. All Our Children : The American Family. Common law , Court , Health care 1005 Words | 3 Pages. Charles Lamb, an English writer is best known for his essays . Although he wrote poems and books, he is mainly known as an essayist.

Charles . Christianity And Culture? Lamb in his Essays of Elia, uses the pseudonym of Elia. Dream Children : A Reverie, is an essay from this collection which was published in the form of a book, this was later followed by the second volume titled Last Essays to Essay on Does in Education into Better, Elia. Lambs writing style by nature is very romantic. The Essays are very personal, as they are somewhat fictionalized stories of him. Essay , Essays , Essays of Elia 1383 Words | 4 Pages. Cause effect essay on the damgae of divorce on children. to Children of Divorce When a marriage is not working, there is literary analysis, a breakdown of communication, common goals, or trust, and often this ends in . Money Translate Into Better Scores?? divorce. A divorce is a very painful process with detrimental effects on children that are involved (Wienstock 5).

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The time period and author of each book are major reasons to why stereotypes are so strongly enforced. The time period of these novels 1940 to Group Faciitis, 1960s was a time when women didn't have much status, men were superior and women were only housewives. Based on the gender, the author comes across these aspects differently by on Does Money into Better Scores? how they characterize. Autobiographical novel , Electroconvulsive therapy , Gender 765 Words | 3 Pages. Poverty and My Precious: A Fictional Play Essay, Children in the United States - Essay. Poverty and Children in on Does Money Translate into the United States Cynthia Micherone Kocher SOC/120 April 4, 2010 Amy Manian Poverty and . Children in Essay on Genetically Modified the United States Poverty is the classification of people that fall under a certain income bracket set by the government. Poverty is broken down in to two groups relative and Money, absolute. Relative poverty is in relation to some people have more where as absolute poverty is considered life-threatening. Poverty affects people of recession movie age, race and ethnicity, and gender. Conditional Cash Transfer , Domestic violence , Poverty 1826 Words | 5 Pages.

Assessment task- MU2.4 Contribute to children and young peoples health and safety Understanding your role in contributing to . Essay On Does In Education Translate Better Scores?? children and young peoples health and safety is a priority. As new member of staff your line manager will need to know how you can apply this in your work setting. Between And Rural? You have been asked to produce information that includes: Task1. * An outline of the health and safety policies and procedures of the work setting * Hot drinks * Emergency exit * Signed in/out *. Accident , Childhood , Hygiene 2240 Words | 7 Pages. Glass Castle Essay (The Impact of the Money Translate Scores?, Walls Parenting on of Invasive Group A Streptococcal Faciitis their Children) on their Children Many people argue that the on Does Translate Better, way a child is raised determines how he or she will end up in life.

In her novel The Glass . Castle, Jeanette Walls tells the story of her own childhood and shows how the way her parents raised her and her siblings impacted their lives. The way her parents raised her and her siblings is viewed by many as unconventional and even absurd. However, the Walls way of parenting helped their children immensely in the long run by causing their children to on Genetically Modified Food, be ambitious. Child , Childhood , Learning 997 Words | 3 Pages. ? ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY ON BULLYING Gomez, Macarena Language V 2014 Is Social Media Helping Bullying to Essay on Does More Invested, Get Worse Than Ever?

We can find many . types of aggression in recession movie the society in which we live in. Bullying is one. Not only exists physical bullying but also emotional, verbal and even cyber-bullying. Essay On Does More In Education Translate Better Scores?? According to the website www.stopbullying.org, Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance1. Nowadays, many people do not.

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deaf and dumb essay DEAF AND DUMB. 1 The term deaf is frequently applied to those who are deficient in hearing power in any degree, however slight, as well as to people who are unable to detect the Essay More Money Scores? loudest sounds by means of the auditory organs. Christianity. It is Money Invested Translate into impossible to draw a hard and My Precious: Play, fast line between the deaf and the hearing at any particular point. For the purposes of this article, however, that denotation which is generally accepted by educators of the deaf may be given to the term. This makes it refer to those who are so far handicapped as to be incapable of instruction by the ordinary means of the ear in a class of those possessing normal hearing. Paradoxical though it may seem, it is on Does Money Invested in Education into Better yet true to say that dumbness in our sense of the word does not, strictly speaking, exist, though the recession movie term dumb may, for all practical purposes, fairly be applied to many of the deaf even after they are supposed to have learnt how to speak.

Oral teachers now confess that it is Essay on Does Invested in Education Translate Better not worth while to try to teach more than a large percentage of the deaf to speak at all. We are not concerned with aphasia, stammering or such inability to and culture articulate as may be due to malformation of the More Money Translate into vocal organs. In the Characterization of Invasive Diseases, Necrotizing case of the Money into Better deaf and dumb, as these words are generally understood, dumbness is merely the result of ignorance in the use of the voice, this ignorance being due to the deafness. Of Invasive A Streptococcal Necrotizing Faciitis. The vocal organs are perfect. The deaf man can laugh, shout, and in fact utter any and every sound that the normal person can. But he does not speak English (if that happens to Essay on Does More in Education into be his nationality) for Essay on Genetically the same reason that a French child does not, which is that he has never heard it. There is in fact no more a priori reason why an English baby, born in Essay More Money into, England, should talk English than that it should. talk any other language. Literary. English may be correctly described as its mother tongue, but not its natural language; the only reason why one person speaks English and another Russian is. that each imitated that particular language which he heard in infancy. More Money Invested In Education Translate. This imitation depends upon on Genetically Food the ability to More in Education Better Scores? hear. Urban And Rural. Hence if one has never heard, or has lost hearing in early childhood, he has never been able to Essay on Does More in Education Translate into Better imitate that language which his parents and analysis, others used, and the condition of so-called dumbness. is added to his deafness. From this it follows that if the sense of hearing be not lost till the child has learnt to speak fluently, the ability to speak is unaffected by the calamity of deafness, except that after many years the voice is likely to become high-pitched, or too guttural, or peculiar in some other respect, owing to the absence of the control usually exercised by the ear.

It also follows that, to on Does More Money Invested in Education Translate a certain extent, the art of speech can be taught the deaf person even though he were born deaf. Theoretically, he is capable of talking just as well as his hearing brother, for recession movie the organs of speech are as perfect in one as in the other, except that they suffer from lack of exercise in the case of the Essay More Money in Education Translate into Better Scores? deaf man. Practically, he can never speak perfectly, for even if he were made to attempt articulation as soon as he is discovered to be deaf, the fact that the christianity ear, the natural guide of the on Does More Money in Education Translate into Better Scores? voice, is useless, lays upon him a handicap which can never be wiped out. He: can never hear the tone of his teacher's voice nor of christianity his own; he can only Essay on Does Money Translate Scores? see small and, in many instances, scarcely discernible movements of the lips, tongue, nose, cheeks and throat in those who are endeavouring to difference between life teach him to speak, and he can never hope to Essay on Does into Scores? succeed in speech through the instrumentality of such. unsatisfactory appeals to his eye as perfectly as the hearing child can with the ideal adaptation of the voice to the ear. Sound appeals to the ear, not the eye, and difference between urban life, those who have to rely upon. the latter to Essay Invested in Education Better imitate speech must suffer by comparison. Deafness then, in our sense, means the incapacity to be instructed by means of the ear in the normal way, and dumbness means only that ignorance of how to speak one's mother tongue which is the effect of the deafness. Of such deaf people many can hear sound to some extent.. Characterization Of Invasive Diseases,. Dr Kerr Love quotes several authorities ( Deaf Mutism, pp. 58 ff.) to Essay on Does More Money Invested in Education into show that 50 or 60% are absolutely deaf, while 25% can. detect loud sounds such as shouting close to the ear, and the rest. can distinguish vowels or even words. He himself thinks that not more than 15 or 20% are totally deaf - sometimes only 7 or 8%; that ability to hear speech exists in about one in recession movie, four, while ten or fifteen in each hundred are only semi-deaf.

He rightly warns against the use of tuning forks or other instruments held on the bones of the head as tests of hearing, because the vibration which is felt, not heard, may very often be mistaken for sound. Dr Edward M. Gallaudet, the president of the College for Essay on Does More in Education into the Deaf in Washington, D.C., U.S.A., suggests the following terms for Diseases, Faciitis use in dividing the Essay Money in Education Translate into Scores? whole class of the deaf into its main sections, though it is obviously impossible to split them up into perfectly defined subdivisions, where, as a matter of fact, you have each degree of deafness and dumbness shading into the next: the speaking deaf, the semi-speaking deaf, the mute deaf (or deaf-mute ), the speaking semi-deaf, the mute semi-deaf, the difference between and rural life hearing mute and the hearing semi-mute. Essay More Money In Education Better. He points out that the last two classes are usually persons of feeble mental power. We should exclude these altogether from the list, since their hearing is, presumably, perfect, and should add the semi-speaking semi-deaf before the mute semi-deaf. This would give two main divisions - those wha cannot hear at all, and those who have partial hearing - with three subsections in each main division - those who speak, those who have partial speech and those who do not speak at all.

Where the hearing is perfect it is paradoxical to Group A Streptococcal Necrotizing Faciitis class a person with the deaf, and the dumbness in such a case is due (where there is no malformation of the vocal organs) to inability of the mind to pay attention to, and imitate, what the ear really hears. In such cases this mental weakness is generally shown in other ways besides that of More Better Scores? not hearing sounds. Recession Movie. Probably no sign will. Essay On Does Invested Scores?. be given of recognizing persons or objects around; there will be, in fact, a general incapacity of the whole body and senses. Recession Movie. It is Essay More Money in Education into Better Scores? incorrect to designate such persons as deaf and feeble-minded or deaf and Play, idiotic, because in many cases their organs of hearing are as perfect as are other organs of Invested Better Scores? their body, and they are no more deaf than blind, though they may pay no attention to what they hear any more than to Group A Streptococcal Diseases, Necrotizing what they see. On Does More Money Invested Translate. They are simply weak in christianity and culture, intellect, and this is shown by the disuse of Essay on Does Money in Education into Better any and all of their senses; hence it is incorrect to classify them according to one, and one only, of the evidences of this mental weakness. NUMBER OF DEAF AND DUMB PERSONS. PROPORTION OF DEAF AND DUMB TO THE POPULATION. The following table shows the number of deaf and dumb persons in the United Kingdom at successive censuses: - From this we find that the proportion of deaf and A Fictional, dumb to the population has been as follows: - There has, therefore, been on the whole a steady decrease of those described as deaf and dumb in proportion to the population in Great Britain and Ireland. But in Essay on Does More Money in Education into Better, the census for 1901, in addition to the 15,246 returned as deaf and dumb in England and Wales, 18,507 were entered as being deaf, 2433 of whom were described as having been deaf from childhood. Mr B. Modified. H. Essay More Money Into Scores?. Payne, the principal of the Royal Cambrian Institution, Swansea, makes the following remarks upon these figures: - The natural conclusion, of course. is that there has been a large increase, relative as well as absolute, of the class in which we are interested, which we call the deaf, and which includes the deaf and dumb.

Indeed, the number, large as it is, cannot be considered as complete, for the schedules did not require persons who were only recession movie deaf to state their infirmity, and, though many did so, it may be presumed that more did not. On the other hand, circumstances exist which may reasonably be held to modify the conclusion that there has been a large relative increase of the deaf. The spread of education, the development of local government, and an improved system of registration, may have had the effect of on Does More in Education Translate into Better Scores? procuring fuller enumeration and more appropriate classification than heretofore, while 1368 persons described simply as dumb, and who therefore probably belong, not to the deaf, but to the feeble-minded and Characterization A Streptococcal Diseases,, aphasic classes, are included in the ' deaf and dumb ' total. It is also to be noted that some of those who described themselves as ' deaf ' though not born so may have been educated in the ordinary way before they lost their hearing, and are therefore outside the sphere of the operation of schools for the deaf. In connexion with the census of 1891, it has been remarked in the report of the institution that no provision was made in the schedules for distinguishing the Essay Invested in Education Better Scores? congenital from the non-congenital deaf, and that it was desirable to analysis draw such a distinction. To ascertain the More Money Invested in Education Translate into Better Scores? relative increase or decrease of one or the other section of the class would contribute to our knowledge of the incidence of known causes of deafness or to the confirmation or discovery of other causes, and so far indicate the appropriate measures of prevention, while such an inquiry as that recommended has, besides, a certain bearing upon educational views. The exact number of ' deaf and dumb ' and between urban, ' deaf ' children who are of school age cannot be ascertained from the census tables, which give the numbers in quinquennial age-groups, while the on Does Invested Translate into school age is seven to A Fictional Play sixteen. It is a pity that in this respect the functions of the census department are not co-ordinated with those of the Board of Education. Dr John Hitz,the superintendent of theVoltaBureau for theIncrease of Knowledge Relating to the Deaf, Washington, D.C., U.S.A., gives the number of schools for deaf children, and pupils, in different countries in 1900 as follows: - Africa.

These figures refer only to deaf children who are actually under instruction, not to the whole deaf population. While it is gratifying to find that so much is being done in the way of educating this class of the community, the number of Invested Translate Better schools in My Precious: A Fictional, most parts of the world is still lamentably inadequate. For instance, taking the in Education Translate Better school age as from seven to sixteen, which is now made compulsory by Act of Parliament in Great Britain, and assuming that 20% of the deaf population are of that age, as they are in England, there should be 40,000 deaf pupils under instruction in India alone, whereas there are but seventy-three. There are 200,000 deaf of all ages in India. And what an enormous total should be in schools in China instead of forty-three ! The whole of the rest of literary Asia, with the on Does Money Invested exception of Japan, has apparently not a single school. There must be many thousands of thousands of deaf (hundreds of thousands, if not thousands of thousands of recession movie whom are of school age) in that continent, unless indeed they are destroyed, which is not impossible. Essay On Does In Education Translate Into Better. What are we to say of Africa, where only Too pupils are being taught; of South America, with its paltry 200, and literary analysis, Australia's 300 ? To come to Europe itself, Russia should have many times more pupils than her 1700. Even in Great Britain the education of the deaf was not made compulsory till 1893, and there are many still evading the law and growing up uneducated. Mr Payne of Swansea estimated ( Institution Report, 1903-1904) from the 1901 census, that there must be approximately 204 deaf of school age in South Wales and Monmouthshire, while only Essay More Money Better Scores? 144 were accounted for in all the schools in that district according to Dr Hitz's statistics. Dr Kerr Love ( Deaf Mutism, p. 217) gives the following table, which shows the number of deaf people in recession movie, proportion to the population in into Better, the countries named: Switzerland . Austria Hungary Sweden Prussia Finland Canada Norway Germany (exclusive of My Precious: Essay Prussia) Portugal . India..

United States Denmark. Greece France Italy Scotland. Cape Colony England Spain Belgium. Australasia. Holland Ceylon . According to a tabular statement of British and Colonial schools, June 1899, the proportion of on Does More Invested into those born deaf to those who lost hearing after birth was, at that time and in those countries, 2126 to 1251, as far as returns had been made. Recession Movie. Several schools had, however, failed to give statistics.

These figures show a proportion of nearly 59% congenitally deaf persons to over 41% whose deafness is acquired. Professor Fay, whose monumental work, Marriages of the on Does Money Translate Scores? Deaf in America, deserves particular attention, mentions (p. 38) that of 23,931 persons who attended American schools for the deaf up to literary the year 1890, 9842, or 41%, were reported as congenitally deaf, and 14,089, or 59%, as adventitiously deaf, - figures which exactly reverse those just quoted. The classification of deafness acquired in infancy with congenital deafness by in Education Better some other authorities (giving rise to the rather absurd term toto-congenital to describe the latter) is unscientific. There is literary reason for the opinion that the noncongenital, even when hearing has been lost in on Does More Money in Education into Scores?, early infancy, acquire language better, and it is a mistake from any point of view to include them in the born deaf. 1 The figures for England, Scotland and Ireland, according to the 1901 census, are different and have been given above. Other statistics vary very much as to the proportion of born deaf, some being as low as a quarter, and some as high as three-quarters, of the whole class. We can only say, speaking of both sides of the Atlantic, and counterbalancing one period with another, that the recession movie general average appears to be about 50% for each. Probably the percentage varies in different places for definite reasons, which we shall now briefly consider. These may be considered in two divisions, pre-natal and post-natal.

1. Pre-Natal. - A small percentage of these is Essay Money in Education into due, it seems, to malformation of some portion of the auditory apparatus. Another percentage is known to represent the children of the intermarriage of blood relations. Dr Kerr Love ( Deaf Mutism, p. 117) gives statistics from thirteen British institutions which show that on a general average at least 8% of the congenitally deaf are the offspring of such marriages. Analysis. Besides this, little is Money Invested in Education Translate Better Scores? known. Beyond all doubt a much larger percentage of deaf children are the offspring of marriages in which one or both partners were born deaf than of ordinary marriages. But inquiries into such phenomena have generally been directed towards tracing deafness and not consanguinity, or at least the inquirer has rarely troubled to literary analysis make sure whether the Essay on Does More Money in Education into Scores? grandparents or great-grandparents on either side were relations or not. Such investigations rarely go beyond ascertaining if the parents were related to each other, though we have proof that a certain tendency towards any particular abnormality may not exhibit itself in every generation of the and culture family in question.

To give an illustration, suppose that G is a deaf man. Several inquirers may trace back to the preceding generation F, and to Essay More in Education Translate into Scores? the grandparents E, and even to the great-grandparents D, in search of an ancestor who is deaf, and such they may discover in the third generation D. But probably not one of Characterization of Invasive A Streptococcal these several inquirers will ask G if any of his grandparents or greatgrandparents married a cousin, for instance, though they may ask if his father did. To continue this hypothetical case, the investigators will again trace back along the family tree to on Does Invested Translate into Scores? generations C, B and A in search of an Modified Food, original deaf ancestor, on whose shoulders they seek to Essay More Invested Scores? lay the blame of literary analysis both D's and G's deafness. Not finding any such, they will again content themselves with asking if D's parents (generation C) were blood relations or not, and, receiving an answer in the negative, desist from further inquiry in this direction, assuming that D's deafness is the original cause of G's deafness. Essay On Does More In Education Into Better. They do not, we fear, inquire if any grandparents or great-grandparents (hearing people) were related, with the same persistency as they ask if any were deaf. The search for deafness is pushed through several generations, the search for consanguinity is between and rural life only extended to one generation.

Perhaps if it were carried further, it would be discovered that A married his niece, and Essay Invested Translate into Scores?, there lay the My Precious: secret of the deafness in on Does More in Education Translate Better Scores?, both D and G. In other words, the deafness in D is not the cause of that in G, but the deafness in both D and G are effects of the consanguineous marriage in A. All this is, however, merely by Essay Modified way of suggestion. We submit that if deafness in Translate into, one generation may be followed by deafness two or even three generations later, while the tendency to deafness exists, but does not appear, in the intermediate generations, it is only logical to inquire if deafness in the first discoverable instance in a family may not be caused by consanguinity, the effect of which is not seen for two or three generations in difference urban and rural life, a similar manner. Moreover it is probable that consanguinity in parents or grandparents may often be denied. Essay On Does More Invested In Education Translate Into Better Scores?. An exhaustive investigation along these lines is desirable, for we believe that congenital deafness would be proved to be due to consanguinity in hearing people, if the search were pushed far enough back and the truth were told, in a far greater percentage of cases than is now suspected. Recession Movie. This is not disproved by quoting numbers of cases where no deafness follows consanguinity in any generation, for resulting weakness may be shown (where it exists) in Invested in Education into Scores?, many other ways than by deafness. This theory receives support from the statistics quoted by Dr Kerr Love ( Deaf Mutism, p. 132), where the percentage of defective children resulting from the consanguineous marriages of hearing people increases in almost exact proportion to the nearness of affinity of the parents.

It is further borne out by in 408 765 792 977 981 981 1003 1052 107 4 1333 ?3981 1459 1514 1 538154 8 1600 1862 18851 1904 20431 2178 22 47 2692 2985 4328 statistics of the duchy of recession movie Nassau, and Essay on Does Money Invested in Education Translate Better, of Berlin, both quoted by Dr Kerr Love (pp. 119, 120). These show r deaf person in 1397 Roman Catholics, 1101 Evangelicals and My Precious: A Fictional, 508 Jews in the former case, and r in 3000 Roman Catholics, 2000 Protestants and 400 Jews in the latter. When we are told that Roman Catholics prohibit marriages between persons who are near blood relations, Protestants view such marriages as permissible, and Jews encourage intermarriage with blood relations, these figures become suggestive. We find the same greater tendency to deafness in thinly-populated and out-of-the-way districts and countries where, owing to the circle of acquaintances being limited, people are more likely to marry relations. MARRIAGES OF THE. One or both partners. Both partners deaf . One partner deaf, the. One or both partners.

One or both partners. Both partners con- One partner congenit- ally deaf, the other. Both partners adven- One partner congenit- ally deaf, the other. One partner adven- titiously deaf, the. Both partners had.

One partner had deaf. ,relatives, the other. Neither partner had. Both partners con- genitally deaf; both. had deaf relatives. Both partners con- genitally deaf; one. had deaf relatives, the other had not . Both partners congen- itally deaf; neither. had deaf relatives. Both partners ad- both had deaf re-

Both partners adven- titiously deaf; one. had deaf relatives, the other had not . Both partners ad- neither had deaf. With regard to the question of marriages of the deaf, Professor Edward Allen Fay's work is Essay in Education Translate into Scores? so complete that the results of difference between urban his six years' labour are particularly worthy of notice, for, as the introduction states, the book is on Does More Money Invested in Education Translate Better a ' ` collection of records of difference life marriages of the deaf far larger than all previous collections put together, and it deals in detail with 4471 such marriages. On Does More Money Translate Into. The summary of statistics is as follows ( Marriages of the Deaf in America, p. 134): One point deserves special attention in the above list. It is that where there are no deaf relatives (i.e. where there has not been a history of deafness in the family) only one child out of twenty-four is deaf, even when the parents were both born deaf themselves. Where there were deaf relatives already in the family on both sides, and the parents were born deaf, the percentage of deaf children is seven and a half times as great. This seems to show that there are causes of congenital deafness which are, comparatively speaking, unlikely to be transmitted to future generations, while other causes of congenital deafness are so liable to be perpetuated that one child in every three is deaf. We conjecture that one original cause of congenital deafness which reappears in a family is Characterization Group A Streptococcal Necrotizing consanguinity-for instance, the in Education Translate into intermarriage of My Precious: Play Essay first or second cousins (hearing people) in some previous generation. Essay Money Translate. Out of the 2245 deaf persons who were born deaf, 269 had parents who were blood relations, according to Fay.

And perhaps many more refrained from acknowledging the fact. Essay. Eleven had grandparents who were cousins. This theory calls for Essay More Translate Scores? investigation, and while the marriage of deaf people is not encouraged, it is recession movie fair to ask those who so strenuously oppose such unions whether they may not be spending their energies on Essay More Invested in Education Better Scores? trying to check an effect instead of a cause, and if that cause may not really be consanguinity,-witness the percentage of deaf people among Roman Catholics, Protestants and Jews before noticed. On Genetically Food. On the principle that prevention is better than cure it is the intermarriage of cousins and other relations which should be discouraged. The marriage of deaf people is inadvisable where there has been deafness in the family in former generations, but the same warning applies to all the other members of Essay Invested Translate Scores? that family, for the hearing members are as likely to A Fictional Essay transmit the defect of which deafness is a symptom as the deaf members are. We are more concerned to discover the primary cause of the defect, and take steps to Essay on Does More Translate into Scores? prevent the latter from occurring at all. Those who have no dissuasions for hearing people, who might perhaps cause the misery, and only give counsel to those among the transmitters of it who happen to be deaf, are acting in a manner which is hardly logical. 2. Post - Natal. - We have collected and My Precious: A Fictional Play Essay, grouped the stated causes of deafness in those partners of the Essay on Does More Money in Education Translate Better Scores? marriages in America noticed by christianity and culture Fay. About a hundred and thirty did not mention how they lost hearing. Any errors in this calculation must be less than 1% at most, and can make no material difference.

In some cases two or more diseases are given as the cause of deafness. Essay On Does Money In Education Better Scores?. In such cases where one is a very common cause of Food deafness, and the other is unusual, the former is credited with being the reason for the defect. Where both are common, we have divided the cases between them in a rough proportion. Scarlet fever 973; scarlatina 3; scarlet rash 2.978 Spotted fever 260; meningitis 92; spinal meningitis 76; cerebro-spinal meningitis 70; spinal fever 28; spinal disease 8; congestion of Essay in Education Scores? spine 2.536 Brain fever 309; inflammation of brain 62; congestion of brain 30; disease in brain 3 404 Typhoid 127; fever (unspecifi ed) 117; typhus 17; inter mittent fever 14; bilious fever II; other fevers 14.300 Gatherings, inflammations, in head; ulcers, disease, sores, risings, c., all but 22 being explicitly stated to be in head or ears. Literary Analysis. 276 Sickness 167; illness 49; disease 8; no definite specification 12.236 Measles.. .. Translate Better. .. .. 191 Colds 101; colds in head, c. 35; catarrh 19; catarrhal fevers 1 o; chills, c. 17. .. 182 Whooping cough 77; diphtheria 34; lung fever, and various diseases of lungs and throat 60.171 Falls.. .. .. 143 Fits and convulsions 58; spasms 18; teething 16.92 Scrofula 35; mumps 25; swellings on neck 2 62 Many various and unusual causes.. 60 Smallpox 8; chickenpox 6; cholera, c. 7; canker, c. Recession Movie. i i; erysipelas 13. .. .. 45 Paralysis, c. '1 2; nerve diseases 12; fright 8; palsy 3 35 Hydrocephalus 14; dropsy on brain or in head 17; dropsy 2 33 Various accidents, blows, kicks, c.. 31 Quinine 22; other medicines 7.. 29 Total 3804 We have counted a hundred and thirty of those who were returned as having lost hearing who were also stated to be the on Does Money Invested in Education Translate Better offspring of consanguineous marriages. Dr Kerr Love ( Deaf Mutism, p. My Precious: A Fictional. 150) gives the following list compiled from the registers of British institutions: - Scarlet fever . Miscellaneous causes.

Teething, convulsions, c. . Meningitis, brain fever, c. Falls and accidents. Enteric and More in Education Translate Scores?, other fevers Disease, illness, c.. Whooping cough. Suppurative ear diseases Syphilis 1312 Unknown causes..

98 The same writer quotes Hartmann's table, compiled in 1880 from continental statistics, as follows: - Cerebral affections, inflammations, convulsions 644 Cerebro-spinal meningitis - 295 Typhus. 260 Scarlatina 205 Measles . Ear disease, proper 77 Lesions of the head 70 Other diseases. A Fictional Play. 354 1989 There appears to be no cure for deafness that is other than partial; but with the advance of science preventive treatment is expected to be efficacious in scarlet fever, measles, c. Condition of the Essay on Does More Money Translate into Deaf. 1. In Childhood. - It is difficult to impress people with two facts in My Precious: A Fictional, connexion with teaching language to the average child who was born deaf, or lost hearing in early infancy. Essay Money In Education. One is the necessity of the undertaking, and the other is that this necessity is and rural life not due to mental deficiency in the pupil. To the born deaf-mute in an English-speaking country English is a foreign language. His inability to on Does More Money Invested in Education Better Scores? speak is on Genetically Modified due to his never having heard that tongue which his mother uses. More Scores?. The same reason holds good for his entire ignorance of that language. The hearing child does not know a word of English when he is born, and never would learn it if taken away from Essay where it is spoken. Essay On Does More Money Invested Scores?. He learns English unconsciously by imitating what he hears.

The deaf child never hears English, and so he never learns it till he goes to school. Here he has to start learning English - or whatever is the Essay language of his native land - in the same way as a hearing boy learns a foreign language. But another reason exists which renders his task much more difficult than that of a normal English schoolboy learning, say, German. The latter has two channels of on Does More Invested into information, the eye and the ear; the deaf boy has only one, the eye. The hearing boy learns German by what he hears of it in class as well as by of Invasive Group Diseases, Necrotizing Faciitis reading it; the deaf boy can only learn by what he sees. It is as if you tried to on Does More in Education into Scores? fill two cisterns of the same capacity with two inlets to one and only one inlet to the other; supposing the inlets to be the same size, the former will fill twice as fast. So it is in the case of the hearing boy as compared with his deaf brother. The cerebral capacity and quality are the same, but in one case one of the avenues to the brain is closed, and My Precious: A Fictional Play Essay, consequently the development is less rapid.

Moreover, the thoughts are precisely those which would be expected in people who form them only from what they see. We were often asked by our deaf playmates in our childhood such questions (in signs) as What does the cat say? - The dog talks, does he not ? - Is the rainbow very hot on the roof of that house? They have often told us such things as that they used to Essay on Does More Translate into Better Scores? think someone went to the end of the earth and climbed up the sky to light the stars, and to christianity and culture pour down rain through a sieve. But there is Essay More Money Invested in Education Better yet a third disadvantage for christianity the already handicapped deaf boy. Invested Translate Into Better. He has no other language to build upon, while the other has his mother tongue with which to compare the My Precious: Essay foreign language he is on Does Money in Education Translate into Better learning. The latter already has a general idea of sentences and literary analysis, clauses, of tense and mood, of gender, number and case, of substantives, verbs and prepositions; and he knows that one language must form some sort of parallel to another. More Invested Better. He is already prepared to find a subject, predicate and My Precious: A Fictional, object, in Essay More Invested Translate Scores?, the sentence of a foreign language, even when he knows not a word of between and rural any but his own mother tongue. If he is told that a certain word in German is an adjective, he understands what its function is, even when he has yet to learn the meaning of the word.

All this goes for nothing in the case of the deaf pupil. The very elementary fact that certain words denote certain objects - that there is such a class of word as substantives - comes as a revelation to most deaf children. They have to begin at Essay on Does in Education Translate Better, seven laboriously and artificially to learn what an ordinary baby has unconsciously and naturally discovered at the age of two. English, spoken, written, printed or finger-spelled, is no more natural, comprehensible or easy of acquirement to the deaf than is Chinese. The manual alphabet is simply one way of expressing the vernacular on the fingers; it is no more the deafmute's natural language than speech or writing, and if he cannot express himself by the latter nodes of communicating, he cannot by spelling on and culture the fingers. The last is simply a case of vicaria linguae manus. None of these are languages in themselves; whether you use pen or type, hand or voice, you are but adopting one or other method of expressing one and the same tongue - English or whatever it may be, that of a people of a strange speech and of a hard language, whose words they cannot understand. The deaf child's natural mode of communication - more natural to him than any verbal language is to hearing people - is the world-wide, natural language of signs. We have just called signs a natural language. While a purist might properly object to this adjective being applied to all signs, yet it is not an unfair term to on Does in Education Translate into Better use as regards this method of conversing as a whole, even in the United States, where signs, being to christianity a great extent the French signs invented by Essay de 1'Epee, are more artificial than in difference and rural life, England.

The old story, by the way, of the pupil of de l'Epee failing to write more than hand, breast, as describing what an incredulous investigator did when he laid his hand on on Does More Invested in Education Translate Better Scores? his breast, proves nothing. In all probability he had no idea that he was expected to describe an action, and thought that he was being asked the names of certain parts of the body. The hand was held out to him and he wrote hand. Then the breast was indicated by placing the hand on it, and he wrote breast. Moreover, the artificial element is much less pronounced than is supposed by most of those who are loudest in their condemnation of difference between signs, there being almost invariably an obvious connexion between the sign and idea. These critics are generally people whose acquaintance with the subject is rather limited, and the thermometer of whose zeal in waging war against gestures generally falls in proportion as the photometer of their knowledge about them shows an increasing light. Essay On Does More Money Invested In Education Better Scores?. We may go still further and point out that to object to any sign on recession movie the ground of artificiality per se, is to on Does More Money Invested Scores? strain at the gnat and to swallow the on Genetically Modified Food camel, for English itself is one of the most artificial languages in existence, and certainly is more open to such an objection than signs.

If we apply the same test to English that is applied to signs by those who would rule out any which they suppose cannot come under the head of natural gesture or pantomime, what fraction of our so-called natural language should we have left? For a spoken word to be natural in this sense it must be onomatopoetic, and what infinitesimal percentage of English words are such ? A foreigner, unacquainted with the language, could not glean the in Education into Better Scores? drift of a conversation in English, except perhaps a trifle from the tone of the voices and more from the natural signs used - the smiles and frowns, the expressions of the faces, the play of analysis eyes, lips, hands and whole body. The only words he could possibly understand without such aids are some such onomatopoetic words as the cries of animals - mew, chirrup, c., and on Does Money in Education Scores?, a few more like bang or swish. The reason why we insist emphatically upon the importance of teaching English in schools for the deaf in English-speaking countries, is, firstly, because that is the language which the pupil will be called upon to use in his intercourse with his fellow-men 331 175 171 166 138 122 119 37 33 2 after he leaves school, and My Precious: A Fictional, secondly, because, if his grasp of that tongue only be sufficient and his interest in books be properly aroused, he can go on educating himself in after-life by means of reading. Time tables are overcrowded with kindergarten, clay modelling, wood-carving, carpentry, and other things which are excellent in themselves. But there is not time for everything, and these are not as important in the case of the deaf pupil as language. Putting aside the question of religion and moral training, we consider the More Translate Better Scores? flooding of their minds with general knowledge, and A Fictional Play, the teaching of More Money Scores? English to between urban life enable them to express their thoughts to Invested into Better their neighbours, to be of paramount importance, so paramount that all other branches of education in their turn pale into between and rural life insignificance by comparison with these, while the question of methods of instruction should be subservient to these main ends. Too many make speech in More Money in Education Translate Better, itself an recession movie, end. This is a mistake. Speech is not in itself English; it is only one way of expressing that language. And we are little concerned to inquire by what means the deaf pupil expresses himself in English so long ' 1234 5678 9 ' Observations. - People speak of ` manual signs.' Of course there are signs which are made with the on Does More Invested Translate into hands only, as there are others which are labial, c. But the literary sign language is comprehensive, and at times the whole frame is engaged in Essay More Translate Better, its use.

A late American teacher could and did ` sign ' a story to his pupils with his hands behind him. Facial expression plays an of Invasive Group Necrotizing Faciitis, important part in the language. Sympathetic gestures are individualistic and spontaneous, and are sometimes unconsciously made. The speaker, feeling that words are inadequate, reinforces them with gesture. Arbitrary signs are, e.g., drumming with three separated fingers on the chin for Money in Education into Scores? ` uncle.' Grammatical signs are those which are used for between urban and rural life inflections, parts of speech, or letters as in the manual alphabet, and some numerical signs, though other numerals may be classed as natural; also signs for sounds, and even labial signs. Signs, whether natural or arbitrary, which gain acceptance, especially if they are shortened, are ` conventional.' ` Mimic action ' refers, e.g., to the sign for sawing, the side of Money Invested Scores? one hand being passed to and fro over the side or back of the other. ' Pantomime ' means, e.g., when the signer pretends to and rural hang up his hat and coat, roll up his sleeves, kneel on his board, guide the saw with his thumb, saw through, wipe his forehead, c. Illustrations of one style of numerical signs are given below. 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 FIG.

I. as he does so express himself, whether by speech or writing or finger-spelling--for if he can finger-spell he can write. It is not the mere fact that he can make certain sounds or write certain letters or form the alphabet on his hands that should signify. It is the Essay Invested in Education Translate into Scores? actual language that he uses, whatever be the means, and the thoughts that are enshrined in the language, that should be our criterion when judging of his education. The importance of English is insisted upon christianity and culture because to place the Essay on Does More Invested Scores? deaf child in touch with his English-speaking fellow-men we must teach him their language, and also because he can thereby educate himself by christianity and culture means of books if, and when, he has a sufficient command of that language. The reason is not because the vernacular is actually superior to on Does in Education into Better Scores? signs as a means of conversation. The sign language is quite equal to the vernacular as a means of expression. The former is Characterization of Invasive Diseases, Necrotizing Faciitis as much our mother tongue, if we may say so, as the latter; we used one language as soon as the other, in our earliest infancy; and, after a lifelong experience of both, we affirm that signs are a more beautiful language than English, and provide possibilities of a wealth of expression which English does not possess, and which probably no other language possesses. That others whose knowledge of signs is lifelong hold similar opinions is shown by on Does Invested in Education Translate Better Scores? the following extract from The Deaf and their Possibilities, by Dr Gallaudet: Thinking that the question may arise in the minds of some, ` Does the and rural life sign language give the deaf, when used in public addresses, all that speech affords to the hearing? ' I will say that my experience and observation lead me to answer with a decided affirmative. On occasions almost without number it has been my privilege to interpret, through signs to on Does More Translate into Better Scores? the deaf, addresses given in speech; I have addressed hundreds of assemblages of deaf persons in the college, in schools I have visited, and Modified, elsewhere, using signs for the original expression of thought; I have seen many more lectures and public debates given originally in signs; I have seen conventions of deaf-mutes in which no word was spoken, and yet all the forms of parliamentary proceedings were observed, and the most earnest, and even excited, discussions were carried on.

I have seen the ordinances of religion administered, and the full service of the Church rendered in signs; and all this with the assurance growing out of my complete understanding of the language - a knowledge which dates from my earliest childhood - that for all the on Does More Money Invested in Education Better Scores? purposes enumerated gestural expression is in no respect inferior, and is in many respects superior, to oral, verbal utterance as a means of analysis communicating ideas. On Does More Money In Education Into Scores?. The following is an analysis of the sign language given by Mr Payne of the Swansea Institution, together with his explanatory notes: - Analysis of the Sign Language. I. Facial expression. I. Sympathetic II. Gesture 2. Representative (= Natural signs) 3. Systematic (a) Arbitrary signs ( b ) Grammatical signs III. Mimic action. Units are signified with the palm turned inwards; tens with the palm turned outwards; hundreds with the fingers downwards; thousands with the left hand to the right shoulder; millions with the and rural hand near the on Does in Education into forehead. Food. For 12, sign to outwards and 2 inwards, and so on up to 19.21 = 2 outwards, I inwards, and Essay on Does Money Invested Better, so on up to 30.146 = I downwards, 4 outwards, 6 inwards. 207,837 = 2 downwards, 7 inwards (both at shoulder), 8 downwards, 3 outwards, 7 inwards. 599,126,345= 5 downwards, 9 outwards, 9 inwards (all near forehead); z downwards, 2 outwards, 6 inwards (all at shoulder); 3 downwards, 4 outwards, 5 inwards (in front of chest).

Only the My Precious: Play Essay third, and a few of the on Does More Invested in Education Translate Scores? second, subdivision of the second section of the above classes of My Precious: Play signs can be excluded when talking of signs as being the deaf-mute's natural language. In fact we hesitate to call representative gesture - e.g. the horns and on Does More Invested in Education Translate into, action of milking for cow, the smelling at something grasped in the hand for flower, c. Difference. - conventional at all, except when shortened as the usual' sign for cat is, for instance, from the on Does More Money in Education Translate Better Scores? sign for whiskers plus stroking the fur on back and tail plus the action of a cat licking its paw and washing its face, to the sign for whiskers only. The deaf child expresses himself in the sign language of his own accord. The supposition that in manual or combined schools generally they teach them signs is incorrect, except that perhaps occasionally a few pupils may be drilled and their signs polished for a dramatic rendering of a poem at on Genetically Modified Food, a prize distribution or public meeting, which is no more teaching them signs than training hearing children to recite the same poem orally and on Does More Invested into Scores?, polishing their rendering of My Precious: Essay it is Essay More in Education Translate Better teaching them English. Recession Movie. If the deaf boy meets with some one who will use gesture to him, a new sign will be invented as occasion requires by one or other to express a new idea, and if it be a good one is More Money in Education into Better tacitly adopted to express that idea, and so an entire language is recession movie built up.

It follows that in different localities signs will differ to a great extent, but one who is accustomed to signing can readily see the connexion and understand what is meant even when the signs are partly novel to him. We are sometimes asked if we can make a deaf child understand abstract ideas by this language. Our answer is that we can, if a hearing child of no greater age and intelligence can understand the same ideas in English. Essay On Does Invested Translate Into Better Scores?. Signs are particularly the best means of conveying religious truths to the deaf. If you wish to appeal to him, to impress him, to reach his heart and christianity and culture, his sympathies (and, incidentally, to offer the best possible substitute for Essay Money in Education Translate into Better Scores? music), use his own eloquent language of signs. We have conversed by literary analysis signs with deaf people from all parts of the British Isles, from France, Norway and Sweden, Poland, Finland, Italy, Russia, Turkey, the United States, and in Education Translate, found that they are indeed a world-wide means of communication, Conventional especially in shortened form. even when we wandered on to most unusual and abstract subjects. Deaf people in America converse with Red Indians with ease thereby, which shows how natural the generality of even de l'Epee signs are. The sign language is everybody's natural language, not only the deaf-mute's. Addison ( Deaf Mutism, p. On Genetically Modified Food. 283) quotes John Bulwer as follows:- What though you (the deaf and dumb) cannot express your minds in those verbal contrivances of man's invention: yet you want not speech who have your whole body for a tongue, having a language which is more natural and significant, which is common to you with us, to wit, gesture, the general and universal language of human nature.

The same writer says further on (p. 297): The same process of growth goes on alike with the signs of the deaf and Money Translate, dumb as with the recession movie spoken words of the More in Education into Scores? hearing. Arnold, than whom no stronger advocate of the oral methoa exists, recognizes this in his comment on recession movie this principle of the German school, for he writes: 'It is much to be regretted that teachers should indulge in unqualified assertions of the impossibility of deaf-mutes attaining to clear conceptions and abstract thinking by signs or mimic gestures. Facts are against them.' Again, Graham Bell, who is generally considered an opponent of the sign system, says: ' I think that if we have the mental condition of the on Does More Money in Education Translate into Better Scores? child alone in view without reference to language, no language will reach the mind like the language of literary analysis signs; it is the method of reaching the mind of the deaf child.' The opinions of the deaf themselves, from all parts of the world, are practically unanimous on this question. In the words of Dr Smith, president of the World's Congress of the Deaf held at St Louis, Missouri, in 1904, under the auspices of the National Association of the Deaf, U.S.A., the educated deaf have a right to be heard in these matters, and they must and shall be heard. A portion may be quoted of the resolutions passed at that congress of 570 of the on Does Invested in Education Translate Scores? best-informed deaf the world has ever seen, at least scores, if not hundreds, of them holding degrees, and being as well educated as the vast majority of and culture teachers of the deaf in England: Resolved, that the oral method, which withholds from the congenitally and quasicongenitally deaf the use of the language of More Invested in Education into Scores? signs outside the A Fictional Play Essay schoolroom, robs the children of their birthright; that those champions of the oral method, who have been carrying on a warfare, both overt and covert, against Essay on Does Money in Education Translate into Better Scores?, the use of the language of signs by the adult deaf, are not friends of the My Precious: Play Essay deaf; and that, in our opinion, it is the on Does More in Education Translate duty of every teacher of the deaf, no matter what method he or she uses, to have a working command of the sign language. It is literary analysis often urged as an objection to Essay on Does Invested in Education into Scores? the use of signs that those who use them think in them, and that their English (or other vernacular language) suffers in consequence. There is, however, no more objection to thinking in signs than to thinking in any other language, and as to the second objection, facts are against christianity and culture, such a statement.

The best-educated deaf in the world, as a class, are in America, and the American deaf sign almost to a man. It is true that at first a beginner in school may, when at a loss how to on Does Invested in Education Translate into Better express himself in words, render his thoughts in sign-English, if we may use the expression, just as a schoolboy will sometimes put Latin words in the English order. That is, the Group A Streptococcal Faciitis deaf pupil puts the word in on Does More Money Invested in Education Translate, the natural order of the signs, which is really the logical order, and is much nearer the Latin sequence of words than the English. But, firstly, if he had always been forbidden to use signs he would not express himself in English any better in that particular instance; he would simply not attempt to express himself at all, - so he loses nothing, at least; and secondly, it is perfectly easy to literary teach him in a very short time that each language has its own idiom and that the thought is expressed in a different order in Essay More Money in Education Scores?, each. Of the deaf child's moral condition nothing more need be said than that it is at first exactly that of his hearing brother, and My Precious: A Fictional Play, his development therein depends entirely upon whether he is trained to the same degree. The need of this is great. On Does In Education Better. He is quite as capable of religious and moral instruction, and benefits as much by what he receives of it. Happiness is a noticeable feature of the character of the deaf when they are allowed to mix with each other. On Genetically Modified Food. The charge of bad temper can usually be sustained only when the fault is on the side of those with whom they live. Essay On Does More Invested Translate Better. For instance, the of Invasive Group latter often talk in the presence of the deaf person without saying a word to Essay Translate into him, and if he then shows irritation, which is not often in any case, it is no more to be wondered at than if a hearing person resents whispering or other secret communication in his presence. 3. Social Status, c. - From the 1901 census Summary Tables we gather the following facts concerning the occupations of the urban deaf, aged ten and Essay in Education into, upwards, in England and Wales.

About half of the total number, taking males and females together (13,450), are engaged in My Precious: Play, occupations-6665. The rest - 6785 - are retired or unoccupied. Of the former, the on Does in Education Translate into Scores? following table given below shows the distribution: - In general or local government work (clerks, messengers, c.) . In professional occ upations and subordina te ser vices In domestic offices or services. In commercial occupations. In work connected with conveyance of men, goods or messages . In agriculture In fishing . In and about mines and quarries, c. Literary. . In work connected with metals, machines, implements, c. In work connected with precious metals, jewels, games, c. In building and works of construction . In work connected with wood, furniture, fittings and decorations In work connected with brick, ceme nt, pottery and glass. In work connected with chemicals, oil, soap, c.. In work connected with skins, hair and feathers In work connected with paper, prints, books, c. More Money Invested In Education Into Scores?. In work connected with textile fabrics . In work connected with dress . In work connected with food, tobacco, drink an between, d lodging.

In work connected with gas, water and electric supply, and sanitary service Other general and undefined workers and Essay Money Invested Translate Scores?, dealers Total 6665 Among those in professional occupations are a clergyman, five law clerks, ten schoolmasters, teachers, c., thirty-seven painters, engravers and sculptors, and between and rural life, seven photographers. Of those not engaged in occupations, 235 have retired from business, and 245 are living on their own means. Probably a very large number of the remainder were out of work or engaged in odd jobs at the time of the census; it would certainly be incorrect to take the words Without specified occupations or unoccupied to mean that those classified as such were permanently unable to support themselves. The commonest occupations of men are bootmaking (555), tailoring (429), farm-labouring (287), general labouring (257), carpentry (195), cabinet-making (142), painting, decorating and Essay More Translate into Scores?, glazing (95), French-polishing (88), harness-making, c. (80). The commonest occupations of women are dressmaking (484), domestic service (367), laundry and washing service (230), tailoring (170), shirtmaking, c. (81), charing (79). In Munich there are about recession movie sixty deaf artists, especially painters and sculptors. In Germany and Austria generally, deaf lithographers, xylographers and photographers are well employed, as are bookbinders in Leipzig in particular, and labourers in Essay on Does More Money in Education Translate, the provinces. In France there are several deaf writers, journalists, c., two principals of My Precious: A Fictional Essay schools, an Money Translate Better, architect, a score or so of painters, several of whom are ladies, nine sculptors, and a few engravers, photographers, proof-readers, c.

Italy boasts deaf wood-carvers, sculptors, painters, and A Fictional Play, architects graduating from the universities and academies of fine arts with prizes and medals; also type-setters, pressmen, carvers of coral, ivory and precious stones. Two gentlemen in the office of the Norwegian government are deaf, as are four in the engraving department of the land survey; one is a master-lithographer, another a master-printer, a third a civil engineer, and the rest are engaged in the usual trades, as are those in on Does Invested Better Scores?, Sweden. The deaf form societies of their own to guard their interests, for social intercourse and other purposes. In England there is the British Deaf and Dumb Association; in America the National Association of the literary analysis Deaf and many lesser societies; Germany has no fewer than 150 such associations, some of which are athletic clubs, benefit societies, dramatic clubs, and so forth. The central Federation is the largest German association. France has the National Union of Deaf-Mutes and others, many being benefit clubs. Italy has some societies; Sweden has eight.

In the United States there are no fewer than fifty-three publications devoted to the interests of the deaf, most of them being school magazines published in the institutions themselves. Great Britain and Ireland have six, four of them being school magazines. France, Germany, Sweden, Hungary have several, II 87 788 12 144 568 3 151 503 46 485 470 153 46 137 238 407 1829 194.22 and Finland, Russia, Norway, Denmark and Essay on Does Invested Translate into, Austria are represented. Canada has three. There are many Church and other missions to My Precious: A Fictional Play the deaf in England and abroad, which are much needed owing to the difficulty the average deaf person has in understanding the archaic language of both Bible and Prayer-book.

Until they have this explained to them it is useless to place these books in More in Education Translate Scores?, their hands, and even where they are well-educated and can follow the services, they fail to get the sermon. Chaplains and missioners engage in all branches of christianity and culture pastoral work among them, and Essay on Does More Invested in Education Translate into Scores?, also try to find them employment, interpret for them where necessary, and A Fictional Play, interview people on their behalf. The difficulty of obtaining employment for the deaf has been increased in on Does More in Education Translate into Better Scores?, Great Britain by the Employers' Liability and Workmen's Compensation Acts, for masters are afraid - needlessly, as facts show - to employ them, under the impression that they are more liable to accidents owing to literary analysis their affliction. The new After-Care Committees of the London County Council are a late confession of a need which other bodies have long endeavoured to supply. Education should be a development of the whole nature of the child. The board of education in England provides for intellectual, industrial and physical training, but does not take cognizance of those parts of education which are far more important - the social, moral and spiritual. Essay On Does More Money Invested. Some teachers, both oral and manual, do an incalculable amount of good at the cost of great self-sacrifice and in face of much discouragement. They deserve the highest praise for Characterization A Streptococcal so doing, and such work needs to be carried on on Does More Money in Education into Better Scores? after their pupils leave school. History. 2 - Who hath made man's mouth ? or who maketh a man dumb, or deaf, or seeing, or blind ? Is it not I the Lord ? (Ex. iv.

11). Such is the first known reference to the deaf. Characterization Of Invasive. But the significance of Essay in Education this statement was not realized by the ancients, who mercilessly destroyed all the defective, the deaf among the rest. Greek and Roman custom demanded their death, and they were thrown into the river, or otherwise killed, without causing any comment but that so many encumbrances had been removed. They were regarded as being on a mental level with idiots and utterly incapable of helping themselves. Literary Analysis. In later times Roman law forbade those who were deaf and Invested in Education Translate Better Scores?, dumb from birth to make a will or bequest, placing them under the care of guardians who were responsible for them to the state; though if a deaf person had lost hearing after having been educated, and could either speak or write, he retained his rights. Herodotus refers to a deaf son of recession movie Croesus, whom he declares to have suddenly recovered his speech upon seeing his father about to be killed. Gellius makes a similar statement with reference to a certain athlete. Hippocrates was in advance of Aristotle when he realized that deaf-mutes did not speak simply because they did not know how to; for the last-named seems to have considered that some defect of the intellect was the cause of their inability to utter articulate sounds.

Pliny the More Translate elder and Massala Corvinus mention deafmutes who could paint. The true mental condition of the recession movie deaf was realized, however, by few, if any, before the time of Money in Education Translate into Scores? Christ. He, as He opened the ears of the deaf man and loosened his tongue, talked to Modified him in on Does More Invested Scores?, his own language, the and culture language of signs. St Augustine erred amazingly when he declared that the deaf could have no faith, since faith comes by on Does into Scores? hearing only. The Talmud, on the other hand, recognized that they could be taught, and were therefore not idiotic.

It is, however, with those who attempted to educate the recession movie deaf that we are here chiefly concerned. The first to call for notice is St John of Beverley. The Venerable Bede tells how this bishop made a mute speak and was credited with having performed a miracle in so doing. Probably it was nothing more than the first attempt to teach by the oral method, and the greatest credit is due to Essay Money Invested him for being so far in advance of his times as to try to instruct. his pupil at A Fictional Essay, all. Bede himself invented a system of Essay More Money Scores? counting on the hands; and also a manual speech, as he called it, - using his numerals to Essay indicate the on Does More Money Invested Translate Scores? number of the letter of the alphabet; thus, the sign for seven would also signify the letter g, and so forth. But we do not know that he intended this alphabet for the use of the deaf. It is not until the 16th century that we hear much of anybody else who was interested in the deaf, but at this date we find Girolamo Cardan stating that they can be instructed by writing, after they have been shown the signification of words, since their mental power is on Genetically unaffected by their inability to hear. Pedro Ponce de Leon ( c. 1520-1584), a Spanish Benedictine monk, is more worthy of notice, as he, to use his own words, taught the Essay on Does in Education Translate into Better deaf to and culture speak, read, write, reckon, pray, serve at the altar, know Christian doctrine, and on Does Invested Translate Better Scores?, confess with a loud voice. Some he taught languages and science. That he was successful was proved by other witness than his own, for difference Panduro, Valles and de Morales all give details of his work, the last-named giving an on Does More Money in Education into Scores?, account by between one of Ponce's pupils of his education.

De Morales says further that Ponce de Leon addressed his scholars either by signs or writing, and that the reply came by speech. It appears that this master committed his methods to writing. Essay More Money In Education Into Better. Though this work is lost it is probable that his system was put into recession movie practice by Juan Pablo Bonet. This Spaniard successfully instructed a brother of his master the constable of Castile, who had lost hearing at Essay More Money Translate, the age of two. His method corresponded in a great measure to that which is now called the combined system, for, in the work which he wrote, he shows how the deaf can be taught to between and rural speak by Essay More in Education Translate into Better Scores? reducing the letters to analysis their phonetic value, and also urges that finger-spelling and writing should be used. The connexion between all three, he goes on to say, should be shown the pupils, but the manual alphabet should be mastered first. Nouns he taught by pointing to More Invested in Education into Better Scores? the objects they represented; verbs he expressed by pantomime; while the value of prepositions, adverbs and recession movie, interjections, as well as the tenses of verbs, he believed could be learnt by repeated use.

The pupil should be educated by interrogation, conversation, and carefully graduated reading. The success of Bonet's endeavours are borne witness to by Sir Kenelm Digby, who met the teacher at Madrid. Bonifacio's work on signs, in which he uses every part of the body for conversational purposes, may be mentioned before passing to John Bulwer, the first Englishman to treat of teaching the deaf. In his three works, Philocophus, Chirologia and Chironomia, he enlarges upon Essay on Does Money Translate Better Scores? Sir Kenelm Digby's account, and argues about the possibility of teaching the deaf by speech. But he seems to have had no practical experience of the art. Dr John Wallis is more important, though it has been disputed whether he was not indebted to his predecessors for some ideas. He taught by writing and articulation. He took the trouble to classify to Essay Food a certain extent the various sounds, dividing both vowels and open consonants into gutturals, palatals and labials. On Does More Money Invested In Education Into Better Scores?. The closed consonants he subdivided into mutes, semi-mutes and semi-vowels. Literary Analysis. Language, Wallis maintained, should be taught when the pupil had first learned to write, and the written characters should be associated with some sort of manual alphabet.

Names of things should be given first, and then the parts of those things, e.g. body first, and then, under that, head, arm, foot, c. Then the singular and plural should be given, then possessives and possessive pronouns, followed by particles, other pronouns and adjectives. These should be followed by the copulative verb; after which should come the intransitive verb and its nominative in the different tenses, and the transitive with its object in Essay Money in Education into Scores?, the same way. Lastly, prepositions and conjunctions should be taught. All this, Wallis held, ought to be done by writing as well as signing, for he did not lose sight of the fact that we must learn the pupil's language in order to teach him ours. Difference Between. Dr William Holder, who read an essay before the Royal Society in 1668-1669 on into Scores? the Elements of Speech, added an appendix concerning the deaf and dumb. He describes the Characterization A Streptococcal Necrotizing Faciitis organs of speech and their positions in articulation, suggesting teaching the Essay on Does More Money Invested Translate Better pupil the sounds in order of simplicity, though he held that he must learn to literary analysis write first. Afterwards the pupil must associate the letters with a manual alphabet. Holder notices that dumbness is due to the want of Essay Invested Translate into Better Scores? hearing, and therefore speech can be acquired through watching the lips, though he admits the task is Characterization A Streptococcal a laborious one. He also urges the Essay on Does More into Scores? teacher to be patient and to make the work as interesting to the pupil as possible. Command of language, he maintains, will enable the deaf person to read a sentence from the lips if he gets most of the words; for Modified Food he will be able to supply those he did not see, from his knowledge of English.

Johan Baptist van Helmont treated of the work of the on Does in Education Translate vocal organs. Amman says that Van Helmont had discovered a manual alphabet and used it to instruct the deaf, but had not attained very good results. George Sibscota published a work in Characterization of Invasive Group Faciitis, 1670 called the Deaf and Dumb Man's Discourse, in which he contradicts Aristotle's opinion that people are dumb because of defects in the vocal organs; for they are, he believed, dumb because never taught to speak. They can gain knowledge by sight, he maintained; can write, converse by signs, speak and on Does More in Education Translate Better, lip-read. Ramirez de Carrion also taught the deaf to speak and write, as did P. Lana Terzi. About George Dalgarno more is known. He wrote, in 1680, his Didascalocophus, or Deaf-Mute's Preceptor, in Play Essay, which he makes the mistake of Essay Invested Translate into saying that the deaf have the advantage over the blind in and culture, opportunities for learning language. Money Into Better. The deaf can, in christianity and culture, his opinion, be taught to speak, and also to read the lips if the letters are very distinct.

They ought to read, write and spell on the fingers constantly, but use no signs. Essay On Does More Better Scores?. Substantives are to be taught by associating them with the things they represent; then adjectives should be joined to them. Verbs should be taught by on Genetically Modified Food suiting the on Does More in Education action to the words, and christianity and culture, associating the pronouns with them. Other parts of speech should be given as opportunities of explaining them present themselves. Dalgarno invented an alphabet, the letters being on the joints of the fingers and palm of the left hand. John Conrad Amman published his Dissertatio de Loquela in 1700.

In the first chapter he treats, among other things, of the nature of the breath and voice and the organs of speech. Essay In Education Into Scores?. In the second chapter he classifies sounds into difference between urban and rural vowels, semi-vowels and consonants, and a detailed description of each sound is given. The third chapter is devoted to on Does More Invested in Education Translate into Better showing how to produce and control the voice, to utter each sound from writing or from the lips, and to combine them into syllables and words. It was only after the pupil had attained to considerable success in articulation and lip-reading that Amman taught the meaning of words and Characterization of Invasive Diseases,, language; but the name of this teacher will long stand as that of one of the most successful the world has known. Passing over Camerarius, Schott, Kerger (who began teaching language sooner than Amman did, and Essay on Does Better Scores?, depended more on writing and signs), Raphel (who instructed three deaf daughters), Lasius, Arnoldi, Lucas, Vanin, de Fay (himself deaf) and on Genetically, many others, we come to Giacobbo Rodriguez Pereira, the pioneer of deaf-mute education in Essay on Does More Money Invested into Better, France, if we except de Fay. Beginning his experience by instructing his deaf sister, he soon attained to considerable success with two other pupils; his chief aim being, as he said, to make them comprehend the meaning of, and express their thoughts in, language.

A commission of the French Academy of Sciences, before whom he appeared, testified to the genuineness of his achievements, noticing that he wrote and signed to his pupils, and stating that he hoped to proceed to the instruction of lip-reading. Pereira soon after came under the notice of the duc de Chaulnes, whose deaf godson, Saboureaux de Fontenay, became his pupil; and in five years this boy was well able to and culture speak and read the lips. Pereira had several other pupils. Essay On Does Invested Into Scores?. Probably kindness and affection were two of the secrets of literary his success, for the love his scholars showed for in Education Translate him was unbounded. His method is only partly known, but he used a manual alphabet which indicated the recession movie pronunciation of the letters and some combinations. He used reading and writing; but signs were only called to his aid when absolutely necessary. Language he taught by founding it on action where possible, abstract ideas being gradually developed in later stages of the education.

We now come to the abbe de l'Epee. The all-important features in this teacher's character and method were his intense devotion to Essay More Money Translate Better Scores? his scholars and their class, and the fact that he lived among them and talked to them as one of themselves. Meeting with two girls who were deaf, he started upon the task of instructing them, and soon had a school of sixty pupils, supported entirely by himself. He spared himself no expense and no trouble in doing his utmost to benefit the deaf, learning Spanish for the sole purpose of reading Bonet's work, and making this book and Amman's Dissertatio de Loquela his guiding lights. A Fictional Essay. But de l'Epee was the first to attach great importance to signs; and he used them, along with writing, until the pupil had some knowledge of language before he passed on to articulation and lip-reading. Essay Money In Education Scores?. To the latter method, however, he never paid as much attention as he did to instructing by signs and writing, and finally he abandoned it altogether through lack of time and means. Necrotizing. He laboured long on a dictionary of signs, but never completed it. He was attacked by Pereira, who condemned his method as being detrimental, and this was the beginning of the disputes as to the merits of the different methods which have lasted to the present day; but whatever opinions we may hold as to the best means of instructing the deaf we cannot but admire the devoted teacher who spent his life and his all in benefiting; this class of the community. Samuel Heinicke first began his work in 1754 at Essay More Translate Better Scores?, Dresden, but in 1778 he removed to Leipzig and started on and rural the instruction of More Invested in Education Translate into Scores? nine pupils.

His methods he kept secret; but we know that he taught orally, using signs only when he considered them helpful, and spelling only to combine ideas. He wrote two books and several articles on the subject of educating the deaf, but it is from Walther and christianity, Fornari that we learn most about his system. At first Heinicke laid stress on written language, starting with the concrete and Essay on Does Translate into Scores?, going on recession movie co the abstract; and he only passed to oral instruction when the pupils could express themselves in fairly correct language. Subsequently, however, he expressed the opinion that speech should be the sole method of instruction, and, strange to say, that by speech alone could thoughts be fully expressed. Henry Baker became tutor to a deaf girl in 1720, and his success led to the establishment of a private school in London.

He also kept his system a secret, but recently his work on lessons for the deaf was discovered, from which we gather that he adopted writing, drawing, speech and lip-reading as his course of instruction. The point to notice is that after the primary stages Baker turned events of every-day life to use in his teaching. On Does More Money In Education Better Scores?. His pupils went about with him, and he taught by Essay on Genetically conversation upon what they saw in the streets, - an excellent method; but it is a pity that such a good teacher had not the philanthropy to make his methods known and to give the poorer deaf the on Does More Money into benefit of them, as de l'Epee did. A school was established in Edinburgh in life, 1760 by Thomas Braidwood, who taught by the oral method. He taught the sounds first, then syllables, and finally words, teaching their meaning. In 1783 Braidwood came to Hackney, whence he moved to Old Kent Road, and in 1809 there were seventy pupils in what was lately the Old Kent Road Institution. Braidwood's method was practically a development of Essay on Does Money Invested into Better Scores? Wallis's. We must regard him as the founder of the first public school for the deaf in christianity and culture, England.

It was only at the beginning of the 19th century that a brighter day dawned on the deaf as a class. With the sole exception of Essay More Money in Education Translate into Scores? de l'Epee no teacher had yet undertaken the instruction of a deaf child who could not pay for Characterization A Streptococcal it. Now things began to be different. Institutions were founded, and their doors were opened to nearly all. Dr Watson, the first principal of the on Does More in Education Translate into Better Old Kent Road Asylum, taught by articulation and lip-reading, reading and writing, explaining by signs to some extent, but using pictures much more, according to on Genetically Food Addison, and Essay Money Invested in Education Better, composing a book of Essay Food these for the use of his pupils.

From Addison ( Deaf Mutism, pp. 248 ff.) we learn what developments followed. In Vienna, Prague and Berlin, schools had been founded in rapid succession before the 10th century dawned, and in 1810 the Edinburgh institution opened its doors. Nine years later the Glasgow school was established and, under the able guidance of Mr Duncan Anderson (after several other headmasters had been tried) from Essay Invested in Education Scores? 1831, taught pupils whose grasp of English was equal to recession movie that of the very best educated deaf in England to-day, as has been proved by conversation with the Essay on Does Invested in Education Translate into survivors. And Culture. Mr Anderson's great aim was to Invested in Education Translate teach his pupils language, and we might look almost in vain for a teacher in England to succeed as well with a whole class in the beginning of the 10th century as he did in the middle of the loth. He wrote a dictionary, used pictures and literary analysis, signs to explain English, and apparently paid little or no attention to most of the numerous subjects attempted to-day in schools for the deaf, which, while excellent in themselves, generally exclude what is Essay on Does Money into Better Scores? far more important from the curriculum. Addison further mentions Mr Baker of recession movie Doncaster, a contemporary of Anderson, as having compiled many lesson books for deaf children which came to be used in Essay on Does Invested in Education Translate into, ordinary schools also, and urban and rural life, Mr Scott of Exeter as having, together with Baker, exercised a profound influence on the course of deaf-mute education in this country. Written language, explained by signs where necessary, was the watchword of these teachers. Moritz Hill is on Does Invested into credited with being principally responsible for having evolved the German, or pure, oral method out of the experimental stage to that at which it has arrived at the present day. Arnold of Riehen is urban and rural also honourably mentioned.

The great oral revival now swept all before it. The German method was enthusiastically welcomed in all parts of Europe, and at the Milan conference in 1880 was almost unanimously adopted by teachers from all countries. Those in high places countenanced it; educational authorities awoke to the fact that the deaf needed special teaching, and came to the conclusion that the pure oral method was the panacea that would restore all the deaf to Essay More Invested in Education Scores? a complete equality with the hearing in any conversation upon any subject that might be broached; many governments suddenly took the deaf under the shelter of their own ample wings, and the bottomless pocket of the between ratepayer, instead of the purse of the charitable, became in many cases the fount of Essay Better supply for what has been a costly and by no means entirely satisfactory experiment in the history of and culture their education. Money In Education Translate Into Better. The pure oral method has had a long and unique trial in England in circumstances which other methods have never enjoyed. Meanwhile in the United States Dr Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet was elected in recession movie, 1815 to go to More Scores? Europe to christianity and culture inquire into the methods of educating the deaf in Essay on Does Money in Education into Scores?, vogue there. This was at a meeting held in the house of a physician named Cogswell, in Hartford, Connecticut, and was the result of the latter's discovery that eighty-four persons in the state besides his own little girl were deaf. Henry Winter Syle, himself deaf, tells how four months were spent in learning that the doors of the British schools were ` barred with gold, and opened but to golden keys,' and how, disappointed in England, Gallaudet met with a ready response to difference between urban his inquiries in Paris. With Laurent Clerc, a deaf teacher, he returned to the United States in on Does More Money Invested in Education into Scores?, 1816, and the Connecticut Asylum was founded a year after with seven pupils.

The name was changed to The American Asylum later, when it was enlarged. This was followed by Characterization Group Necrotizing the Pennsylvania, New York and Kentucky institutions, with the second of which the Peet family were connected. Dr Gallaudet married one of his deaf pupils, Sophia Fowler, and, after a very happy married life, Mrs Gallaudet accompanied her youngest son, Edward Miner Gallaudet, to the Columbia institution, Washington, D.C., which afterwards developed into the National Deaf-Mute College. Mr Kendall gave the first building, and, when the college was empowered to grant degrees in Essay Money Translate, 1862, he retired from difference between and rural life his office of Essay Translate into Better Scores? president in A Streptococcal Necrotizing Faciitis, favour of Essay on Does More Money in Education Translate Scores? young Gallaudet with the words, To you more than to any other man is it indebted for its rapid progress. This college is supported by congress. The following account of the work done at the National DeafMute College at Group, Washington is worth attention, as the results are unique, and are often strangely ignored. Here is a statement of the course for the B.A. degree: First year: Algebra, grammar, punctuation, history of England, composition, Latin grammar, Caesar.

Second year: Algebra (from quadratics), geometry, composition, Caesar (Gallic War), Cicero (Orations), Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar, Myer's General History, Goodwin's Greek Grammar (optional), Xenophon's Anabasis (optional). Third year: Olney's or Loomis's Plane and Spherical Trigonometry, Loomis's Analytical Geometry (optional), Orton's Zoology, Gray's Botany, Remsen's Chemistry, laboratory practice, Virgil's Aeneid, Homer's Iliad (optional), Meiklejohn's History of Essay on Does More Money Invested in Education Scores? English Literature and christianity, Language (two books), Maertz's English Literature, Hadley's History, original composition. Fourth year: Loomis's Calculus (optional), Dana's Mechanics, Gage's Natural Philosophy, Young's Astronomy, laboratory practice, qualitative analysis, Steel's Hygienic Physiology, Edgren's French Grammar, Super's French Reader, Demosthenes on the Crown (optional), Hart's Composition and Rhetoric, original composition, Hill's-Jevon's Elementary Logic. Fifth year: Arnold's Manual of English Literature, Maertz's English Literature, original composition, Guizot's History of Civilization, Sheldon's German Grammar, Joynes's German Reader, Le Conte's Geology, Guyot's Earth and Man, Hill's Elements of Psychology, Haven's Moral Philosophy, Butler's Analogy, Bascom's Elements of Beauty, Perry's Political Economy, Gallaudet's International Law. Even in 1893 we were told that of the graduates of the college fifty-seven have been engaged in teaching, four have entered the ministry; three have become editors and publishers of newspapers; three others have taken positions connected with journalism; fifteen have entered the civil service of the government, - one of these, who had risen rapidly to a high and responsible position, resigned to enter upon the practice of Essay Money Invested Better Scores? law in patent cases, in Cincinnati and of Invasive Group A Streptococcal Necrotizing, Chicago, and Money in Education Better, has been admitted to practise in the Supreme Court of the United States; one is the Essay Modified official botanist of a state, who has correspondents in several countries of Essay on Does Money Invested in Education into Better Europe who have repeatedly purchased his collections, and christianity and culture, he has written papers upon seed tests and Essay on Does More Invested Translate Scores?, related subjects which have been published and circulated by the agricultural department; one, while filling a position as instructor in a western institution, has rendered important service to the coast survey as a microscopist, and one is literary analysis engaged as an engraver in the chief office of the survey; of three who became draughtsmen in architects' offices, one is in successful practice as an architect on his own account, which is also true of another, who completed his preparation by a course of study in Europe; one has been repeatedly elected recorder of deeds in a southern city, and two others are recorders' clerks in the west; one was elected and still sits as a city councilman; another has been elected city treasurer and is at present cashier of a national bank; one has become eminent as a practical chemist and assayer; two are members of the faculty of the college, and More in Education Translate into, two others are rendering valuable service as instructors therein; some have gone into mercantile and My Precious: A Fictional Play, other offices; some have undertaken business on Essay on Does More Money Invested Translate Scores? their own account; while not a few have chosen agricultural and mechanical pursuits, in which the advantages of thorough mental training will give them a superiority over those not so well educated. Of those alluded to as having engaged in between and rural life, teaching, one has been the on Does Invested in Education into Scores? principal of a flourishing institution in Pennsylvania; one is now in his second year as principal of the Ohio institution; one has been at the head of a day school in Cincinnati, and later of the Colorado institution; a third has had charge of the Oregon institution; a fourth is at the head of a day school in St Louis; three others have respectively founded and are now at the head of recession movie schools in on Does More Money Translate Better Scores?, New Mexico, North Dakota, and Evansville, Indiana, and others have done pioneer work in establishing schools in Florida and in Utah.

Later years would unfold a similar tale of subsequent students, the number of whom in college reached a hundred in 1898. There is a normal department attached to the college, to which are admitted six hearing young men and recession movie, women for one year who are recommended as being anxious to study methods of teaching the deaf and likely to profit thereby. Their course of study for 1898-1899 included careful training in on Does Invested in Education Better Scores?, the oral method, instruction in Bell's Visible Speech, instruction in the anatomy of the vocal organs, lectures on sound, observation of recession movie methods, oral and manual, in Kendall School, lectures on various subjects connected with the deaf and their education, lectures on pedagogy, lessons in Essay Invested in Education into Better, the language of and culture signs, practical work with classes in Kendall School under the on Does Invested in Education Scores? direction of the teachers, correction of essays of the introductory class, c. But the greatest advantage of the year's course is that the halfdozen hearing students live in the college, have their meals with the hundred deaf, and mix with them all day long - if they wish it - in social intercourse and recreation. We are very far indeed from saying that one such year is sufficient to make a hearing man a qualified teacher of the deaf, but the arrangement is based on the right principle, and it sets his feet on the right path to between urban life learn how to teach - so far as this art can be learned. The recent regulation of the board of on Does Invested into Better Scores? education in England, prohibiting hearing pupil teachers in schools for literary the deaf, is deplorable, retrograde and inimical to the best interests of the deaf. It shows a complete ignorance of Essay on Does Money Invested in Education Translate into their needs. Christianity And Culture. The younger a teacher begins to mix with that class the better he will teach them. In 1886 a royal commission investigated the condition and education of the Essay Money in Education Better Scores? deaf in A Fictional Essay, Great Britain, and in 188 9 issued its report. Some of the recommendations most worthy of notice were that deaf children from seven to sixteen years of age should be compelled to Essay on Does Money Invested into Better attend a day school or institution, part, or the whole, of the expense being borne by the local school authority; that technical instruction should be given, and that all the children should be taught to speak and lip-read on the pure oral method unless physically or mentally disqualified, those who had partial hearing or remains of speech being entirely educated by that method. To the last mentioned recommendation - concerning the method to be adopted - two of the commissioners took exception, and another stated his recognition of some advantage in the manual method.

As a result of the report of the royal commission a bill was passed in 1893 making it compulsory for all deaf children to be educated. This was to be done by My Precious: A Fictional Play Essay the local education authority, either by providing day classes or an institution for them, or by on Does Money Invested Translate into Better sending them to recession movie an already existing institution, parents having the choice, within reasonable limits, of the school to which the child should go. School-board classes came into existence in Essay More Money Invested in Education Translate into Better, almost every large town where there was no institution, and sometimes where one existed. Those who uphold the day-school system advance the arguments that the pupils are not, under it, cut off from the influence of My Precious: A Fictional Play Essay home life as they are in institutions; that such influences are of great advantage; that this system permits the deaf to mix freely with their hearing brethren, c. The objections, however, to this arrangement outweigh its possible advantages. The latter, indeed, amount to little; for home influences in many cases, especially in the poorer parts of the large cities, are not the Essay More Invested Translate Better best, and communication with the hearing children who attend some of the day schools may not be an unmixed blessing, nor is freedom to run wild on on Genetically Modified the streets between school hours. On Does More In Education Translate Scores?. But it may be urged further that it is literary difficult, except in very large towns, to obtain a sufficient number of on Does More into deaf children attending a day school to classify them according to their status, while it is more than one teacher can do to give sufficient attention to several children, each at a different stage of instruction from any other.

Moreover, the deaf need more than mere school work; they need training in My Precious: Play Essay, morals and manners, and receive much less of Essay Invested in Education into Scores? it from recession movie their parents than their hearing brothers and More Money in Education Translate Better, sisters. This can only be given in an institution wherein they board and lodge as well as attend classes. The existing institutions were from A Fictional Play Essay 1893 placed, by Essay Money in Education into the act of that date, either partly or wholly under the control of the school board. They were put under the inspection of the government, and as long as they fulfilled the requirements of the inspectors as regards education, manual and physical training, outdoor recreation and suitable class-room and dormitory accommodation, they might remain in the hands of a committee who collected, or otherwise provided, one-third of the total expenditure, and A Fictional Play, received two-thirds from public sources. Or else, the institution might be surrendered entirely to the management of the public school authority, and then the whole of the expenditure was to be borne by on Does Money in Education Translate Better that body. Extra government grants of five guineas per pupil are now given for class work and manual or technical training. Such is the state of things at the present day, except, of course, that the school board has given place to the county council as local authority.

Some teachers have asked for the children to be sent to school at the age of five instead of seven. This savours of another confession that the pure oral method had not done what was expected of it at first. First, the demand was for the method itself; then came requests for more teachers, so that, the classes being smaller, each pupil should receive more attention; this meant more money, and so this was asked for; then day schools would remedy the My Precious: Play failure by giving the pupils opportunities of talking with the public in general; then we were told the teachers were unskilful; finally, more time is needed. And yet the language of the pupils is no better to-day than it was in 1881, even though they were at school only four or five years then as opposed to nine or ten now. To Addison's Report on on Does More Money Invested Translate into Better Scores? a Visit to recession movie some Continental Schools for the Deaf (1904-1905) we are indebted for Essay More Invested in Education Scores? the following information. The new school at Frankfort-on-Maine, accommodating forty or fifty children at a cost of ?40 to ?50 per head, is literary modelled on the plan of a family home.

The main objects are to obtain good speech and lipreading and to use these colloquially; the work is very Foreign thorough and the teaching very skilful. At Munich those schools. of the More Better Scores? hundred pupils who have some hearing are separated from the others and taught by ear as well as eye. At Vienna (Royal Institution) a small proportion of the pupils are day scholars, as they are at Munich, and the teaching is, of course, carried on by the between life oral method, as it is all over Germany. Here, however, the teachers think it impossible to Invested Translate into Better Scores? educate fully all deaf. mutes by the oral method only. In the Jews' Home at recession movie, Vienna the in Education Translate into Better semi-deaf are taught by the acoustic method, and are not allowed to see the teacher's lips at all.

At Dresden, a large school of 240 pupils, the director favours smaller institutions than his own, considers the oral method possible for all but the weak-minded deaf, and divides his. pupils into A, B and difference and rural, C divisions, according to intellect. In the first division good speech is obtained. Saxony boasts a home for deaf homeless women, grants premiums for deaf apprentices, and Essay on Does More Money in Education, trains its teachers of the deaf in the institution itself - a good record and Play, plan. In the royal institution at Berlin Addison saw good lip-reading and Essay on Does Money Invested in Education Scores?, thorough work, though the recession movie deaf in the city - as in most of the schools - signed. The men in Berlin like the adult deaf generally, were all in favour of Essay on Does More Money in Education Translate into Scores? a combination of Characterization of Invasive Group Diseases, Necrotizing methods, and condemned the pure oral theory as impracticable.

At Hamburg, again, hand signs were used at Money Invested Better Scores?, least for Sunday service. Schleswig has two schools. Essay Modified. Pupils are admitted first to the residential institution, where they are instructed for a year, and are then divided into Essay on Does More Invested Translate Better A, B and C classes, according to literary intellect. The lowest class (C) remain at this institution for the rest of the eight years, and a certain amount of signing is allowed in their instruction. A and B classes are boarded out in the town and attend classes at Invested into Better Scores?, a day school specially built for them, being taught orally exclusively. In Denmark Addison saw what impressed him most.

All the and culture children of school age go to Fredericia and remain for a year in Essay More Money Translate, the boarding institution. They are then examined and the semi-deaf29% of the whole - are sent to Nyborg. The rest - all the totally deaf - remain another year at Fredericia and christianity and culture, are then divided into the A, B and C divisions before mentioned, and on the same criterion - intellect. Those in C - the lowest class, 28% of the totally deaf - are sent to Copenhagen, where they are taught by the manual method, no oral work being attempted. Those in B class, numbering 19% of the deaf, remain in the residential institution in Invested Scores?, Fredericia and are taught orally, while the best pupils - A class - are boarded out in difference urban, the town and attend a special day school. These form 26% of the deaf, and those with whom they live encourage them to speak when out of More Money in Education Scores? as well as when in school. Literary. The buildings and More Money Invested in Education into Better, equipment generally are excellent. Hand signs are used at Nyborg, indicating the position of the vocal organs when speaking, and, as might be expected, the lip -reading is 90% more correct when these symbols - infinitely more visible than most of the movements of the vocal organs and face when speaking - are used at Essay, the same time. The idea of these hand signs, by More Invested Better Scores? the way, corresponds to that of Graham Bell's Visible Speech, in which a written symbol is used to indicate the position of the vocal organs when uttering each sound; it is Characterization of Invasive Group A Streptococcal a kind of phonetic writing which is to a slight extent illustrative at the same time. We find natural signs of the Essay on Does More Money in Education Translate into Scores? utmost value when teaching articulation, to describe the position of the vocal organs. We give these details from Mr Addison's notes because it is to Germany that so many look for guidance to-day, and My Precious: A Fictional Play Essay, it is the home of the so-called pure oral method; while the system of classification in Denmark into Money the four schools which are controlled by christianity one authority, struck him very favourably and so is given rather fully.

In France most of the schools are supported by charity, and the only three government institutions are those at Paris for boys, with 263 pupils lately, at Bordeaux for girls, having 225 inmates, and at Chambery with 86 boys and 38 girls. In the great majority the Essay More Invested in Education into Scores? method of instruction is professedly pure oral. Recession Movie. But, said Henri Gaillard ( Report, World's Congress of the Deaf, Missouri, 1904), this. is only in appearance. Essay More Money Better. In reality all of the schools use the Characterization of Invasive Group Diseases, Necrotizing Faciitis combined method; only they are not willing to admit it, because the oral method is the official method, imposed by the inspectors of the Essay Money Invested Translate into Better minister of the interior. Recession Movie. In Italy, again, we are told that the teachers sign in most of the Essay on Does Money in Education into schools, which are professedly pure oral. In Sweden, schools for the deaf have ceased to depend, as they did up to 1891, upon private benevolence. The system is generally the combined, and in schools where the recession movie oral method is on Does More Invested in Education Better adopted the pupils are divided into A, B and C divisions, as in Denmark and Dresden, in the two latter divisions of which signs are allowed. In Norway the method is the oral. There have always been two principal methods of teaching the deaf, and all education at the present time is carried on by means of one or other or both of these.

Where there is sufficient hearing to be utilized, instruction is sometimes given thereby as well, though this auricular method does not seem to make much headway, and experience is not in favour of recession movie believing that the Essay on Does More Money Translate sense of hearing, where a little exists, can be cultivated to any marked degree. It is really impossible to draw hard and fast lines between these means of Essay on Genetically instruction. One merges into another, and this other into the next; and no two teachers will, or can, adopt exactly the on Does More Invested Translate Better same lines. It is not desirable that they should, for much must be left to individuality. Of Invasive A Streptococcal. Orders, rules, methods, should not be absolute laws.

Observe them generally, but dispense with them as circumstances, the pupil and opportunity may require. Strong individuality, sympathy, enthusiasm, long intercourse with the deaf, are needed in Essay on Does Invested in Education Better, the teacher, and it is surely obvious that every teacher should have a full command of all the primary means of and culture instruction to begin with, and not of one only. Where deafness is absolute, or practically so, we have to seek 130 words a minute can be attained when spelling on the fingers. Words are quite readable at this speed. Although reading and writing are common to both methods, the manual and oral, as a matter of fact they seem to be used considerably more in the former than in the latter. In the oral method articulation and lip-reading are chiefly relied upon; reading and writing are also adopted. Essay Translate Into Better Scores?. The phonetic values of the letters are taught, not the names of the letters; for instance, the Food sound of the Essay on Does Money Invested into Better letter a in hat is taught instead of the name of the letter (long A), though of course the latter is taught where such is the proper pronunciation, as in hate. s The Manual Alphabet.

(One-handed.) P z ?'A4 B C FIG. 2. - The Manual Alphabet. Recession Movie. (Two-handed.) for means that will appeal to the eye instead of the ear. Of these, we have the sign language, writing and More Money, printing, pictures, manual alphabets and lip-reading. We have to choose which of these is to be used, if not all, and which must be rejected, if any. Recession Movie. Moreover, we have to decide how much or how little one or another is to Essay on Does More Translate into be adopted if we employ more than one. Hence it is obvious that there may be many different systems and subdivisions of systems. But the two main methods are the manual, which generally depends upon My Precious: all the above-mentioned means of appealing to the eye except lip-reading, and the oral, which adopts what the manual method rejects, uses writing and More Money in Education Translate into Better, printing and of Invasive A Streptococcal Diseases,, perhaps pictures, but excludes finger-spelling and (theoretically) signs. To these two we must add a third means of instruction - the combined system - which rejects no means of teaching, but uses all in most cases. The dual method need hardly be called a separate method or system, for it implies simply the use of the manual method for some pupils and of the oral for others. More Money Invested In Education Translate Into Better Scores?. Nor need we call the mother's (= intuitive or natural) a separate method in the sense in which we are using the word here, for it is rather a mode of procedure which can be applied manually or orally indifferently.

The same may be said of the christianity and culture grammatical method ; also of the word method, which is really the mother's. The eclectic method is practically the combined system, or something between that and the dual method, and hardly needs separate classification. Let us notice the manual method, the oral method, and Essay More Money into Scores?, the combined system, considering with the last the dual method. The chief elements of the manual method are finger-spelling, reading and writing and signing. These are used, that is to on Genetically Modified say, as means of teaching English and imparting ideas. Signs are used to awaken the child's thoughts, fingerspelling and on Does Invested in Education Better Scores?, writing are used to express these thoughts in the vernacular. The latter are used to express English, the former to explain English.

ANALYSIS OF THE VOWEL SOUNDS. We give two manual alphabets, the one-handed being used in America, on the continent of Europe with some variations and literary, additions, in Ireland, and also to some extent in on Does More in Education Translate Better Scores?, England; the literary analysis two-handed in Great Britain, Ireland and Australia. On Does Money In Education Better Scores?. A speed of Here is a chart which was lately in use Articulation Sheets. Order in which the Vowel Sounds are to be taught. a wall aw, o wol a o u e e o i a u oe path hot blu(e) set see ton(e) pi(e) lat(e) mul(e) boy a o u e i ou ai ei iu oi ee path hot blu set si toun pai leit miul boi The consonants are as follows, though the on Genetically order of Essay on Does Money Invested in Education into Better Scores? teaching them varies: p; f; s; h; sh; v = th (thin; moth); th (then; smooth); 1; r; t; k; b; d; g (go; egg); z=s; m; n; ch=tsh; j =dzh=g; ph=f; kc=k; cs=s; q=kw; x=ks; ng; w=oo; wh=hw; y=e.

a u i hut hit u i hut hit Diacritic hat Mark 11 a Phonetic '- hat Spelling Diacritic Mark 2 Phonetic Spelling Diacritic Mark - ? Phonetic Spelling The following mode of writing the recession movie sounds is now preferred by some as it renders the Money Invested in Education Translate Better diacritic marks unnecessary: Middle, Broad and Long Vowel Sounds. ar or oo ee er oa igh ai ew oi ou aw ea ir o-e i -e a-e u-e oy ow au ur ay a Short Vowel Sounds. a o 00 e i u Consonants. h p Ph i s th sh chck 1 r m n ng w b v d z th zh dzh g These charts are given as examples of those used, but they vary in different schools, as does the order of teaching the vowel and consonant sounds and the combinations. The exact order is not important. Words are made up by combining vowels and consonants as soon as the pupil can say each sound separately. Here are extracts from the directions on articulation written by a principal to the teacher of the lowest class, which show the method of procedure: (i) Produce the difference between life sound of a letter. Each pupil to Essay on Does More Money in Education into reproduce, and write it on the tablet. (2) Point to the letter on the tablet, and make each pupil say it. (3) The same with combinations of vowels and consonants. (4) Instead of tablet, each pupil to use rough exercise-book. (5) Write on tablet and make each pupil articulate from Characterization of Invasive Group A Streptococcal Necrotizing Faciitis teacher's writing.

(6) When a combination is made of which a word may be made make all write it in their books, thus: ` to - tea,' ' shoshow,' ' ov - of,' ' nalz - nails,' c. When one pupil produces a combination correctly make the others lip-read it from him. In this way make them exercise each other. (8) When they have a good many sounds and combinations written in their books make them sit down and say them off their books as hearing children do. Make them say the sounds off the cards, and form combinations on the cards for them to say. Take each vowel separately and make each pupil use it before and after each consonant. (i Take each consonant and put it before and after each vowel. The above will suggest other exercises to the teacher. Give breathing exercises. Incite emulation as to deep breathing and slow expiration.

Never force the voice. Make the pupil speak out, but do not let him strain either the voice or vocal organs. Do not force the tongue, lips, or any organ into position more than you can help. Essay More In Education Translate Better Scores?. Do all as gently as possible. Between. Register their progress. ' A ' (as in ' path '; ' father '). As ` A ' is the basis of all the vowels, being most like all, it is taken first. It is an open vowel. Do not make grimaces, or exaggerate. If false sound be produced do not let the pupil speak loudly; make him speak quietly.

If nasal sound be produced do not pinch the nose, but first take the Essay on Does More Money Invested in Education Translate Better Scores? back of the child's hand, warmly breathe on it, or get a piece of glass, and let the child breathe on it, or press the back of the tongue down. Show the child that when you are saying ' a ' your tongue lies flat or nearly so, and you do not raise the back of the tongue. Prefix ' h ' to ' a ' and make the pupil say ` ha ' first, then ' a ' alone. 'P.' If the child does not imitate at the first the teacher should take the back of the hand and let the child feel the puff of air as ' p' is formed on the lips. ' P ' is produced by the volume of air brought 1 into the cavity of the mouth being checked by the perfect closure of the lips, which are then opened, and the accumulated air is propelled.

The outburst of between urban and rural life this propelled air creates the Essay on Does Money Invested in Education Better Scores? sound of ` p.' Take the pupil to see porridge boiling. Pretend to smoke. ` P ' is taken first because it has no vibration and is the most simple. Analysis. The consonants should first be joined to on Does More Money Scores? each vowel separately, and to prevent the pupils making an after-sound the letters should be said with a pause between, viz. 'A .. p,' and as they become more familiar with them, lessen the pause until it is pronounced properly: ' ap.' These directions, which are only and culture brief examples of those given for one particular subject in one particular class, will give an idea of the mode of beginning to teach articulation and lipreading. The combined system, as before mentioned, makes use of both the manual and oral method, as well as the auricular, without any hard and fast rule as regards the More Money Invested in Education into Scores? amount of instructon to be given by means of each, but using more of recession movie one and less of Essay on Does in Education into Better Scores? another, or vice versa, according to the aptitude of the child. It thus follows the sensible, obvious plan of fitting the method to the child and Essay on Genetically, not the unnatural one of forcing the child to try to fit the method. The following is the way the same principal would teach language to beginners by the combined system: The letters p, q, b and d of the Roman text are to be taught first. The pupils are to do them 9 in. Essay On Does In Education Into. long on literary the blackboard or tablet first; then trace them on on Does Money Invested Translate into the frames; then on slips of paper with pen and ink, or in rough exercise-book with pen and ink. The whole of the Roman text is then to be taught in the same manner, also the small and capital script.

When the English alphabet has been mastered in the above four forms the pupil may proceed to the printing and writing of My Precious: A Fictional Essay his own name. Then his teacher's and class-mates' names. Then the names of other persons and the places, things and Essay on Does Better Scores?, actions with which he has to do in A Fictional, his daily life. Every direction the teacher has to give in school and out of school should be expressed in speech, writing or finger-spelling, or by any two or all three means. Repetition of such directions by the pupil enables him to learn words before he has finished the alphabet. All words to Essay on Does More Money in Education into Better be spelled on one hand first; then two. When a few words have been memorized, they should be written on slips of paper, then in the exercise-books and literary analysis, dated.

After this there should be further repetition and exercising. The same course should be taken with phrases and short sentences. Names of persons should be written on cards and slips of paper and pinned to the chest. Names of things to be affixed to them, or written on them. Names of apartments on cards laid in the rooms. More Money Invested In Education Translate. Where the object is not available use a picture, or draw the outline and make pupil do the same. Never nod, or point, or jerk the finger, or use any other gesture, without previously giving the Characterization A Streptococcal Faciitis word, and when the latter is Essay More Invested Translate into Scores? understood drop the Essay gesture altogether. Never allow a single mistake to pass uncorrected, and make pupils always learn the corrections.

Language should be a translation of life. It should proceed all day long, out of school as well as in it. If spoken so much the better, but finger-spelling is not a hindrance but a valuable help to Essay on Does Money Invested in Education Translate into Better Scores? its acquisition. In most language lessons, especially those exemplifying a particular form of sentence, the pupils should: (i) Correct each other's mistakes. Correct 'mistakes' designedly made by recession movie the teacher. (2) Teacher rubs out Essay Invested into Better, a word here and there on the blackboard or tablet; pupils to Modified supply them. (3) Pupils to answer questions, giving the Essay Invested in Education Translate Scores? subject, predicate and object of the sentence as required, e.g.' A farmer ploughs the ground.' ` Who ploughs the ground? ' ' What does a farmer do? ' ' What does he plough? ' Also additional and illustrative questions; e.g. ` Does the ground plough the farmer? ' ` Does a farmer plough the christianity sea? ' ' Does he eat the ground? ' c.

The pupils should learn meanings or synonyms of unfamiliar words before such words are signed. (4) Teacher gives a word, and requires pupils to exemplify it in a sentence, e.g. ' sows,' ' He sows the seed.' (5) Let them give as many sentences as they can think of in the same form. Quite satisfactory result . Moder to success. Occurrences, incidents, objects, pictures, reading-books, newspaper cuttings and correspondence should all be used. On Does Money Better Scores?. The pure oral method, as before noticed, came with a bound into popularity in the early seventies. Since then it has had everything in its favour, but the results have been by no means entirely satisfactory, and there is a marked tendency among advocates of this method to christianity and culture with draw from the extreme position formerly held. Essay On Does More Money Translate Into Better. Opinion has gradually veered round till they have come to seek for some sort of via media that shall embrace the good points of both methods. Some now suggest the dual method - that those pupils who show no aptitude for oral training shall be taught exclusively by the manual method and the rest by the oral only. While this is a concession which is positively amazing when compared with the title of the booklet containing utterances of the Abbe Tarra, president of the Milan conference in difference urban and rural life, 1880 - The Pure Oral Method the Best for All Deaf Children ! - yet we believe that in More Money in Education Scores?, no case should the instruction be given by the oral method alone, and that the Essay on Genetically Modified Food best system is the combined. That the combined system is detrimental to lip-reading has not much more than a fraction of truth in it, for if the command of language is better the on Does Money in Education Translate Better pupils can supply the lacunae in Play Essay, their lip-reading from their better knowledge of English. It is found that they have constantly to guess words and letters from the context.

Teach all by Essay on Does More Money Invested in Education into and through finger-spelling, reading, writing and signing where necessary to explain the Group Necrotizing English, and teach those in whose case it is worth it by articulation and lip-reading as well. Signs (7) (9) (io) should be used less and less in class work, and English more and Invested in Education into Better Scores?, more exclusively as the pupil progresses - English in any and every form. A proportion of teachers should be themselves deaf, as in America. They are in perfect understanding and sympathy with their pupils, which is not always the case with hearing teachers. Statistics which we collected in recession movie, London showed the More Invested Better Scores? following results of the education of 403 deaf pupils after they had left school: - That the combined system should show to Food slightly less advantage than the exclusively manual method is what we might perhaps expect, for the time given to oral instruction means time taken from teaching language speedily, the manual method being, we believe, the best of all for this.

But it may be worth while to lose a little in command of language for the sake of gaining another means of Essay Money Invested Scores? expressing that language. Hence we advocate the combined system, regarding speech as merely a means of expressing English, as writing and finger-spelling are, and a good sentence written or finger-spelled as being preferable to a poorer one which is spoken, no matter how distinct the speech may be. It is no answer to point to a few isolated cases where the oral method is considered to have succeeded, for one success does not counterbalance a failure if by another method you would have had two successes; and, moreover, these oral successes would have been still greater successes - we are taking language in any form as our criterion - had the teacher fully known and judiciously used the manual method as well as the oral. The exclusive use of the oral method leads, generally speaking, to comparative failure, for the following, among other, reasons: - (I) It is a slow way of Essay Modified teaching English, the learning to speak the elements of sound taking months at least, and seldom being fully mastered for years. The word method, by the way, starts at once with words without taking their component phonetic elements separately; but it has yet to be proved that any quicker progress is made by this means of teaching speech than by on Does in Education Translate into Better Scores? the other. (2) Lip-reading is, to the deaf, sign-reading with the disadvantage of being both microscopic and partially hidden. The deaf hear nothing, they only partly see tiny movements of the vocal organs. Finger-spelling, writing, signing, are incomparably more visible, while 130 words a minute can be attained by finger-spelling, and read at that speed. (3) The signs - as they are to the deaf - made by Group Diseases, Faciitis the vocal organs are entirely arbitrary, and have not even a fraction of the redeeming feature of naturalness which oralists demand in ordinary gestures. (4) Circumstances, such as light, position of the speaker, c., must be favourable for the lip-reading to approach certainty. Money Invested In Education Better Scores?. (5) Styles of speech vary, and it is a constant experience that even pupils who comparatively easily read their teacher's lips, to recession movie whose style of utterance they are accustomed, fail to Essay Invested in Education read other people's lips. Literary Analysis. (6) There is Essay Better a great similarity between certain sounds as seen on the lips, e.g. between t and d, f and v, p and b, s and Characterization A Streptococcal Diseases, Faciitis, z, k and g. Essay Money Invested In Education Translate. Which is meant has usually to be guessed from the context, and difference urban and rural, this requires a certain amount of knowledge of More Invested in Education Translate into Scores? language, which is the very thing that is needed to be imparted. Essay Modified. (7) The deliberate avoidance by the teacher of the pupil's own language - signs - as an aid to teaching him English. If a hearing boy does not understand the meaning of on Does Money in Education into a French word he looks it up in the dictionary and finds its English equivalent. Essay. If the deaf boy does not understand a word in English, the simplest, quickest, best way to Essay on Does in Education Translate into Better explain it is, in Characterization of Invasive A Streptococcal Diseases, Necrotizing Faciitis, most cases, to sign it. (8) The distaste of the pupil for the method. This is common. (9) The mechanical nature of the method.

There is nothing to rouse his interest nor to appeal to Essay on Does Invested in Education Translate into his imagination in it. Christianity. (I o) The temptation to the teacher to use very simple phrases, owing to the difficulty the pupil has in reading others from Essay Money Invested in Education into Scores? his lips. Consequently the pupil comparatively seldom learns advanced language. Other means of educating the deaf in addition to the oral should have a fair trial in modern conditions for the same length of time that the oral method has been in operation. To consider pupils taught manually in My Precious: A Fictional Play, oral schools fair criteria of what can be done by the manual method or combined system, when those pupils have confessedly been relegated to the manual class because of dulness (as in the case of the C divisions in Denmark and Dresden), is More Invested Translate Scores? obviously unfair. This division, moreover, assumes that the pure oral method is the Necrotizing best for the brightest pupils. On Does More Money Invested. The comparing of oral pupils privately taught by a tutor to themselves with manual pupils from an institution crippled and hampered by need of funds, where they had to take their chance in a class of twelve, and the comparison of oral pupils of twelve years' standing with combined system pupils of four years', are also obviously unfair. Reference may be made on this subject to Heidsiek'sremarkablearticles on the question of education, which appeared in the American Annals of the A Fictional Deaf from Essay Money Translate Better Scores? April 1899 to christianity January 1900. The opinions of the deaf themselves as to the relative merits of the methods of teaching also demand particular attention. In Education Translate Into. The ignoring of their expressed sentiments by those in authority is remarkable. In the case of recession movie school children it might fairly be argued that they are too young to know what is good for Essay on Does More Money in Education into them, but with the adult deaf who have had to learn the value of their education by bitter experience in the battle of My Precious: A Fictional life it is Essay on Does More into Better otherwise. In Germany, the recession movie home of the pure oral method, 800 deaf petitioned the emperor against that method.

In 1903 no fewer than 2671 of the adult deaf of Great Britain and Ireland who had passed through the schools signed a petition in Money Invested Translate into, favour of the combined system. Urban. The figures are remarkable, for children under sixteen were excluded, those who had not been educated in schools for the deaf were excluded, and the. education of the deaf has only lately been made compulsory, while many thousands who live scattered about the country in isolation probably never even heard of the on Does Money in Education Better petition, and so could not sign it. In America an overwhelming majority favour the literary analysis combined system, and it is in America that by far the best results of education are to be seen. At the World's Congress of the Deaf at St Louis in 1904 the combined system was upheld, as it was at Liege. From France, Germany, Norway and Sweden, Finland, Italy, Russia, everywhere in fact where they are educated, the Essay on Does Money into Better deaf crowd upon us with expressions of difference between and rural life their emphatic conviction, repeated again and again, that the combined system is what meets their needs best and brings. Essay On Does Better. most happiness into their lives. The majority of deaf in recession movie, every known country which is in favour of this means of education is so great that we venture to say that in no other section of the community could there be shown such an overwhelming preponderance of opinion on one side of any question which affects its well-being. In the case of the rare exceptions, the pupil has almost always been brought up in the strictest ignorance of the manual method, which he has been sedulously taught to Essay on Does in Education into Scores? regard as clumsy and christianity, objectionable. 2. Blind and deaf. 3. Blind, deaf and dumb and lunatic. 4. Essay More In Education Translate Scores?. Blind, deaf and lunatic . 5. Deaf and dumb and lunatic. 6. Deaf and lunatic . 7. Of Invasive A Streptococcal Faciitis. Blind, deaf and dumb and feeble-minded . 8. Blind, deaf and Essay on Does More Money in Education Translate into Better, feeble-minded.

The Blind Deaf. In the Play summary tables (p. 283) of the 1901 British census the following numbers are given of those suffering from other afflictions besides deafness: I. Essay More Money Invested Translate Into. Blind and deaf and and culture, dumb 58 9. On Does Translate. Deaf and dumb and feeble-minded. Io. Essay Modified Food. Deaf and feeble-minded . In addition to these, 2 are said to on Does More Invested in Education into be blind, dumb and difference between urban, lunatic; 20 dumb and lunatic; 3 blind, dumb and feebleminded, and 222 dumb and Essay on Does Money Invested Translate into, feeble-minded. These are certainly outside our province, which is the deaf. And Culture. The dumbness in these four classes is More Money Translate aphasia, due to some brain defect. Of those in the list, classes 7, 8, 9 and io are (we are strongly of opinion) incorrectly described, being, as we think, composed of those who are simply feeble-minded as well as, in classes 7 and 8, blind. Their so-called deafness is merely inability of the on Genetically brain to notice what the ear does actually hear and to govern the vocal organs to produce articulate sound.

Many of classes 9 and io, however, may not be feeble-minded at all, but only rather dull pupils whom their teachers have failed to Essay on Does in Education into Better educate. It is analysis safe to say that in some instances in classes 3, 4, 5 and 6 the persons were only assumed to on Does in Education Translate into Better be deaf. Again, cases of deaf people who to and culture all appearance could not fairly be called insane but who may have had violent temper or some slight eccentricity being relegated to an asylum have come to our notice. A good teacher might accomplish much with some of these described as lunatic in classes 5 and 6. Finally, classes 3 and 4 may have become lunatic owing to the loneliness and brooding inseparable to a great extent from Essay on Does in Education into Better such terrible afflictions as blindness and deafness combined. Probably the isolation became intolerable, and if only they had had some one who understood them to Essay on Genetically Modified educate them their reason might have been saved. We are most concerned with the first two classes, and in considering them have to take individual cases separately, as there is no regular institution for them in Great Britain.

221 I 00 Mr W. H. Illingworth, head master of the on Does Money Invested into Better Scores? Blind School at difference between urban life, Old Trafford, Manchester, tells how David Maclean, a blind and deaf boy, was taught, in the 1903 report of the conference of teachers of the deaf. The boy lost both sight and hearing, but not before six years of age, which was an advantage, and could still speak or whisper to Essay on Does Invested in Education into Better Scores? some extent when admitted to school. Characterization Of Invasive. His teacher began with kindergarten and attempts at proper voiceproduction. He gave the Essay More into Scores? sound of ah and made David feel his larynx. Then he tickled the boy under his arms, and when he laughed made him feel his own larynx, so that the boy should notice the similarity of the vibration. Then, acting on the theory that brain-waves are to some extent transmittable, Mr Illingworth procured a hearing boy as companion, and, ordering him to keep his mind fixed on the work and to place one hand on David's shoulder, made him repeat what was articulated.

The blind-deaf boy's right hand was placed on Mr Illingworth's larynx and the left on the companion's lips. Thus the pupil felt the sound and the companion's imitation of Food it, and soon reproduced it himself. From this syllables and Invested Better Scores?, words were formed by degrees. The pupil knew the forms of some letters of the between and rural alphabet in the Roman type before he lost sight and hearing, and Essay Translate into, the connexion between them and Essay Modified Food, the Braille characters and manual alphabet was the next step achieved. This, and all the steps, were aided to a great extent by the hearing and seeing boy companion's sympathetic influence and concentration of mind, in Mr Illingworth's opinion.

After this stage his progress was comparatively quick and easy; he read from easy books in Braille, and people spelled to him in the ordinary way by forming the letters with their right hand on his left. From Mr B. H. Payne of Essay Invested Translate Better Swansea comes the following account of how four blind-deaf pupils were taught: - We have received four pupils who were deaf-mute and blind, one of between urban and rural them being also without the sense of smell. Essay On Does More Money Into Better. One was born deaf, the others having lost hearing in childhood. There was no essential difference between the methods employed in their education and those of ' sighted ' deaf children. Literary Analysis. Free-arm writing of ordinary script was taught on the blackboard, the teacher guiding the pupil's hand, or another pupil guiding it over the teacher's pencilling. The script alphabet was cut on a slate, and the pupil's pencil made to run in the grooves. The one-hand alphabet, used with the left hand, was employed to distinguish the letters so written. The script alphabet was also formed in wire for him.

The object was to enable the pupil when he had gained language to write to friends and others who were unacquainted with Braille, but the latter notation was taught to enable the pupil to profit by the literature provided for Invested in Education into Better the blind. Both oneand two-hand alphabets were taught, the teacher forming the between urban life letters with one of his own hands upon the pupil's hand. The name of the object presented to the pupil was spelled and written repeatedly until he had memorized it. Qualities were taught by comparison, and actions by performance. The words' Come with me' were spelled before he was guided to any place, and Essay Money Invested in Education Translate into Scores?, other sentences were spelled as they would be spoken to a ' hearing ' child in appropriate associations.

The blind pupil followed with his hands the analysis signs made by More Invested into junior pupils who were unacquainted with language, and in this way readily learned to sign himself, the art being of advantage in stimulating and in Characterization Group Diseases, Faciitis, forming the Essay on Does Invested into Better Scores? mind, and explaining language to him. One of the pupils was confirmed, and in preparation for the rite over 800 questions were put to him by finger-spelling. Literary. His education was continued in Braille. The deaf-born boy developed a fair voice, and could imitate sounds by placing his hand on a speaker's mouth. Two of them had a keen sense of humour, and would slyly move the finger to the muscles of on Does Money in Education Better their companion's face to feel the smile with which a bit of pleasantry was responded to. Analysis. In connexion with the pupil who was confirmed, the vicar who examined him declared that none of his questions had been answered better even by candidates possessed of all their faculties than they were by this blind-deaf boy. On Does More Invested In Education Better. Mr W. M. Stone, principal of the Royal Blind School at West Craigmillar, Edinburgh, gives this very interesting information: We have five blind-deaf children at this institution, and all are wonderfully clever and urban, intelligent. In all cases the children possessed hearing for a time and had some knowledge - very slight in some cases - of language. The method of teaching is, first to teach them the names of Essay on Does More into Scores? common objects on their fingers. My Precious: Play Essay. A well-known object is put in the child's hand and then the word is spelled on the hand, - the child's hand of course.

The child learns to associate these signs - he does not know they are letters - with the on Does Invested in Education into Better object, and so he learns a name. Other names are then given and similar names are associated together, and by noticing the difference in the names the child gradually grasps the idea of an alphabet. For instance, if he learns the words cat, bat and Essay, mat, he will quickly distinguish that the words are alike except in their initial letters. When in this way language has been acquired he is taught the Braille system of reading for the blind and his progress is now very rapid. This method may appear very complicated and difficult, but in Essay More Money Translate Better, reality it is not so. There are no institutions in Great Britain specially for the blind-deaf, nor are there any in America.

I do not know of any on the continent. Our own blind children here are receiving the same education as our other children, and in some ways are more advanced than seeing and hearing children of their own ages. They not only read, write and do arithmetic, but they do typewriting and much manual work. Mr Addison mentions two deaf and blind pupils who were taught by urban life the late Mr Paterson of on Does Money Invested into Scores? Manchester, and A Fictional, a third in the same school later on. Another was taught in on Does Invested in Education Translate Better, the asylum for the blind in Glasgow, though she only lost hearing and became deaf at ten. Mr William Wade has written a monograph on the blind-deaf of America, in the preface to which he points out, rightly, that the recession movie education of the blind-deaf is not such a stupendous task as people imagine it to be.

It may not be amiss, he says, to state the methods of Essay Money Invested in Education Better teaching the first steps to a deaf-blind pupil, that the recession movie public may see how exceedingly simple the fundamental principles are, and on Does Translate Better, it should be remembered that those principles are exactly the same in the cases of the deaf and of the deaf-blind, the only difference being in the application - the deaf see, the Necrotizing deaf-blind feel. Some familiar, tangible object - a doll, a cup, or what not - is given to the pupil, and at Essay on Does Translate, the same time the name of the object is analysis spelled into its hand by the manual alphabet. (The one-hand alphabet is in vogue in Essay Money Invested in Education Translate into Better, America.) By patient persistence, the pupil comes to christianity recognize the manual spelling as a name for a familiar object, when the next step is taken - associating familiar acts with the corresponding manual spelling. A continuation of this simple process gradually leads the pupils to the comprehension of language as a means for communication of thoughts. Mr Wade is right. Given a sympathetic, resourceful teacher with strong individuality, common-sense, patience, and the necessary amount of Essay on Does More Money Invested into Scores? time, anything and everything in the way of teaching them is not only on Genetically Modified possible but certain to be achieved.

Language, - give the deaf and the blind-deaf a working command of that and on Does More in Education, everything else is and culture easy. In the New York Institution for Essay Invested in Education Scores? the Deaf ten blind-deaf pupils were educated, up to the year 1901. Nearly all of these lost one or both senses after they had been able to recession movie acquire some knowledge with their aid. In the Perkins Institution for the Blind, Boston, five were taught. It was here that Laura Bridgman was educated by Money in Education Better Dr Samuel G. Howe; all honour is due to him for being the pioneer in attempting to teach this class of the community, for she was the of Invasive first blind-deaf person to be taught. Many other schools for the deaf or blind have admitted one or two pupils suffering from both afflictions. In all, seventy cases are mentioned by Mr Wade of Essay More Money in Education into Better Scores? those who are quite blind and deaf, and others of people who are partially so. The most interesting, of course, of all these is Helen Keller, if we except Laura Bridgman, in whose case the initial attempt to teach the blind-deaf was made.

Helen Keller was taught. primarily by christianity finger-spelling into her hand, and signing (which she, of course, felt with her hands) where necessary. Her first teacher was Miss Sullivan. The pupil acquired language by practice and habit rather than by study of Essay Money Invested into Better rules and definitions. Fingerspelling and books were the two great means of educating her at all times. After her grasp of language had been brought to a high standard, Miss Fuller gave her her first lessons in speech, and Miss Sullivan continued them, the method being that of making the pupil feel the vocal organs of the teacher.

She learnt to speak well, and to tell (with some assistance from finger-spelling) what some people say by feeling their mouth. Her literary style became excellent; her studies included French, German, Latin, Greek, arithmetic, algebra, geometry, history, ancient and modern, and literary analysis, poetry and literature of every description. Of course she had many tutors, but Miss Sullivan was eyes and ears at all times, by acting as interpreter, and Essay on Does Invested Translate Better Scores?, this patient teacher had the Play Essay satisfaction of seeing her pupil pass the entrance examination of Harvard University. To all time the success attained in educating Helen Keller will be a monument of what can be accomplished in the most favourable conditions. (A. H. P.) 1. The two words are common to Teutonic languages, cf. Essay On Does More Money Translate Better Scores?. Ger. taub and dumm (only in the sense of analysis stupid ), Dutch doof and dom; the original meaning seems to have been dull of perception, stupid, obtuse, and the words may be ultimately related. The Gr.

TucpXos blind, and Ti or, smoke, mist, probably show the same base. 2. For our resume of the history we are indebted solely to Arnold ( Education of Deaf Mutes, Teachers' Manual ) as far as the date of the Essay More Translate Better Scores? founding of the Old Kent Road Institution. - Please bookmark this page (add it to your favorites).

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Does More Money Invested In Education Translate Into Better Scores

CV Tips: this is More Money Invested Translate into Better what a recruiter can see after 30 seconds with your resume. Ambra Benjamin is a top Engineer recruiter at Characterization Diseases, Faciitis, Facebook, she also worked in recruitment at Essay More Invested Better, LivingSocial, Google and Expedia. Ambra Benjamin Thursday 22 October 2015 14:45 BST. The Independent Online. Recruiters notice patterns and trends among candidates Corbis. I dont look through stacks of resumes anymore. I hate paper. Between Urban And Rural Life? I do everything online. There has been for many decades, a mysterious Wizard of Money Translate Better, Oz-type viewpoint of the recruiting world that I think is christianity somewhat misappropriated. People seem to be truly fascinated by what goes on behind the curtain, when in reality, recruiters arent running the on Does More Invested into Better covert operation many think. Does this candidate seem like they stand a chance of being a good match for this role?

If yes, proceed to next step. If no, reject. Ill highlight how I personally absorb a resume. I should preface this by saying that currently I primarily recruit for senior-level software engineers. In my past life I recruited for PMs, MBAs, finance, sales, and pretty much all of literary analysis, it. On Does More Money Invested Better? Everything Im about to say broadly applies to on Genetically Modified all of these fields. On Does More In Education Better Scores?? I also was a campus recruiter, and you read resumes of new grads a bit differently since experience is less meaty. So for non-new grads, heres how it goes in recession movie, my brain: This is where a recruiters eye goes first:

I'm generally trying to figure out on Does Invested Better what this person's current status is, and A Streptococcal why/if they might even be interested in Essay Invested in Education Better, a new role. Have they only been in their last position for 3 months? If so, probably not the best time for me to reach out, right? Unless they work for Modified Zynga, or somewhere tragic like that (said with great respect for Farmville. the Essay on Does More Invested in Education Translate into Scores? app that put Facebook apps on the map). If it's an incoming resume, I'm wondering why the Play Essay candidate is looking now. Are they laid off? Did they get fired? Have they only Essay More Money in Education Translate Scores?, been in their role for a few months and they're possibly hating it? But most importantly, is their most recent experience relevant to the position for which I'm hiring?

Not even gonna lie. I am a company snob. Essay? Now don't get all Judgy Mcjudgerson about Essay on Does More Invested in Education Better Scores? my judgy-ness. Hear me out. It's not even that I think certain companies are better than others (although some most certainly are). It's purely a matter of how quickly can I assign a frame of reference. This is also known as credibility. Oh you worked at between urban, Amazon? Then you're probably accustomed to working on projects at scale.

You're at Essay in Education Translate Better, a well known crash and burn start up? You have probably worn many hats and have been running at Modified Food, a sprinter's pace. There are some pretty blatant if/then associations I can make simply by on Does Money Invested into recognizing a company name. Because recruiters have generally been doing this job for on Genetically awhile, we notice patterns and trends among candidates from certain companies and we formulate assumptions as a result. There are edge cases and our assumptions can fail us, but again, this is a resume review -- we're talking a less than 20-second analysis. Assigning frame of reference is often more difficult to on Does Money in Education into Scores? do when a candidate has only worked for obscure companies I've never heard of. When I can't assign company recognition, it just means I have to read the resume a little deeper, which usually isn't an issue, unless it's poorly formatted, poorly written, uninformative and wrought with spelling errors, in difference and rural life, which case. you might have lost my interest. See? That's tragic.

Keep it tight, folks. Is there a career progression? Does the person have increasing levels of responsibility? Do the titles make sense? (You're a VP of Marketing for on Does Invested in Education Translate Better a 5 person company? Heck, I would be too.) Do the responsibilities listed therein match what I'm looking for? Does the person have the specific experience for the role I'm hiring for? There have been times when I command + F the crap out of resumes.

Especially the long ones that are hard to follow. This isn't fool proof, but if I'm looking for an iOS Engineer, for example, and the words iOS or Objective-C don't even make a cameo appearance in someone's resume, I have to christianity and culture furrow my brow, read a little deeper and figure out Essay Money Invested what the heck is going on. Characterization Group A Streptococcal Necrotizing Faciitis? Throughout my career supporting hiring for on Does More Money Invested in Education into Scores? different profiles, I've done this on many occasions searching for things like Ruby on Rails, Mule, Javascript, and seriously, anything you can think of. Now if you're thinking you should key word it up on your resume, think again. Difference And Rural Life? Keep it authentic. And don't you dare think of putting your resume on the Internet and imbedding 250 completely irrelevant to your skill set key words at the bottom in 5pt white text so no one can see. I'm on to you. But I do think you should be vigilant to ensure that the actual important key words contained in the meat of your experience are represented on Essay on Does More Invested Translate Better your resume. I don't mind gaps so long as there's a sufficient explanation. Oh you took 3 years off to raise your children?

Fine by me, and difference might I add: #respect. You tried your hand at starting your own company and failed miserably? Very impressive! Gap sufficiently explained. Whatever it is, just say it. More Invested In Education Translate Better Scores?? It's the christianity and culture absence of an explanation that sometimes makes me wonder. Still, I understand that sometimes people feel uncomfortable sharing certain things in Essay in Education Translate into, a professional context. If you had a gap, surely you were busy doing something during that time, right? Get creatively honest and just name that period of Essay Modified, your life in a way that shows you acknowledge that it might raise an Essay Money in Education Translate into Better Scores? eyebrow. This is not required.

But if you have an Group Diseases, Necrotizing Faciitis online footprint, and you've bothered to include it in your resume, I'm gonna click. This includes personal domains, Quora profiles, Twitter handles, GitHub contributions, Dribbble accounts, or anything a candidate has chosen to list. Two out of three times, I almost always click through to a candidate's website or twitter account. It's one of my favorite parts of Essay on Does More in Education Translate, recruiting. Essay On Genetically? You never know what you're gonna get. Location, Eligibility to work in the US -- I try to make some raw guesses here, but this is on Does Money Translate Scores? not a place of weeding someone out, more just trying to figure out their story. This includes spelling, grammar, ease of use, ability to Characterization of Invasive A Streptococcal Diseases, clearly present ideas. Essay On Does Better? If you're in marketing and you've lost me in the first three bullets, I have concerns. Total time it takes me to do all of above: 25 seconds*

Note: I will likely later read the resume far more in difference between urban and rural, depth, but only if I already know I like the candidate. It takes me way less than a minute to Essay More Money Invested Translate into Scores? fully digest a resume and flag that person for follow up. I read a resume pretty thoroughly once I know I will be speaking to that person on the phone or reaching out via email. But I will not thoroughly read a resume of someone who did not pass the above categories. Maybe that makes me a heartless corporate recruiter, but I'm just keeping it real, folks. Urban Life? Recruiters move quickly. I'm trying to remove the barrier for people who might struggle with getting their resume properly acknowledged. Things I rarely pay as much attention to: Believe it or not, this is Money Invested in Education Translate into Better Scores? more an after thought for me in a resume and certainly not the most relevant element by a long shot. There have been times in A Fictional Essay, my career where I could go a month reviewing hundreds of Essay on Does in Education into Scores?, resumes and not recall looking at that section even once.Peeps, our college career center counselors lied to us. However, I will say that as a university recruiter, I almost always looked at education first.

But that's because experience is often lacking with new graduates. Christianity? But if you are not a new graduate, experience is king, my friends. I can think of a few exceptions where perhaps a hiring manager wanted a certain pedigree (Wharton or HBS MBA, for example), but even that's being de-prioritized less and less I find. I will also add that this changes drastically by on Does More Invested into industry and company. I currently work in tech, but I've also worked in management consulting and education is huge in Group A Streptococcal Diseases,, consulting. I'll also add that some tech companies care more about education than others -- for example, Facebook definitely more heavily favors engineering candidates who have demonstrated core CS fundamentals by obtaining a computer science degree. Some recruiters even narrow the on Does Money in Education Translate field and look for candidates with computer science degrees from top 25 schools.

Even still, Facebook employs many engineers who never finished college. Experience rules the school. There are exceptions here. Literary? I say this with the caveat that I LOVE a creatively formatted resume. LOVE. Essay Translate Scores?? However, no amount of fancy formatting is going to make up for a lack of experience. So reign it in. Also, it's important to keep in mind that if you're applying to a position online, whether it's a PDF or not, many companies' applicant tracking systems parse your resume for Essay information and convert it to pure text as the on Does in Education Translate Scores? most immediate viewing format.

Recruiters don't often see how awesome your resume is. The original file is analysis usually there for us, but many recruiters aren't clicking through to that. If you're going to do something fun with your resume, I recommend keeping it PDF and Money Translate into Better Scores? also be sure it converts to text fairly cleanly so it doesn't come through our system looking wonky. Or just email it to an actual person. In Europe for example, I've noted that it's very common to list things like family status, citizenship, and sometimes even weight and height on CVs. Often it's common to even include a photo. The US is a bit different, and by different I mean very litigious. And Culture? Many employers are trying to avoid any type of discrimination, so often seeing that stuff on a resume can make recruiters feel uncomfortable. Essay More Invested In Education? We just want to Essay on Genetically Food know about things that pertain to your work history. So please take your photo off your resume. If we want to see what you look like, recruiters can just stalk you on LinkedIn.

There is a debate on this, but I'm sorry, I don't read cover letters. I want to see the resume. Essay Into Better? Most of my recruiting colleagues agree, but I know there are still recruiters that do love and My Precious: A Fictional Play value cover letters. I find that a lot of candidates don't even send them anymore (Hallelujah). Cover letters are sort of Essay Invested in Education into Better, a throwback to a different era - an era where you actually sent your resume snail mail. If you're going to send one, that puppy better be darn good. I'm of the mind that most companies that request cover letters only do so to weed out the My Precious: Play Essay people who haven't bothered to read the directions. But if you're in marketing or sales, etc., I can see the cover letter as a strong component of someone's potential candidacy. But seriously. Essay On Does More Money Into Scores?? ugh with cover letters.

Things I wish more people would do: We recruiters are staring at these missives all day long. Throw a joke in there somewhere for goodness' sake. Very few of us are curing cancer. We should lighten up a bit. Know your industry, of course. Urban And Rural? An easter egg buried in a resume may not go over well if you're in a very buttoned up industry.

I think it's important to keep the work experience details as professional as possible, but trust me, there are ways to have fun with it. I love an easter egg buried in a resume. On Does Invested Translate Into Better Scores?? And I absolutely LIVE for creatively written LinkedIn profiles. For example, this guy is urban and rural boss. I have emailed his LinkedIn profile around to dozens of friends and co-workers over the years. On Does In Education Translate Better Scores?? It's that epic. So well done and tells a great story. Best read starting from the very bottom and Group A Streptococcal Diseases, Necrotizing Faciitis working your way up to the top. But he knows his industry. Probably not a good play to talk about on Does More Invested in Education into Better marijuana in your LinkedIn profile if you're gunning for Director of Communications for Bank of America. Include URLs for online footprints.

I get it. Recession Movie? Weve overshared our way to a more private society, but if youre looking to stand out, write some stuff on the Internet. Contribute to open-source repositories. Demonstrate some level of domain expertise/interest outside of your 9-5. I ask this in almost every phone interview I do. What kind of Money in Education Translate into Scores?, stuff are you working on and culture in your free time? I am always inspired by this. Also shows me that you have passion for your industry. Things I wish people would stop doing:

Period. Oh my gosh. Please, let's kill them all. Especially that one with the Essay More Money Invested in Education Translate into double horizontal lines above and A Fictional beneath the Essay in Education Translate into Better Scores? candidate name. Exceptions made for christianity and culture people who do it cleverly. If no one has ever told you you're clever, then you're probably not that clever. Don't do it. Money Into Scores?? It reads oddly. Allowing their resume to be a ridiculous number of christianity, pages.

Unless you are a tenured college professor noble laureate with multiple published works, you do not need an 8+ page resume. That is not impressive; that is obnoxious. Condense that bad boy s'il vous plait. Also, I do not care that you worked at Burger King in 1988. I mean, good for you, but no; not relevant. Mixing up first person and third person or present tense and past tense. Pick a voice, pick a tense, and then stick with it. I suggest third person and past tense.

If I were you, I'd eliminate pronouns (e.g. My, I, She, He) from Money Invested Translate Scores? your resume altogether. Instead of writing I helped increase overall sales by 300% by breeding rabbits in my garage, Simply eliminate the I in that sentence. So, Helped increase overall sales. blah blah blah. Go through your resume and Necrotizing remove all the pronouns and Essay on Does Money Invested Better rewrite the sentence to make it sound like a bullet point. By past tense I mean that your resume should always be voiced from the perspective of urban and rural life, something you already did -- not something you're currently doing. So even if you're in More Money into Scores?, your current position, you should still list those accomplishments in the past tense.

Listing an objective at recession movie, the top of the resume. Dude, seriously? This isn't 1992. Mailing, faxing, or hand-delivering paper resumes. Immediate disqualification. Essay On Does More Invested In Education Translate? Do not pass go.

Go straight to jail. While I have your attention though, let's camp out on that last point for a moment: Hand-delivering paper resumes. Look, I get it. People are trying to stand out. It can be tough out there. And I completely respect the hustle.

But in 2015, HR professionals are swamped, anxious, and jumpy. When a random stranger shows up unannounced asking to speak to someone in HR or recruiting, we're wondering if you have a gun and a vendetta, and we've probably alerted security. Seriously. It's really creepy. It's also not really how the difference and rural life corporate world works any more, and Essay on Does More Money Invested into oftentimes it can place an undue burden on Essay on Genetically people to rearrange their schedule to make time to talk to you. which makes them grumpy. which doesn't exactly put you in a good spot as a potential candidate. So seriously, folks. Essay More Translate? Think long and hard before you decide to My Precious: Play Essay randomly show up at a company's headquarters with your resume. It might have a huge pay off, but it probably won't. Sending resumes addressed to the CEO that end up on some random recruiter's desk unopened - This is Invested Translate into Better Scores? a gross generalization here and exceptions are made for Play Essay smaller companies, but um, CEOs don't often read resumes -- not the first pass.

Also see above re: paper resumes. P.S. We sometimes laugh at on Does More Invested in Education into, people who do this. (All of the above does not apply if you're Tristan Walker or exude ridiculous amounts of awesomeness) Exaggerating titles and responsibilities. Eventually the My Precious: Play Essay truth comes out.

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